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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 4, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LF/rHBRlDGE. ALBERTA. MONDAY, MAt{C,H 1. MM8 NUMBER 70 THE em TO HOLDBIiCKJAP!; Serious Report Comes From Head of American Mission Til Siberia JAPA^I IS PREPAkED FOR ANY SERIOUS BJBVELOPMENTS THERE ARMENIANS DESERTED TURKS SLAUGHTER London, Mjir. .4.-The Cbpen-hagen oerrMponiient of the Exchange Telegraph Company 'Bays information ha� been receiver) there -to the effect that Turkiah aoldlara have cammltted numerous masaaoreii in the diatrict of Ar-mania, whicfthaa'been daaartad by the Rti!(iians. ^ , HJalmar aranllng, editor'of the Social Diemekrntcn has telegraphed two Germnn Socialist parties to make energetic representations to the Gernian government, the diapateh adds. ' Russians Sign Peace Terms Yield To the Demands of the Huns-Sign(dd Up on Sundaj- claim That German Army Still Adva|leing-Say That Germans Hanged Two Hundred oPRcd Guard on a Public Square and Threatened to Hang Scores of Others as Well. EI imw WOMAN CANDIDATE FOR IJ. S. SENATE BOMBS WERE DROPPED ON PETROGRAD WaafciaftOT, Mar. A.-Ttm Russians have b*g�tn ifeatroyina bridges oh the Trans-Siberian Railroad between Lake Baikal and .the Chinese frentlsr, �, John F. Stevens, chairman of the American railway mission, reporte^d today to the atate department. While without details offlciala here believe the Rusaians are destroying the bridges to prevent ths cKpsctetf advance, of Japanese troops. A large number of other structures have been mined, Mr. Stevens also- reported, so they ceuM be readily destroyed. iVlr. SteraQB, who sent lils dlspatchcK from Yo}:t>t>ania and therefore uii rtoubtedly froin Jiipaneae InteUlgence HOiirces.uatd that It war. reported tl^at hridges already rtosfroyed wore near Cliltfi, east ot Laico Baikal. OffidltilB do not believe that the deHtructluii of the railway ia iu any way part ot a Dlan 1o prevent United States AtubsR-sador Fmncis and tiie other diiilomatEi J'lom leavlnc llussia if tliey cUooso to do_ so. At the state department U wsi� said iu) deulalon had been reached as to Ike part tho United States would take in Japan's plan for intervention in Siberia to prevent tho railroad and iinnionae Qoantilies of war supplies from falllncinto tho hands ot tho Geir-mans. Japan Wilt Mset Sftoatfon London, Mar. 4.-lu a speech at Tultio on February 24, In reply to In-j terpollutious of representatives. Via-tjuunt.^ Motono,' the Japanese torelKn "i(iffli�t�r,'la reported by ttouter'H .Tolc-1o corraspohdent an ^ayln^ that some (iliiCTiationciO!) were to-bo found In the various reports ot Ihef Russo-German .' l>eab|LjjieKOtl.at,ippfl,...U ',w�a thctreforu ditff5int"iit:,th'^t' time,. he,.*oiute Klarini; in an Intsrvlew regarAla^ tho ituatlon in the Far East "Japan's attitude," continued th� leneral,. "depends \ipou the enemy'? v action-vrheflier tha a�riiians enter J'otro^rad-an4 aiiould they do an vhotlier thpy will Ntop there or In *adc, even^wltlibut military ccUon, the remainder ot aMtaru Rusaia under the Itrbto.Yt of re-establlBhlng order am? organ'iclue supplies and thus i-each Hlberla. Japan, ho doclared, was ready lor any eventUHllly. Wait For America'a Decision ^ s STILL TO HAVE THE HEAD OFFICE Lively Meeting of Enterprising ' New Insurance Co.mpany Results in Close Vote \ Atter one oC tho hottest fights ever staged, the sharolioldefs.of tho Farmers' Fire and Hall Insurance Co. voted on Satui'dny afternoon to retain their liead office in Ijethbrldge, voting dov,-n the proposal put forward by a number of directors to move the lieadquarter.i to the city of Calgary. The office was retained hero by the narrow margin ot IF, votes, representing 15 shares out of more tlian $1:20,000 wortli ot sliarss represented at tiie meeting. The final resiiR wan not Unowu uulJl the count was completed at ten o'clock 3atarday night. - ' Tlio. meeting, according to"'ti�OBo who were present, was even more exciting than Joe Martin's political meeting liere last Uecember. The two tactions were sharply divided, but the largo majority of tho smaller shareholders were In favor of this retention of tlie head office here, only 12 people out o{ tho 100 present voUXig in favor ot the removal to Calgary. ' , President Donahoe of Foremost, presided.' C. C. Stover of Milk River, M. P. Johpston'�nii S. S. Dunham of Lotli-bridKp,spirike'strongly ia favor of moving the-company headquarters to Calgary^ Those ^peaking against the move Avore. G..