Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Drugs (6) Four-pronged attack on drugs needed By JIM WILSON Herald Staff Writer Dr. Walter Houston Clark, an American drug researcher with more than 10 years of background in the field, wrote of the drug problem in the April, 1970 issue of Psychology Today magazine: "Parents, of course, look to physicians ftir guidance and advice. Unhappily, the only experience of many physicians has been with panic-stricken drug users who have freaked out." Tiie same observation can be made of police experience: they do not get caJled upon when there hi no trouble, as is the case with by far the majority of non-medical drug use; police see only the bad trips and the tnouble-malcers. Dr. dark adds that the result is the family doctor's advice becomes "the counsel of fear. Thus fear and ignorance are combined. Law-makers m^e laws and we have a fair-sized witch hunt," for all drug users. In a survey conducted by Dr. Olark and Psychology Today, replies from 127 pi-ofessional drug researchers showed among other things that the researchers, exposed primarily to.j-Vpormal" drug trips, were significantly less concernecl, about drug trips than were doctors whose only drug'^'^tact was with the small minority of users who require medical attention. Also among the findings: the professionals, who experimented with upwards of 25,000 subjects, were 59 per cent in favor of public-use legalization of marijuana, and 45 per cent of doctors favored legalization. However, only nine per cent of researches and three per cent of dbctors said LSD should be legalized. Films same trap So-called "drug education" fDms fall into the same trap: they da-amatically feature the bad trips and make no mention of the vast majority of cases where even the rare unpleasant experience causes no Ul aftereffect. The films become one-sided propaganda, and they're aimed' at an auditence which is too sopWstioated to be taken in. The young people almost all have friends whb use drugs, "riiey know there are few freak-outs - and that most of the freak-outs are caused by adulterated drugs. Parents, unfortunately, aren't as closely connected with the reality of the situation, and are often taken in. Their store of misinformation about drugs is in-ci-eased by the films and when they are confronted by the drug problem in their own families, there is an innmense credibility gap which results in their children l&ugWng at the parents*' ignorance and ignoring tJie good advice they could be getting. Wliat seems' to be needed, in ad^tion to a lot of rational thought about drugs is a four-pronged attack on the entire legal, social, medical and psychological problem. Realism needed First: The existing sitfiation must be treated reaiis-doaUy. Common sense shows it is impossible to put the literally millions of drug users in jail. Threats of fines, threat of jail are no longer deterrents because the whole legal system is in great disrepute among the users, who tend to wear a "bust" as a badge of honor. Probably a third of the users also buy and sell drugs, thus making police control theories ludicrous. The Le Dain Commission preliminary report recommended a relaxing by police and by the courts in all cases involving marijuana drugs, and may eventually recommend that marijuana be legalized. And while there may be no value to the argument that marijuana should be legalized simply because alcohol is legal, it seems sensible that the penalties involved in abuse of both dirugs should be the same - it's illegal to be drunk and disorderly, and to drive while impaired, but penalties for these offences ai-e seldom as extreme as are penalties for mai-ijuiana abuse. Second: A program of social education slwuld be Implemented in all schools from pea-haps the Grade 3 level, covering all forms of escapism and drug use including cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, LSD, heroin end even aspirin. Truthful focus Thie focus of the program would have to be ti-uthful and objective, or it would be ignored as just another bunch of adult propaganda. The "whys" of drug use, and alternatives to their use such as more personally useful leisure activities, should be emphasized. If no one wants drugs to fiU in his spare time, they are not in any way "dangerous." Tliird: Drug crisis centres and ci-ash drug education programs, stiU truthful and objective, are immediately and desperately needed. There is always going to be drug abuse, particularly until children exposed to intelligent drug education progi-ams become teenagers and adults. There