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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 6, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UIHBR1DGE HERALD Monday, 6, Joseph Ki'ttit Quebec wants to join Canada' An interview with Sir. Douglas Howie, reported in today's news col- umns, is of special interest to all who are concerned about tlie French lan- guage and tlie French Canadian in- Ihience in the national government. Mr. Bowie, a native of. Lethbridgu who became fluent in French, became concerned about the two language problem and then was in- vited to join the government as spe- cial assistant to the Secretary of Slate, lie throws new light or. the subject that bothers many south Al- bertans. He reminds them that until recent- ly Canada meant Quebec, to the French Canadian, and to the English -speaking Canadian Canada meant everything but Quebec. So while one was Canadian and the other Cana- dien, they were miles apart and hard- ly knew each other. While. Quebec e'lected members to Parliament and French Canadians became prime ministers, still the real action, the real national identity ot the French Canadian was strictly ivithin his own province. And English Canada liked it that way. Now that cannot go on any longer. Either Quebec will separate or Que- bec will join Canada (our words, not Mr. Tlie hope of the Que- bec force in Ottawa, headed by Mr. Tmdeau, is that Quebec can b e brought fully into Canada, and every French Canadian can feel that Can- ada, all of Canada, is his nation, without loss of. his French Canadian language and culture. Hut the emergence of the French Canadians into the Canadian scene bothers many English speaking Canadians. They don't like Ihe in- Iniston. Quebec and the French Canadians have not been given spe- cial treatment, more man they de- serve. They are simply being ac- cepted, for 'the first time, as full- members in ihs larger Canadian family, because for the first time tliis is what many of them want. Much has been made of. the Pierre Vallieres case. M. Vallieres wrote a book in which he called his people "the white niggers of America." The parallel is frightening. The American people, even the southerners, got along fine with the Negroes as long as they kept in their place, out of (he way, at the back of the bus. in separate toilets and separate restau- rants and separate schools. But as soon as the Negroes discovered they were really American citizens and started demanding the rights of American citizens, they were con- demned for their arrogance and am- bition. Now 1hat French Canadians have come out, of their isolation and ask for their rightful place in the Cana- dian scene, they are similarly con- demned. Their emergence may not be com- fortable or convenient but facts must be faced. Are they or are they not full citizens all of Canada? What should they be told? The wrong name Further clarification is required of our recent discussion of the two price policy on wheat sales. Under the earlier international agreements, which established world prices between some (but not all) exporters and importers, and which quoted prices in terms of U.S. dol- lars, tlie price of at the Lake- head for Canada's best wheat was more or less fixed. And because the Wheat Board sold to overseas cus- tomers at that price, that was also the price quoted to the Canadian buyers. But due to the readjustment of the U.S. Canada exchange rate, inter- national sales outside of the agree- ment, price cutting within the agree- ment, and changes in ocean shipping costs, a period price, instability de- veloped, both domestic and export. It was finally sorted out 2Vi years ago, when the previous price of was restored for domestic sales and a more orderly but still ART BUCHWALD State's cover is blown WASHINGTON One of the best-kept secrets of the Nixon administration was blown during the president's trip to China. The American people discovered that there is a highly confidential organi- zation advising the president on foreign affairs which is called the state depart- merit. Tlie head of this secret apparal is a lawyer named William. Rogers, an old friend of President Nixon, This is how the existence of this under- cover agency was revealed. When Pres- ident Nixon to China, be was seen in tile company of a sandy-haired man who rarely left the president's side. Must reporters on the trip assumed he was a secret service man and paid no attention to him. But then Uie president went to visit Chairman Mao Tse-tung, and the newspa- permen discovered that the sandy-haired man did not accompany Mr. Nixon. This knocked out the theory that the mys- terious person was a secret service agent. IVben questioned about what the person was doing on the trip, Ron Ziegler reluc- tantly admitted that the man's name was William Rogers and he held the title o[ secretary ot state, and he had something to do with foreign affairs, though Ziegler refused to go into it any further. Meanwhile, back in Washington, report- ers trying to find out more about the state department and where it