\y. Oreen, L'iallowod to stand In the way of the.growth ot the company which hnd such a aucce3�tul year In 1917, the first year of "bperatlon. The gontToversy-which w-as settled on Saturday bas attracted wide interest and had brought about greater interest in the concern both on the part ot the sliareholders and tlie iSouthern Al-b�rt� public. I'he company Is out now to apread ltd business over the whole ot Alberta and an active organization is under way to that end. ONLYfEWDAYSIO Petrograd, Maroli 3.-Tiie peace treaty witli Germany has been igned. The Ukrainian army has occupied Kiev, Gomel and Berdi-chev. OCCUPY ALAND ISLANDS Christianla, IVIarch 4-The Aland Islands w�re occupied at noon on Saturday by the Germans, according to a telegram received here. IWILITARY MOVEIVIENTS CEASE London, March 3.-Russia has bowed to the Teutonic allies. The BolshevikI commanders sent to Brest-Litov^k have signed the* treaty of peace presented by the Germans according to an official, statement from Berlin, which adds that military movements in'Great Russia have ceased. B0IV1BARD PETROGRAD Petrograd, March ^-A German airman bombed various parts of the city today. Three persons .ware killed and five wounded. The material damage>was unimportant. ' GERMANS GREAT CAPTURES Berlin, via London, March 3.- The Germans in. their advance through Russia have captured, according to tho official communication from general headquarters. 800 officera and 75,000 men, 2(500 guns, 600 machine guns, thousands of motor vehicles, 800 loco-, motives and thousands of railway trucks. WILl/'PUBLISH AGREEMENT ^London, Mar. 4.-A Russian official announcement, olgncd by Premier Lenlne and Foreign Minister Trotzky says that the Bolshevik! detection after signing peace with Germany ia proceeding toward>Pe-trcgr,id v/here the text of the agreement will be immediately published. Ratification of the treaty has been fixed for Thursday next and it depends upon the decision of the all-Russlan conr gress of councils of. workmen's, peasants' and Cossacks' deputies which will assemble at Moscow, March 12. MILITARY OPERATIONS CASE � Berlin, Mar. 4.-Military opera-i Vtions in Russia stopped yesterday/-says the official statement issued today by the German general st�ff. i On the western front a number of_ . Belgians were captured yesterday' in the IJnes on the Yser. In miner raids in the sectors defended by Duke Albrecht 27 prisoners, were v taken by the Germans. Plundered British Embassy London,. March 3.-The British em-ba.ssy was plundered by Russian troops in command ot a colonel. Immediately after tho embassy staft left Petrograd, according to a Petrogi-ad dispatch received by way of Dusselford and Amsterdam. Another report says that tho Rus- sian troops broko inio iIm; cmiiassy while the British churgn whs Btlll tliere and, ignoring his protuHtP.ljurncU some document? and 'Mnfiscatcd others. Tlic chargc.lt is yaid. ni.ido u protest to Foreign JVflnisli):- Trolzliy who vo-plied that the-govprnmnnl could not be hold resiionBlblo for iho outrage. Supplementary Treaties Signed I.iOndon, Mttrch Supplementary ireatiee between t!io central powers anil the BolshevlUi Kiwornmcnt were signed at Hrcst-LI'inv.cU iu addition to the main ^lenco tvnaty, according to ti telegram from Brcsl-IJtov.xk l>y way of A'lennft.and AnLiterilam which gives no details of the treaties. Formal oftlclal iinuouncemont of the signing haS n.j( ypt. been rocei.vod from the Russian ;;iilc but ti late wlrc-/cfja message from I'euograd said the treaty would;.be slRnert Sunday.  Ab the Oerman ufticial rftutement of Sunday nighf mentions; only the cessation of operation.^ ia Great Ru.ssia, it Is interred ' ib novnc' quarters here that the''German mlvanco In the Ulc-raine and Flnlanil will continue while the Germans resiMvi! for themseU-es generally a free hiind outside tho limits of Oroat Russiu. Means TotsL Occupation of Finland Washington,' Mur. -l.