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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 5, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOUR HIE LET1IBR1DGE DAILY HERALD TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 1918 lb oaily and weekly ! methods, but not so with Mr. lron-\ quill. Though educated ;u an Indian * school,- ho has discovered thai ;here j arc many tilings ihat v.r* important 1 to Know, and he is determined to Meant thorn at first hand, so that ho : will bp able to direct otheK* as well as work properly hinueli'. Ln$: winter. (the Proprietors and Publisher* LETHBRlDGE HEKALD PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED 6th Street South. Lrthbridjjff W. A. Buchnr.an President and M&uu a munitions worker, claimed exemption Further appropriations of $450,000.-000 for the army aircraft program in addition to the $040.000.oim already authorized w-as asked for by the I'. S. war department. He v.- Frederick G. Harrington. D.C. U, for twenty-five yours a missionary in Japan, is dead of pneumonia, follow i from military service on the ground i ing a .surgical operation at the Koynlj that his heart is on his right side. Painted and powdered so that he resembled a man of 5t> rather than a youth got yast Windsor Detroit. Victoria hospital Montreal. He was j i born at, Sydney, N.S.. til years ago. i ! His chief work was a new version of the Scriptures into Japanese. of S3. Leonard E. Sullivan the military guard at the j ferry dock and crossed to Dates of expiry of subscriptions appear daily on address label. Accept tivatlon: lias a fine house, a $l\5(h* modern barn. f�'� head of cattle. 20 horses and n e c e s s a r y me c h a n j c a 1 equipment. He has named his place The weekly statement of stocks on hand at Port Arthur, and Vort William ( follows: Receipts: Wheat ti03.22t> j I bushels; oats 251^326; barley l0iV>1l; } .r ^ v ^ *------4- - j C'UlliUUltUl. lit Ilac Li it 1 u (jii pivii. t' of papers ufte. expiration oats ia*'LaJceview Farm, and uses printed sta- cur authority to continue the sub Bcription. "The call rule"- for, grain **lo- arrive" established in I90tf by the Chicago board of trade, was .held by the U.S. supreme court not to he in restraint of trade under the anti-trusi flax 63.449. ghiptnents: Wheat ysr�; oats i:03,4i;�.-barley 70.710; 45,9m, In store: Wheat fCS!>.?Pl; MiU,3G5; barley 1,2S�5,024 ond 7i�2,4 I the progress OF the war Russia has submitttd to the heel of fhe Hun. Peace between the Bolshe-vtki and Gannanr has been signed at tionery for his business correspond-1 law. i ence. Last fall his grain crops yield* f ed 7,000 bushels. He keeps his own j 1 bank account, which is a very sub- j Btantinl one, and transacts all his own business, only consulting with Inspector Graham on any matters of importance about which he has any doubts. He is a iife member of the colony Red Oress bran eh. takes a u Jjttt, and the enemv advance on Petro- i active part in the work and acts as - i t._ _ \.' t u_'i ; interpreter at, all gatherings of a so- flax) oats { flax j i ?ayn Wittgenstein has villa at Ouchy, near Prineess died ht her Lanssanne. aged 102. She came of an old Russian family which gave many soldiers, diplomats, and politicians to Russia. grad bae been halted. Jieaafvhlto Japan ia prepared to pro-trot the interetta of the allies In the �Mt, and although the Bolshevik! have salee* fttppliee at Vladivostok it appertain (bat Japan -will take ares to toe that they do not fall Mo German haute. Japanese plans are unknown, but the allies have the �fcmo0t eonfideace ia their eastern Alia*. The BrWsb are again ad-ran dug ia Paleetlse akmg the Jeruwilaxa-Nabaius On the weet Xront the Germans continue desperate thrusts in an attempt to locate a weak spot in the allied Une. Xt appears as if the much-advertised Hua drive were Imminent. i GROWTH OF TUB SHIPBUILDING INDUSTRY has the One Canadian Industry which keen given a decided tmpetus by war afid about which Canadians hare but a hacy Idea, is shipbuilding. But when one conflidera, that in the past 12 montiss oontrACtsTiaTe been awarded Canadian shipyard9 for 89 ships totaling 339,333 tons and valued at $64,- 500,000, it may he readily seen that shipbuilding has become in industry of the greatest Importance to Can-ada. The question arises: Will this industry continue after the war, and " how will it affect Western Canada? It is hard to say definitely that Can--ada, will'continue to build ships after - the war, hut there is no good argument why she -should not. War's ne- - # demanded the oonstruc- cessity has tion of new m - sion of old .yards have ! cial and business nature. He has ! hU clothes made to order, is a con-S stant reader ot the Free Press and did j not have a dollar when he joined the \ colony. He would spurn an offer ot ; $30,000 for his farm and outfit today. Mr. Ironquill's case is not an Isolated one at File Hills. There*are � other Indians who are equally prosperous, and there are a number who are following close, bui he likes to learn as well as to work. He is likewise proud to be one of those who have proven that an Indian can do things as well as a white man if he is given a chance. It might be of interest also to state that Mrs. Ironciuill does not always enjoy the best of health, so Mr. Ironquill has engaged for her a white housekeeper, whose husband