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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 5, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta - THI UTHMIDOI HIRAIO - Friday, March I, 1*71 tttWMMunM * ICTHBftlOOC RESEARCH STATION Losses from crop disease DR. F. R. HARPER Plant Pathologist Diseases reduce the proflt- ability of agricultural crops by reducing the yield and value of the product. Furthermore, production costs are increased by the added expense of controlling the disease. The losses caused by such diseases as stem rust of wheat and late blight of potatoes often are obvious and severe. In contrast, root rots and certain virus diseases develop inconspiciously and their effects on the crop are often attributed to "poor growing conditions." Over a period of years losses from these insidious diseases may be greater than those that result from the infrequent epidemics of devastating diseases. Seed-borne diseases such as some of the cereal smuts and halo blight of beans can pass by almost unnoticed in the growing crop. However, when seed from a diseased crop is planted severe losses may ensue. Grain produced from diseased crops has a low market value because it is unsuitable as seed. The symptoms of leaf-spotting diseases often are obvious on the affected hosts. When leaf spots appear only on the older leaves, which are contributing little to the growth of the plant, the loss in yield of grain or roots is likely to be small. However, if the leaves are an important part of the yield or appearance of the product the value of the crop may ba seriously reduced even though the yield may be unaffected. . The grower can often avoid disease losses by forethought. He can: Plant seed known to be free from disease organisms or of * variety resistant to disease, treat the seed to prevent infection of the crop by organisms carried on the surface of the seed, rotate crops to minimize disease from soil-borne diseases. The benefit derived from disease control expenditure must be greater than the loss that would be sustained from the disease or the costs of control. The losses in yield and quality from many diseases are, at present, educated guesses. Research is now underway at Canada Agriculture Research Stations at Leth-bridge and elsewhere to obtain accurate assessments of losses from the diseases of our major crops. At Lethbridge we are primarily concerned with diseases of wheat, barley, alfalfa, forage grasses, peas, potatoes, and sugar beets. Results of our studies will provide up-to-date information on what diseases cause, the greatest losses to crops and whether control measures now used are adequate to prevent them. The pinpointing of diseases for which more effective control measures are needed will stimulate the research needed to.provide them. As our knowledge of the effect of disease on crop yield expands we will be better able to prevent, or at least predict, crop losses. Agri-business calendar March 8 - Granum - Horse and hoof care clinic commences March 8 - Medicine Hat - Grain corn production meeting March 8 9 - Edmonton - Annual meeting, Rapeseed Assoc. Canada March 9-11 - Olds - Farmstead mechanization days March 10 - Raymond - Irrigation seminar, sprinkler and surface systems March 10-12 - Edmonton - Provincial servie board conference ' March 10-20 - California - Vegetable growers tour sponsored by Calgary Power March 11 - Claresholm - New forages and rangeland renovation - sainfoin and other introduced hay species March 16 - Cardston - Forage management school series commences March 16-17 - Pincher Creek - Rural leadership and public speaking short course (Registrations close March 15) March 16-18 - Lethbridge - Southern Alberta swine show and sale March 19 - Tabcr - Agricultural and business management short course March 19 - Lethbridge - Alberta Wheat Pool delegates meeting March 19-21 - Lethbridge - A.I.C. sponsored science fair March 18 - Cardston - Commercial and hobby fish farming meeting March 18 - Claresholm - Rapeseed production and marketing meeting March 20-26 - Olds - Pesticide - Herbicide applicators training school March 22-27 - Lethbridge - Week-long agro-rama program at Lethbridge Exhibition Pavilion including March 22-23 - Lethbridge - Annual meeting and short course - Alberta Branch Canadian Seed Growers Association March 21-25 - Lethbridge - Annual seed fair and machinery show March 25 - Lethbridge - Grain marketing short course March 27 - Lethbrdge - The Beef Industry in the '70s Seminar March 31 - Edmonton - Alberta Egg and Fowl Marketing Board meeting March 31 - Pincher Creek - Wills and Estates and farm law (Registrations close March 29) March 31-April 2 - Lethbridge - Spring bull show and sale April 5-9 - Pincher Creek - Horse and hoof care clinic (Registrations close March 15) Effective April 1 New grains act proclaimed The new Canada Grain Act, passed by Parliament late last year, has been proclaimed effective April 1, H. A. (Bud) Olson, federal minister of agriculture, announced recently. Regulations and the necessary orders are now being prepared to be effective April 1, 1971. "The new Act will allow for a greater degree of flexibility within the grain handling industry," Mr. Olson said. "Canada must be in a position to be able to rapidly respond to customer demands to hold its place in international grain markets." The new Act enables the Governor - in  Council to revise grains grades after advance notice. On the basis of information about .customer demands as supplied by the Canadian wheat board and extensive research, the board of grain commissioners has recommended five new grades of red spring wheat to replace the present eight: grades. The government plans to phase new grades into operation over; the next two years, starting with the new crop year. Effective Aug. 1, 1971, the Agricultural extravaganza planned for late March By J. G. C ALP AS, P. AG., Regional Director. Extension  