must be places where parents can gain real information, and where users can obtain both emergency medical attention and general information, Heavy-di'ug users could also be helped immeasurably in the centres by other usei-s, who would know much bettei-how to help them than do non-users. No harassment There must also - and tliis is extremely impor-t^t - be a formal undertaking by . il police that people seeking assistance at a crisis and information centre will not be harassed, checked or photographed Fourth: Most difficult of all, research must be undertaken by qualified people to define and analyze the social pressures, problems and cii-cumstances which lead people both social use of all drugs, and to abuse of drugs. Other social outlets - leisure activities - must be found that will appeal to people who now escape into drug di-oi>-out wo-rlds. � Instead of taking sway the aiitch, the problems creating the need for the crutch must be coped mth. . South Vietnamese g^g 4 powers jockeying; units cut trail Mideast ceasefire SAIGON (AP) - South Viet-name8e forces with United States bomber and gunsWp support, fought tbedr way into the Laotian town of Sepone and cut the Ho Chi Minhl trail network ar(Vihd it, a South Vietnamese spokesman said. Lt.-Col. Le Thung Hien toild repOTters at the rear headquarters in Dong Ha that 200 North Vietnamese died in today's fighting in and around Sepone, and major war stockpiles were uncovered, including an ammunition dump with 300 tons of muniitions. "At 1300 hours (1 p.m.) an element of the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division entered Sepone," Hien said. On the Vietnam side of the border, 19 North Vietnamese rockets crashed into the U.S.-South Vietnamese forward base at Khe Sanh and sources said two South Vietnamese were killed and 10 were wounded. The U.S. conmiand said it had no reports of American casualties. Associated Press correspondent J. T. Wolkerstorfer reported from the northern front that the area struck by the rockets is congested by several infantry units and a major communica-i tion system. The command disclosed that five more U.S. helio^ters' and a fighter-bomber were shot down and destroyed supporting the Laos operation, and seven airmen were listed as missing. The 28 perish in clinic disaster ZURICH (AP) - Twenty-eight patients, trapped by smoke and grilled windows, died today in a predawn fire in the largest psychiatric clinic,in this Swiss dity. An electric radiator wMch ignited paper in a waste basket was blamed by police as the initial cause of the disaster. Most victims died on the first floor, suffocatingin dense smoke. The bodies of seven others were recovered from the ground floor, including that of a 43-year-old man from another wing who was trying to save thenr. Zurich District Prosecutor Theo Mangold told a news con-ference the wall-in window grilles made escape impossible. He said they also kept nurses from entering the bedroom from the outside as smoke barred inside access by the rescuers. the grilles were to be removed in the modernization recently begun. Seen and heard About town TIFE - LONG cribbage � player Rev. A. M. D. GiUan, formerly of Leth-bridge, getting his first perfect 29 - hand, in a game with Rev. J. A. CarroU of St.. Patrick's Church . . , Maureen Jamieson suggesting now tliat Pierre Trudean is married, he might start kissing babies - like the rest of the politicians . . . Heinz Kretzer claiming he should qualify for mechanics papers after he fixed the soft drink dispenser at the curling rink. Montreal braces for more suow MONTREAL (CP) - Weaih-er-batttered Montrealers woke up to sunny skies today expecting to enjoy a brief rest befoi-e preparing for another in a series of vicious winter storms that have hit the city this year. \\Tiile the public weather office here predicted between three and six inches of snow for Sunday, the blizzard that left Canada's largest city and most of Quebec province paralysed Thursday swept through the Maritimes. Almost 20 inches of snow fell Tliursday bringing the winter total to 142 inches which su:--passes the postwar record of 138.7 todKs set ia 1546. losses brought to 52 the number of helicopters acknowledged by the command as downed, but sources said twice that number have been brought down, "nie command does not report as lost helicopters it retrieves from Laos. Three fighter-bombers also have been lost. future under cloud 1^ TRUDEAUS AT WHISTLER - Prime Minister Trudeau and his young bride spent the first doy of their honeymoon skiing Friday on Whistler Mountain, about 90 