fitted into the diplomatic picture. The White House seemed very disturbed about the leak, and J. Edgar Hoover has been ordered to find wit who blew Mr. Rogers' cover. A White House spokesman told me, "It does no good for the security of the na- tion to talk about the role of the stato department in foreign affairs. The people who revealed the existence of Mr. Rogers and the agency he represents may be- lieve they were reporting news, but in ef- fect they are only giving aid and comfort lo the enemy." Under the froth, a diplomatic encounter pEKING Banquets, lot, the Great Wall Ixil- Wall ami other stuff of which TV is made dominated the forefront of President Kixon's visit here in China. But beneath the froth, there (ook place a classic diplomatic encounter in tlie con- flicting domestic policies of the, two countries. On the American side, the starting point was President flexible export price system was established. At the moment the ex- port price lor Canada's best grade is about at the Lakehead, SI.73 at Vancouver, and the domestic price is still So, hi a sense, since August 1969 the two price formula has heeu in effect, one price for export, a higher one for the domestic market. The much heralded two price policy announced a few weeks ago makes this change: the government gives another for each bushel sold to the domestic market at tlie old price, and this additional money, roughly S60 million, will he distributed among fanners across Canada regardless of how much (if any) wheat tiiey grow. In that it does give the farmers closer to their share of the gross national product, the plan is com- mendable. But to call it the inaugura- tion of the two price system is a misnomer. Nixon's campaign for re-elec- tion. Better relations with Pe- king can help him some, tho more so if they promote a set- tlement of tho Vietnam war. Still, the president's main in- terest here lias been damage, control. To hold his conserva- tive following at home, he need- ed to avoid any further weak- ening of American tics with jian, South Korea, Taiwan and South Vietnam. Even more, he had to guard against spoiling his working relation with the Soviet Union by an excess of friendship will) China. For llio most useful gains the president can make in foreign policy hinge on his May visit to Mos- cow. in these circumstances, Mr. Nixon has been pressing liard [or distinct, limited measures during the visit lo Peking, In (he toast he gave at the open- ing banquet, he set put in urgent lonos three different reasons for taking stvort steps in the here and now. He said I hat "more people are seting and hearing what we say than on any other such occasion in the whole history o! the world." He then cited the birthday of "my oldest and won- dered "what legacy we shall leave our children." Then, in an extraordinary dc- "Does the revelation of a state depart- ment mean that Henry Kissinger is not running (he entire foreign policy of the United "It means no (hing. All policies on foreign affairs are still made by the 'de- partment of Kissinger' or, as ive call it here, the DOK. The state department, and I'm not confirming there is one, mind you, is sort of a backup organization which pro- vides the president with information he might miss from Ms usual sources." "II this is true, why all the mystery about the organization Why hasn't the country heard about the slate department More? And why has the identity of Wil- Jiam Rogers, as head of it, been kept a The president believes that there are certain agencies that can operale better if thsy are not publicized. If people knew what Mr. Rogers did, he would not have the freedom of movement that he has new. Ife can go anywhere in the world without being recognized. The president can assign him missions that would be impossible for someone as well known as Henry Kissinger to take. The state department, because of its anonymity, has been able to perform a great service to the nation." "Do you believe the gamble of taking Mr. Rogers to Peking was worth all the trouble that the stale department is now "That's Monday morning IYort7 the beginning we were aware that it was a calculated risfc tn allow Mr. Rogers to be seen in close proximity to the president. But at the time the de- cision was made, we had no idea that Uio president -would meet Mao Tse-tung, and Rogers wouldn't." "Will the stato department be dis- mantled, now that Its role is out in the open "That decision Is up lo Dr. Kissinger." (Toronto Sun Newf Service) 'If only he'd stick io whaf he does best handstands and sliding down bannisters." letters to the editor Tiro-price a bonanza for all but ivheat farmers I read with interest the ed- itorial comment critical of tho new r'lwo-price" system for wheat. I agree your con- clusions in general but have some correclJons lo offer and some observations of my own. Firstly, the export price oi is not per bushel. but rather somewhere between and depending what week, basis the Lakehead. The domestic price is pegged at not less than so that actual- ly a mild form of a tvvo-prico system has been