Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 6, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IITHBRIDGE HERAID Tuesday, March 4, 1973- Improved auto pact safe guards needed By Maurice Western, Her aid Ottawa commentator Human filing cabinets There is a growing disenchantment with Hie highrise and skyscraper, ac- cording to Wolf Von Eckardt The Washington Post. Police statistics indicate the total number of crimes all kinds is three times higher in lowering human filing cabinets than in neighborhoods of detached homes, townhouses and walk-up garden apartments inhabited by the same socio-economic group. Tile present crime rate in the crowd- ed lughrise sections of Vancouver is a grave concern to authorities. The rich can afford to protect them- selves by employing doormen, guards and electronic security devices, but according to architect Oscar Newman "When people begin to protect them- selves as a community, the battle against crime is effectively lost." He scores the loss of community as the reason for the growing disenchant- ment with high rise buildings. Modern architects, too, are begin- ning to be appalled by the social and esthetic effects ol" what they have wrought with their skyscraping tow- ers and slabs. A year ago the famous Greek architect and city planner, Constautinos A. Doxiadis, whose op- erations span the globe, published a remarkable document entitled, Con- fessions of a Criminal, in which he stated his foremost crime was to have advocated and designed high rise buildings. He claims such build- ings work against nature by spoiling the scale of the landscape. He views the most successful cities of the past, such as Athens and Florence, the ones where man and his buildings were in a certain balance with nature. He claims "high rise buildings work against man himself, especially against children who lose their direct contacts with nature. They work against society because they do not help the units of social importance the family and the extended fam- ily, the neighborhood to function as naturally and as normally as be- fore." Nathaniel Owings, one of the found- ers of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, the architectural firm which has de- signed some of the tallest and most famous skyscrapers of the past two three decades, "confessed" this even more succinctly, perhaps, than Doxiadis. he said, "has proven that skyscrapers tend to de- humanize the area in which they are raised. They suck the lifeblood of Hie area around them, drawing up into the air what should be lying closer to the human scale." Tlie foremost argument favoring skyscrapers and high rise that vertical concentration of people saves land for open space and en- joyment has been proven untrue. High rise buildings must be located fairly far apart to assure sufficient air and sunlight for their occupants. Little, if any, of the space between them, is used for greenery and en- joyment. The parks are used for park- ing because while you can stack people, you can't efficiently stack au- tomobiles. There is no saving in land or costs but there is increasing evi- dence that the public pays more for the roads and services high rise con- centrations demand than it gains in tax revenues. It is tree, high rise offices can often work more efficiently than horizon- tally spread out officesi A good many people without children bachelors, and young or old couples enjoy living in high rise buildings because of downtown locations, a sense security and sometimes a view which their building is often guilty of de- priving from others. Because of these reasons, no doubt, some high rise buildings will continue to be built. But people should stop kidding themselves that high rises save land or preserve nature, or that they bene- fit the city. Architecture as an art is often most praiseworthy but as a science it is still most deficient. There is practically no scientifically valid research and evidence about the psy- chological effects and public cost- benefit ratios of high rise buildings. A very real fire peril is built into every high rise structure. The ele- vator and mechanical cores become powerful Hues in the event of fire with firemen frequently unable to come to the rescue above the seventh floor. It would appear then that high rise structures are simply the expression of vanity and power revealing an urge to reach for the skv and a de- sire to create a landmark for all to see. The casserole Becoming a "brand new Canadian" and having the papers to prove it is the happy experience of Jimmy Sewid, former elect- ed chief of the Nimpkish Indian tribe at Alert Bay, B.C. Attempting to obtain a passport for a trip to Europe