la also an employee of the Irontjuill estate. What hai been done at File Hills ought to be practicable at other re-j serves. Some of the finest agricultural land in the west is possessed by the Indians but very little of it is used for agriculture for the simple reason, in most cases, that the Indians do not know anything about agriculture. That they will acquire the knowledge and become good farmers la proven by the File Hills success. The efforts that are to be made this year to increase production by cultivating more land on Indian reserves will be followed with sympathetic interest. If we can get our younger Indians to take up fanning seriously, many of the problems o* the Indian in Western Canada will be solved. More than that much idle land will be brought under cultivation and new wealth will be created. Every reserve should possess as the representative of the government an agent with high ambitions for Lome Learn, a young Port Bur-well man, who eloped with another man's wife, spending his honeymoon in Niagara Falls, was arrested on his return, charged with the non-support oi his wife find child. Ninety-six revolutionists on the Atlantic side of Costa Rica were arrested by the Costa Rican government in suppressing the revolution led by RogeMo Ferdinand Guell, a pro-German newspaper editor. The persons arrest-j ed comprised all tho revolutionists in j this region, it was stated, including all i | the leaders, with! the 'exception of1 Guell himself. Tiu> law amendments committee ox f tiic Manitoba legislature, considering! the question of a provincial minimum 1 wage law for women, decided against Evodia Hughes was 'the adoption of the arbitrary schedule ,' submitted by the labor representatives 'and the whole question will be submitted to a commission to decide on : the terms of a minimum wage law for] that province. y When Miss summoned at Carmarthen, Wales, for ! buying 102 pounds of meat in 10 days, evidence was given that she had said that the meat was for a St. Bernard dog which had a weak heart and required careful feeding. Speaking at the celebration cf the The use of motor boats by men en-! Jubilee of the Krupp firm. Herr K-rupp j geged in the salmon gill-net fisheries von Bohlen und Halbach, the husband j in Northern British Columbia is i>ro-' of the principal shareholder, described hibited by an order-in-councu) recently 1 passed. A movement was on foot to � introduce these boa*s but it was i strongly opposed by both canners and fishermen. In view of the rationing proposals of the food controller, a number of the principal West-end clubs in L*on-don, Eng., have decided to withdraw from members the privilege of entertaining guests. It is expected that this line of action will be generally followed by other clubs. The purchase by the new factories as having sprung up everywhere like mushrooms. "We in Essen." he said, "have our formidable Hindenburg factories, larger than all former ones. Hundreds of thousands' of hands hitherto unaccustomed to hard work took up the spade, iue, and hammer, so that the Hiuden-burg programme should be achlev- j ed and our warriors shielded j against the whole world's war industry." Members of the Canadian Credit-men's Trust Association will meet in govern-1 Winnipeg on Wednesday to discuss ment of the Egyptian-telephone service has been fixed at 755.000 Egyptian pounds ($3,900,000). The government will take over the service immediately if the shareholders and the council of ministers approve of the transaction. On the application" of Wiltes-den Food Control committee in England, the ministry of food has transferred all the customers of a "dilatory" sugar wholesaler to a "more energetic" firm, in order that the traders may receive regular supplies. the proposed new Bankruptcy Act. In the first place, it is. at present impossible to force a merchant into Voluntary liquidation, even when it is well known that he is bankrupt. He may be sued by many creditors but this process is costly and slow. In j the second place there, is no method at present whereby an honest debtor who lias surrendered all his property to ,meet his liabilities can secure a clear release and quittance. In the third place, the costs of liquidation have been excessive and the process has been slow. Letter No, VIII.-The Military Service Act Ottawa.-Up to tho middle of February, "according tn the figures made public by the Military Council, of tho twenty. .IhohHand draftees who were actually Id uniform, as tho result tvf the. Military Service act, only 2,000 wore from the province of QuebeJV and of these 1,000 were French-speak-'; ing. U mightthus be argued tlvat o-ne i of the objects aimed at by the Military. Service act -- the partial equality-tion of contributions to the expeditionary force by. the various sec-, tiohs of the Domintou--has not been reached. The proportion of French i enlistments under the voluntary sys*! tern was about one in twenty (instead of one lu fourl; i\od this Is tire T>rq* portion which, to date, is being mahi^ talncd under compulsory enlistment. But, of course, the end is not yet. The Canadian system of compulsory recruiting followed the British and not the Vnitod States example. In our sister country to the south the draft was made by lottery following compulsory registration, with exemptions, under certain conditions, for those thus drawn. The