miles north of Vancouver. Honeymooning PM, bride hack on ski run today ALTA LAKE, B.C. (CP) -Pierre and Margaret Trudeau planned to get an early start on the ski slopes today, making the most of a short honeymoon at WhdstJer Mountain, 90 mUes north of Vancouver. The newlyweds skied thi-ee hours Friday afternoon, riding an enclosed gondola and an open chairlift tothe top ofWhis-tler's ski slopes at 6,000 feet. The area was Canada's bid for the 1976 Winter Olympics. It was foggy and snowing but Mr. Trudeau said it was "very good skiing," adding that his wife Margaret, 22, was the better skier of the two. She replied, laughing: "It's not true, it's not true." They were accompanied by Jack Bright, 32, manager for Garibaldi Lifts, which operates the lifts and twos on the mountain. He said the prime minister was skiing much better than when he was here a year ago. Mrs. Trudeau had a season pass and skied most weekends on the moimtain. The couple stayed at a cabin owned by Margaret's parents, Mr. and Mrs. James Sinclair of West Vancouver. FEIGNS INJURY Both seemed in higli spirits after coming off the mountain late Friday afternoon. Mr. Trudeau joked with a crowd of reporters and photographers, pretending to limp and grinning when somone asked whether he had hurt his leg. Bank service charges increased TORONTO (CP) - Six Canadian chartered banks have announced they wdll increase the service charge for personal chequing accounts to 14 cents a cheque from 11 cents effective April 1. Tlie fee for clearing cheques on business accounts will be increased to 20 cents a cheque from 15. There will be no change in the 20-cents-a-cheque charge on chequable savings accounts. The banks are Toronto Dominion Bank, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, Royal Bank, Bank of Montreal, Bank of Nova Scotia and Bank of British Coltmibia. On arriving at the base of the mountain ait noon Friday, Mr. Trudeau was in good humor. He said his marriage Thursday was his "first centennial project," referring to the centennial this year of B.C.'s entry into Confederation. Congratulations came to their cabin from around the world. Queen Elizabeth sent a telegram: "My warmest regards on your marriage. I send both of your my best wishes." Messages of congratulations also came from Govemor-(3en-eral and Mrs. Roland Michener and from Denmark's ambassador to Canada, Ame Bogh Andersen, dean of the Ottawa diplomatic coi-ps. WISHES COUPLE WELL Even crusty newspaper editor Maj'garet (Ma) Murray of Lil-locet, only 60 miles from here, wished the couple well. She has been critical of the prime minister's politics in the past. "God, he should have done it 30 years ago. I leave Um to God and luck. He's going to have a hard time living up to the requirements of a 22-year-oId bride, but I wish him lots of luck." She said m a r r a i g e would make Mr. Trudeau "A hell of a lot smaa-ter." � UNITED NATIONS (CP)-The future of the Middle . Ekst ceasefire was under a cloud of uncertainty today following failure of the Big Four to support Secretary- ; Geheral U Thaiit in an appeal for its continuance. The lack of agreement came Friday at a three-'; hour Big Four ambassadors meeting when the Soviet [ Union refused to permit any reference in a proposed- communique to Thant's -' appeal. LINKED TO DEMANDS This refusal apparently was in part linked with the rejection by the United States of demands for a Big Four call for withdrawal of Israeli troops from Arab territories captured in the 1967 Middle East war. Thant had made his appeal in a report to the Security C!ouncil whidi also asked Israel to commit itself to withdraw her troops from the Sinai Desert. The uncertainty over the future of the ceasefire that expires Sunday may be lifted on that day by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in a scheduled speech. Few here feel that He will announce resumptiojiiof a shooting war, but he may.'Jndioate that the ceasefire henceforth will be on a day-to-day basis. THANT SEES PROMISE Thant, attempting'to provide the indication :^;.;^gress that Sadat has demfflideid as part of the jM-ice for continumg the ceasefire, said He sees "considerable elements of promise" in the efforts of UN negotiator (kmnarJarring. But he added that it "is a matter of increasing concern that Ambassador Jarring's attempt to break the deadlock has not been so far successful." , Less than an hour after the fjfelease of Thant's report, the Big Four ambassadors met to consider for thp second day the issuance of a Middle East statement. MEETING CRUCIAL The meeting was crucial because