Colleges Division, Alberta Dept. of Agriculture, A real agricultural extravaganza is shaping up for the latter part of March in Lethbridge. While some of the traditional events will be back to make up part of the nine-day series of activities, there are several new features. Indeed, virtually every agency connected with agriculture in any way, has been involved. The focal point will be southern Alberta but there are implications for and participation from every level. The program has grown to the point that something of interest will be coming off for young or old, city or country, farmer or businessman, researcher or educator, and exhibitor and consumer alike. Starting on the policy note, we understand that H. A. (Bud) Olson, federal minister of agriculture and Otto Lang, minister in charge of the Canadian wheat board will be in the city on March 19th to outline current changes regarding grain policy, quotas and related topics. These are open sessions sponsored by the Alberta Wheat Pool. . * March 20th and 21st will feature the annual science fair sponsored by the Lethbridge Branch of the Alberta Institute of Agrologists. Certainly, most of these exhibits are beyond the scope of agriculture but these days, science, technology and agriculture are inseparable. The Alberta Branch of the Canadian Seed Growers Association are holding their annual meeting and short course in conjunction with the Lethbridge Seed Fair and machinery exhibits. Seed growers from across the province will deliberate on future trends and opportunities in their business, and at the same time, try to displace, or share honors with well known local names at perhaps Western Canada's best seed show at the Lethbridge Pavilion, s Business meetings and the Canadian Seed Growers Association Short Course take place March 24 - 25th. Combined printed programs and prize lists are being mailed out or are available at most Agricultural offices. For a look behind the scenes and beyond the farm gate, on March 25th the emphasis shifts to the business of grain marketing. Among the most knowledgeable people in the business have been engaged to speak and discuss topics such as the operation and function of the line elevator and terminal system; the operation of the grain exchange; grain transportation and the actual business of world trade by a representative of one of the major exporting firms. Warble infested cattle to be refused at auction markets The head of the Alberta veterinary services inspection section, Dr. J. P. Best, has announced that after April 1 any cattle with visible signs of warbles will be rejected at public auction markets unless they are accompanied by a statement saying that they have been treated for warbles within the last 30 days. This statement, says Dr. Best, must contain the owner's name, his address, the date the animals were treated, the name of the product used and the owner's signature. The owners of cattle which have warbles, and which have not been treated before bei|g sent to an auction market, will have three choices of disposal. They can take the animals back to their premises, they can have them marketed for slaughter only or they can have them treated at the market. Cattle treated at the market can be sold on condition that the auctioneer announces that they have been treated with a systemic insecticide and that they cannot be sold for slaughter within the next 30 days. The present policy, explains Dr. Best, has been adopted in response to a request by the Alberta Warble Control Committee that action be taken to prevent the reinfestation of warble free areas. This committee anticipated that 60 per cent of the municipalities in the province will be engaged in warble control programs this year. Brand deadline - March 31 March 31 is the deadline for renewing all livestock brands in Alberta. After that date it will be necessary to have the brand reissued. L. R. Brinkburst, the provincial department of agriculture's brand recorder, reports that a large number of registered brand owners have not returned their renewal forms which were mailed out last fall. Sprinklers boost Production! Are you in the livestock or dairy business? Or have you suitable land - and a market - for alfalfa or other forage crops? Do you have access to surplus water? To ensure greater productivity, use sprinkler irrigation! Sprinkler irrigated pastures can provide increased beef production on the same acreage. It can double your yield of alfalfa. It conserves water and soil. Sprinkler irrigation can provide moisture where other methods cannot For further information, mail this coupon - Our Agricultural Sales Representative will be pleased to assist you. I would like further information on Sprinkler irrigation. NAME_____________________________________________ ADDRESS____________________________PHONE .,______ To: Calgary Power Ltd, P.O. Box 1900, Calgary 2. CALGARY POWER CPI/1-71 Section 22 of the Brand Act states the?: "Any person who brands, or directs, aids or assists in branding any stock with a brand, vent or mark which has not been recorded under the provisions of this act or which has been cancelled thereunder, shall be guilty of an offence and shall in addition to any other penalty to which he may be subjected by law, be liable on summary conviction thereof to a penalty not exceeding the sum of $200 and costs." Mr. Brinkhurst asks all registered brand owners who have changed their address within the last four years, and who have not notified his office of this change to do so immediately. It would also be very much appreciated if those who wish to cancel their brands would let him know so that he can keep his records up-to-date. The cost of renewing a brand is only $2, whereas the cost of having it reissued is $5. The cheque or money order should be made out to the provincial treasurer, and addressed to the Alberta department of agriculture. The 1970 Alberta Brand Book is now available