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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 5, 1913, Lethbridge, Alberta iygdaeHdajlr; March 5,1013 THI; LET^BRIPGE DAILY x?JgKALB i?age 11* Gif6ait�^'iPat'8ilS'Tost paper by E. Barker^ of Cardston, Showing How� Zone Sp-- tem Operates to the Advantage of the Consumer and the Producer \ ; Tho followinl paper on GMtiter Parens Post" yi'B.i read by B. N.' Barker, of Carddtoh.ipresldent of the Air Boafate Boax-ds of- Trade of Southerrt Alberta, at tijp recent annual mSting: of that ea6fg�fUb toi'ganJzatlon: ' On4 of'.tliBi" greWest problems now tiofore the people of; this country 16 the oopt ot;llV)to�, and many are the enquiries liiijjrivate, and In print, as |o why,Uvlne-continues so hl8[h and aiJparenUyJ^eeps rising. Another part of. this.'pcobletii,: and one that has a direct bearlpg on the first problem, tUa means, by,*vWoh this high cost of living can be reduced; and at the same time advance" the 'Interests of oUsa -without Interfering tdo >J3luoh wl1;hVeJtKtlrtg oondUloDB. )',i�,waall()iw.tliatfthe field .to .be conquered �is,'Tflrs'l ai;id foremost, the brlngtng^Qf the producer and the con- , sumer into 'closer touch, one of the first fivenues by which this may. be done Is via'.the parcel post or parcel xpress. ;. The Unlteld fitaUs has been studying Hhls question very carefully with the resull* that"'.on' January 1st last a j)arbei post went Into efteot, and It Is apparently .thV system that many advocate for Canada after some study Of tb^ gtiestlbn. This system admits can be delivered at the house to' whloh it is addressed or fo any iJolat In. the British Isles. "A , 6 pound package can be sent 'by post to Ldvorpool for' 60 oentSr-and dellveR ' ed at therend -ior 70 cents. A 5 pound package.shipped from Leth'brldge io Cardston, or half way,- would cost 80 oeni;B, and the .one to whom It was Bent would hayei 'to go to the post oWce "and g�t It. ... . ~ , A 5 pound package can be moved Jn,,Or^M..8rItaliiv^ 42, would cost, to send bj^ridgej ,yrtfeai^i|Ss|pi^|li ^^iffcl^8^|af|^p]^ apMel^Z-^emiii^^^ " �i:*'^�:clt",6Xt preasv t,ol Npi as at present constituted. NorJd'o^tbW seem to desire Ijlie business l^tAetalli; This may be uews to many bu^iijs a-fact'that we-dre living as^j^Mln-;' tpUlgent people,' ait supposedly ;4nt4ni-; �gent people;' ainuB the''lbest *ej6qi' of doing,much'Of ouv 'buslnesf^-'jijfe pfld^i ourselves upon being,! ii^fvthiV continent^ so A).hc^ sharper and ,up to d^^te IP IpuBlneBB,methods ttfp .othfr, parts of tjje'.-wbrld, and y'eiftin; BiiBlg'^^'^^**^' iil|r;,�p||hcia^ 'he. riddle be asking it to destroy itself or we ^IgJit lbc asking it to carry out what It could not possibly fulfill. To quote from an expert view of this: 'In drawing the line arbitrarily at a minimum weiglit of 100 pounds, and a consequent minimum rate of 25 cents, the railroad is providing against its own necessities."  When you consider the acts of attention:'which a railroad must give each shipment, be it large, or small, be its Journey long or short, you Will find 20. A railway traffic expert made out tte list. First; the railway employe must unload the article to be shipped from the consignee's vehivle; second, he must on'tthe car; third, he mu'sf, ascertain the rate to be paid; fourth, he must make out a bill of lading; fifth, he must make,out a Waybill and send copies' to th^' auditor and the conductor. Then the activity is transferred to the receiving.^ agent. He must, sixth, Teceipt to the conductor; seventh, send notice to tlie consignee; eighth, unload the package from the car; ninth, talcs the receipt of the consignee; -tenth, load the package on. the consignee's vehicle; eleventh, get payment for the shipment; twelfth, copy the bill of lading into record of freight fovwarded; thirteenth, copy the bill,.of Jawing,. Into .-fieoo^rd-'-^^f th^ freight rec'^fved; fourteenth,''.* send a'' statement of '-freight sent""to- - the [^auditor; fifteenth, send a statement of. '"freight received'' to the OjUdltor; six-teeath, th9 auditor ,must' check the billiOfladlng against th'e records of theiSending: agent; seventeenth,.,.|the auditor must check; the bill of lajiiwj. .against..the; records -of the receiving agent; eighteenth, he must advise thte treasurer of the money.due from eachi^^ of the two agents;, nineteenth;,he mppt make a statistical report fromitbeblfl'; of lading; twentieth, he must oaicu-J^ late, per bill of lading, the amount dn^i the different^railwaya which.hav?