Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 3, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
The LetHbridge Herald LXVIII-68 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, MARCH 3, 1975 Hostage's fate unknown after anarchists freed BERLIN (AP) A West German jet took off from Frankfurt airport today with five treed anarchists, but the fate of kidnapped politician Peter Lorenz, who police said was being held in a West Berlin hideout, was not yet known. Police said at last report the plane, named Afrika, was heading in the direction of Ethiopia. They said one of the anarchists at first demanded that the plane land in Tripoli, but that Libyan anthorities refused This contrasted with a West German government Rebel rockets kill 19 in Cambodia PHNOM PENH (AP) Khmer Rouge gunners fired rockets into two crowded sec- tions of Phnom Penh today, killing at least 19 persons and wounding more than 25. It was the heaviest casualty toll in the rebels' two-month shelling campaign, s Military reports said insur- gents fired more than 20 rock- ets into Phnom Penh and its nearby airfield at mid-day and again in the late afternoon. A single rocket struck out- side the Monorom Hotel short- ly before dusk. Witnesses said 11 persons were killed and more than a dozen wounded. The hotel, which houses the news teams of two United States television networks, had most of its windows blown in by the blast. American Broadcasting Co. and National Broadcasting Co. reporters had just returned to the hotel after covering another rocket blast which took no casualties. One reporter received a slight arm wound. Another shell fell in the middle of a street at a fruit market. spokesman's statement that landing permission in Tripoli had been granted. West Berlin police said the Syrian government in Dam- ascus also refused the jet landing permission and that the plane then flew toward Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital. The anarchists were freed from prisons in West Ger- many and West Berlin and given ransom and passage out of the country in response to demands of terrorists who kidnaped Lorenz on Thursday. Pastor Heinrich Albertz, 60, a former mayor of West Berlin, accompanied the anarchists as a guarantee of their safety. The takeoff was transmitted to a West Berlin television channel so the kidnappers could see the Lufthansa Boe- ing 707 depart. The govern- ment said the 9 am. deadline set by the kidnappers for the departure of the freed anarchists was delayed an hour. The plane left three minutes before that second deadline. The five men and three Pastor Albertz, a Protestant clergyman, were taken to the plane in a nine-vehicle convoy guarded by West German border force soldiers. In Bonn, West German gov- ernment spokesman Klaus Boelling'said the government acceded to the demands of the terrorists "in this case" to save Lorenz's life. Meanwhile, Lorenz's con- servative party topped the So- cial Democrats in the elec- tions for a new West Berlin city legislature Sunday for the first time. But they might not be able to take over the government. Complete unofficial returns gave the Christian Democrats 43.9 per cent of the vote, com- pared to 38.2 per cent in 1971, while the Socialists dropped to 42.7 from 50.4. Dissension mars OPEC conference ALGIERS (AP) Heads of states begin arriving today for the first summit meeting of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) amid signs of continuing dis- sension. King Faisal of Saudi Arabia and at least four other chiefs of state were expected to stay away from (he 13-counlry meeting, which opens Tuesday. The 15-year-old oil cartel is gathering at Algeria's request to prepare for preliminary ne- gotiations with the oil-con- suming countries due to open in Paris April 7. Algerian spokesmen, at, a preparatory meeting Sunday of the OPEC oil, finance and foreign ministers, renewed their government's demand for enlargement of the Paris meeting to include producers of other key raw materials. They also renewed previous Algerian proposals for an OPEC-wide reduction in production to keep the price of oil up, and abandonment of the dollar as the medium of payment because of the re- cent decline in its vflue. Industry Minister Belaid Abdessalam told reporters the Algerian government is dis- satisfied with the 10 countries French President Valery Gis- card d'Estaing invited to the meeting because it included only oil importers and export- ers. He said the summit would decide whether the four OPEC members in- Arabia, Iran, Venezuela and Al- accept. This appeared likely to bring Algeria into conflict with Saudi Arabia since Giscard's list of 10 was first suggested by Saudi Oil Minister Ahmed Zaki Yamani, undoubtedly with King Faisal's approval. Saudi Arabia and Iran also played a leading part at the OPEC meeting in Vienna last week in postponing action on the Algerian proposals for production cuts and moves to counter the effects of the dollar decline. Iran wants to preserve the purchasing power of its oil revenue by gearing the price of crude oil to an index of major com- modities the oil countries must import. Tax boost mills may result Public school budget up 25% GROUP OF FREED ANARCHISTS BOARD PLANE AT FRANKFURT 20 Pages JS Classified........16-20 6 :i: Comment...........4 11-13 's Family............15 S Markets ...........14 Sports............8-10 Theatres............ 