Sewid learned he would have to submit a birth certificate or a certificate of citizenship. He had neither. He claimed he had been born in a tent behind a barn, near Alert Bay before the day birth rec- ords were kept on the reserves. The Vancouver Indian affairs department office contacted the Ottawa office, who sent "a whole pile of papers" about Sewid, proving he was born in Alert Bay and that his great-great grandfather was Chief of the Nimpkish tribe but passport officials would not accept these as prooE of birth or citizenship advising him'to apply for citizenship. "Now I'm a brand-new Canadian. I'm glad to find out that I've been a foreigner for 60 Sewid is quoted as saying. From start to finish, the ill-fated mercy flight that crashed near Great Bear Lake last November has shown a bizarre side. Of the four people on the flight, three were killed and only Pilot Hartwell survived. Yet when an inquest into their deaths was convened in Yeliowfcnife, for some strange reason it was and still is referred to as the "Hartwell" inquest. An interesting cartoon that turned up in the office the other day shows a couple of Eskimos leaning on an igloo en- trance, one of them holding a transistor radio for the other to listen to, and saying "It sure must get cold down south. They're really worried about a fuel shortage." The London Times is politically inde- pendent, supporting neither the governing Conservatives nor the opposition Labor party. At the moment, It seems none too pleased with either of them. Lately The Times has taken to speculat- ing editorially about the possibility of a third major party emerging, though in terms that clearly do not endorse the Lib- eral party, or any of its candidates. If one can judge these things from this distance, The Times' real message seems to be that strong government is not nec- essarily the same thing as good govern- ment, and that if the two party system isn't able to deliver what people want, it's time they said so at the ballot box. In this instance, it almost seems as though Canada is ahead of them, doesn't it? With U.S. involvement in Vietnam wind- tog up, and news Irom tiat sorry load GO much less exciting It is hardly surprising that its experts, old Indochina hands they might be called, have taken to reminiscing about the place and their part in its af- fairs, and to speculating about how much better things would have turned out had their advice been taken. To illustrate, not long ago Senator Barry Goldwater, in recalling his rather hawkish election campaign againt Lyndon Johnston in 1964, pointed out that had his position been espoused, and North Vietnam prop- erly combed at the outset of hostilities, there could scarcely have been a war, as it would have been settled almost before it started. An interesting if not exactly novel approach lo foreign affairs. With similar views, and a little forethought in 1919, say, Britian could have tofally annihilated the Irish, and then they wouldn't be having all that bother in Ulster today, would they? A suggestion for water conservationists everywhere; Councillor Rupert Cann of Redcliff, Alberta, head of the town's water committee, is promoting the idea of every householder putting two ordinary bricks in the bottom of the tank of his water closet. This will displace nearly a gallon of water, which is an equivalent saving "very time that toilet is flushed. There's plenty of water left to do the job. Ths sav- ing over a year is many thousands of gal- lons in each home. Mr. Cnnn expec's to involve Boy Scouts in selling tin bricks. The idea is not quite original: it has been promoted in one American city. He says it is applicable everywhere. But perhaps what makes it especially applicable to Redcliff is the fact that brick-making is one of the town's major industries. OTTAWA Overshadowing other issues last week has been the current state of the Canatla- U.S. automobile agreement. This is now threatened, in the view of many members, by a rising tide of criticism in Wash- ington and in American indus- trial cities. The agreement, although not universally popular with con- "Taxpayers will not shoulder deficit" pro- claims a headline for an article dealing with financing the Olympic games in Mon- treal. Anybody care to bet? The time saved in heating food in microwave ovens could be a very costly few minutes. B.C. industrial hygienist Donald Ife has reported that the high-frequency heat rays which cook food quickly can be dangerous as far as 12 feet away from the oven. Both internal and external burns can result, since the rays penetrate the skin. The B.C. Health Board had recommend- ed 'the issuing of a hazard warning similar to those on cigarette