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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE IETHBRIDOE HERALD - Saturday, March 6, 1971 EDITORIALS Anthony Westell Is help the answer? Keeping Canadian businesses out of the hands of the Americans has be-come such an obsession with a great many people that the idea of free enterprise is being further fogged. Free enterprise is not necessarily an ultimate to be bowed down to unreservedly but if it is to be abandoned it should be done openly and unashamedly. The welter of tariff protections and subsidies and incentives in effect in Canada indicates that free enterprise is now honored more in name than in fact. The question is whether, for the sake of Canadianism, the process of diminishing the reality of free enterprise should be accelerated. A new assault is currently being massed by the book publishing industry. Loss of a couple of old Canadian firms to American interests and threats that more might go the same way has led to the book publishers seeking government assistance. Book publishers may have as much right to expect some sort of protec- tion as textile manufacturers. But it is a troubling question whether taxpayers should shore up businesses simply to keep them Canadian. There is some evidence that Canadian publishing firms are in trouble because they have not operated wisely - which in the business world means competitively. Ryerson, for instance, got into difficulties when it installed a costly and uneconomical press. McClelland and Stewart has lost money on grossly over - estimated sales. And it is altogether possible that, in the attempt to encourage Canadian writers, too many books are being published . . . more people seem to want to write novels than are willing to read them, as has been pointed out. It should be possible for Canadian publishers to stay in business without getting a handout from the government. But the fervor for Canadianism might prevail over prudence and then the next industry in line can step up with hands out. Teachers9 demands With the mood of the public gradually becoming less enchanted over the soaring cost of education, teachers in Calgary, Ontario, Quebec, B.C. and elsewhere, certainly picked a poor time to threaten to strike over unsatisfactory salary increases. Teaching is an admirable profession, one which takes dedication, patience and a genuine liking for young people. But for many years teachers had to put up with miserly wages, unpleasant working conditions, and in many instances, often spent long hours on extra - curricular activities with their pupils. In the past couple of decades the lot of teachers has improved immeasurably. Their federations have gone to bat for them on many issues to upgrade their status. Granted they are still not in the income bracket of other professional groups such as lawyers and doctors, nevertheless they have some advantages the others do not, namely July and August, and ten days at Easter and Christmas. These fringe benefits are not realized by many wage earners and while most people would not quarrel with the teachers' real need for rest, nor would argue that their annual wage increases have been too generous, they are nonetheless perturbed when it appears demands are becoming excessive. Such is the case at the present time in the above - mentioned provinces where teachers have threatened to go on strike unless their demands are met. Strikes by teachers should be unthinkable because ultimately the students become the victims. Furthermore, with the economy in the position of fighting inflation on one hand and unemployment on the other, the teachers are not going to maintain the sympathy and support they feel they deserve from the tax-payer, mainly because taxpayers have been happy to hear that education costs were being questioned at long last. The 6.32 per cent pay increase rejected by Calgary teachers recently is a move being repeated by their profession in the other provinces mentioned above. To the average wage earner this increase seems like a fair boost. Sooner or later teachers, their federations, and school boards are going to realize the pitcher can only go to the well so often before it runs very dry indeed. Weekend Meditation Against the stream rFHE great figures of the Bible are rep-resented as "strangers and pilgrims of the earth," pioneers who never settled down, whose homeland was not on this earth. They were noncomf or mists, who never took on the coloring of their environ-jnent. That was one of the chief reasons why they were hated. They were foreigners in every land. The writer of Hebrews says that they looked for a different kind of city, "whose builder and maker is God." Society always tries to make men conform to its customs, whatever they may be. A doctor remarked to a certain man who wondered what he would die of, that he would die of the currently popular disease, whatever it might be at that moment of his death. It is true in all fields of science, that fashions of thought continually change, almost as quickly as fashions in clothes. The very language changes. One sees this in theology also. If you attend a theological conference, certain words will be all the vogue; next year there will be new words, as there were different words at the conferences five years ago. Not to talk in terms of these words seems almost as indecent as if one were dressed immodestly or improperly. The "systems" and "laws" have their time of popularity and then are buried like the fossils. This tendency may prevent