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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 1971 THE ItlHBRIDGE HERALD 5 BooA Reviews The Mayans and their civilization Art of the Mays by Fer dinand Anton with 365 illo including 37 color photos Thames and distributed by Oxford ABOUT two million Maya descendants of those who created one of Uie greatest artistic cultures of the ancient still live in the jungle lowlands or the arid bushcovered terrain of Cen tral For the most part the modern Mayan shows little sign of his ancient proud His Spanish conquer ors were mainly interested in They had little interest in his culture and none at all in as a human other than as a body encompassing a soul which might be accepted by their own And so the conquistadores passed by the massive monu ments of the leaving them to be swallowed by vora cious jungle entwined and choked by massive crumbled by Uie blazing heat of the washed by the pelt ing tropical It was not until 1839 that John Lloyd Step a New York lawyer and inverterate with his artist the Englishman F r e d e r ick dis covered a large number of the old that public attention was drawn to the Central Am erican But the inter est was comparatively brief and it was not until forty years later when Alfred Maud another re vived that real scientific study of the Mayas Almost new dis coveries of Mayan history and culture are coming to archaeological foun d a t i o n anthropological socialions and wealthy private most of them Ameri have poured their money and their expertise into the work of solving the Mayan rid What happened to a peo ple whose art and civilization flourished for nearly a thousand years of the early Christian era Why did they abandon their their centres of civilization and culture to dis perse and almost disappear in the jungle hinterland The answer is not to be found In this book but much of the fascination of Mayan civiliza tion is Accompanied by a well put together explana tory the plates in black and white and color are of splendid Admittedly the Art of the Maya is not everyones cup of but for those who have the slightest in clination to know more about a civilization which existed on this continent before the white man it has absorbing in terest and Thousands of Canadians travel every year to the southern part of Mexico and to They could hardly do better before they go than to buy a copy of this which tells in text and picture something of the mar vels awaiting As a kind of it is interesting that an exhibition with the somewhat formidable title The Art of Maya Hiero glyphic Writing is current ly on view in New York in a mansion that used to house the Soviet mission to the The art critic Karl Meyer writes that the show looks suspi ciously like that rare genuinely intellectual event The exhibition has gathered to gether all the key materials available concerning the bi zarre and yet undeciphered Maya script in the hope that it will spark further interest and eventually provide the key to the inscribed None of it might ever have been collect ed if it had not been for the efforts of another American Edgar who became fascinated with the subject seven years ago after a visit to the ceremonial cities of Chichenitza and Be that as it the Art of the is a rich and re warding beautiful in an elegant wedding of text and JANE Clay pot found in the ruins of a Mayan religious centre of the preclassical on the outskirts of modern Guatemala Reproduced from the Art of Mayas by Ferdinand Journey through hell the RussianGerman war The Forgotten Soldier by Guy Sajer Harper and 465 WfORDS cannot describe the apocalypticlike piling of horror upon horror that is war least what was the war fought on the eastern front by the Germans in the Second World Certainly the word horror did not seem ade quate to the author of this book for expressing what was expe rienced at the siege of Memel on the Baltic Sea near the end of the It was Guy Sajers impres sion that all words and sylla bles were perfected to describe unimportant There are words that point to intense feel ings but by the time this sol dier had related his expe riences during the previous three years he had exhausted the Early in the book he prepared the reader for this to It is a mis he to use in tense words without carefully weighing and measuring or they will have already been used when one needs them Its a for in to use the word fright ful to describe a few broken up companions mixed into the ground but its a mistake which might be Despite the limitations of the reader who is du rable enough to finish this sus tained assault on his sensibili ties will feel that Sajer was nc too A harrowing ex perience lies in wait for any one who picks up this book be cause even if he quits part way he will have had an emotional I cant remember a book that left me as limp as this While it Is a shocking I believe it ought to be Without intending Sajer has written a devastating polemic against He rarely philo sophizes he simply tells the story of his three years as a German There is one midway through the where the author does make a pitch against He It often strikes me with horror that peace is really ex Canadian community colleges Community Colleges In Canada by Gordon Camp bell Ryerson PressMcGraw Hill Company of 316 pages TT is