packages, a complete province-wide survey and the adoption of uniform standards. But the best deterrent to high-frequency heat ray burns for the busy housewife, is lo check her oven door seals regularly lo detect parly signs ol' wearing. sumers, has always been stoutly defended by the Govern- ment and has, unquestionably, contributed a great deal to the prosperity of automotive cen- tres, such as Windsor, Oakville and Oshawa. It is thus not at all surprising that American criti- cism has exposed the Trudeau Government to a heavy fire of questions and various attempts to provoke emergency debates in the House of Commons. Alastair Gillespie, the m mis- ter of trade and commerce, has attempted without very much success to quiet the Oppo- sition with an assurance that he perceives no emergency "or any reason to push any panic button at this time." It is ob- vious that his explanations have failed to appease the critics. One of them, Ed Broadbent, the NDP member for Oshawa- declared flatly on the same day that Ms party would vote against Uie government if it opened the door to employ- ment cutbacks in the Canadian automobile industry. Much of the argument is ob- scure, turning upon legal inter- "But diHn't you buy beef last week Leftists avoid Communist's socialism By Leslie Colilt, London Observer commentator West Germany's militant so- cialists, already divided into warring factions, have been shaken by another blow from within. This one comes between the covers of a survey by seven prominent far-leftists on the condition of socialism in the Communist world. The authors six West Ger- mans and an Italian set out to rediscover what has fascin- ated and i-cpelled Western Eur- opean socialists since the Rus- sian Revolution: what happens to socialism when it gets es- tablished? The survey, called Socialism as State Power: a Dilemma and Five Reports, was recent- ly released by a West Berlin publisher with strong socialist leanings. The first-hand reports on five Communist countries the Soviet Union, Cuba, North Korea, Czechoslovakia and the German Democratic Republic condemn nearly everything the authors saw as a travesty of socialism. But apart from some very harsh comments about Cuba and North Korea, this alone is not what has raised the ire of the radical Left. They have long since concluded that Marxist- Leninist precepts are debased beyond recognition in most Communist countries. Rather, they are taken aback by the impcssionatc views of the Ital- ian Marxist, Rossana Rossan- da, co-founder of tti2 Maoist "II Monifesto" movement. She calls the relationship o[ West- ern European socialists with the Communist world a "love- hate" one which tends to be- come She says this disturbed rela- tionship has become part of the "leftist defeat" in the West and maintains it is the reason Western socialists have tried to ignore the Communist coun- tries, Rosanna Rossanda ra- tionalizes her socialists' thinking: "Who cares what the 'other' revolutions were like sml what became of them? My revolution will he something different." In a chapter on North Korea, IJorst Kurnilzky, a biographer of Che Guevara, deflates the romantic approach to Asian Communist nationalism taken by his fellow socialists. The "myth surrounding Kim II the Communist party leader of North Korea, he says, is a "sheer instrument of rule." Kurnitzlry takes note of the "pottery relics" he found all over the country which are con- nectei with the "Fuhrer." There is the museum with a table and chair where the "Fuhrer" once had tea; a stone wliere the leader once sat; and nn article of clolhing he wore arc placed under glass for dis- play. also finds little evidence of Marxist scientific principles, noting that students get former leader of the far-left "socialist German students" or- ganization. His has a more lyri- clcscr to practical work than cal description and, interestingly, visiting factories. As for the is criticized by fellow socialists working masses, they are for offering "impressions" rath- "smolhered with hymns to the er than any analysis. Io2der and demands to produce more, that accentuate the ritu- 9as'ros Cuba re- al nature of work, the sacrifi- a worse critique than at the hands of Gunter Maschke, pretations of the agreement. What is feared, Is that tlie Canadian government will be forced in negotiations to sur- render certain safeguards in the pact, especially those related to production. It is no secret that the Ameri- cans, for some time, have been discontented with the agree- ment. Although the bilateral au- tomotive trade, at the moment, is slightly in their favor, a U.S. official has described this as an aberration, maintaining that the pact