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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 5, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBR1DGE HERALD Monday, March 5, 1973- Levesque pledges independent Quebec Reconstruction a id One of the surest signs that the Nixon administration is serious about making peace in Vietnam is its talk about giving aid for reconstruction in North Vietnam. Dr. Henry Kissin- ger, President Nixon's foreign affairs adviser, lias already been to Hanoi to discuss the matter. Although some people in the United States have urged aid as an express- ion of penitence for the pulverizing North Vietnam by American bomb- ing, the White House refuses to admit any moral or legal obligations to pro- vide assistance in reconstruction. Dr. Kissinger has said aid would be "a long-term investment in a struc- ture of peace." It would be designed to shift the energies of war to con- structive purposes. The real objec- tive seems to be to use aid as a tool in maintaining the peace. Hanoi will only get help if it behaves. But the U.S. Congress is threaten- ing to deprive President Nixon of this crucial peacekeeping instrument. Not only is there opposition from the hardliners who resent doing anything for the Communists, there is also a surprisingly vigorous resistance on the part of the liberal element. Resentment of President Nixon's proposed scrapping of a long list of federally financed social programs has aroused the ire of many Demo- crats. They see this as a deliberate attempt to undo the achievements of Democratic presidents from Franklin Roosevelt to Lyndon Johnson. The poor iii the United States, they say, ought not to have to pay for helping the poor in Asia. There is a way that the president can get around the opposition. He can provide the aid out of the defence budget- In fact, Senator Hubert Hum- phrey has already made such a sug- gestion. A substantial sum of money is designated for the supply of am- munition to the forces of South Viet- nam. That money could go for re- construction aid. Nobody can deny that reconstruc- tion will be costly and beyond the resources of North Vietnam. It will require billions of dollars to repair the damage done by tons American bombs "the explosive equivalent of more than 370 nuclear devices of the size that levelled Hiro- as Senator George McGovem has pointed out. An international fund might seem to be the solution but this would not permit President Nixon to control the situation. The best thing would seem to be for the U.S. to give the aid and only war profiteers would sure- ly complain if it was done at the ex- pense of the military budget. Fishy business World fishery authorities are finally realizing there is a limit to the amount of fish they can safely pull out of the sea. This fact was recog- nized when 300 delegates from 5G countries meeting in Vancouver agreed the world's fish resources are limited, with their maximum sustain- ed yield reached this century if ex- ploitation continues at its present rate. Environment Minister Jack Davis has predicted that the 100 million tons safe limit world fish catch could be reached by as early as 1980. The pre- sent catch is 70 million metric tons. With pressure on fish resources be- coming so intense there will be a great need for management to sus- tain the yield. G. H. Elliot, Scottish fishing indus- try executive feels depletion preven- tion of world fish stocks can be real- ized by introducing an over-all quota. Particular people (fish boat and fish- ing plant operators) would be given fish resource in the same way that an oil company is allocated an off- shore area or a mining company is given an ore concession. While admitting that this idea would infuriate fishermen he feels that with- in 20 years this will be the accepted way of running fisheries. Many important stocks of fish have already been so depleted they can no longer support an Industry. Society has been collectively squandering and perhaps extinguishing one of the most valuable of our natural resources. It will bs the job of governments to en- sure that the fisheries of the world are properly managed and handed on unimpared to succeeding genera- tions. The need to curb fish waste and the possibility of exploring increas- ing stock through fisii farming, ex- pressed by Dr. Alfred Needier, who chaired the Vancouver conference sponsored by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization, was well taken. Biologist Frank Hoff and his staff at the Florida Marine Re- search Laboratory are already en- deavoring to develop the oceanic equi- valent of the chicken farm, growing everything from the egg up. Opera- ting on a budget they are working with oysters, shrimp, bass and pompano. Some forsee the day when ocean farms will cover vast areas of the deep with hungry multitudes din- ing on whale steaks and oysters. To- day's consumers will welcome news of an increase of this high-protein food as they attempt to provide nourishing meals while coping with today's big food prices. ART BUCHWALD What happened? WASHINGTON "All right, students, let's Iiave a little quiet in the classroom. Today we will discuss the American dol- lar and what has happened to it within the last week. Are there any "What caused people abroad to lose faith in the American "There are many theories. One is that