progress, but certainly the pressure to conformity in fashions is hard on the morals. Morality requires a constant resistance to social pressures. Morality demands going against the stream. A man has to steer his own boat against the currents, or he ends as flotsam, driftwood, cast up on the snores. He has no destination, no fixed goal. Thus men and women can waste their lives in the countless cocktail parties or develop their talents by using the opportunities for technical training or artistic development provided in the community. Jesus considered failure to develop one's talents a most deadly sin. The man who did not use his talent was sent to hell, according to Jesus. To fight the social currents a man must say "no" to some things, "yes" to others. He must be selective and not surrender his time to every trivial vagabond that grabs his elbow. If a man gives his time to this, he has no time to do that. Life is a matter of thinking choices. The person who wants to have every experience is quite without wisdom in life. If you have that experience, you can't have this. Take what you want from life and pay for it, but you can't have everything, as the young man who came to Jesus found out. "He went away sorrowful, for he had great possessions." He turned his back on discipleship. You see it every day of your life. Youth passes and with it the opportunity for education and training. You can't have the things at thirty that you should have had at twenty. Also you form certain habits, ways of thought from which you cannot extricate yourself. It is terribly important that a man control his thoughts, that he decide what he wants his mind to do, what kind of food he will give to his mind, what kind of effort he will require of his mind. It is the same way with his body. Whether a man drifts or steers is his decision. Where he guides his boat is his decision also. Despite all he does, of course, a storm may wreck his boat. But his only chance is to go in the right direction and, if one determines on that, one is left at the end with integrity of character. Life will have had a meaning and this meaning is not exhausted at death. It has eternal dimensions. Every man Jives knowing that he will never attain his goals in this life, if the goals are worthwhile. That is why eternity is so imperative. Tennyson has a poem called "Wages." He suggests that the real man deserves his wages which are the opportunity to go on into eternity for the fulfilment of his quest. PRAYER: "Guide me. 0 Thou areat Jehovah, Pilgrim through this barren land." F.S.M. From the back By Dong Walker TESSIE SNOW of Milk River spoke in McKillop United Church one Sunday in February. She took the opportunity to give a pointed dig at the back seaters - they are uninvolved, she suggested. I didn't notice any particular reaction from Elspeth or Lorna Wadstein, which might be taken as confirmatory evidence. But the fellow who was sitting behind me obviously wasn't asleep. When Jessie had been talking for some time, she turned to Brian Jones and said, "how's my time going?" A voice from; the rear immediately said, "it's gone." Dangerous U.S. oil shipping proposal /"1TTAWA - In Room 475 of the west block on Parliament Hill, the desk is littered with yellow message slips about calls from Washington, the chairs are piled with U.S. government documents, and the floor is strewn with charts and newspaper clippings. The occupant of the crowded, cluttered little office is David Anderson, 33, angular, energetic, formerly a diplomat who was Canada's official spy in Hong Kong to keep an eye on China, and now a Liberal MP. He is tapping his forehead with his knuckles in a gesture of frustration as he anguishes about why so few Canadians, in Parliament and out, seem to be aware of what may be one of the most crucial Cana-dian-U.S. issues since Confederation. "All they worry about here is whether the PM said fuddle-duddle," he says in irritation, turning over another pile of U.S. documents on his desk. Anderson has been warning at the top of his voice for more than a year about the dangers of a U.S. proposal to ship oil in giant tankers from Alaska, down the British Columbia c o a s t, around the bottom of Vancouver Island and into a huge new refinery on the U.S. shore. Nobody seemed to be listening until recently when Canadians on the west coast came alert to situation, but An- derson is convinced that few people have yet grasped the full implications: -The tankers sailing through some of the most dangerous waters in the Pacific would threaten Canada with a vast pollution disaster from oil spill. -The shipping route would rapidly become of such great strategic importance to Washington that Canada would have to expand its own navy to pro-, vide protection against submarines or hand over defence of the area to the United States. But if the United States is convinced that it should not use the Pacific coast tanker route, Washington will almost certainly have to ask consent to build an oil pipeline from Alaska down across Canada. If it proved feasibtej says Anderson, such a pipeline would: -Make it much more attractive to exploit resources in the Canadian Arctic which may otherwise lay untapped for years while development is concentrated in Alaska. -Involve an investment, including refineries, of up to six billion dollars and be as important in the development of the West as the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway a century ago.. The prospect of development on this scale would bring to the crucial