unfortunate that the particular value for the average reader of a research book on Canadian colleges is rather because Campbells book is genuinely Designed primarily as a ref erence work for edu cational institutions and re lated users in Canada and in other Community Colleges In Canada still pro vides a solid volume of infor mation for anyone interested hi higher The book is a rarity in more ways than one the Canadian publishing industry is under at tack from all sides for its lack of Canadian texts and yet here one And it is also one of the very few reference books available detailing the opera tions of community colleges in It defines many terms often bandied about in the usual vague jargon of pin ning them down once and for For example a commun ity college is not a dwarf uni versity offering partial uni versity programs it is not a secondrate educational insti But it is a new social whole and legitimate Frustrating search 1 Search for Franklin by Leslie Neatby 280 TT is doubtless merely a happy coincidence that two Canadian publishers have recently brought out books dealing with Arctic exploration that are complementary in their subject Winnipeg er Paul Nanton dealt with Franklins three expeditions in his Arctic Breakthrough Iram and Saskatonian Leslie Neatby fol lows up with the story of the twelveyear search to discover the fate of Franklins last ex Unless a person was keen to read the accounts of Franklins first two expeditions in some he would not need to bother with boak be cause Professor Neatby covers the same material much more briefly in the first third of his Ho has been able In pro vide all nf the Mory in tins rompact foim simply by re fraining from the quoting of passages from Franklins jour The story of the search for Franklin is almost incredible to a modern It seems nearly unbelievable that men would be willing some of them repeatedly to go and sit in the frozen seas in then ships for months and years just to learn what had happened to Franklin and his Even in those more than a cen tury the frustration must have been almost as unendur able as the hardships Today the thought of whiling away months on end in the cold and darkness without com munication and is it self unendurable Professor Neatby does more than tell the story of the s e a r c He passes judgments on the principal characters in volved and does so with a bit of This greatly en hances the interest in the T liked Nanlons book but I like Neatbys even DOUG in its own Its uniqueness stems in part from its liberal admissions Its doors are open not only to the uni versitybound but also to those seeking vocational training in preparation for a career Colleges try to lower the so ciological and psychological barriers which deter some stu dents from acquiring further a University of L e t h bridge education pro fessor and an authority on col lege education which he says can generally be thought of as all nonuni versity school educa has now been retained by the MacleanHunter Publishing Company to edit a 12part se ries in a professional education His wide knowledge is illu strated in an able which will certainly see extensive use among college bound high school students and school One hopes Campbell will keep the book up to date with revisions from time to Each Canadian provin cial college system is anal and the specific data in cluding admission fees and enrolments and other informa tion is provided for each of Canadas 119 English and French An extensive bibliography is also for people inter ested in pursuing the commun ity college movement in fur ther Community Colleges In Can ada shows how important col leges have become and arc be coming as the most rosnrn form of postsecondary educational JIM tremely During the terrible moments of war one longs far peace with a pas sion that is painful to But in peacetime one should even for an long for war The rest of the time the horror story itself speaks against Guy Sajer had a French father and a German He joined the Wehrmacht in 1942 at the age of not moti vated There was some resistance to him because he was not a true German but he stubbornly persisted in trying to be a good soldier and actual ly q u a 1 i f i e d for the Gross Deutschland an elite His service in the German army on the eastern front was an almost unbroken threeyear The story tells of the torture of trying to survive frigid win ters the terror of being under massive bombardment while attempting to cover for the re trest of the main force the trial of existing without food the torment of cruel the training for the Gross Deutschland was almost equal in frightfillness to combat the misery of having uncontrol lable dysentry and having to ride for hours sitting in the mess Uie tragedy of watching women and children suffering the same fate as soldiers I watched Sajer in hideous loneliness weeping in ternal tears as heavy as mer If the story can be said to be bearable at it is because Sajer does not often linger over anyones One exception is that of his friend another Frenchspeaking sol He was hit when a plane strafed the truck he was driv The bullet reduced his low er face to a bloody Guy was forced to push his friend away from the wheel and take over the driving with Ernst gripping his arm in un able to only blowing huge bubbles of blood and