Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Drugs (6) Four-pronged attack on drugs needed By JIM WILSON Herald Staff Writer Dr. Walter Houston Clark, an American drug researcher with more than 10 years of background in the field, wrote of the drug problem in the April, 1970 issue of Psychology Today magazine: "Parents, of course, look to physicians for guidance and advice. Unhappily, the only experience of many physicians has been with panic-stricken drug users who have freaked out." The same observation can be made of police experience: they do not get called upon when there ia no trouble, as is the case with by far the majority of non-medical drug use; police see only the bad trips and the trouble-makers. Dr. Clark adds that the result is the family doctor's advice becomes "the counsel of fear. Thus fear and ignorance are combined. Law-makers make laws and we have a fair-sized witch hunt," for all drug users. In a survey conducted by Dr. Clark and Psychology Today, replies from 127 professional drug researchers showed among other things that the researchers, exposed primarily to^normal" drug trips, were significantly less conceWi� about drug trips than were doctors whose only driig^cfiftact was with the small minority of users who require medical attention. Also among the findings: the professionals, who experimented with upwards of 25,000 subjects, were 59 per cent in favor of public-use legalization of marijuana, and 45 per cent of doctors favored legalization. However, only nine per cent of researchers and three per cent of doctors said LSD should be legalized. Films same trap So-called "drug education" films fall into the same trap: they dramatically feature the bad trips and make no mention of the vast majority of cases where even the rare unpleasant experience causes no ill aftereffect The films become one-sided propaganda, and they're aimed at an audience which is too sophisticated to be taken in. The young people almost all have friends who use drugs. They know there are few freak-outs - and that most of the freak-outs are caused by adulterated drugs. Parents, unfortunately, aren't as closely connected with the reality of the situation, and are often taken in. Their store of misinformation about drugs is increased by the films and when they are confronted by the drug problem in their own families, there is an immense credibility gap^whicb results in their children laughing at the parents*ignorance and ignoring the good, advice they could be getting. What seems' to be needed, in addition to a lot of rational thought about drugs is a four-pronged attack on the.entire legal, social, medical and psychological problem. Realism needed First: The existing situation must be treated realistically. Common sense shows it is impossible to put the literally millions of drug users in jail. Threats of fines, threat of jail are no longer deterrents because the whole legal system is in great disrepute among the users, who tend to wear a "bust" as a badge of honor. Probably a third of the users also buy and sell drugs, thus making police control theories ludicrous. The Le Dain Commission preliminary report recommended a relaxing by police and by the courts in ell cases involving marijuana drugs, and may eventually recommend that marijuana be legalized. And while there may be no value to the argument that marijuana should be legalized simply because alcohol is legal, it seems sensible that the penalties involved in abuse of both drugs should be the same - it's illegal to be drunk and disorderly, and to drive while impaired, but penalties for these offences are seldom as extreme as are penalties for marijuana abuse. Second: A program of social education should be implemented in all schools from perhaps the Grade 3 level, covering all forms of escapism and drug use deluding cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, LSD, heroin and even aspirin. Truthful focus The focus of the program would have to be truthful and objective, or it would be ignored as just another bunch of adult propaganda. The "whys" of drug use, and1 alternatives to their use such as more personally useful leisure activities, should be emphasized. If no one wants drugs to fill in his spare time, they are not in any way "dangerous." Third: Drug crisis centres and crash drug education programs, still truthful and objective, are immediately and desperately needed. There is always going to be drug abuse, particularly until children exposed to intelligent drug education programs become teenagers and adults. There must be places where parents can gain