(beeni concerned^'in carrying the shipment; . Tlie acts, of handling vexpreas' cop-, sist of 11; which are much the same'; a8^;,those carried out, - iby .railways^ �Railways and express companies ;,a6-f counting to each:othenis' also, neces-; sary; to; corporate dealings, and indiirsj labor and expense; -All or much of !,this has' to be paid for. bysjth'e.'con-', subier, - 47,63 per" cent."., of Hhe'/rate/ or- fij fey' T":^^^^^^^^^ .>J,e'-ko we-cin send'a;^,6�na package from '.ethbrldge to ;Liverpool, a distance it approximately 5000 m',Ics, for 60 dents, or at tlie rate of oiip cent per 100 mlJes, Can-we wonder then that the average profit of the 13 leading express companies In the United States in the last" three years has been -17 per cent, annually, on the cost of their real property and equipment. Jn the /case of the Great Nortliern E.vpress Company, (which is a subsidiary corporation of the Great Northern Railway company, as in- thJ.s country Ihe Dominion-l!|�press is of the Canadian PavClflc Railway, the Canadian E.xpress of the G'rand Trunk, and tlie Canadian Northerjiqf, the Mackenzie and Mann cor'poratlott)', the'Jpr'ofits for laoo were no.less than 882 per cent. Now, let us drop back and take up our argument wnere we left it, viz: that on the 5 pound package the-railway gets 13 cents, thirteen cents for carrying five pounds Sii miles pays thj^ railway at tlie rate of .'51.'i2 per toil mile. Now-on a package, of 100 ptiunds, carried the same distance, the railroad gets exactly 17 cents per ton mile. If the 5-pound package paid the railway^ In exact proportion, what the*L00-pound package diJ, the railway would get 3 cents for its transportation, and the rate on 'It would be 17 cents, not 27 cents. The cost of shipping this 5 pound package by post In the, United States is 17 cents.- ' �;' ,; Send Sausage by Mall Thus, under the present system, we - have an abnormal rate for the small package-which is exactly why the farmer's wife cannot send to the city woman a few pounds of fresh sausage, a pound or two of biitte'r or some fresh eggs', .''The high coat,of handling- small parcels by expro'ss over short distances is an absolute block to the doing of any small retail business by express, over short die tances, and tlearly shows that some othqr -'meanaimustvibe devised in the inteiiest of the city or town consumer and in the interest of the profitable disposal Of the by-products m smaller products of the farm. Upon the disposal or' profitable jHsposal of these-farming products depends the- success of ttie smaller farmers; in mixed farm ing, which is, beingpo much preached to Us of late, butthwmethodsby which this mixed farming^ban- be brought in seem to be much, neglected. The par' cel\ post would,'not only be an incen five to mixed farming but 'would also enable the farmer to utilize his home market which, has held ud so temptingly befo're ,liim when he was asked ,to yole against wider markets abroad, 'Thus thiis poliey/iiiigh't suit both, political parties. -We ithua see that the transportation companies, as at present constituted,-, are not sufficient for our needs and .that in addition we n^i!'%n -enlai^^^PI&sttil s^rylce Id 1. order to develop-;th^.;country we live 'in to its fuller capacity and to greater advantage.^ % TheShort Hauljind the'Uong Haul � ^^h'e p'resent;system'.';worka as badly for the. trsinsp'ortailon' of say 100 lbs. across long dlstafels, ;l?or long hauls the rallr(�ds miiil paip.'certain charges, although the* service of. the e.x-preas ,companlea,,..wiWch ;consist prin cipally of co,llectiMpackages from the shipper and detoerlng'tliem to the railway and, af the--town.jof destination, taldng them fronii^the railway 'and;.d. Traoe Maamv 'LITTLE DARLING' "LITTLE DAISY" HOSIERY FOR. INFANTS AND CHILDltEN I orgiv>e'-l;he rall--B-.cpmp)i,np en too'-' h^aY^p^;^, rallrp|^,j g tbe small'Ipi^oljq;^'*!, .shqrt?;'ft;Um6^.fa8^much, as; Sjeafried,; -tlie-Tespcess' company jdGHo,protect either the rall|pad^' Jerexpr^gi)"'-company. ^T;ho' "t^ip feilfflF'tit-fjr'obritract betweei-the fw&^i ^iV/s' th^\^result? Tjli'e^SlixilreBjs^ ijjanlesrha'S'e very largely^mucht 'France seven times as much, Ger^ many � five times as much; Hungary, the Netherlands an^ Norway about four times as much, the express- coni-pdnies of the United States charge nesrly fifteen times as puch, exclude ing the cost of their collection an& 'delivery. That our high charges Influence the' volume of express business is clearly proved,; ;i-The average of express to freight; outside this country, is 1 to 82,,and'in this country 1 to i66. Now, as-1, have: said, e.Kpress movement is the retail': movement; freight move ment, in'general, the wholesale movement.' Could the effect of high ex-pre'ss -rates on the cost, of living be m6're clearly shown? , "We must have; a little ra^e for lit tie packages.'