7 S TV.................7 S Weather............3 Low tonight 25 high Tues. 45 S mostly sunny, windy. Tight security greets Trudeau Kenya bus explosion kills 27, hurts 100 NAIROBI (AP) Twenty- seven persons were killed and about 100 injured in a weekend bomb explosion in a bus, the third terrorist blast in Kenya's capital in two weeks, police said Sunday. The explosion Saturday night at a bus terminal in a Sniper kills 5 SMITH RIVER, Calif. (AP) Five persons were killed and a sixth seriously wounded Sunday by a man officers said opened fire from a motel bal- cony with a high-powered rifle. crowded African neighborhood near the centre of Nairobi broke windows and rocked bars and small hotels blocks away. Police declined to speculate on the identities and motives of the bombers. Two previous explosions oc- curred in a nightclub rest room and outside a tourist- information office. A telephone call to a Nairobi newspaper said the Poor People's Liberation Move- ment planted one of the bombs but police said they doubt that the organization exists. Army explosives experts joined police in investigating the latest blast as emergency workers used welding torches to cut victims free of UK bus. BONN (CP) Tightened security awaited Prime Minister Trudeau's arrival here today on a two-day visit that was over-shadowed by a political kidnapping. Trudeau's quest for closer Canadian links with the strongest economy in the European Economic Com- munity (EEC) has been hampered somewhat by West German concern over do- mestic events. The kidnapping not only re- sulted in stepped-up security, but also attracted ailing Chan- cellor Helmut Schmidt from preparations for the Trudeau visit. Schmidt, fighting a bout of pneumonia and pleurisy, had his weekend interrupted by emergency cabinet meetings on the West Berlin kidnapping and there was a possibility his already shortened meeting Seen and heard About town Magrath schoolteacher Lloyd Meldrum going for his first "and I hope it's the last" snowmobile ride. with Trudeau might be trimmed further if the stress threatens his health. Foreign Minister Hans-Die- trich Genscher, also vice- chancellor, was to fill in for Schmidt at most events during the Trudeau visit which turn- ed into a matter of concern for German security people following the kidnapping Thursday of Peter Lorenz, op- position leader and mayoralty candidate in Sunday's West Berlin election. The domestic situation also threatened to occupy some other officials with whom Trudeau has talks scheduled. The Bonn section of Trudeau's 16-day European trip' to five EEC capitals followed a weekend of skiing and working in the Bavarian Alps by the prime minister. He travelled to Munich from the ski slopes late Sunday for a briefing by his aides prior to the Bonn visit. Included on Trudeau's schedule are meetings with President Walter Scheel and a group of German in- dustrialists in nearby Cologne. Canadian officials expected that possible German in- vestment in Canada might be discussed. U.S. selling arms to both Israel and Arabs By DREW MIDDLETON New York Times Service NEW YORK The United States is providing weapons to Israel arid some of her Arab enemies in the Persian Gulf area simultaneously, but, ac- cording to American and British experts, the military balance will be little affected immediately. Their explanations involve various factors, the primary of which is that American arms are not going to Egypt, Syria or Iraq, Israel's prin- cipal enemies in military strength and geographical proximity. The sales of arms and the assignment of American instructors to train forces in the Persian Gulf area in Saudi Arabia, Oman, Abu Dhabi and Kuwait are defended with the contention that their presence would solidify the American position in those oil-producing countries. The shipments also are defended with the assertion, "if we don't do it, the French, the British or the Germans will." A counter argument is that advances in military air transport make it possible to fly anti tank missiles, land mines and anti aircraft mis- sile systems, all of which have been sold to Arab governments by the United States, from the Persian Gulf to airfields in Arab combatant states in a matter of hours. American experts emphasize that the govern- has not sold nor per- mitted arms manufacturers to sell what they describe as "advanced" weapons.to the Persian Gulf countries apart from" Iran. This category includes "smart" bombs guid- ed by television and laser beams now provided to Israel, long-range lighter-bomber and fighter aircraft lite the F- 4 Phantom, the Nnv's F-M Tomcat and trmfi F-ll Eagle, the Lance surface to surface missile, also going to Israel, or any of the most modern tanks, the M60A-3Y In a war, however, It Is conceivable, the experts say, that some of the aircraft sent to the Persian Gulf, such as the F-5, a short range fighter, could be flown to Egypt or Syria for use ti interceptors against Israeli raids behind the lines, thus freeing more -advanced such as the Soviet MIG-23, for other operations. Critics of the American sales stress that.only United States industry is capable of selling large quantities of arms to the Arab countries now. The Egyptians, they noted, will have to wait until 1978 to