in effect for .some lime. What is proposed by Mr. Spread subsidy where needed I found myself somewhat up- set at the editorial entitled hvo- prico distortion. It accepted, quite readily, the validity of keeping domes-tic prices at the level of international prices for h e a t. The reason for doing this is that this is what market will bear, in the sense- that it is vvtat the consumer can afford to pay. Why not. then, leave this lower rate of Sl.OSH as the only price farm- ers can get for their wheat. The answer is simply that irany fanners, particularly small farmers, cannot afford to produce at this price. It is a well known fact that those farmers who have been unable to make a go of it have been the ones who have been moving to cities. Larger pro- ducers cio not fall into this cat- Prevenl It seems to me there's been a lot of hemming and hawing over the recent issue in the chang- ing of the name of the RCMP. The most recent statement has been (hat (he commissioner of the force himself h.'id asked for this change isomc time ago. t for one, cliuosc to disbelieve this statement, as T feel he ;jliovo all people would want the forco (o remain as it is now, Ts he himself not allowed to make a statement? f know some things change "with the times" but this is one 1 feel shouldn't. I think we are deliberately br- ing mislead until there wonlt be time to do anything about it. I would like to see something introduced to our federal and provincial government to pre- vent the changing of Ihe RCMP. IKKNG UKRK.LK Taber. egory because even at tfio lower price of tlie international market, they can make a healthy profit and stay in busi- ness. It is (lie smalt farmer who is forced off the land by international prices, not the large producer. What this means, Is that the government would be spending the 2 subsidy for domes- tically sold plus what- ever is spent on farm, relief and subsidy. It strikes ine as much better to spread (he sub- sidy where it is needed most, awl eliminate some of the bur- den of relief programs. If, as stated, the taxpayer would be so gross as to deny his obliga- tion to the farmer, he would have to do so at. the expense of paying the full three dollars per bushel, and (lie extra rev- enue could still be distributed according to need, which in my opinion is the only just method. JOHN MclNNIS. Lethbridge. Lang's new plan is something completely different, as point- ed out in the editorial. I feel that it is so different as to be an insult to a wheat farmer'3 intelligence lo expect bin? to accept the title as a 'Two-Price' system for wheat. As I see il, It has nothing to do with wheat, except as a multiplication guide. It could just as well bn called a two-price system for barley, hay or potatoes, or any other farm product. What it is, is a subsidy to some- one identified as a farmer. Ths ridiculous method of calcu- lating the amount and the pro- posed method of distributing it makes as much sense as one could expect from a group of city folks (if you will pardon the who do not under- stand farm business, but do want to make some kind of dcs- pitch for the farm vote. It appears there will be about a maximum to a farmer based on a cultivated acreage of wheat exactly the same to anyone. The average wheat farmer often raises bush- els or more per year. Thus the subsidy will amount to 5 cents a bushel or less. It reminds me of tire 'Bennett-Bonus' of the thirties which was exactly 5 cents a bushel. Tho farmers then accepted that bribe rather contemptuously, even though wheat was selling for 30 cents a bushel at the lime. It does not lake much insight, to predict the reactios of present wheat farmers to this offer. Oilier farm people may be happy with it, i don't know. II I wore a gentleman farmer raising saddle horses, a feeder on a small acreage with a prof- itable livestock enterprise, a beet farmer, any specialized farmer with no surplus and good market prices, or a pro- fessional man who owned land, a )andlord with a permit book, a pure speculator in land (you name it land is owned and presumably farmed by a great assortment of people) per- haps 1 would just smile, hope I would be gracious enough to thank die wheat farmer for drawing attention to himself, while giving me the chance to Ret ot the. taxpayers' mon- ey for no particular reason at all. KF.N IHERATH. Milk River. parture from lu's usual prosaic style, he quoted a poem by Mao Tse-tung. The pwm said: "So many deeds cry out tc be done, and always urgently: the world rolls on, lime presses. Ten thousand years are too long. Seize the day, seize the If Mr. Nixon's interest was to play it short, the Chinese inter- est was to play it long. Thcir starting point was the dip- lomatic encirclement that had been built up around Cliina from Russia through Japan, Taiwan and Southeast Asia to India during the Cultural Rev- olution period when former De- fence Minister Lin P i a o was the favorite of Chairman Mao. The present Chinese leader- ship, featuring rule by Premier Chou En-lai under the patron- age ot Mao, has been moving lo break the