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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 3, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, March'3, 1973 Ireland's new taoiseach France at the crossroads By EC. I. J. Adel-CzlowiekowsU, Professor of Economics, University of Lethbridge BUSIRLD After 16 years of middle-of-the-road rule by Fianna Fail, Southern Ire- land is to have a new government TTiis week's general election was won by a coalition of Fine Gael, the most conservative of the contenders, and the Irish Labor Party. The coali- tion, under the leadership of Mr. Liam Cosgrave of Fine Gael, will assume power March 14. The new taoiseach or chief is no stranger to the ways of govern- ment. His father, William T. Cos- grave, was prime minister of the old Irish Free Slate from 1922 to 1932, and he has been a member of the Dail for some 30 years. He has held cabinet rank, too, having been for- eign minister from 1954 to 1957, in a previous coalition government. Politics in Ireland in the past dec- ade or so has not been characterized by wide cleavages between left and right. The Labor Party, though lean- ing more to the left in recent years, still offers a very mild form of so- cialism, if indeed it can be so de- scribed. Fine Gael, the other party to the coalition, is conservative rather than reactionary. This comparative moderation indicates there is small likelihood of drastic change in Ire- land's approach to either foreign or domestic concerns. Something of this may have been inferred from the election campaign. While Prime Minister Lynch and oth- er Fianna Fail candidates tried to foc- us attention on security matters which means the Northern Ireland situation or on Ireland's recent involvement in the European Econo- mic Community, candidates for the coalition dismissed these topics al- most out of hand, and concentrated on bread and butter issues, with spe- cial attention to the cost of living. From the results, it seems clear that the latter concern appealed to the electors as being of first impor- tance. It appears unlikely, then, that there will be any great change in Ireland as a direct result of this election. If anything, Mr. Cosgrave's well known advocacy of firmer law and order may make Southern Ireland an even more tranquil place, leaving all the high drama to the North. A word of caution, though; things can change very quickly. Only three weeks ago, it was widely believed tliis election would be a mere formal- ity, and that Prime Minister Lynch and the Fianna Fail were absolutely certain of re-election. Strange logic The teachers in rural Southern Al- berta do not have a contract with the school boards. They are entitled to one. In negotiations, they were offered more money. The offer was not enough. A conciliation board offered still more. Still they said it was not enough. Now they have voted to strike. Naturally they are reluctant to strike, knowing that the chief vic- tims will be the children, who would risk losing their school year. Whether the strike is justified or not is a matter of opinion. It is not for us to pass judgment on their case. However, the teachers' negotiator, Mr. Bill Casanova, said that if there is a strike, "responsibility for it rests entirely with the trustees." If that type of logic, that distortion of common sense, that mentality, is representative of the teachers who have voted to go on strike, then edu- cation in Southern Alberta is in trouble. Perhaps the children would be better off if an attempt were made to start over again with teachers who were at least honest and sensible ant! willing to take responsibility for their own actions. Aspirin, not so harmless The household aspirin, the stand- by of the home medicine cabinet for the past 70 years has been posing as a miracle drug while displaying numerous "toxic" side effects. Two British research teams have found that aspirin hinders formation of a class of chemicals called pro- staglandins, which are found in most cells and act as policemen of various body functions. Prostaglan- dins, it seems, are among the most potent inducers of fever and are link- ed to infla-unation; so a drug that cuts down on the body's production of prostaglandins would reduce fever and inflamation. Aspirin plays an anti- defensive role, but neither of the Brit- ish researchers can explain how aspir- in carries out its pain killing if it does. Some studies suggest the pain-killing effects may be more psy- chological than physiological. In their research they have un- earthed some explanation of why a few headache pills may affect con- ception. They have found that aspirin inhibits ovulation in rats, probably by affecting some part of the pro- ttaglandin cycle. The researchers sug- gest that some women on high doses Weekend Meditation of aspirin 8 to 16 tablets daily have had trouble getting pregnant. No responsible physician would sug- gest using aspirin as a birth control pill because doctors have known since 1956 that two to four tablets can pro- duce mild stomach bleeding in nor- mal patients. Dr. Gerhard Levy, a U.S. professor of biopharaiaceutics, claims higher doses aspirin slow down the body processes which eliminate the drug. Uncovering the link between as- pirin and prostaglandins may allow the design of aspirin-related drugs which accomplish fever-supression wilhout causing bleeding. The same link may also help scientists around the world including a team at Hamilton's McMaster University med- ical school which is investigating whether aspirin can help prevent heart attacks by reducing blood clots in the arteries. In searching for new uses for an old drug, it is ironic to note as the Canadian Medical Association Journal once did editorially that "if this drug were discovered today it would have a hard time getting past the drug authorities." From darkness to light "Apres mbi le deluge" warn- ed General de Gaulle looking with apprehension at France's prospects after his departure from the political scene. The orderly transmission of aulhor- ity within the Gaullist major- ity, but without de Gaulle, and an unparalleled prosperity en- joyed by the French people seemed to belie this dire predic- tion. During the auspicious pre- sidency of Mr. Pompidou, France became one of the most affluent nations in Europe, as- sured of its internal stability in the midst of much unrest in her immediate vicinity. President Pompidou's out- standing qualities of a poli- tical virtuoso in whom exquis- ite manners, intellectual charm an3 great administrative ability coupled with an acute sense of political realities are so well proportioned, gained him popu- larity and respect of the most skeptical people of Europe. Everything seemed to go ex- tremely veil for the resident of the Elysee Palace; the eco- nomy was booming, the rebel- lious students well under con- trol, the labor unions quiet and willing to co-operate with the government within the frame- work of a social scheme called "concertation." In the realm of