Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Recycling paper -THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD THURSDAY, MARCH 4, By DON OAKLEY, NEA Service The old saying that nothing is deader than yesterday's news- paper needs to be revised, at least as far as the paper itself is concerned. The long-sought solution to the problem, of de- inking yesterday's newspaper so that it >ca.n reappear as tomor- row's newspaper seems to have been found. Last year, using a new pro- cess, three paper-making plants turned tons of old newspaper into tons of newsprint as fresh as new with a value of about million, reports the Wall Street Journal. That amounted to 11 per cent of the newsprint produced an- nually in this country. The three plants also paid about million to people who MONTREAL CCP) The MacKay family and 20 neigh- bors in suburban Pointe Claire are searching local garbage cans to find out what their al- ternative to disposal might be. Officially, the search is call- ed a solid waste survey. It is being conducted in an effort to reduce environmental pollu- tion. Mrs. John MacKay, mother of five and chairman of the citizens' group, said one gar- bage-collecting family of six Patchwork, profits, litter Generally, though, the scrap metal market is a patchwork of profits and litter. Oulside big city areas, the CEQ report found, small auto junk dealers strip cars of parts and the prized metals copper and lead but leave the hulks on the lot. Transporting auto bodies to remote markets is costly, and so is shredding and compacting them into a more transportable form. Nathan Addlestone, chair- man of Steelmet, Inc., of Pitts- burgh, a leading scrap dealer, estimates that a single shredder can cost as much as An aa-ea with a population of less than he says, can- not support a shredder. There may, however, be an alternative in a portable machine that squashes cars into 10-inch-high bundles, making them easier to haul to scrap markets. The maker, Mobile Auto Crushers, Inc., of Dallas, says it can flatten 300 cars a day. accumulated the following in a three week period: Forty two pounds of food scraps, seven pounds of metal, 16.5 pounds of none- returnable bottles and 67 pounds of paper. "It gives you some idea of just how much refuse one fam- ily can accumulate in a short time, and our worry is what happens to all of Mrs. MacKay said. The committee wants to make the public aware that re- cycling of garbage can restore much of the waste to usable products. Proponents of the recycling principle are opposed to mu- nicipal dumps, where mounds of rotting garbage offend both eyes and noses. COMPOST HELPS The MacKays recommend setting up a family compost heap in the back yard Food scraps, including meat and even tea bags, can be built up to provide fertilizer for the garden. Another suggestion is news- paper collections. Repro- cessing plants will pay about a ton for great money-raising project for a community group." "And one thing you don't do is buy soft drinks in non-re- turnable bottles and tins. Not when you consider that the bottles are all but non-destruc- tible; that tin cans take 10 years to disintegrate and it takes a century to get rid of aluminum cans." Once the survey is com- pleted, the committee, will present its findings to the city and "let people know what home owners are really doing ond what should be done to correct it." A public service This tabloid on pollution and recycling is co- sponsored as a public service by The Herald and Pollution Control Southern Alberta. The various articles point out the enormous ef- forts that are being made in pollution control, but also points to the even greater efforts that will have to be made before pollution is brought into check, let alone under control. Officers of Pollution Control Southern Alberta are: Ted Wilson, chairman; Larry Weaver, vice- chairman; Mrs. Isobel Goundry, secretary; Dr. Claus Jericho, treasurer and directors: Mrs. Helen Christou, Dr. Paul Lewis, Mrs. Morgan Gadd, Dr. R. King- Brown, Dr. Jim Far, Mrs. Sylvia Campbell and David Balfour. The directors urge readers to save this tabloid for reference. collect and sort old newspa- pers, including such organiza- tions as the Boy Scouts, Salva- tion Army and churches. Everybody is talking about pollution and the preservation of the environment. The above is only ono example of what some people are doing about it. There are others: Waste from Hie processing ot citrus flints (peel, rag and seeds') comprises 43 to 6S per cent of the total fruit. Food En- gineering magazine reports that a new conversion process is turning this waste into cat- tle feed .selling for or more a ton. Speaking of animal feed, researchers al General Elcc- tric's Research and Develop- ment Centre in Schcnectady are cxpoiimcnting with special strains of bacteria which hold the promise of converting trash into a new animal food source. The bacteria can digest cel- lulose which, in various forms accounts for up to two-thirds of the solid wastes deposited in municipal refuse