Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD _ THURSDAY, MARCH 4, 1971- Whey is waste In Vermont, is GSO-million Ib. den by product that will re- sult from this year's produc- tion of 50 million Ib. of cheese. A University of Vermont study says that whey accounts for 85 per cent of the state's industrial organic waste. Half of it is con- verted into animal feed and fer- tilizer. But, the authors found, "A hog cannot subsist on whey alone." So the other half goes clown the river. A steel mill's processing by- products include iron oxides, lubricants, acids, coke by-pro- ducts, and slag. Iron oxides, one the more troublesome, often collect as tiny articles in water filtration systems and in smokestacks. They are al- most irrejie v a b 1 e, says C. Thompson Stott, a Bethlehem Sicel Corp, vice president. They are only a micron than talcum he says and are nearly impos- sible to mold into iron ore pel- lets suitable for recharging into blast furnaces. Nuclear power plants throw out spent but still radio-ac- tive materials. Fossil fuel- ed plants waste ash, particu- late matter, and gases. Both types waste more heat than they use to generate power. Mining wastes include the long tons of taconite mine tailings that Reserve Min- ing Co has been accused of discharging daily into Lake Su- Cheapesl means are sought Municipalities usually seek the cheapest means of refu.se handling, which tends to be dumping and open burning. Communities that might buy technologies to convert to salable product, whe- ther kilowatts or scrap, to make sure it works elsewhere snys one incnern t o i ''is an absolute bar to innovation. Ir-iKitnu broad scale re- cycling requires brond sciile fcrbral initiative, ard Ibis only now appearing. Waste han- dling, of solid waste, has "l o n g been a jealously guarded community responsib- ility, ensnared in local politics. States cal'od upon Con gi ess in the early 1060s, when the waste problem finally outgrew local control Congress enacted the. Schd Waste Disposal Act in 19G3 along with a spate of anU- poliution measures, The focus began to shift in Congress from disposal to re- cluig only this year. The significant bill, in termb of funds and intent, is Senator Muskie's proposed Re- source Recovery Act, which both houses have passed unani- mously m shghtly differ i ri g forms. perior. In Pierce County, Wash- the Bureau of Mines has found 14-million tons of refuse left from mining 21 million tons on coal A Pennsylvania State University study reports that spoil banks cover acres of Pennsylvania. Roll-hack on economy From Business Week Waste has become pollution. What goes into the air, the wa- ter, and the garbage can rolls back to confront an economy ill equipped to deal with it. At the same time that waste increases, res o u r c e s shrink. About 25 tons of minei als wci e taken from the earth and pro- cessed last year to support each American. Even the sup- ply of regenerable resources. such as trees and natural fi- bers, is diminishing. Given present rates of con- sumption ami replacement, the nation will be using more trees than it grows in 1930. Tech- nology has found means of re- lieving the pinch by speeding the growth of forests and pull- ing copper from increasingly poor rock. But even technol- ogy cannot mine a void. The idea that waste is raw material that it can be con- verted into new and useful pro- ducts by recycling it is gain- ing support. It solves the con- verging dilemmas of pollution and disap p e a r i n g resources. "We can no longer look at pol- lution as something to get rid says Aaron J. Teller, for- mer dean of engineering at Cooper Union "We have to look at pollution as unused re- sources.1' Recycle glass TORONTO The Glass Con- tamer Council of Canada an- nounced tfxiay an extension other areas of Canada of its recycling program of buying back no deposit soft drink bot- tles frrun consumers and using thc-m to make new boltlch A test ogi .1111 under u'ncjii the container manufac- turers are paving cent each or a ton for no deposit soft drink bottles is presently being carried out in Toronto, Hamilton ami Wallaceburg, In announcing the extension of the program, IE. E Dalton, Executive Director of the Coun- cil, said that the results of the three month program which got underway at GCCC mem- ber company plants in July had more than justified the deci- sion to extend the program to Quebec, New Brunswick and Alberta. Three depots will hi oper- ation in Montreal .shortly, one depot in Moncton, N.B.; and one in Redd iff. Alberta, on tho outskirts of Medicinu Hat Plant a free Junk cars, of course, are waste A Bureau of Wines study has located 15-million of them, weighing 2G-million tons, scat- tered over the nation Of (i-mil- llon junked annually, the bu- reau says, 80 per cent (General Motots says 88 per cent) arc reclaimed for recycling. The rest pile up. All solid wastes totalled 4.4- billion tons last year, accord- ing to the environmental coun- cil report. Mineral wastes, mostly from mining, were 1.7- billion tons. Agricultural wastes largely manure in feed lots, came to 23 billion tons. Non- recyled industrial wastes were 110 million tons. Residential, commercial, and institutional wastes came to 250 million tons, of which 190-million tons were collected and disposed of by public agencies. Aluminum A steel can, thrown away, will eventually rust away, but an aluminum can thrown on a park or along a highway will lay there for years, But, it is precisely this in- destructible quality of alumi- num which makes possible a recycling system which will both inhibit litter and stretch out the supply of aluminum al- most indefinitely. Aluminum has certain basic qualities that make it attrac- tive to salvage and reclaim. is immune to rust and resists corrosion. of its light weight it is easy to handle. is in demand for thous- ands of iises and new uses are being found daily. can be remeltcd readily and used again. Sir George P. Thompson, Nobel Prize winning physicist and author of "The Foresee- able Future" has said that "what we should do is recover used metals when not economic at present prices a process like planting an oak tree for luturc generations.'1 pick-up SPOKANE. Re- fuse Supt. Floyd R. Bowers said today pounds newspapers were collected in the first day of a refuse-collec- tion pilot project intended to determine the feasibility of a city-wide recycling program. The monlh-1 o n g project, in which city crews arc- picking up free of charge old pers, corrugated boxes ami cotton rags, began Monday in the area bounded by Division, Cedar, Wellcslcy and Francis, SCHEDULE TOLD Bowers said the crews this v. cek picked up the items on M o n d a y and yesterday and will continue on a two-day-a- wcck schedule. lie said the crews, in addi- tion to the newspapers, picked up 90 pounds of rags and 127 pounds of cardboard boxes on Monday. Yesterday's collec- tion, ho said, has not yet been tabulated. The pi ojcct, in which the alue of the collected mate- rial will be weighed against [ho cost of its pickup, is pait of a 20-year solid-waste man- agement plnn study the city is m.'iVng under a state grant lie said it K far too cnrly to am thing nbyut a full- M'.flf.; recycling effort. Bower1; SPK! he also wanted (o remind in the pilot area to pi- co the separated refuse on their front porches. Start in your backyard Recycling scrap There is considerable recyc- ling already being done. Some examples: The Scrap Iron and Steel Institute in Washington esti- mates that its members churn- ed out to in sales last year. Diversified Industries, Inc. in St. Louis alone collected million in sales in mainly from scrap aluminum and cop- per. Kimberley Clark Corp. depends on recycled paper for 90 per cent of the packaging maternal for its Kleenex, Ko- tex, and other products. Container Corp's Pion e e r P aper Stock Div. alone h art- dies 1-million tons of the more than 11 million tons of waste paper recycled each year by the whole industry. Glass and aluminum com- panies have repurchased per- haps 50 million waste cams Our system The economic system has been built upon near cost-free use of Uie most abundant re- sources air, water, and land. It has spawned sophisticated processes to extract raw ma- terials and to turn them into finished products. But it has done little to turn exhausted products back into useful material. Government supports the system by award- ing tax incentives to deplete raw materials. and bottles so far this year to nrake new ones. Like other paper com- panies, Westvaco Corp. causes pollution around its mills. But the company is also the world's leading supplier of activated carbon, a cleaning and filter- ing material that it has been making from pulping wastes for 40 years. One use: cleaning pol- luted water. M. J. executive director of (he National Assn. of Secondary Materials tries, Inc. says 52 per cent of all the lead consumed in recycled, as well as 45 per- cent to 50 per cent of the cop- per. The glass industry cannot m ake new gl ass without old" glass in the vat to start the process. Haunted TORONTO A pair of Lake S'imcoe ice fishermen who sat drinking beer and dropping their empties down the ice hole, last weekend, were as- tounded to see a wet black hand emerge from the hole and drop an empty beer bottle and other litter on the fishing hut floor. It was the hand of one four young Toronto divers, searching beneath the ice for a lost snowmobile. He'd como upon the litter pile on the lake bed, ''I'm afraid ii's all to common to find tins moss be- low diver Gordon Robin- faon said later.