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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 6, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 38-THE UEfHBRIDGE HERALD Wtdiwtday, March Sunshine heats homes NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) An hour of sunshine a day gives Cypriots a hot bath. The Greeks and Turks on this sun-blessed island har- nessed the sun for their do- mestic energy'needs long be- fore the oil crisis and Arab embargoes Nearly every villa and house has a solar water heater on its roof. Engineers in Mediterranean countries have estimated that sufficient sunshine hits the roof of a home to supply more than 10 times its daily power needs About half that is needed to heat water. Oil is an expensive com- modity here. Sunshine is not. The sun shines 340 days a year. "It's the energy of the fu- ture." said Marius lonnides, production manager of Met- alco, the island's leading manufacturer of solar water heaters. He said his company, which has been making the heaters for eight years, has been re- ceiving an increasing number of inquiries from abroad since the onset of the energy crisis. Prayer break Two young boys attending a Jehovah Witness circuit assembly meeting in Ottawa pause in the mid- dle of mopping the floor for prayers. The prayers were said over loudspeakers throughout the building. Sears What a buy! Complete 5-way stereo system Complete it is! At a very sensible price. Features an all solid state tuner-amplifier with separate visual slide controls for bass, treble, balance and volume; AFC to prevent signal drift; illuminated VU tuning meter to indicate signal strength, stereo alert light, blackout dial and jacks for headset, satellite speakers and antennas. The built-in 8-track tape player plays automatically or manually with program button, has illuminated channel indicators Full size automatic record changer features built-in anti-skate, dual needles. Plus, two heavy duty speakers for sharp, clear sound. Shop by phone. Call 328-9231 ext. 257 SttraoDcpL Free delivery. Charge it on your Sears all-purpose account Simpsons-Sears Ltd. CftStfA Metric system conversion set for 1980 OTTAWA Pounds, inches, quarts and other weights and measures of the Imperial system will go the way of the dodo bird by about 1980, when Canada's conversion to the metric system is complete, says Stevenson Gossage of the federal metric commission. They will be replaced by the International System of Units, a refined metric system, often abbreviated SI for System International. It has seven basic units, all interrelated and based on the number 10. By comparison, the British-evolved Imperial system has 83 unrelated basic units. Mr. Gossage said the mourners will be few for the Impe- rial system, which dates from the time of the Anglo Saxons. In any case, "it'll thrive in the museums" and the termi- nology of the Imperial system will remain in literature and the language, said Mr. Gossage. It would be a "grave mistake" to use both systems, he said. Confusion would reign, especially in the marketplace, where price-conscious shoppers are trying to determine best Vdlll6 During the peak period of conversion, expected in 1977 and 1978, cost-comparison charts will be available in retail outlets. Shoppers will be able to calculate, for instance, how meat at a pound compares with meat at ?3 a kilogram or how dress material at a yard compares with similar material at a metre. Canada undertook a 10-year conversion program to adopt universal measurements for industry, commerce and sci- ence, simplifying domestic and international commu- nications. Many sectors of the economy are already gearing tor the switch. Don Chutter of the Canadian Construction Associ- ation said builders welcome metrication. It will simplify design calculations and enable the industry to implement modular dimensions so different building materials can fit more easily together The metric commission, set up under the federal industry department to co-ordinate the changeover, is selling the metric system as the route to more exports. The switch is not compulsory but obviously holdouts will be left out in the cold. t The commission estimates million a year is lost in trade because product lines produced under the old system can't be used handily in approximately 90 per cent of the world which is on the metric system. However, the commission is concerned that Canada may be on the metric system several years before the United States. Measurement communications between the two countries, especially for Canadian subsidiaries of U.S. firms, will be complicated if the switch is delayed there. The British were to have completed conversion to the metric system by 1975. But the program has fallen behind because of political and economic instability in the United Kingdom, said Mr. Gossage. The Imperial system has been built on folklore dating from the Roman Empire. Roman legionaries strode out their mile-or paces or about yards. Because a pace is a variable unit, the mile was inexact until the British set it at yards. Other Imperial units were just as inexact when they originated. The inch was the length of the thumb's knuckle. An acre was the amount of land a yoke of oxen could plow in a day. Americans fret over Russia's crude craft at Simpsons-Sears you gel the finest guarantee Mtisfectton or money refunded and free delivery Store Hours: Open Daily a.m. to p.m. Thursday and Friday a.m. to. p.m. Centre Village Mall. Telephone 328-9231 LONDON (Reuter) Latest technical information' leaking out from the Soviet Union is confirming what many experts had long sus- Russia's Soyuz manned spacecraft is in many respects a comparatively crude and unsophisticated ve- hicle. Which, from the American point of view, could be alarm- ing since Soyuz is due to per- form a joint, crew-swapping mission with a U.S. Apollo craft in summer next year. The very fact that authentic details are at last beginning tc emerge about first since its space debut ir American con- cern. From the moment that the mission was agreed as part of a new spirit of detente and co-oper- ation between the two super- powers, technical experts of the U.S. space agency have been anxiously pressing for more and more information about the Soviet hardware. FOLLOWED DISASTER One of their big concerns was its safety and reliability, since the joint flight agree- ment followed close on the disaster in June. 1971. when a Soyuz hatch failure during re- entry to earth's atmosphere claimed the lives of three cos- monauts. It was more than two years before cosmonauts ventured into space again with the two- day mission of Soyuz 12 last September. Its prime objectives. Soviet spokesmen confirmed, in- cluded "comprehensive checking and testing of im- proved flight systems" and "further testing of the process of manual and automatic con- trol in various flight condi- tions." Then in December came the eight-day orbital flight of So- yuz 13. which had been fitted oat for an expanded scientific program. Afterwards, mission commander Pyotr Klimuk, a Soviet air force major, announced that "the spaceship is reliable, responds well to control and is convenient for work by cosmonauts and re- searchers." WORK TOGETHER Engineers from the Na- tional Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) had, meanwhile, spent long hours with their Soviet counter- parts, both in Moscow and Houston, Tex., in "nuts and bolts" discussions Their aim: to glean as much data as possible about Soyuz to determine how it can be made compatible with Apollo for the link-up mission. For diplomatic reasons, NASA experts are not publi- cly airing their findings. But details are emerging nonethe- less. And. in the words of the much-respected American magazine Aviation Week and Space Technology they "show the vehicle (Soyuz) to be little more than a man-rated un- manned satellite in which cos- monauts have minimal com- mand, control and trouble- shooting capacity." The problem with the hatch has apparently been fixed by the addition of "fail-safe" equipment. But in general, according to Aviation Week. Soyuz systems are only about on the level of the Mercury and Gemini spacecraft which were the forerunners of Apollo. Blake named EDMONTON