real information, and where users can obtain both emergency medical attention and general information, Heavy-drug users could also be helped immeasurably in the centres by other users, who would know much better how to help them than do non-users. No harassment There must also - and this is extremely important - be a formal undertaking by . il police that people seeking assistance at a crisis and information centre will not be harassed, checked or photographed Fourth: Most difficult of all, research must be undertaken by qualified people to define and analyze the social pressures, problems and circumstances which lead people to both social use of all drugs, and to abuse of drugs. Other social outlets - leisure activities - must be found that will appeal to people who now escape into drug drop-out worlds. ' Instead of taking away the crutch, the problems creating the need for the crutch must be coped with. . South Vietnamese Bfe * powers jockeying units cut wan Mideast ceasef ire ftATHAM IA1>\ -i fimrth VW. 1ns�> KmuehMn S3 fta number � W � � ^^M< � ^� SAIGON (AP) - South Vietnamese forces with United States bomber and gunsMp sup-pott, fought their way into the Laotian town of Sepone and cut the Ho Chi Minhl trail network armihd it, a South Vietnamese spokesman said. Lt.-Col. Le Thung Hien told reporters at the rear headquarters in Dong Ha that 200 North Vietnamese died in today's fighting in and around Sepone, and major war stockpiles were uncovered, including an ammunition dump with 300 tons of munitions. "At 1300 hours (1 p.m.) an element of tiie South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division entered Sepone," Hien said. On the Vietnam side of the border, 19 North Vietnamese rockets crashed into the U.S.-South Vietnamese forward base at Khe Sanh and sources said two South Vietnamese were killed and 10 were wounded. The U.S. command said it had no reports of American casualties. Associated Press correspondent J..T. Wolkerstorfer reported from the northern front that the area struck by the rockets is congested by several infantry units and a major communication system. The command disclosed that five more U.S. helicopters' and a fighter-bomber were shot down and destroyed supporting the Laos operation, and seven airmen were listed as missing. The 28 perish in clinic disaster ZURICH (AP) - Twenty-eight patients, trapped by smoke and. grilled windows, died today in a pre-dawn fire in the largest psychiatric clinic,in this Swiss city. An electric radiator which ignited paper in a waste basket was blamed by police as the initial cause of the disaster. Most victims died on the first floor, suffocatingin dense smoke. The bodies of seven others were recovered from the ground floor, including that of a 43-year-old man from another wing who was trying to save then?. Zurich District Prosecutor Theo Mangold told a news con-ference the wall-in window grilles made escape impossible. He said they also kept nurses from entering the bedroom from the outside as smoke barred inside access by the rescuers. The grilles were to be removed in the modernization recently begun. Seen and heard About town TIFE - LONG cribbage player Rev. A. M. D. Gillan, formerly of Leth-bridge, getting his first perfect 29 - hand, in a game with Rev. J. A. Carroll of St.. Patrick's Church . . . Maureen Jantieson suggesting now that Pierre Trudeau is married, he might start kissing babies - like the rest of the politicians . . . Heinz Kretzer claiming he should qualify for mechanics papers after he fixed the soft drink dispenser at the curling rink. Montreal braces for more snow MONTREAL (CP) - Weather-battered Montrealers woke up to sunny skies today expecting to enjoy a brief rest before preparing for another in a series of vicious winter storms that have hat the city this year. While the public weather office here predicted between three and six inches of snow for Sunday, the blizzard that left Canada's largest city and most of Quebec province paralysed Thursday swept through the Maritimes. Almost 20 inches of snow fell Thursday bringing the winter total to 142 inches which surpasses the postwar record of 138.7 tncbea set to 1940. losses brought to 52 the number of helicopters acknowledged by the command as downed, but sources said twice that number have been brought down. The command does not report as lost helicopters it retrieves from Laos. Three fighter-bombers also have been lost. future under cloud UNITED NATIONS (CP)-The future of the Middle : East ceasefire was under a cloud of uncertainty today ' following failure of the Big Four to