actually works to Ameri- can detriment. This being the situation, how- ever, the arguments being put forward by the critics (and some of Mr. Gillespie's hopes) seem curiously unrealistic. It has been a recurrent theme in the present session that the government has been negliget because our trade difficulties with tho United Stales remain unresolved. Thus Mr. Hellyer, on February 13, referred to a somewhat ominous statement about proposed -U.S. trade legis- lation by Secretary Shultz and put the question: "Will the min- ister take the initiative in re- suming Canada-U.S. trade dis- cussions in order to state Can- ada's position and reconcile dif- ferences before the legislation is presented to the U.S. Con- Last week exchanges about the Miche'in decision were high- lighted by questions from David Lewis on "whether negotiations have now been resumed" and from Mr. Hellyer, who called it "absolutely essential to recom- mence negotiations at the min- isterial level at once But is this a good time for ne- gotiations and for pressing is- sues to conclusions? Tlie Ameri- can attitude at the moment re- flects concern over a huge over- all payments deficit. It was the deficit which led to the attacks on. tho dollar and to the recent devaluation. Even that has failed to restore confidence on the exchanges. If we are to negotiate successfully, it would appear sensible lo postpone dis- cussions until such time as the cheapening of the U.S. dollar has had some impact on tho American balance of payments. With an improvement in their international position, the Americans may be considerably less disposed to make moun- tains out of molehills in their bi- lateral relations with us. Kurnilzky compares the North Korean party hierarchy with "traditional Korean des- potism" and says the function- aries "fear contact" with the people. On the mass displays in sports stadiums, he says they are "praised as a new form of people's art. Actually, they are the most perfect form of destroying art." cial ceremony." He compares alTtomoi'ivB Education in North Korea, this with similar "authoritart wh? the aEreement of WiMir 3TVl- livnri in Piilta fnr- -i "B1 CVJIICIH, UI 15TJ3. Some of the suggestions put forward in Parliament this week seem strangely remote from reality. Thus Mr. Broad- bent suggested for emergency debute the proposition: "That this House reasserts its com- mitment to maintain the Cana- dian job-protecting safeguards with its rigid discipline, resem- bles the Prussian method of moulding children when Kurn- iszky gets through with it. He ian" methods of work in cap- italist Japan. Another view of North Korea is given by Karl-Dieter Wolff, a Letter Strip versus street Organised drag racing is the fastest growing spectator-par- ticipant automotive activity in North America. Its popularity lies in the fact that anyone can take part. All thaUs required is a val'd drivers licence, a car that iidheres to strict classifi- cation ind safety standards and a safe, legal place to run the drag si rip. To be successful and mean- ingful it must be organized, safe and legal. A realization must occur in an area that there is a need for such facil- ities as the activities do now exist under deadly circumstanc- es on our streets. The concept that most people have of drag racing is one of the STREET RACER. Here we witness the typical youth of to- day with a loud, fast car cruis- ing the city streets in search of a piece of the action at every stop light. This situation is lire result ol environment lack of adequate organization and faciliiies. Usually such irre- sponsible actions by a few tuna off the public and the law to serious drag strip operations. Sincere drag racing entails hours of organization, hard work and learning. It is an or- ganization where ears and peo- ple come together with a com- mon interest and purpose. There is cc-operation, under- standing, and an unselfish ex- change of ideas. A preparing of machines and the coming to- gether at a designated time and place to show the fruits of la- bor. It is success, heartbreak, excitement, humor, learning and LEGAL. Yes, legaj to break the speed limit... to uncap head- ers and feel the throb and rumble of steel to squeal a burnout and heat I lie skins to race heads up, ro look- ing back, without fear of being nabbed. It's knowing your machine and achieving each ounce of power from within. Feeling your engine pulse and car lunge forward at your com- mand. Its reading the burnouts and strip itself. Reacting to a maze of lights in a split sec- ond burying the pedals for that beautiful hole-shot. This is the true sport of drag racing exciting, safe, meaningful, LEGAL. Serious racing occurs only