British system is that of selection. The whole military class Is put through the mill and those most eligible to servo are chosen-. There has been at least a temporary breakdown of our system in Quebec; but it is by no means certain that the IL S. method would have worked better. In the U.S. exemptions were also determined upon by neighborhood tribunals; and it has been tribunals of this character which have blocked the effective working of the Canadian act. In Quebec there has been almost universal conspiracy to make the operation of the draft 'difficult. Everybody has been in it: members of the tribunals, lawyers, dueivrs, judges; if in some cases the military representatives were not themselves parties, they contributed powerfully! by their indifference and incompet-1 ence. It is, beyond question that-wholly inadequate machinery was i provided by tho late government for j the application of the selective draft1 to the province of Quebec. The law itself presumes the co-operation of the community; and can only be partially effective where it encounters concerted, or even passive, resistance by the people. Cut in Quebec there, was not even reasonable provision for the enforcement of the act. The government showed poor judgment in the selection of those members of "the tribunals who were, indirectly, its choice; and was even more unfortunate in" its choice of military representatives. The whole business was badly bungled. One result is the 32,000 appeals from the exemptions granted by the local tribunals made by the military \ authorities, which are now clogging j the courts of t^ie province of Quebec. Whore the court upholds *fue doclHlou of the tribunal, and in tho majority of cases this. Is. the desire of tho judge if he can find a colorable excuse for such a decision, a further appeal is necessary to tho central appeal judKe at Ollnwa. At tho present rate of progress-it would take until next August to dispone of these eases. 'I'hc passive rostsfern are, of course, playing for delay. Hut powers are operating to counteract this elaborate machinery to block the' operations of the law. The necessity of speeding up tho hearing of the cases is being impressed upon the judges; and tho appointment. �f a largo number of special judges to hear these appeals is also being considered. What is more likely to happen, howovur. Is that parliament will cut the Gordian knot by drastic legislation, which will facilitate the re-opening of the whole question of tho liability or members of class I to service. There will probably bo special machinery for reconsidering exemption and expediting dtscislons -while the law will bo of Dominion-wide application, of course, it will he most invoked where thcro is most need of it. A minimum recruitment of 20,000 from class A from the province ot Quebec under the. Military Service act within tho next, few months Is confidently predicted by a high official of tho militia department. Making allowance for tho unusually high percentage of young married men (due to the settled policy of the church in insisting upon early marriageai and the legitimate grounds Tor exemption which are to be found In agricultural communities, this would not be a disproportionate contribution. It is indlsfr putablo that Quebec will never have to assume anything like her duo share of the burden of this war in the contribution of man t>o\ver until a levy is made on class two. The percentage of available men for service In this (dass is far higher in Quebec than In any other section of Canada. The object of the Military Service act was to make It certain that sufficient reinforcements could *he oh- j tained to keep our divisions at the � front-four in number-at. full fight- j ing strength. To do this it was esti-j mated that it would be necessary to | have power to recruit 100,000 men. | The Military Service act-though It i no such volume of re-; early stages of its  had been expected by s will fill the bill. For' lias, replaced apprehension on the part of the military authorities overseas over the possibility ot a cessation of recruits by a certainty that the people Of Canada will sec that the men are forthcoming if it .is necessary to call up the whole five classes to supply them. Because of this confidence they are sending men forward more freely: from the reserves in England. Mean-; while there is a steady stream of I recruits going over the sea- thef public hears nothing of this because! they proceed steadily from tho depot i battalions without any of the cere-; has produced emits in the operations as most people-one thing, it mouial leavo-lakingB which In tho old days marked the departure of the volunteer battalions. This stream will grow in volume with.ovary week that passes. During tha first five months of the operation of the Military Servico act. -August to January inclusive - th** Canadian army, fronr all sources, was increased by nearly 60,000 men. Of these 15,000 were voluntary recruits; and of these, ageln, BO per ceut. were from the United States. A considerable proportion of these rocrults can (bo Justly credited to the imminence of compulsion in both countries. Over 30,000 imen are in sight from class one, of whom 21,000 were actually in uniform by tho middle of February. The others will eonio into the array as called. To bring the number oi recruit* up to the required