. How can we get it? ,v -And we must have a system 'which reaches oUt to rural points so distant from' the railways that neltli-er the e^f^; press companies now, nor, thti rail-v| road coinpanids, should they- under-; take .the business, could afford, to eol-leX!t from or deliver to. What a. Stamp Eliminates i xW6;liave-seen that the.expense of handling'�packages by expi-ess Is very largely'that of the accounting deparS. ment. In' the postal System thiB^^ia! practically eliminated by the kfflxing; of a stamp Onc;e that has beien purchased ;andaffi;ced and cancelled th^ bookkeeping is,all-done, .The,p'osfage stamp Is'one of the greatest; if not; the greatest ^instrument of efficlanoy-known to the age. The establishment of zones would add but the' clerical 'expense, for, radiating from: each-post of flee, the zones would remain fixed, therate could be quipttly ascertained; the stamps purcbastid and, affixed, and the operation thus oom-plebed, with little more labor' than. Is; now devoted to the weighing of a package to see what postage it re; ftuires,, under- the existing- flat rate for 'all mail fuatter of: each class,; For these' and , BxpresB � qompanteB, the rate will double ^he service;/we.i w,ili,,talie (luf charices"v;'lth"-tti9 4ir6iJ tits," ' "Tile steady reduption of BO$tal rates throughout their'histoiy proves; this. Justified rate, protect itself when neces; And,the railroads wjjuld not lose, The-y .canhpt themselves aJrtl'oulaJ;eJ with t^e'rurjil dlstrldts.^ The'tfgentjyr' 'Which .would,lacoomplis'h this^^nd; brer ate for them the inevitable result of business Ivould assist; not'harm tbem. And that agency is the parcel'paatj' ' How^.li Operates The argument; against a postal ^express - service that Is ^most advanced,; is that it would"'be: ve'ry;tdetrlmen{al to: the local merchants, and would correspondingly boost-the ;departinVntal stdrci But would not the,' regulation of rates by zones- lal-gely ofivfate this;' for;the large departmental stores'-are' usually in, large cities and toW4B,'-.aad' distant; and tbe local stores ,1a i^ibat cases^ would have tbe; higher..;;parcel rate in their favor, wh'tc& 'woiild'-^n-' able thein to compete in prices w.itli. the departmentai.;stor'e. Besides thlsj,' in rural districts what is to-,prevent all merchants; whetherbigorilittle;,or; in towns' of cities of varying sizes, from 'increasing their JjuBinesa' by means of thc small parcel quickly delivered at a low rate' (one cent perj ounce in Canada any distance). Under the:zone: system 'the loqal;=merchant would be protected, because rates could be mad'e hl'gher for 'certain goods. It would seem that' an increase.d parcel post service, organized on � thej right lines, might 'be a great inceiji-tive to all lines of business,.and,.do-^ no actual damage to'any whep' leg-^ ulaba by classlficatldn in zones, Direct parcel pasf exchanges, are in operation between Canada" and .Jli'^-countries mentioned in" the following, table, the rat'P and limit of v^eigh't be"-ing specified in leach "case: Rates �'ol postage Qountry Bahamas....... 12 Barbados .......... 12 Bfrmudq,......� 16 Brfl^hGulania 12 Cape Colony 26 26 , 13. Grenada ......1 25 H-ong'Kong/.. ..'�.'... fie-. Jamai'c'a .. .. ,12 , Japan ,.,'. .... .. 20 Le^'ward Islands .�;'*-n.2' � Mexico ,., ..112 \ Newfoundlaijd.. .. ''15 New South Wales. 24 New Zealanii,.. .. 24 Qu^ei�sla�d....... . 24 South "Aiistralla'.,.' St,'Lucia.. .'..... 12 Trinidad........ 12 , United Kingdom .. 12 Victoria ,,'.. .... 24 26 ' 12 I? 20 �12, 15 24 24 24 24 12 12 12 24. \ 11 11 li' 11 fl ' tiiii? India, A(len, ]?riti^h East AfrigC'.Cfiy-'";,,, Ion, ' Cyprus, Horig Kon'gl"; Iidb'uan, Malta, Mauritius, Straits Seltlemei^ts, Ugfipda and Zanzibar. , To "c^t(i|da:'.'54; 8d, first pound; ^ed. for each'liound . '. after up to 11-pounds, ' /^"s"' Ut-eat Britain,- rates are: 12''oen't'� pw-'^f;;! pound; 24 cents,?}ibs,; - 36,'31bl;\ 48-^ ; 4^ 41bs, up to *i,82 lor lllbs. Fop"-an-.\-^\ extra ten cent* paoltag'e will !bo,d^:^' VltiWiONE )#'Qiitnlf.,. ii Ini ;