-Germany'.s occupation of the ALind Islands Is only a preliminarj- to tbo lot.-ii occupation i>f Finland. Official dispatches to the Swedish legation today aay Germany l\as announced to thu Stockholm tor-olgu office he* intention to occupy FInlaJjd and that .Sweden has protei'.-ed. Germany advlBeil Sweden, the disv patohes aay, that k was necessary i.o temporarily occupy /�'inland to restore order but gavs assurances that she hid no Intention to take permanent possession ot the vcrritory. Sweden protested alaO'against the Aland Islands boinicstilaced In the war lonc. � The ocisnpatlon of the Aland Islands, tho dlspatihes say, is to make them a 1)886 .itoiBv'supplyinR tho G.ennan occupation of Finland. There are 500 Swedish troops OB .|i,ti^4S:^nds lor police purposes,. -Thelv commaudev'was notified by the German commander of his intentions, and while so far tli*ra lias been no ciash reported, tho Swe-dlsliitroops iiave not been withdrawn, .and.the feeling is d^crlbed here as being veo'tense.  � '. AustriansBuay in South -Vienna, Mar. i.-Auatro-Hungaritin forces operating in PodoUa, in south-.western Russia, are niakiftg satlsfac-iSry progress, -saya an official statement issuetl iiy the Austrian war office, aioro th.'in 770 guns and huge quantities nf war material have been captured. The text ot the stalemeul reads: "In Podoli-a our operations are successfully progre.ssing. The'booty talc-en by us already includes more than 770 guns and more than 1100 machine guns In addition to the huge amount ol war material brought in." London, Mar. 4.-According to a semi-official news agency dispatch from Petrograd a proclamation has been issued by the Boiaheviki -under the heading, "importers of Germ.nn Kultur." asserting that when the Qtrmans entered Wol-mar on February 20, two hundred persons wore arrested and without any Investigation were b.ingsd in the market place. The proclamation say-i this action resulted from information given by the Bourgeoise, wh.i g.nthcr-ed around the gallows and howled "The same fate awaits 500 more." The Germans h.ive announced that all ti^e Boisheviki Red Guards v/ould be hanged or shot. Washington, Mar. 4.-Miss Anne IVIartin, of Nevada, vice chairman of the National Woman's Parly, last night announced her candidacy to fill the unexpired term of the late Senator Newslands. Miss Martin, v/ho is uUB, tinloss .such uctlon -was the. raiult ot formal agraemenL't between tli�� allied powevs and provided tiiat such iav(W!t)rpot�e," ^ � / > i .Tl�� reeolutlQu -was sent to aecra. �vy' of State Lnnslng. Ottawa, Mar. .l.t-^An order in council ha? been passed providing ^that application tor rc-coijnta of the' military vote must be mode cithe^r today or iwlthin four doys hereafter! In other words, applications may bei made until Friday night, lii Engtatiil application must.bo made to\the Canadian high commissioner, who will apply to the I judicial authorities to name ail authority before whoM a recountwould take ploce. In Canada appllbattons must bn made to CQUnty court judges and In the case of recounts of the jiivllian votes, The ofIlbiaL declaration of tho return ot members elected will be made by the general returning officer on next Monday, - CHATHAM CITIZEN DEAD Cliathnm, Ont., Mar. 4.-William D. .Sheldon; until he retired a few years ago, a well known bu^inOss man oC this city, dietL yesterday at his home here. He was tho father of "Mac" Sheldon of tho 'foronto Dentals Hookey team. BAD FtlRE AT KITCHENER Kitchener, Oijt., Mar. J.--From forty to titty thouaand dbllars damage was done Saturday by ^ fire >Vhlch completely gutted the depttrtinont store of Weseton QoiUdio, Limited. i (Proii! Our Own CmTostionilenl) Magralh, March 4.-On- Sivtui-day morning' Uoborl iCalliso, a honioBtead-er living at DelBoulta, south of here, was soveroly burned wiiila llght.-ns, u firo with keroscno. Tho kerosene exploded in the can burning KtiUIsa almost'to death and comploteU' do-' atroyed bia home and all his buildingR. Ho was taken to Lethbrldge as soon ks possible Marlon Hasmnssen one ot his neighbors. ,----: BANCROFT, THE HISTORIAN, DEAD San Francisco, OaliX., Mar. 4.