sal Guy appealed to God to But Got did not answer In the cab of a somewhere in the vastness of the Russian hinterland one man struggled with and the other with which is close to And who watches did nothing This is an extraordinary Nowhere is the sus picion aroused that it is in authentic but it docs have to bo rrcofini7cd that some of lie detail has had to be construct A man living under tho conditions of toe kind of war fought on that eastern front could not have kept Whatever fiction there may be for the speech of a beloved officer is so close to actuality that it rings with the Generals write about wars but they never give sufficient expression to the wretchedness of To correct this ins balance was Sajers He says he never had more than an approximate idea of movements and centres of op eration but he did know what it was like to be cold and hun gry and filled with It was the cries from the slaughter house that he sought to ream Who could doubt this to be an authentic description of men in that awful sector that claimed over ten million So viet and German lives We felt like lost who had for gotten that men were made for something that time and and senti ments other than anguish that friendship can be more than that love can some times that the earth can be and used for sometliing other than burying the In the middle of the book this passage appears Too many people learn about war with no inconvenience to They read about Verdun or Stalingrad without comprehen sitting in a comfortable with their feet be side the preparing to go about their business the next as One should real ly read such accounts under in con sidering oneself fortunate not to be describing the events in a letter writing from a hole m lie One should read about war in the worst when every thing is going remem bering that the torments of peace are and not worth any white Nothing is r e a 11 y serious in the tran quillity of peace only an idiot could be really by a question of One should read about war standing late at when one is as f am writing about it at while my asthma at tack wears And even in my sleepless how gentle and easy peace seems1 Even if we do not take his advice about how to read his it can be a salutaryex perience to read it under any circumstance Not to be grate ful for the absence of war or to dcvoutfv hope for the end of all war is imtlunkable after reading such a book DOUG Focus on the University By FISHBOURNE Dangerous ivords CHAROlKll IN My Fair asked rather Why cant tba English to speak I gather he meant propejly and he used up several verses railing about Uie variety of peculiar accents he tend so disturbing to his I agree that the question is a good though lacking his patrician ear Im less upset by the sometimes curious sounds made by my fellow Ill admit some pronunciations are a bit hard to if I may mix up my physiological or metaphorical whichever it may Its the words they use that bother My which I would like to register as vehemently if less musically than did Professor concerns those popular calchphrases with which our sens es and sensibilities are assaulted as often as some benighted wordspoiler can think of then Establishment and charisma are mercifully now out of fas hion except by the most nearly And gaps Ever since some yahoo look it a really apt word made the dazzling discovery that mundane lying sounds almost statesmanlike when dressed up as credibility and that commu nications gap provides a sort of absolu tion for gaps have yawned The socalled generation to That nauseous example of phrasemaking is especially not simply be cause its rotten but because of the use to which it is We have a nasty habit of using catchy labels like that as automatic and infallible reasons for all the disagreements or the outrageous demands or that arise between any two individuals or groups who can discern between them a significantappearing age The mouthing on thai unreasoning phrase is a pat excuse for doing nothing about the problems of anyone whose age differs from its an an acceptable eith er party refusing even to look at any question that appears difficult or uncom a license for smugness about fail ing to understand another point of Generation An absurd and dangerous contrived by a liar for the comfort of There is no such There are lick liars and bul and plenty of exemplars of all the other traits that contaminate relations be tween But they exist at all and have nothing to do with A slupid father forty years old almost ccr was a stupid K one There are cclogcnerians who have per fect rappcrt with the young there ara teenagers who cant get along with any including other teen There ara young people respected and welcomed in eventide and inhabitants nf thoss homes despised by all the other In educational there are pro fesfors near retirement who are truly close to while some of their younger colleagues are abrasive and un communicative the converse is as Some students are regarded by their elders as respected some as damned And I dont Generations hare nothing to do with understanding In a family There arc families in which mutual respect and tolerance are the essenca of Uie family There are othera in which socalled family life is almost In I know of no real evidence that in an atmosphere of re spect and is necessarily impeded by difference