on a strip .where the results are meaningful, respected and much to your dismay of- ten disappointing. Yrs. you may have the ultimate machine that (lay but you lose to Experi- ence. Any idiot can speed, stunt end show off in a car. It takes no brains or work. Just a bit of foolishness. This takes place every day on our streets. It surely indicates something is lacking in facilities or organiza- tion. Parents where do your kids go to test the family auto? Do you even care? What is bet- ter organized racing under controlled conditions or the free-for-all wo now see on our streets. Isn't it better to see the youth of this area run at a strip rather than read in the news- paper each weekend about an- other accident or death. Soulhcrn Alberta needs a drag associalion. A local group is now altempting reorganiza- tion. They have a strip and some equipment. They need support from the youth and un- derstanding from the public. If we can put it all together organized DRAG RACING in S. Alia, will gain the support and respect it deserves. And it may save a lite. MICHAEL U. GOLIA. Lethbridge. wehr and lived in Cuba for a year and a half. Maschke says Cuba has become an "associa- tion of warring individuals or groups." He describes his "strong wish lo deceive him- self" about Cuba, and avoid ap- plause from the "wrong side." But he concludes that a "so- ciety where the main question is 'where do we get our next cannot even begin to consider the questions essential to socialism." The European Communist countries come off no better. Sibylle Plogstedt, the author of a chapter on Czechoslovakia, worked in the Academy of Sci- ences in Prague in 1969 and was imprisoned there for poli- tical activities. She statistics gath- ered in the Dubcek era by Czechoslovakia s o c i o 1 ogists showing the "majority of the population Jived on Oie border- of poverty" and that those H'l-.o enjoy special privileges are hardly ever manual work- ers but are usually members of the Communist Party. One's "political views and adaptabil- ity" are the crileria for 'gain- jig privileges and participa- tion in Ihe power structure, she urites. The survey's first printing of is already sold out in West Germany and bookstores specializing in socialist litera- ture report the greatest de- mand. To some degree, perhaps this may disprove the thesis of its publisher, Hans Magnus En- zanbergor, who writes that many Western European social- is Is "prefer to visit Amster- dam or Sardinia or even fas- cist Greece" but adopt a "strat- egy of avoiding" the realities of the socialist countries. agree A Conservative member, Bill Kempling (Holton-Wen- not to be outdone, urged the House to assert "that there stwuld be improved safeguards in the auto pact to guarantee Just levels, of employ- ment and production in the Ca- nadian automotive industry and that the government negotiate improved safeguards at the forthcoming trade talks with the United Slate." Mr. Gillespio himself, under heavy pressure from his critics, threw out tho suggestion that safeguards now in Hie agreement are insufficient for the needs of to clay. But the House cannot logi- cally commit itself to do what is manifestly beyond its power. The agreement involves two parties. If the United States is not willing to continue with it (at least in its present form) resolulions of the Canadian Par- liament will obviously be of no help. The notion that Washing- ton will be moved by a Cana- dian resolution to agree to im- prove safeguards when it Is ob- vious that the Americans are discontented with the existing ones seems utlerly naive. It may well be that (or that fraction of them who revere the automobile agree- ment) shoidd be grateful lo Mr. Gillespie for doing as liltlc as possible to bring matters to a head. If nothing much has hap- pened in consequence of the in- termittent exchanges of the past two years, at least no jobs have been lost. There may even have tjeen some improvement, While the Americans seem unenthusiaslic about aii "aber- they will probably live more patiently with it than with the former deficit. The more patient they are, the safer an imperfect agreement. The Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Altxrta tETHBRLDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Class Mall Registration No. 0013 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dalty Newspaper Publlstien' Association and Audit Bureau of clrcolatloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor ana Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Central Manager CON PILLING WILLIAM HAY MdnaulMtf Associate Editor ROY F. WILE5 OOUGLA1 K. WALKER Advirtlilng Ecllorial Cdllor THE HEDAID SERVES THE SOUTH'