dumps. Engineers at the Franklin Institute Research Laborato- ries in Philadelphia arc devel- oping a soild waste separator that will make possible other reuse of house hold discards. Shredded trash is fed into the device and a series of vibrating screens, baffles, paddle wheels and gravity separators sort it by classes paper, soft plas- lics, glass, metal and li.ird plastics. Also in the field of solid wastes. International Patents and Development Corp in Kings Point. N.Y has devel- oped a gaibagc compactor al- ready in use in a number of Manhattan apartment build- ings. The fully automated unit, which ejects ftO pound chunks of compacted trash, eliminates fire hazards and air pollution and lowers time and labor costs involved in handling of matPi-uil. Q As for liquid waste, an ad- vanced treatment process is in the final stages of testing at Uie Univcrsit> of Michigan 1! can consistently remove 95 to 97 per cent of or- ganic waste matter, compared with (10 to 90 per cent by con- ventional sewage treatment. Most significant, the process removes most of the phosphate and much of the nitrogen in waste water. These contamin- ants, little affected by conven- tional methods, are largely res- ponsible for excessive algae growth and the rapid decay and aging of lakes. According to a survey of 248 companies by the National In- dustrial Conference Board, ex- penditures for pollution control equipment rose 23 per cent in 1969 to a total of million. The petroleum industry claims that it alone spent more than billion between 1X6 and 1969 on ah- and water pollution con- trol efforts. It's one tiling (o (rap pollu- tants, but this in lum can cause a problem. Take the tons of fly of.ii unburncd carbon being collected daily in fac- tory smoke stacks. One company in Soringfield, Ore., does take it, by the tnick- load, and converts it into char- coal briquets. What was once a nuisance and a literal eyesoro is transformed into a market- able, product. Clean air wanted Hydraposal system J L recovers fibres upon years of ex- perience, and world renowned expertise in pulpma and clean- ing waste paper from the pulp and paper industry. Black Clawson Re-search has develop- ed, a process to recover much of the paper fibre (newspapers, bags, boxes, food containers) which normally over half of domestic and commercial solid waste The Black Fihre- System opei in con- lunctior." tlio System. After the and iii.et.nl been i bv the Liquid Cyclone, the slurry is passed through a selec'ne sciccmng process The papcnnakmg fibics arc ox- (ractwl, washed, de- watered ami haled, ready for conversion back into paper The residual plastics, raps wood particles and fond waste arc re- turned to the sys- tem for further processing COMPOSTING The 11' MXis.il 1'imulos Mc.il Fibreclaim Sysx-m. and dewa- teriiig the slurry, the resul- tant pulp in ideal condition for conversion into a compost rather than oxidation It lias the proper moisture cont e n t, about 40 per cent solids; the metals, glass, and olhcr unde- sirable components c been removed, and The particle size is ccrrect for the compost di- gester. MFNTRU, VMITS Metals c-'.n be Recmetod. Rt'jL-cis fmni the Liquid Cy- cione contain r.houl per cent Using techniques de- veloped by the U S Bureau of Mines, the glass can be sepa- rated from the metals, and even lx> sorted into clear and colored glass. The metals are sotted into ferrous and non-fer- rous, and is v ay to or the gold silver. TOT TtECVO.TNr. Zero Pollulr n Pos'-ilile. The bcsic .nnd Kihroclaim Prc-pflra lion Arler removing much of the cellulose in tho TrfisJt for cash1 NEW YORK The Environmental Actirn Co, Ii- tion has urged eight m.llion New Yorkers to turn in t loir trash for cash. In the first major experi- ment of its kind, the coalition said yesterday it would pay city-dwellers for turning m bottles, cans, newspapers, scrap metal, and rags for re- processing and reuse ay major industries. Robert Gale, the coalition's associate director, said work- ers in the "trasb-is-cash" campaign were accept- ing trash turn-ins at five cen- tres. He said the first payments probably would be delay- ed until December, after ad- ministrative and oilier costs are determined. The rales arc expected to range from a ton for al- um mum Lo a ton for bime- tal, the material asevl for sodn cans. Bottles will bring about a ton and newspapers about Gale said more than 300 companies had agreed to ac- cept the trash, with several offering to provide trucks for ilmnmh months of large scale p Lot plant operation rt Middle- tovni, Ohio. Reclaiming of min- eral values fron: incinerator nMi ts being done at the I' S liui-eni- -if 're missing lit OfO (hem 21.0ft) trees peared fron: Canada's forests. And t bey u, -re all used to nMke up AGT's telephone di- rectories th.m ir.u txto copies of AGT directories printed! last year using to 700 tons of p.iper: white paper oIphabet.ic.Al listings. 25 tons of cover stock and 340 tons of pajK-r for the Yellow Pages. Placed in a single pile, tlwy would readj upward just under nine miles.