-Hubert Howo Bancroft, famous American historian. Is dead at Walnut Creek, twenty miles east of this city, aged S6 years. High Wages Corrupt the German Workmen Loni^on, ^}ar. 4,>-r,Tho German government's "lutammis. war l>olluy" ^"ai* ttssailed In the relchstag in tUp oourso>| ot Friday's deljato, by Her;\Qogtherr, an Indepondoiit-sooiallBt, ivcooi'dtng to Berlin (idvlcea aent from.,^^n3to^dlun by/ho Renter ooiregppadont "The Oprmati. ultltftatu!|i is not cnl-cirlated, tp weate.'ooniJUlons.of pOace o�d trlondshlp lu VRuBii|lji,". Horr V,og-then- declared. *'ln the tsVae of the Ukralno peace, Qermfi'ny and Auatilu iilTeady are quarrtlUPV.over. the boot>;. Tho war vo now^V9 wagin4; in da-tenaeleKB Buaiia, 8erv>8 :o�ly;,tUo rich classes of the.(li�i)ij.t�(J t.dirrltoJ'y. . In Ltthuanlu we h'aVo.: maile iio moral ?Onqiieeis. Thu Uth^t^'njun^-long to bo back.in llussiav �,"We 'are not allowed to knp^v ihe truth. Tlie fatherland is ' pursuing ii blood-thirsty propaganda against, tor-olgn countries, V/e are sold body atid sfiul to tlio military caste, W� are pur-siilns fln Infamous war policy." ; At this iiolnl tho vice-presiUout culled the speaHm' to prder but he. insisted on continuing, his apeecl showing, and the enthusiasm of tho fighting classes aiid the generous flov.-of Vnr contributions from Inrtinn princes and rajahs ctmtinucs unabatnd. The latest glfttf iucllide the offer ot Rao Cutch to continue until the end-of the war an ^nnual payment ot �36.-000 for 05:penses ot an Indian Infantry regiment and Gaokwar BnrotJa's gift of Je;i2,000. � Quebec, .Mar. 4.-The/Hon. .\lbort Sovlgny has tendered, his reslgt\at,lon aa luinister ot inland rbvanue In the DovdeUiCRbinct. 'JThis is, official. - Hon. Aihert Sovlgny was defoalod in two cdnstituoncloB, in Weatmouut and DbrohoBtor county, Quebec, at tho gen oral elections ot last Deqombor./''Tiw counting of tho soldiers' vbto now prac tlcally .cini'lete' tailed to wlpo out thfi majorities agalnit him. Lethbrldge Man ^ho Had Been a Prisoner of. AVar For Nearly Two Years Pte. George Krnest ISniinerBon, wlio has been a prisoner of war in Ger|uany since April 17th, 191C, hhs been repatriated, according to woVd received by the family who livo at 1'36 I'Jth St. N., and ia now in hospitiil in Londpn,. 13ng. Pte. Rinmerson went''oyer'with the 29th Battalion, and went through soino of the hardest fighting with the Canadians in the second year ot the war. At the b.-ittle of St. Kloi -vvhore. so many Lethbrldge boys distinguished ' them-' selvfs, ho waa wounded in tlie shoulder and sldo and fell inlo the-hauds ot tho enemy and is just now' repati'lnted. FINE TRIBUTE TO THE BRITISH ARMY I ...--\ Loiidon\ Mar. 4.-(via Reuter's Ott.iwa Agency).-The special correspondent of the Paris Temp's, who la at the fronj, pays high tribute to tho British army. "Those who have come in connection with^ its various conting-�et^ note the extraordinary morale of these troops from alt parts of the world, the'Solidity of th6ir:der fcnses, their confidence jn their . lenders and the comparative comfort of tholr quarters. The abunr dance and variety of food are equally important factors in this happy state ot mind." ' Momeiitum ot Battle Increashig, Is One View London. March 'i.-"A number of succesoful raids were carried out by us last night on different parts of the front," si.-^ys today's ; war. office statement. "Australian troops enterecf German trenches near 'Warneton and after killing at least fifty Germans and destroying several dugouts, brought back eleven prisoners." Artillery Active Pari.'". :viai-ch ."..-The Belgian official ,ilatomf>nt on military operations issued tonight rciuls: "111 the course ot tin; last two davH the lutillcry activity Iiuk \ieen rather intrnse. On the night of March 1 the GerinaiiH made an attack against the Bois Du Trappeze. whlcli was repulsed completely by the firo of our artillery and manliino gunn. The Germans havo bombnnlcd our linca violently at soma poinlB.'' Hnig Visits Canadians Canadian Headquarters in France, Marcii 2.- (By the C.inadian Overseas Corrnspondfiiit)-Canada iu tlie field has been honored by another visit from the commuiuler iu chief sinco iny last -t-aiile. .