quota, another 60,00l> men will be needed; where can they 1?e got? First, thera are over BO.OOi) appeals pending, of which over 3o,000 are in the province of Quebec. The appeal mill* will grind out; a steady supply of recruit* - there ought to be 20,000 men, at least, from this source alone. Then it Is quite certain that the whole of class ono will be combed out again, with a view to ^gathering in men wbj� secured exemptions in the first placa by misrepresentation. Than thcro are tho defaulters who did not register. Men of this cla&a are beung picked up by the military police in all parts of Canada-seven*afl thousand men will be secured by these means. Men who have entered their 20th year since July 7, 1017 - exempt under the Military sWvice act - will bo called up and provision will be made that men will automatically be called to the colors upon reaching their 20th birthday. It is estimated that about 4,500 young men pass this boundary line every month; so thcro will bo hero a class of some 35,000 or 40,000 men from which, after making allowance for exemptions, a largo number of recruits can be secured. Thus, from one source wind another, recruits are in prospect for the required quota. Behind all this, of course, stands class two, which is a great reservoir of man power. By a. judicious selective process, 20,000 men could be taken^ out of this class without any noticeable dislocation of industry. The hundred thousand men called for by the Military Service bo got. They will come Steadily -as needed. This will meet the requirements army for 1918 and for the months of MU9. If the war beyond the summer of 1910, we have, of necessity, to set about ing another hundred thousand men: and there will be no alternative to calMng the higher classes. act can forward number of the first lasts shall raia- MTf YOU DON'T NEED A � I REVOLVING HEAD TO PLOW WITH A MO LINE UNIVERSAL TR AC TOR______ � shipyards and the exten- established -one3. New j the welfare of the Indians, a man who '~~J will take a keen interest &s has Mr. i been built at Welland, Vancouver and Toronto. In addition, workmen are being instructed in ship-' building becoming ? killed m that trade, the machinery and tools have been acQuired and capital hap been interested. Besides we have tha same material right In our own country wH3} which to construct ships. So It! Is fairly safe to assume that Canada will continue a large builder of ships after the war, and this naturally means 'the building up of a merchant marine. It la the part Vancouver la playing In this big program that la attracting attention In the prairie provinces. Vancouver la coming book Into Its own as m rtfitdt of the shipbuilding boom. In Mtiah Columbia, nine steel ships, _ A ot 8,800 tons, worth f14,750,000, two o� 4,600 tons, worth 11,679,000, and �ne of 4,500 tons, worth $905,651, or a total ot |17,334,651f have b&ea con tracted for, along with 27 wooden ahlpa, worth |14AM,000. This is almost half the total. It .shows that B.& has the raw materials for such an industry, and if it coctlnues to grow It will mean an increased population in Graham In making good and successful farmers out of them. It is nof~an Impossible task and File Hills js proof. 1 Auctioneer,'* was real comical and J. A. Mercer as the "Big Auctioneer" offered for sale two pretty maidens in the person of Miss Bertha Oibb and ]V}iss Alston. Mr. Jaa,. Mercer carried the terror part and was one of the buyers. This was very well rendered. The last number, but by no means the least, was the "Oxdansen' by six young ladles dressed in red and white ry the ruling of the speaker, Ralph Smith had to remove her hat before epeaklng in the B.C. legislature. We wonder if Speaker Fisher ha* put the ban on the ladies' hats in Alberta. By the way if it is not proper for tho ladies to wear hats in the legislature or in theatre*, why Is it t.ojp-missable in church? B.C with, a Gorresponm� considerable Him? past the actual homestead work in the closed offw^s has not been large. The grecter poniou of their work has been tho c.-dh-cthm of prt-cuip^.:jn payments, gruzin^ rents und m^-d gr:i!n liens. ut which can bo dono oquaJly v.'ii]], v/iih �imim] fouvenienco to Thot.a Rich, among them were Miffs Canada, Johnny Bull, Uncle Sam, Soldier, Indian Chief, Red Cross Nurse, Gold Dust Twins and many others and they were all so sweet as they posed while the audience appltuded and enjoyed the performance. Tho climax came when little Miss HIndly, age 3, came out and sang, "We'll Never Let the Old Flag Fall." The solo by Mrs. Elva Harker, sung In her pleasing manner wag very good. The dialogue^X'The Train to Morro" was very good and "Mrs. Buttermilk" and her son "Johnny" couldn't be beat. Those who took part in the dialogue, were Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Bennett and Guv Taylor. The "old ladies" in their song, "Knitting" did very well and their en- core "Memories" was fine. Mrs. J. A. Hirie rendered very nicely a piano selection. The songa by Master Grant Woolley and the bevy of pretty maidens were very good and deserved the applause tiny received. The play pictures staged Wy Mlsa Hilliev were very artistic and real. The little tots did very well. After Intermission, "The Swallow" was sung by a ladies' chorus. "Children's Frolic" a pretty little dance by eight little children, four boys and girls