from the department -of agriculture. It contains 39,200 livestock brands plus fur bearing animal and poultry tatoo marks, recorded in the department's brand office. The cost of the book is $5. The cheque should again be made payable to the provincial treasurer and addressed to the department of agriculture, Agriculture Building, 9718 107 Street, Edmonton 6. , There will be a breather during the day on Friday (time for urgent farm chores), but the evening will feature Dr. Spedding of Hurley, England addressing agrologists and others who may be interested in the topic of world agriculture and the challenge for researchers, extensionists and commerce to meet present and future world food needs. For the windup on Saturday, March 27th, the spotlight will be on beef. A seminar on The Beef Industry in the 70's and Southern Alberta, will bring together speakers to consider the future potential of this area to contribute an even greater share of Canada's future meat requirements. Topics range from markets, production economies, packing and feedlots to finance and meat merchandising. Advance registration is required for the beef seminar. The foregoing is only a sketchy outline at thus point so that farmers and ranchers' particularity, and other interested people throughout southern Alberta can initiate plans' to reserve the dates they are interested in. Future press releases will hopefully do much: more justice to the numerous sponsors and speakers in name, who are involved in these programs'. grades of number 1 hard and number 1 and number 2 northern would no longer apply at the country elevators. They wouH be combined into a new grade to be called number 1 Canada western red spring wheat. The government also plains to introuce regulations to provide for segregating carlots of number 1 Canada western red spring wheat arriving at terminal elevators on the basis of protein content. * This would enable Canada to guarantee, customers specific protein levels such as 13 per cent and 14 per cent, or levels lower or higher when sufficient quantities are available. The new number 1 Canada western red spring wheat grade would encompass about 50 per cent of the total red spring wheat produced on the Canadian Prairies. Effective Aug. 1, 1971, it is proposed that the other new grades of wheat would come into operation. They would be number 2 Canada western red spring wheat, number 3 Canada western red spring wheat, number 1 feed wheat and number 2 feed wheat. The new number 2 Canada western wheat grade would be composed of number 3 northern and a portion of the best number 4 northern. The new number 3 Canada western wheat grade would be composed of the largest part of the number 4 northern and all the number 5 wheat. The two feed wheat grades would be composed of wheat of non-milling quality. The existing grades for number 3 northern and lower would continue to apply until these other new grades are introduced on Aug. 1, 1972. The proposed grade changes have been outlined in a letter prepared by the board of grain commissioners for mailing to all producers. Under the new Act, the board of grain commissioners for Canada is renamed the Canadian Grain Commission. IIVr;ilcl i ahm m:\vs Second in a series income tax important facts Question - If I am forced to sell my farm and inventory of grain because of poor health, is there any provision whereby I can get some income tax relief from the sale of the grain? Answer - There is a section in the Income Tax Act under which you may possibly qualify (or some relief. Inform the District Taxation Office of the details of your case for further information. Question - In 1970 I purchased a combine and gave grain and livestock as part payment. How would I handle this transaction on my income tax return? Answer - You should report the dollar value of the grain and livestock as income. Capital cost allowance would be claimed on the full cost of the combine. Question - I am a farmer, and employ a laborer for approximately 20 days each autumn. Must I deduct Canada Pension Plan contributions from his pay Mushroom Hook If you want to pick wild mushrooms for the dinner table, there's one basic rule you should always follow - don't pick them unless you're sure they can be eaten. This is one of several bints to mushroom collectors in a Canada department of agricul-t u r e publication, Mushroom Collecting for beginners. It is available free of charge from the information division, Canada department of agriculture, Ottawa. Answer - Not unless the laborer is employed for 25 dayi and is paid $250 or more in a year. If he is, you must deduct for the whole period of employ* meat. Question - I have a woodlot on my farm. Do I have to report on my income tax as income the sale of logs from this woodlot. Answer - If you are operating the woodlot as part of your farming operations, the proceeds from the sale of lumber, logs, poles or firewood would form part of your income. On the other hand, amounts received by you for permitting other persons to remove standing trees from the woodlot would be considered non-taxable. Question I had a grain storage building constructed on my farm this year. What rate of depreciation can I claim oa my income tax Answer - There are special depreciation rates on grain storage buildings constructed In 1970. Consult your Farmer's and Fisherman's Guide for further information. Question - I have rented my farm out on a crop - shara basis for the last five yean. Would I still be able to average my. income for tax purposes. Answer - Yes, if this rental income is your chief source of income. SHEEP NUMBERS UP The total number of sheep and lambs on farms in Alberta at Dec. 1, 1970 is estimated at 195,000 an increase of 23 per cent from a year earlier. Get together with the easy-going flavour of Molson Golden.* It's the great get-together beer for good company and good times. Molson Golden ...the great get-together beer! tt .JT' 1 ;