the Italian lira was in trouble so Italians sold their lira and bought dollars with them. Then they took the dollars to Switz- erland and sold them for Swiss francs. The Swiss bankers were very perplexed about this, so they notified their Arab sheik oil clients that the Italians thought the dollar was in trouble. "The Arab sheiks sold their dollars for German marks. Israeli intelligence picked this up and Israel started buying gold. "Multinational companies such as ITT, General Motors and General Electric got wmd_of what the Israelis were up to and started dumping their dollars on the mar- ket in exchange for British pounds. "The British, who couldn't understand why anyone would want British pounds, sold their dollars for French francs. The French, suspecting a trick, started buying Japanese yen. "In order to keep their own money from being raised, the Germans and the Jap- anese had to keep buying American dol- lars. "The situation got so serious that Ger- many and Japan told the United States that unless it did something about the dol- lar, they would both go to war with Am- erica again and lose. "This would be too much for the United States to take, so to president decided, on a 10 per cent devaluation of the dollar. Are there any other "What Is the advantage of devaluing the "We can sell our goods abroad which will cut down our halance-of-payinenb def- icit. If our things are 10 per cent cheaper foreign people will buy them. At the same time, it will cost 10 per cent more to buy things from abroad which will discourage Americans from purchasing imported items." "But if we stop buying things from countries abroad, why will they buy any thing from "That's a good question. "Will the lack of confidence in the dol- lar have any effect on the American tour- '.'Quite a bit. One day, if the dollar is doing well, you may be able to buy a bowl of soup. But if the dollar is doing badly, it's quite possible you may starve to death. I'd advise all tourists to carry a bag of diamonds with them, just in case no one abroad will cash their dollars." "Why do administration officials say that the devaluation of the dollar is a good "What would you say if you had to break the news to the American "Is the American dollar the weakest currency in the "No. It is still stronger than the Alban- ian lek, the Ccylonese rupee, the Burmese kyat, the Cambodian ricl. the Tibetan sang, the Honduran Icmpira, the Iraqul dinar and the Laotian kip." "When will the American dollar become strong "As soon ;is Germany ,-ind Japan win a war." By Rob Bull, Herald Quebec commentator MONTREAL Now that the dust bos settled from the Parti Quebecois convention here just recently, party organizers the source material they must use for what Rene Levesque calls a "marketable" platform. Based on hundreds of resolu- tions passed at the convention, the platform will provide a gen- eral scenario for what happens if a PQ government is elected in Quebec. Few outside the party admit such a possibility at the present time. But a Parti Quebecois govern- ment would have as its primary task the creation of an inde- pendent Quebec by the end of its term in office. "This is the most basic plank in our Mr. Levesque said in an interview. "Not to do so would be to turn our backs on the people who elected us." So the government ot Quebec, the provincial legislature and cabinet, would go about creat- ing an independent country by acting in two mam areas. It would start to create its own institutions and it would undertake negotiations with the rest of Canada. "In the last few years, there have been dozens of models for the creation of new Mr. Levesque said. "Some have been rather sim- ilar to what we propose. There is the case of Singapore, for ex- ample, which separated from Malaysia. "We would try to establish some kind of customs and even monetary union with the rest of Mr. Levesque said. "And we would have to settle our share of the assets and liabilities in the. partnership which is being ended, our share of the national debt, for ex- ample, and our takeover of fed- eral facilities. 1 "This would be worked out in one long negotiating period in as intelligent a manner as pos- sible between equals.'.' In a period ot no less than six months and at most two years after the party was elected, Quebec.would also hold a refer- endum on the constitution, of the republic of Quebec. "But if we were in power, there would not be two govern- ments, one in Quebec and one in Ottawa, dedicated to derail- ing the idea. And we would open up all the pertinent files, including the one oh the events of October 1970 if we had the party leader stated. If the referendum on the con- stitution were defeated, Mr. Le- vesque has said the party could either treat it as a vote of sen- confidence and resign or try to drall a new The recent convention did not discuss the territorial limits of an independent Que- bec. But It did propose a con- stitution for an independent re- public patterned after the con- stitution of the United States with a separate judiciary, legis- lature and executive, "This is what we have always stood Mr. Levesque said, "Quebec sovereignty, and asso- ciation of some kind wilh the rest of Canada." He told delegates to Hie con- vention, "Quebec is a developed country and we are a civilized people. One of the best tests of a civilized people is