Sadat had also demanded positive action from the Big Four if he was to extend the ceasefire. In an unusually frank statement, a British source told reporters that there was a wide 'measure of agreement in the meeting but "alas, it was not possible to complete that agreement." The Soviet Union had blodced any form of appeal from the Big Four and refused to permit a communique that even took note of the secretary-general's report. The four agreed to meet next Thursday. (Contacts would be maintained and they would meet earlier if they thought thalt it might be useful Strike nears end LONDON (AP) - A mBsdv retum-to-work vote aci'oss the country today seemed.to hidi-cate a reopening of Britain's strikebound postal services Monday after a seven-week shutdown. Balloting began Friday In the 1,100 branches of the Union of Postal Workers on an appeal from union leaders to end the strike and submit the deadlocked pay dispute to a commission of inquiry. Fmll results are not expected to bet'iannounced until Sunday. Thc Liverpool branch rejected the return-to-work call. More than 2,000 postal workers there voted to call a mass rally Monday to protest "the indecent haste" of the union's national executive committee to end the strike. Elsewhere the return was ap-, proved by margins as high-as to L Politician mui'dered CALCUTTA (AP) - A Calcutta political leader was stabbed to death today, bringing to 46 the death toll from violence that has accompanied India's parliamentary elections this \veek. Pijush Chandra Ghosh, a candidate from West Bengal state and a member of the Congress party faction opposing Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was attacked outside his Calcutta residence and died a few hours later. Ghosh was the third candidate for the state's legislative delegation to hs murdered in the last three weeks and the second prominent member of his party to be killed in a day. Voting now 80 per cent complete, ends next Wednesday. Lundhreck pioneer dies, 102 Mrs, Isabel Lynch-Staunton, well known southern Alberta pioneer from Lui�reck, died in a daresholm hos'pital Saturday at the age of 102. Mrs. Lynch-Sbaunton was bom July 25, 1868, daughter of CJap-tain and Mrs. WUsbn, Tipper-ary CVnmty, Ireland. She came, to Orillia, Ont., with her parents in 1871 and received her education in Bairie, Ont., graduating from the Toronto Geo-eral Hospital with her registered nurses certificate. Slie came to Alberta In 1890 where she married long-time Lundbreck rancher Ridiard Lyndi-Staunton in 1901. They resided on the Antelope Ranch at, Lundbreck until their retirement in 1943. Mrs. Lynch-Staunton was predeceased by her husband in 1961 and a daughter Betty in 1928. She is survived by one brother, E. V. Wilson of Shanty Bay^, Ont. and her son Frank, now' residing on the Antelope Rancl| at Lundbreck. There are four-grandchildren and 10 greatgrandchildren. Fimeral service mil be held Tuesday at 2 p.m. in St. John's Anglican (Jhurch, P i n c h e r Greek, All aids relief ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (Re* ter) - Muhammad All has donated $3,000 for relief of the cyclone-stricken people living on the Bay of Bengal coast in East Pakistan, the government said Friday, Youth shot dead in Irish riot BELFAST (AP) - British troops shot dead a teen-ager and wounded four other rioters early today during a battle which swept the Roman Catholic Falls Road area of this Northern Ireland capital. Security forces reported just before davTi that quiet had returned to the ai'ea and said 23 persons ira*c an-ested dui'ing the disorder. It followed e major riot in the area during the afternoon Friday. The shooting was along Balaclava Street in the district which has become a flashpoint of the political and economic strife that has plagued the country for years. Soldiers were called (o the dklrict sliorUy after midniglit to put dmii bomb-throwing mobs. Snipers of tlie outlawed Irish Republican Army kept bullets flying from rooftops; and five soldiers were felled by homemade bombs scattering six-inch nails. CONFRONTATION EXISTS . Before the latest outbreak the death toU in two years of Nortli-eiTi Ireland strife stood at 45. But what began as a Catholic 9Bxapaiga for dvil rights in th� Protestant-dommated country now has become a direct confrontation between the British Army and IRA extremists seeking to unite Ulster by force with the predominantly Catholic Irish Republic to the south. The afternoon riot occurred as British Home Secretary Piegin-ald Maudling discussed security with legislators in Stonnont, the Ulster Parliament.