^h hetorc, the visit was of an official nature. Sir Douglaa Hiilg visiting other divisional head-riuarteiH which pressure of time had pi'Civciuud him seeing on the previous occasion, also holding formal inspection of tJic dominion'.s fighting .Brl-gadPs. There Is little to report on the ffont, March has come lu like tho proverbial lion, hlustering winds, bittenly cold, with hail and snow, having glr^u place � to the milder weather ot the , past week. Trotiches that the warm rainn liad thraaloned to turn into mud ;.vo frozen solid atid the country is agaiu lu tho grip of winter. ^ , -Bombard Freftbh Lines.  � Paris, March 4.-Following is tho official statement of yesterday after-. noon: . . . "The artillery fighting was spiHtert , dl liiiio.s on the right bank of the Meuse and in the Woevro, in tl.ie reg; ions at Domevre and Badonvil lev; In Upper Alsace, the enemy's artillery (o which ours replied energetically, violetiily bombarded our lines north: ot the Uhoiic-Uhine canal'tn the afternoon." , � ' �, ; Claim American Losses Heavy Anistei-dam, .VlarcU 4.-Complete succes.s in the attacks made uponUho A'mfcricau troops along the French iTont, is claimed.in the German semiofficial supplementary war report relating to tho fighting from Marchil. to. u. i Tlie report says; , . "Northeast of Soicheprey our storming troops, gained a complete success over the Americans. After a brief strong . preparatory, fire our. troops penetrated the enemy's position to a deptli ot ,500 metres. They rapidly liroke tho American resistance, returning Vith twelve prisoners and twdp machine guns. ' ' ' ' "'The losses of the Americans.-wero-extraordinarily heavy in the brief preparatory engagement." ' . ; .? , Germans Know All About It | With (he American Army in France, k Satiirdiiy, March 2.-(By tho A^sqc.- 'i iated,Press)-A. plan of attackiuclud- >! lug a map ot tho American poaitlousf t including � every dugout- whioh�� waei-ry removed from the body of a Prussian 'i captain who led'the recent assault on' v tho section northwest of Toul,- show^s ''; how c^inpleteiy the Gormaua prepare f>i tlieiv raids-if, Ini'dct, this was only^a ; .simple raid not having mi its ultjmato object the retention of a portion otlht*> salient. ' ' ' ' . : The map goGs into such. detoH as tote show every machine .pun ''emplac*-�:i'8ld,'i-f niado la.st nigh't on tho French rlineH^'-Jiorth of the Chculiu Des. Dames;ami'S; In Malancourt Wood, were chocked'by-^( the tire ot the Freucli troops, the t\s%r ,\ office announced.today. '' The text of the statement rearts'.' , "Two German attempts to attack our'^v linos naith of the Chemln Des I>ameB:,v and near ^Malancourt Wood' 'wero-'; checked by. (ho^frcuch fire. On tho Chauino.Wood sectoMlverowas �a'/llvoi; ly boml�avdmorit.., i- V "In.Lorraine,.French tu'tlUery (ire V! prevented an attack which the-Ger-'fc maus were preparing to make on ouraf lines. On the rest'-'ot the-front .the'? night was calm,'': ....... WEATHER Hl�h ,.....y >  � >    Zero , Fero^sst-Snowfalls,, and decidedly - Wnshlngtpii, War. 4,-Continued preparatory r movomonts! on the part ot the Gormans along the western trout are noted today by tiie war department in its review -iif the mlHtai-y situation for tlio week emleiV March 2. ' "Tho moinontum ot battlois iucroas-ing," the sitatem^nt; deolSres, citing throe attoriipta by tho enemy to ronoh tli'e lines lield Ijy. American troojis as on example of .'Whfit la taking, place on a largo soalo 'ftlu^uc the entire western front. The aefinlie .announcement la that American fOfce�;hav,o taK,on over a sector uorDtWQSt of Toul, and that a number of detached units avo iiji action in tho Champagne. . : . Operations ia tho oastoni theatro are o.vliectod tp aftecti evonts In France, through u modtflcation.o? Ger-man pl^is. tho rovloW;-IntimutOBi-'aix Teuton eftlmuns are.operating.i.i� Russia and to only ono of these, the-"cpl-umn~ moving toward' Vitebsk,, Is-a^y opposition noted. ' Turkish forccB advajKcing ^ -'lu tlVe Caucasus are meetln$t with Uttlo' sistanco and are ina�g�pi"lng-Armenian roaidents ot tUo dlsti'lc^a re-tak�n from llussians. ,' i V2 ".   > �> -* O �  > ' (ofMi ? x SIR 8AM STEELE ' ' �'-�''S:. * COMING BACK TO CANADAC'jiJy;. <*. Toronto, Mar. 4.-A'special -<-^r *