Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 6, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
16 -THE LETHBRIDGE HEKAID Tueiday, March 6, 1973 Cattle Breeds By RIC SWIHART Calving ease adds value to hardy Highland cattle Ready for the A shaggy coat keeps Highland cattle warm. The hair is an adaption to the climate the cattle have been raised in. 3316A 1973 Vega Sport 2 door, 4 cylinder, 4 speed, radio, gray in color. U433 1970 Pymouth Fury I 4 door sedan, C V8 automatic, radio, beige in color. 1675 4327A 1970 Chrysler Newport 2 door hardtop, 8 automatic, power steering and radio...... o auromaric, power 4347B 1971 Chrysler Imperial '5975 Loaded. Brown in color 3355A 1970 Fury 11 2 door hardtop, power steering and brakes, radio, green in color. >wcr steering ana 1975 LIKE NEW 5288A 14' Surf tamer Boat 35 h.p. Chrysler motor, heavy duty trailer, tanks C, and batteries. 1875 ITIOTOR5 LETHBRIDGE Top Qualify USED CARS Corner 7th Street and 1st Avenue S. Used Car Lot Corner 3rd Ave. and 10th Street S. Phone 3a7-1591 Highland cattle, a hardy breed raised originally in the severe climate of the High- lands and west coastal islands ol Scotland, are not new to Canada. Many experts feel tJie Higli- land breed arfi aboriginal to Scotland. They are now very popular as a pure bred animal in Scotland. Because of the popularity of the breed, Highlands have re- tained a greater uniformity of characteristics than most Euro- pean breeds now gaining in popularity in North America. There are two. main classes of the breed. Kyloc, or Western Highlands, are found in the western isles of Scotland. The pure Kyloe is slightly smaller and shagnier than the mainland Highland found in the rest of the country. Imported The first Highland cattle were imported to Canada from Scot- land in I860 by Manitoba ranchers. In the late 1920s, Sas- katclicwan and Ontario breed- ers entered the picture. Even- tually shipments of up to 40 animals were brought into Can- ada. In tlie early 1950s, movement of Highland cattle was started between Canada and the U.S. The Canadian Highland Cat- tle Society was incorporated as a livestock breed association in 1DS4. Highland bulls weigh about IjSOO pounds when in breeding condition at two years. When being shown, the bulls weigh up to pounds. Cows weigh from 800 to pounds. Steers will reach 900 pounds as a yearling. The breed has a general ap- pearance described as deep and long bodies and low set on short legs. rise sooner and are longer. They maintain a reddish color to the tips while bull horns turn white toward the ends. The coat of the Highlander is doubled. Underneath the long, waving outer shag, the animal is graced with a downy under- coat. The outer hair, which can reach 13 inches in length, can be black, red, yellow or brown. .The hair is an adaptation to the severe climate they have been raised in. Small head Ease of-calving makes the Highlander a valuable cross breeding animal. A small head, sliort neck and relative small size compared, to the better known domestic breeds makes calving losses minimal. Both pure bred and crass bred Highland cattle produce a dressed carcass of 01 to G9 per cent, considerably above the 55 to 58 per cent noted by domes- tic breeds such as Aberdeen- Angus and Hereford. Two new breeds are off- springs of the Highland cattle. Charles Flick of Edgemont, B.C., used a polled (hornless) Shorthorn cow and a Highland bull to develop'I he Snowlander cattle. The Cadzow Brothers of Scot- land used Shorthorn Highland cross cows bred back to Short- horn bulls to develop the Luing breed. This is the first new Brit- ish breed developed in more than 100 years. Shaggy The horns and shaggy appear- ance are the distinguishing points. Bull horns are level with the head, sh'glrtly forward in- clined and rising toward the points. Cow horns come out squarer from the head than bull horns, Lamb market on increase The real potential for the Ca- nadian sheep industry is in the Iamb market. Lamb marketings Increased by almost 11 per cent last year -from 1970. However, there are major ob- stacles facing would-be lamb producers the harsh climate, cost of buildings and predators, to name a few. Canada department of agri- culture scientists ore working to overcome these and other ob- stacles to increased lamb pro- duction. (-tltikicial 'ANIMAL CUN1C' STOCKYARDS tETHBRIDGE Phone Daily 8 a.m. 1o 10 a.m. 327-8822 AMERICAN BREEDERS SERVICE A-l SCHOOL MARCH 19th to 23rd (INCLUSIVE) THE TARENTAISE STORY This breed is Indigenous to southeastern France, and French Alps. If has shown re- markablo adaptability by thriv- ing En northern Africa tinder quite arid conditions, although its no live habitat is high country wilh heavy precipitation. TarentaTse are a small mature-weight maternal breed. They are relatively fino boned, but not as angular as Jersey, Their color resembles ihot of the Limousin. The Tarentoise should be tho answer for ihe caltlomen wno want a littfo cow ihot weons a big calf. The efficiency of a small cow has been tested at lha McGregor Experiment Station in Texas, where they hava weened 27 percent rnora pounds of calf from tho Angus x Jersey crossbred bred to Chorolais, than ihey woufd from tha Hereford cows bred to Hereford bulfs and 47 percent more than the Charolai) cows bred fo Charolais buffs.