in unless one party or other wishes it Age difference has no more to do with problems of communica tion than or hair But now that someone has invented generation gap or never trust anyone over may they wither in hell those who fit any of the uncomplimentary terms used above have a handy and1 acceptable excul pation for the rotten little games they and the rest of us a tailormade excuse for copping out of any discussion that us feel uneasy or Theres some I In the weB known fragility of in We had meaningful and their ilk until I for one became hearti ly sick of them my health in that respect is perhaps and finally they seem to have passed from the lexicon of all but the sloppiest of Perhaps the of gaps will diminish as this like all other poisons will a residue behind a habit of dismissing the viewpoint of simply because oi their and a respectablesounding reason for doing Habits like that an bard to breakat any The Voice Of One By FRANK MORLEY Making and believing lies A wise man once warned against tha danger of lying since there was an in evitable tendency to believe your own Some years ago I was lecturing in a third year psychology course at a Canadian col I had a visit from a McGill student who proposed to make psychology his Me I asked him what he thought of a certain worldfamous McGiii psycholo To my astonishment he had never heard of him I remarked that the psy chologist was remarkable as I had never expected to read a book on psychology to day that did not even mention A few years later this now a full time recalled his visit to but completely reversed the making the remark regarding the McGill psycholo gist his own and the ignorance mine It was a frightening illustration of how an educated and intelligent person could make and believe a Hitler claimed if a lie were repeat ed often people would come to be lieve He illustrated and it has been amply documented in Ins lie of The notion that one race is inherently and by its very nature superior or inferior to others is a yet millions believe this lie and it has been the excuse for the most abominable cruelty and oppression Ra cism has been deliberately promoted for economic and social Count de the notorious apostle of frankly admitted this in his fabricating a race called Aryan to pro tect the artistocracy in their privileges against the rising tide of The intermingling of races in Western Europe makes nonsense of his It is even difficult to define and justify a Jewish AntiSemitism is an expression of on the individual a psychological scapegoat for personal fail It is a fact that tlio worst haters of Negroes are found in socially inferior Racial myths are responsible for the lie that diversities of charac and acliifwiMiiii dm fn inherent natural differences of racial The lie has boon responsible for tragedy in other Ignaz Senimelweiss discov ered that puerperal fever was due to in fection of patients by Before ent ering the maternity ward in the General Hospital in Vienna he irade it a rule that doctors had to wash their hands in chlori nated lime Infant mortality fell from one out of 8 to one out of then nest year to onein 100 The medical pro fession hounded linn uui of WHIM MIIIIHR the same treatment in Budapest he went insane and Scientists have been as much In love with falsehood and hating truth as any religious The history of science is full of per Robert a discoverer at the Principle of Conservation of also west insane because of the easy re jection of his The Michelson Morley subsequently confirm ed by would have discount ed Einsteins theory of but sci entists were loath to renounce their excit beautiful The Royal Society de scribed Waterstons molecular theory of gases in 1845 nothing but The opposition of factory pulp mills and and automobile manufacturers to antipollution measures has involved them in a most depressing story of falsehood and suppression of To be informed in this subject read Van ishing by John which is Ralph Naders Study Group Report on Air The proudest achievement of Western European Society was its unique elevation of Uie virtue of Bismarck was one of its great He enlarged his countrys boundaries by a strategy of de liberate falsehood and by falsehood tricked France into Since Bismarck the whole tradition of diplomacy lapsed into false hood at suppression of Stalin openly stated that good diplomacy had to be a cloak for bad West ern nations fell into Nowhere has the supression of truth been more disastrous than in Vietnam under the monstrous lie of fighting Disastrous in more ways than eco and A young man returned from Vietnam toid ma of his revulsion in the torturing of prison ers by American A remarkable in terview with Jane Fonda in the February McCalls tells of the effect of the horror on the atrocities of My Lai which brings the defence that it is the policy o the American the generals who nil cars of the Viet or Viet Cong thrown from But people be e the he that these things are not really Lying has become a way of public life in every Cabinet ministers in Ottawa make shocking A minister in the Legislature is accused of but the case brings no Pre mier Ross Thatcher in theSaskatchewan legislature is accused of deliberately mis leading or lying1 in his regard ing UK dealings of the Manitoba govern Whats happening to our country ;