acquire the 22 French Mirage F-lE's they have purchased whereas the gradually expanding American arms production program insures relatively early delivery, By JIM GRANT Herald Staff Writer A 1975 budget calling for expenditures of over million a 25 per cent increase over 1974 was accepted by the Lethbridge Public School Board Satur- day. The generous budget may represent about a 2.4-mill increase in local property taxes. However, the actual tax assessment to be borne by city taxpayers will not be known until the city learns what its equalized assessment will be for 1975. The 2.4 mill increase, to 18.4 mills, would mean an increase of between and annually for a taxpayer with an average total assessment of about secretary-treasurer Mack Crumley speculated following the budget meeting. The budget, up from a year ago, provides the school system with new thrusts into outdoor education, specialized education for emotionally disturb- ed Children and more individualized instruction [or students not learning at the level of their intellectual ability. New planning scheme It also throws into high gear this year a new educational planning scheme, objective- based education, that is sup- posed to allow parents to know, specifically, what skills their children have mastered at certain grade levels. Falling by the wayside, at least from this year's budget, were family life education, a non-graded school for problem junior high school students.and an increase in reading-consultant staff. When trustees trimmed the proposed budget by eliminating th, ae programs and reducing proposed allocation to three other new programs, they indicated they were still sold on the need for such programs and would give them consideration in another year or later this year if a sur- plus should occur in some other area of the budget. Even by trimming from the proposed budget and taking advantage of a surplus from the 1974 budget and a surplus from in- dividual school budgets, the school board can hope to no more than break even this year. When the trustees com- pleted their one-day dis- cussions Saturday they had a surplus of However, that is expected to soon dis- appear when the averaging clause in the teachers' 1975 contract takes effect. The clause gives the teachers ano'her salary .increase to the average of that other teachers who fall undsr the jurisdiction of major school boards in the province. The 20 per cent increase local teachers have already gained in salary boosts this year cost the board about an additional million. That figure is expected to increase by about when the averaging clause is applied. No renovations In addition to the salaries paid regular certified teachers, the board expects to pay out to part-time certified teachers, about million for full-time uncer- tified personnel and for uncertified part-time per- sonnel. The school system also ex- pects to pay in over- time and in employee benefits. Other major expenditures of public schools include 712 for student transportation, for supplies and materials, for maintenance and repairs, for utilities and 350 for capital development. The school board chose not to use any of the allocated for renovations of school buildings to finance the cost of some of the proposed programs. Local taxpayers would like- ly have felt the pinch much more had the provincial government not come through with a equalization and a special library grant last month. Mr. Crumley warned trustees that approval of new programs means that they not only face increased expen- ditures this year but also in future years. However, he added, the provincial government is developing a new school financing plan and it is possi- ble the board will receive a substantial increase in funds next year to offset the possibility of a deficit. Under the new budget, it will cost over to provide each of students with one year of education, slightly more than eight dollars a day. (For related story see Page Shah makes Iran one-party state TEHRAN Mo- hammed. Reza Pahlevi has formally turned Iran into a one-party state with a decree dissolving the country's four political parties and making all his supporters members of a new party. A political source said the 55-year-old ruler had decided the new setup would be "more realistic." The reins of power remained firmly in his hands, and no change in the govern- ing of the country appeared in prospect. The shah announced in a broadcast Sunday that for "at least the next two years" the new National Resurrection party will be the only political group allowed to operate. However, he said that members of the new party "will be able to form different factions." The shah told a news confer- ence Prime Minister Amir Abass Hoveida will be secre- tary-general of the new party. He said all Iranians "who be- lieve in. the royal regime, the Iranian constitution and the Iranian revolution" will automatically become members. The ruler said a convention attended by representatives of the four existing parties will be held soon to officially bring the new parly into being. The country's two major parties, Hoveida's Iran Novin and the opposition Mardom, have had the same ideology and both supported the shah's programs. Two other parties, the Pan Iranist and Iranian, had only a few thousand members each, and both also supported the shah.