hostile circle through the American visit. To that end, (he Chinese first made plain through the frosty reception given Mr. Nixon at the airport that the visit was not just a matter of lun an A games in the American polit- ical style. They then played out for all (he world lo see a pa- rade of events all pointing at high-level negotiations on the most intimate subjects. Mr. Nixon was received by Chairman Mao on the after- noon of liis first day in China rare honor. Tho Chinese press called their talks "franlt and serious." Premier Chou day after day engaged the president in ie.igthy and secret talks. After the first working session, the premier used the occasion o! a banquet toast to drop a. bint thai the talks might even be headed toward "establishing normal diplomatic relations" between the United States and China. The spectacle of the Chinese leaders and President Nixon in secret talks on delicate subjects inevitably aroused Iho strongest suspicion among tha Asian countries allied with the "United States on the basis o( opposition to Peking. Predict- ably stiff remarks came from Taiwan. South Vietnam and South Korea. Even Prime Min- ister Eisaku Sato of Japan, an extremely careful man in most circumstances, took a vicious swipe at the President's China visit. "Nixon Mr. Sato remarked, "says it's the (Treat event of the cenlury so per- haps it may be tnie." If anything, the Soviet reac- tion was even stronger. What must have been the saddest party of the year was the cel- ebrations of Red Army Day nt the Soviet embassy here in Pe- king. Russian officials of. all ranks indulged tlicmselves in nasly cracks at the expense of Americans and Chinese. When t told Ambassador Boris Tolstikov ttiat President Nixon truly Imped the visit to Peking would facilitate rela- tions with Moscow, he made an elaborate show of disbelief and inuUered: "We'll have to sea about that." As the president's visit drew to a close, rl was evident that Mr, Nixon was going to get at least some of the specific mea- sures he wanted. It was also clear that the Chinese had made major gains. They had, at almost no cost, thinned out the ring of hostility that had circled them from Russia through (he Asian periphery to India. Because of that achievement, a larger hope emerged from the visit. It was that China, having broken up the hostile circle, would now address itself in a peaceful way to its truly serious internal problems the problems of modernization and transition lo a new gen- eral ion of post-Maoist leader- ship. (Tie-Id Kiiterjirises, Inc.) Looking backward Save city landmark What the hell is behind .ill that fuss of demolishing our main Post Office: It's a shame tn do thai, it's a beautiful, Btout, solid building, and it will servo anolher hundred years for the purpose for which 11 was built. Moreover it's a land- mark, that fits properly in the area, despite ail Uie newer modern surroundings. Do the city planners really think every NEW, MODERN building is a beauty. I and thousands of other people pro- test that unnecessary demolish- ing. If there i.s a need for more office- space, why not build V.r post office on north fiide. Tlicre is still plenty of open space in North Lelbbridge where at feast a third of tho city population Jives. Tho Post Office spire wilh ils clock is also a .sight. The only trouble is: that, clock seldom shows Ihe correct time. A thorough cleaning job on that clock would do wonders, and is decidedly cheaper then razing that solid building! Be- side thai; an electronically op- erated and controlled clock on any public building is always appreciated as a direction giver for any area! A l.KTIIBRIDGK CITIZEN BY CHOICE. THROUGH THE HERALD 7922 Advertisement: Gen- uine "Bull" Durham. The best tobacco for those who roll their own. 1332 Orders were received (his week for the closing of the Beacon plant in the city. The beacon was conslnicted about a year and a half ago, but has only teen in operation for a few months because of the lime required to install Ihe machinery. Iheir first dramatic worship service of this year the Souihminster players have cho- sen the drama "a good soldier" by Dorolhy Clarke Wilson. The drama is to be presented on Sunday evening March 8. 1952 The British Columbia government approved in prin- ciplo a bill which will allow coloring of margarine by Uie manufacturers, 196? There were 46 votes cast during the three-day ad- vance poll on the swimming pool plebiscite. The tolal was made up on the following ba- sis: Thursday 7; Friday 14; Saturday 25. Tlie Lethlnridge Herald 504 7ih St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1S05-J954, by [lor. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registraiion NO of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Nev Publishers' Associaticr> and Ihe Audif Bureau cf Circulatloni CI-FO W. MOWERS, Editor ana Publisher THOMAS h. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILUNG WILLIAM HAY Mananina EtJiior Associate Editor ROr'f DOUGLAS K. WALKER AdvirtKinfj Manager fcdiforiai Page Edllor "THE HERALD SSRVf.S THE SOUTH" ;