support Secretary- ; General U Thant in an appeal for its continuance. The lack of agreement came Friday at a three-'; hour Big Four ambassadors meeting when the Soviet � Union refused to permit any reference in a proposed-' communique to Thant's -' appeal. LINKED TO DEMANDS This refusal apparently was in part linked with the rejection by the United States of demands for a Big Four call for withdrawal of Israeli troops from Arab territories captured in the 1967 Middle East war. Thant had made his appeal in a report to the Security Council which also asked Israel to commit itself to withdraw her troops from the Sinai Desert. The uncertainty over the future of the ceasefire that expires Sunday may be lifted on that day by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in a scheduled speech. Few here feel that be will announce resumption;of a shooting war, but he mayiindicate that the ceasefire henceforth will be on a day-to-day basis. THANT SEES PROMISE Thant, attempting'to provide the indication :;'�i.pttfgfess that Sadat has demanded as part of the price for continuing the ceasefire, said be sees "considerable elements of 'promise'' in the efforts of UN negotiator Gunhar. Jarring. But he added that it "is a matter of increasing concern that Ambassador Jarring's attempt to break the deadlock has pot been so far successful." Less than an hour after the Release of Thant's report, the Big Four ambassadors met to consider for thr second day the issuance of a Middle East statement. MEETING CRUCIAL TRUDEAUS AT WHISTLER - Prime MIn Ister Trudeau and his young bride spent the first day of their honeymoon skiing Friday on'Whistler Mountain, about 90 miles north of Vancouver. Honeymooning PM, bride back on ski run today ALTA LAKE, B.C. (CP) - Pierre and Margaret Trudeau planned to get an early start on the ski slopes today, making the most of a short honeymoon at Whistler Mountain, 90 miles north of Vancouver. The newlyweds skied three Hours Friday afternoon, riding an enclosed gondola and an open chairlift tothe top of Whistler's ski slopes at 6,000 feet. The area was Canada's bid for the 1976 Winter Olympics. It was foggy and snowing but Mr. Trudeau said it was "very good skiing," adding that his wife Margaret, 22, was the better skier of the two. She replied, laughing: "It's not true, it's not true." They were accompanied by Jack Bright, 32, manager for Garibaldi Lifts, which operates the lifts and twos on the mountain. He said the prime minister was skiing much better man when he was here a year ago. Mrs. Trudeau had a season pass and skied most weekends on the mountain. The couple stayed at a cabin owned by Margaret's parents, Mr. and Mrs. James Sinclair of West Vancouver. FEIGNS INJURY Both seemed in high spirits after coming off the mountain late Friday afternoon. Mr. Trudeau joked with a crowd of reporters and photographers, pretending to limp and grinning when somone asked whether he had hurt his leg. Bank sendee charges increased TORONTO (CP) - Six Canadian chartered banks have announced they will increase the service charge for personal chequing accounts to 14 cents a cheque from 11 cents effective April 1. The fee for clearing cheques on business accounts will be increased to 20 cents a cheque from 15. There will be no change in the 20-cents-a-cheque charge on chequable savings accounts. The banks are Toronto Dominion Bank, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, Royal Bank, Bank of Montreal, Bank of Nova Scotia and Bank of British Columbia. On arriving at the base of the mountain at noon Friday, Mr. Trudeau was in good humor. He 6aid his marriage Thursday was his "first centennial project," referring to the centennial this year of B.C.'s entry into Confederation. Congratulations came to their cabin from around the world. Queen Elizabeth sent a telegram: "My warmest regards on your marriage. I send both of your my best wishes." Messages of congratulations also came from Governor-General and Mrs. Roland Michener and from Denmark's ambassador to Canada, Arne Bogh Andersen, dean of the Ottawa diplomatic corps. WISHES COUPLE WELL Even crusty newspaper editor Margaret (Ma) Murray of Lil-locet, only 60 miles from here, wished the couple well. She has been critical of the prime minister's politics in the past. "God, he should have done it 30 years ago. I leave him to God and luck. He's going to have a hard time living up to the requirements of a 22-year-old bride, but I wish him lots of luck." She said m a r r a i g e would make Mr. Trudeau "A hell of a lot smarter." Strike nears end LONDON (AP) - A massive