point of decision all the complex- questions about Canadian and U.S. co-opera- tion on a continental energy policy. The Canadian government is of course aware of the enormous stakes involved in the decision about the Pacific tanker route, but it has its own tactical reasons for not becoming too deeply involved at this stage. When External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp is asked the occasional question in the Commons, he replies' that it would not be proper - not in accordance with diplomatic custom - for Canada to appear before the domestic U.S. commission which is at present hearing evidence on how best to move the Alaska oil to market. What he really means is that Canada does not want to be a supplicant asking the United States not to endanger the B.C. coast. For Washington would then be in a position to drive a hard bargain for permission to use the alternative route across Canada. The U.S. government might even insist on discussing Canadian objections to the tankers in a package with U.S. objections to Ottawa's nationalist policies extending territorial waters, closing off fishing areas and exerting a 100-mile anti-pollution zone in the Arctic. Rather than become embroiled in give-and-take negotiations Sharp would much rather see the U.S. decide on its own to ban the Pacific coast tanker route, although he has written to the U.S. secretary of state offering to discuss the issue. While maintaining this official arms-1 e n g t h attitude, Sharp has taken the unusual course of urging private Canadian citizens to make their own objections to the tanker route known in the United States. The plan to move huge quantities of oil from the north slope of Alaska through an 800-mile pipeline to the south coast of the state, and then by tanker to refineries in the state of Washington, just south of Vancouver, and in California, is said to be the largest private development project in history, costing billions of dollars. It is backed by a consortium of international oil corporations, by the government of Alaska which claims it will go bankrupt without oil revenues, and by powerful forces within the U.S. administration. There have even been reports that the real reason President Richard Nixon fired the last secretary of the interior was that he was not moving fast enough on the Alaska pipeline. For Sharp to suggest that private Canadian citizens can have any worthwhile impact on such a formidable array of U.S. power, may seem silly and an evasion of Ottawa's own duty. But Anderson has shown what one man can Speaking of growing French influence Letters To The Editor Another side to U.S. involvement in Vietnam war The much talked about Vietnam war involves many aspects and peoples. Many will argue that the United States entered the war only for economic and political reasons. Economically the United States has poured millions of dollars into the war, thus gearing considerable production towards its support and at the same time providing work for many people. Undoubtedly, complete withdrawal at once would harm the economy greatly. Politically speaking, the United States entered the war to maintain her status as a recognized world leader. However, there is another side to the war. Communism has spread tremendously and if not slowed down, it could completely take over our lives. Do we want to live in a society that has no religious, political or social freedom, where a handful of individuals control the majority to almost every movement? Communism certainly doesn't let people make their own decisions, which actually infers thinking for oneself. The Draft dodgers certainly aren't overly patriotic to their country. Many feel that the war is evil. All war is evil. The First and Second World Wars were evil and devastating, but if Germany hadn't been stopped there is no telling what the world would be like today. These individuals would rather have peace and freedom, not unlike the rest of us, yet it certainly won't be found under communism. Do we want these migrators in our country? They have clearly indcated that they have no intention of fighting to protect the country they live in. Many people are probably often misled by the news concerning the war, especially on TV. Biased opinions are often presented and as a result we see and hear nothing more than the chaos and destruction that is going on. We are often led to believe that the soldiers are nothing more than pot - smoking, murdering savages! Un- called - for incidents have undoubtedly occurred as they do in any war. Yet we seldom hear about the good the soldiers do such as assisting in building or repairing hospitals and schools. Perhaps it Is easy for someone who is not involved at all in the war to make comments without having full understanding or knowledge of the facts. Yet, since the war has dragged on endlessly, many people have come to conclusions and opinions of their own. GERRY WIEST, Student, Conservation Enforcement, Lethbridge Community College. achieve when operating as a guerrilla fighter in the jungle of U.S. bureaucracy. The first round in the struggle went to U.S. conservationists opposing the building of the Trans-Alaska pipeline. They persuaded a judge that before work could start on the project, U.S. law required that the interior department report on the impact on the environment of the pipeline. That 200 page report was published last month, and concluded that the pipeline should go ahead. Anderson got hold of the document almost by accident. He was in Washington to attend