the way it treats its minorities." According to the convention, then, the English-speaking mi- nority in Quebec would have the f- 1 PARKING L i ft11 "I'm sorry lady, you've already used up the time trying to park." New French political era emerging By Flora Lewis, New Y ork Times commentator 'PARIS From the start of the Fifth Republic in 19_58 until its leader's resignation in 1969, the French question was, "af- ter De Gaulle, The con- ventional answer was "Gaull- ism." France's 1973 paign has brought to the fore a new question: "and after or rather, it is a complex of questions about what constitutes Gaullism and wheth- er it has or ever had an objec- tive existence beyond the act of faith that its monumental namesake summoned from his compatriots. Charles De Gaulle, a consu- mmate politician, maintained that his place as president was above politics. The party or- ganized to support him and his political legacy has the struc- ture of a political party but almost none of the issue-ori- ented cohesion of traditional French parties. It is a heterogeneous mix- ture, somewhat on the Ameri- ican model, of interests, tra- ditions, loyalties and attitudes. Basically, the Gaullist party is conservative but it has a vocal liberal wing. Basically, it is oriented toward big busi- ness ami agriculture, but it in- cludes zealous reformers and urban spokesmen. Sometimes the party offers itself to the public almost as the foundation of the state, a framework in which every kind of Frenchman can find a cozy niche. Sometimes it presents itself as the only viable altern- ative to a government of the left, or disorder. Despite the unifying pres- sures of the election camapign, the pull of diverse tendencies within the Gaullist movement have become increasingly vis- ible. President Georges Pompidou remains the focal point of the party, but it is a mistake to consider him De Gaulle's heir. Contrary to the impression of some people abroad, De Gaulle rfi'r! not choose him as succes- sor ami the Irue-bue Gaullists know it well. la jnaay consider that Pompidou challenged De Gaulls and manoeuvred him into po- sition where he felt obliged to resign in 1969. Those "pure and tough as they call themselves, tend to resent Pompidou for that. Thus. it was that Pompidou read the poor support he re- ceived in Hie April 1972, refer- endum as a defection of Gaul- lists from his following and moved, last July, to replace his more Liberal premier with a Gaullist hard-liner. It was in- tended to placate the wing of the party that felt little warmth for him, to put it mild- ly. Now it is taken for granted that the Gaullists will lose a large number of assembly seats before the current elections are over. If, unexpectedly, in t h e end they maintain an absol- ute majority on their own, it isn't clear who will get the pol- itical credit. But the more seats they lose, the more Pompidou will be the target of blame among Gaul- lists and the more friction there will be along the rough welds that hoM the party to- gether. Some French analysts have gone so far as to predict that letter to the editor anything less than a last-min- ute magical triumph is bound to provoke the gradual break- up of the party into more tra- ditional groupings of hard con- servatives, moderates of var- ious tint, and a small fraction of old-faithfuls who still bear allegiance to the memory and the won! of De Gaulle. That may be a drastic pre- diction. But it seems quite safe to foresee at least an import- ant evolution of the party, prob- ably casting off the wing that is furthest to the right and moving toward the centre in terms of economic, social and foreign policy. It is even possible that this may be the last election in which it is practically, If not literally, correct to speak of the dominant French party as Gaullists. At (he same time, a certain evolution Is likely on the left. The socialist-Communist alli- ance was specifically proclaim- ed for five years, which would carry it through the 1978 presi- dential elections. But this cam- paign, for which it was delib- erately designed, has already shown the weakness of the stitches holding the Communist Drag racing mooted A meeting was held at the Civic Centre on Sunday Febru- ary 25th, to find out how much interest there is in drag racing in order to establish a drag race organization necessary to run the drag strip at Fort Macleod, which LeBarons car club ran last year. With Le- Barons car club no longer in operation there will be no drag strip, probably resulting in a lot more ears racing on Leth- bridge streets. We want to or- ganize- a group formed to take IxiBarons' place. Our biggest problem is in informing ami getting the support of Leth- bridge residents. .We are holding our second general meeting when mem- berships will be accepted and ideas on club management ex- changed on Sunday, March 11, in the Civic Centre Gym at p.m. If you are interested in helping our club or finding out about it, please attend. If our club is successful it is possible we can establish drag racing as a spectator sport at (he strip, instead of the present extreme driving hazard on the street. We hope you will agreo us. MALCOLM PEAKE LclLbrife. and non-Communist parties to- gether. If the Socialists come out with a higher percentage than the Communists in the first round of elections it will have considerable