return-to-work vote across the country today seemed.to indicate a reopening of Britain's strikebound postal services Monday after a seven-week shutdown. Balloting began Friday in the 1,100 branches of the Union of Postal Workers on an appeal from union leaders to end the strike and submit the deadlock-: ed pay dispute to a commission of inquiry. Fam results are not expected to btjannounced until Sunday. The Liverpool branch rejected the return-to-work call. More than 2,000 postal workers there voted to call a mass rally Monday to protest "the indecent haste" of the union's national executive committee to end the strike. Elsewhere the return was approved by margins as high-as to L The meeting was crucial because Sadat bad also demanded positive action from the Big Four if he was to extend the ceasefire. In an unusually frank statement, a British source told reporters that there was a wide measure of agreement in the meeting but "alas, it was not possible to complete that agreement." The Soviet Union had blocked any form of appeal from (he Big Four and refused to permit a communique that even took note of the secretary-general's report. The four agreed to meet next Thursday. Contacts would be maintained and they would meet earlier if they thought that it might be useful. Politician murdered CALCUTTA (AP) - A Calcutta political leader was stabbed to death today, bringing to 46 the death toll from violence that has accompanied India's parliamentary elections this week. Pijush Chandra Ghosh, a candidate from West Bengal state and a member of the Congress party faction opposing Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was attacked outside his Calcutta residence and died a few hours later. Ghosh was the third candidate for the state's legislative delegation to he murdered in the last three weeks and the second prominent member of his party to be killed in a day. Voting now 80 per cent complete, ends next Wednesday. Lundbreck pioneer dies9 102 Mrs. Isabel Lynch-Staunton^ well known southern Alberta pioneer from Lunbreck, died in a Claresholm hospital Saturday at the age of 102. Mrs. Lynch-Staunton was born July 25, 1868, daughter of Captain and Mrs. Wilson, Tipper-ary County, Ireland. She came, to Orillia, Ont, with her parents in 1871 and received her education in Barrie, Ont., graduating from the Toronto General Hospital with her register-, ed nurses certificate. She came to Alberta in 1890 where she married long-time Lundbreck rancher Richard Lynch-Staunton in 1901. They resided on the Antelope Ranch at. Lundbreck until their retirement in 1943. Mrs. Lynch-Staunton was predeceased by her husband in 1961 and a daughter Betty in 1928. She is survived by one brother, E. V. Wilson of Shanty Bay^ Ont. and her son Frank, now,' residing on the Antelope Ranch, at Lundbreck. There are four grandchildren and 10 greatgrandchildren. Funeral service will be held Tuesday at 2 p.m. in St. John's Anglican Church, P i n c h e r Creek. Ali aids relief ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (Re* ^ ter) - Muhammad Ali has do-' " nated $3,000 for relief of the cy- �* clone-stricken people living on the Bay of Bengal coast in East Pakistan, the government said Friday. Youth shot dead in Irish riot BELFAST (AP) - British troops shot dead a teen-ager and wounded four other rioters early today during a baltle which swept the Roman Catholic Falls Road area of this Northern Ireland capital. Security forces reported just before dawn that quiet had returned to the area and said 23 persons were arrested during the disorder. It followed m major riot in the area during the afternoon Friday. The shooting was along Balaclava Street in the district which has become a flashpoint of the political and economic strife that has plagued the country for years. Soldiers Were called to the district shortly after midnight to put down bomb-fchroMdng mobs. Snipers of the outlawed Irish Republican Army kept bullets flying from rooftops; and five soldiers were felled by homemade bombs scattering six-inch nails. CONFRONTATION EXISTS . Before the latest outbreak the death toll in two years of Northern Ireland strife stood at 45. But what began as a Catholic pnmpaign for civil rights in the Protestant-dominated country now has become a direct confrontation between the British Army and IRA extremists seeking to unite Ulster by force with the predominantly Catholic Irish Republic to the south. The afternoon riot occurred as British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling discussed security with legislators in Stormont, the Ulster Parliament.