a private meeting when an alert newsman heard him arguing in the corridor with an Italian delegate about the pipeline-Pacific tanker project, and told him about the report. The Canadian embassy got Anderson a copy amd, back in Ottawa, he sat down to read it. He could hardly believe his own judgment, he says, as he realized the shallowness of the report. Although he is chairman of the House of Commons Special Committee on Environmental Pollution, he does' not claim to be an expert and does not expect to match himself against all the resources of the U.S. government. When he saw, for example, that the report examined the e c o 1 o g i cal consequences of building the pipeline in Alaska but almost totally ignored the problem and dangers of the tankers carrying the oil further south, he felt uneasily that there must be some other document he had not seen, or some simple point he had over* looked. He resolved nevertheless to fight as best he could by carrying his layman's arguments before public hearings in Washington on the report. Perhaps the Canadian government could not appear, but an MP could.. Anderson hitched a ride on a defence department plane to Washington, but otherwise paid his own expenses. He was soon reassured about his own competence as a critic when he got a look, again through a friendly newsman, at an internal and confidential U.S. government paper which was an even more damning indictment of the official report than his own critic-que. - The Internal review was so damning in fact that the new interior secretary was already coming to the conclusion that there would have to be, in addition to the study of the pipeline, a separate study of the danger of tanker accidents. So Anderson's battle was already half won when he got up before the U.S. commission last week and argued politely but forcefully: -The water between Valdez, Alaska and Puget Sound are exceptionally dangerous to shipping and a major oil spill on the Canadian coast would be inevitable. -The environmental study failed to make an adequate study of the alternative route from Alaska across Car :da because the Canadian government itself has not yet completed examination of the problems involved. -Canada-U.S. defence agreements provide for Canada to be responsible for anti-submarine patrols off the Canadian coast, and there has been no consideration of the security problems posed by the proposed tanker route. The U.S. commission on Inquiry moved its hearings to Alaska this week. Anderson was back In Ottawa, confident that the vital decisions have been postponed for about a year and still trying from the little office in the west block to alert Canadians to the'real issues. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Solving the drug problem Looking backward Admittedly much argument for and against marijuana and hashish is false. Also there is emotion caused by the facts. My emotion is that if all who advocate the use of these drugs had one neck between them and I had an axe, I would unhesitatingly show them no more mercy than they show school children, and willingly pay any price. The fact is that the use of these drugs in Canada was started and is maintained by criminal elements who do not care for any one. No standards of law or decency (if they know what that means) matters. They cannot openly advertise but they can have agents soft talking people into freedom of choice to use the stuff, saying it is harmless, just social and a right. So you never know - is it a paid agent, a Judas, an honest opinion, or a two-minute egg head? No wonder not one is to be trusted. Drugs are abused. I recently had a letter from a well-to-do person who was taking several different pills. I was appalled at the list. Some of them could only have been taken to counteract the effect of others. He would have been fine if he had taken none of them. Now he is in hospital with a nervous breakdown - and no job. Yet crazjr cap�r these were not mind-altering drugs. Do these drugs we discuss have value, and if so, what? If they are harmless why are we being told we must furnish treatment centres to deal with the greatly increased problem they cause? If they are no more harmful than alcohol, who in his right mind wants to double that problem we have there on the road alone? These drugs are a legal problem, no action of any sort can change that. The social problem that hurts us most, is that of so-called educators who have no standards and in the name of freedom of speech and action bring about the degeneration of the nation. If we ever get gumption enough to solve that problem and get it across to these people that we furnish the coin and they are servants and not masters, the drag problem is solved. J. A. SPENCER. Magrath. Through the Herald 1921 - The Commissioner of Public Works has announced more trees will be planted at Henderson Lake this spring and Adams Park will be improved as a sports area and ar; outer belt of trees added. 1931 - The city hangar at the municipal airport in North Lethbridge was taxed to capacity, when five planes were stored overnight recently. As yet the cement floor and ap- proaches have not been laid and it Htrned out no easy matter to wheel the planes into the hangar. 1941-The first blackout test in a major United States city will darken Seattle for 15 minutes March 7. 1951 - After discussing new government grants, school budgets and finance in general, Mayor L. S. Turcotte is not hopeful of a cut in the mill rate this year. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;