impact on future French politics regardless of how the left fares in the de- cisive run-off elections March II. For the first time since 1945, the Communists would have lost their role as the dominant party of tha left and their im- age as Uie only really effect- ive opposition party ot the Fifth Republic. That could lead to a fairly rapid erosion of their popular support. It is estimated that some three out of four Com- munist voters and they have been a steady 20 to 24 per cent of the electorate for over a gen- eration are not Communist party loyalists but protest vot- ers. If the Socialists can prove themselves a useful party for protest, Communist support might dwindle sulKtanlially On both' sides, then, there is pressure against the bipolar political model that resulted from the years of Gaullist rule. A return to fragmented parties is possible, but given the existing constitution, a move toward a new bipolar model may be more probable. Whatever the preccisc bal- ance of party forces that em- erges in the new national as- sembly, it is already clear that an era of French politics is coming to an end and a new one will take shape. right to.its own slate-supported; school system. But its share of the education budget would be in proportion to the English-speaking popu- lation of Quebec as reported in the first census taken after UN PQ assumes power and would never rise above that share. Indians and Eskimos would be established in their own communities, with a certain control over their own political and cultural decisions. Their elected officials would negotiate on their behalf with representa- tives of the republic. The party's economic plat- form calls for the repatriation of decision making in Quebec industry to Quebec and the as- surance that the Quebec econ- omy meets social requirements. Jacques Parizeau, the party's economic analyst, said this accomplished through creation of a national bank, control over financial in- stitutions and a reliance on existing Quebec co-operatives. In effect, the economic pro- gram is further to the left than that envisaged by any other party in any Canadian provin- cial legislature at the present time. Existing stations of Radio Canada and all radio and tele- vision stations currently in a re- gional "monopoly" situation, for example would be fused Into a single state network. Finance companies would abolished and the Canadian Pa- cific Railway would be ab- sorbed in a Quebec railway sys. tern. Such foreign lie owned food distributors as Do- minion Stores would be In- tegrated with existing Quebec networks possibly under tfae control of farm groups. Foreign ownership would ruled out in such vital areas as radio, television and publishing. It would be limited to 25 per cent of share capital in banks and other financial institutions, the government would aim at limiting foreign capital to 49 per cent of manufacturing inter- ests where possible, and the proportion could rise to 99 per cent. "In those areas which have no real effect on the direction of the economy, which depend strongly for tire sale of their product on exports, where Que- bec is not in a competitive posi- tion or the necessary technology does not exist In Quebec." There are, however, other scenarios. One sees extremists allowing the Parti Quebecois to gain power and create an Independ- ent Quebec, then taking over themselves. These would be people believ- ing like Pierre Bourgault, who recently resigned from the party executive, that the Eng- lish-speaking minority should not have a tax-supported school system, people at the con- vention who wanted "workers councils" to assume the direc- tion of individual enterprises, people who make Rene Le- vesque appear as a moderate. Another scenario sees a re- grouping of right-wing parties in the province to defeat the Parti Quebecois and fight what they see as socialist tendencies in the current Liberal govern- ment. And yet another sees the elected as the provinces opposi- tion, providing like the New Democrats on the federal level, a source of ideas for a Liberal government. In the 1970 elections, the party won only seven in the national assembly with 23 per cent of the popular vote, so it has a long way to go before it assumes power. It must make Us program as acceptable as possible to Que- bec voters, present its leaders as a viable team capable of government and break out ot iis urban stronghold in Mont- real to the countryside. "It faces a revived group of Creditistes under their new leader Yvon Dupuis, a Liberal provincial party which has a certain level of accomplishment as a government, and the Union Rationale whose support may be slipping but which still has a great amount of money to throw around. There is an oriental curse which goes, "May you live in interesting The next littlo will be as interesting as ever for Quebecers. The LetHbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD 10. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Clasi Mail Regulation No. 0012 7he Canadian Press and CanaSlan Dally Newtoaotr PubllsKrs' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of cflrculitlem CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAW HAY Managing Edilor Associan Edilor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAi K. WALKEH Advertising Manajer Editorial Edilor .IKE HE8AU) SERVES THE SOUTH' ;