international relations France pursued a shrewd and prudent foreign policy which enhanced her siature and influence among the nations, both new and old. But recent developments tend to make this undeniably re- markable achievement the more questionable. The first ominous cloud on the serene horizon appeared last April when a referendum designed to acclaim Mr. Pompiclou's Euro- pean policy met with a patent lack of interest of the voters which a Parisian wit called "indifferenduna." Shortly thereafter there oc- eured a series of unsavory, al- though not really serious, fi- nancial irregularities and mor- ality affairs in which some pro- minent politicians and members of the majority were implicat- ed. The last of these scandals was the well known Aranda af- fair which caused much uproar and indignation. Last Septem- ber Gabriel Aranda, a. high of- ficial in the ministry of public works, denounced several of his superiors, including the minister, for influence peddling, bribery and patronage in awarding public contracts to developers, eonslTUction iirms and real estate dealers. These revelations created a feverish atmosphere of suspi- cion, and were a serious blow to the reputation for irreproach- able integrity that has been a mark of the Gaullist regime. Growing malaise among the ruling majority became evident when some of the leading per- sonalities and fervent Gaullists dissociated themselves public- ly, for reasons not entirely blameworthy, from the present government and particularly from Mr. Pompidou. While disarray was spread- Ing in the ranks of the govern, mental majority, the leftist op- position led by a former unsuc- cessful presidential candidate, Mr. Miller and, was making pro- gress and growing in strength and cohesion. What hitherto seemed highly Improbable be- came now a fact: the Socialist and the Communist parties composed then- previously irre- concilable differences of politi- cal philosophy and sirategy and last June signed an agreement to establish a common front, in order to win the approaching general eleciton. This marriage de raison ot two leftist parties, that for more than a quarter of the cen- tury had been at loggerheads, brought about a decisive change in the alignment of political forces. Thenceforward the for- tunes of the union of the left flourished. Frequent public op- inion polls showed an ascend- ing curve for the leftist opposi- tion while the government maj- ority, and the official Gaullist party the UDR, was losing popularity. Although the prospective vot- ers seem to favor the Socialist party and its popular leader Monsieur Mitterand, whose able direction restored the moribund party, it is the Communists who are by far the stronger part, ners in the Union of the Left. Due to their large numbers, their strong centralized organi- zation, based on dedication and discipline of party activists, and more importantly their complete dominance of the pow- erful General Confederation of Labor, the Communists are bound to exert an influence far exceeding their voting strength, which is considerable. The "general secretary of the party, Comrade Marchais, is a very skillful tactician whose dedication to Marxist doctrine is beyond doubt, as is his un- questionable allegiance to Mos- cow. Mr. Marcbals Is the chief architect of the common front; he proceeds very cautiously in order not .to disturb French vot- ers who distrust the Commun- ists. He professes moderate, re- formist views and proclaims his attachment to liberty and democratic institutions. Little by little the union of the left has gained more credibility as an alternative government, owing to disaffection within the governmental majority and the vexations of a sudden rise in food prices which gnawed at the purchasing power of low in- come families. In December- the leftist alli- ance made an impressive show of force by calling a huge meeting "unitaire" in Paris at- tended by over a hundred thou- sand well disciplined and en- thusiastic supporters of the common front. It was there that the Socialist and Commun- ist leaders gave a solemn pledge to beat the bourgeois government in an election, and to set up a socialist govern- ment committed to a compre- hensive overhaul of the state .and the economy. A few weeks later the 20th Congress of the French Communist party reaf- firmed this resolution, outlined a new strategy and imparted a new dynamic and vigorous style of action. It is, of course, perfectly leg- itimate and normal for a dem- ocratic opposition to strive for political power and to form an alternative government. One could also argue that perhaps it would be desirable for France to change its governmental majority, because despite its many remarkable accomplish- ments, the present Gaullist ma- jority has become'overbearing, and shows symptoms of lassi- tude and self complacency. Even a moderate dose of so- cial reforms would do no harm to the French economy, while making for a more equitable distribution of national income. The trouble, however, is that the French Left is not altogeth- er democratic. Despite repeat- ed assertions to the contrary, the Communists who are its real driving force remain a to- talitarian party bent on des- troying democratic liberties. They are determined to imple- ment their program of compre- hensive nationalization of in- dustry, credit and finance which they frankly say would be irreversible. This is precise- ly what frightens the French elector, and makes them hesi- tant, despite their desire for change, to choose the common front program. Very few people really think that the non Communists with- in the coalition government would be in a position to effec- tively check the Communist at- tempt to seize by threat of a general strike the commanding heights in stale administration and economy. Besides, the pro- gram of the Lett is radical enough to worry seriously all those they are sev- eral millions who have bene- fited from the domestic peace and the astounding expansion of the economy. If the socialist communist Left obtained an absolute ma- jority in Parliament it would certainly repudiate the princi- ple of the alternate rule of the parties. Their determination to stay in power would most likely set off a grave constitu- tional crisis which would en- gulf the country in turmoil and in social and economic disord- er. It is hard to see how Presi- dent Pompidou could remain in office in the face of overt or covert designs to violate the constitutional foundations of the state. In the economic sphere the common front program postu- lates an immediate nationaliza- tion of large firms in the petro- chemical, automobile, aircraft and electronic industries, firms which owing to their efficiency account for about 80 per cent of France's manufactured ox- ports. The program also calls for state ownership of the bank- ing and credit system. To win the working class vote the average 45 hours work week is to be shortened right after an election victory to 40 hours, while the earnings are to re- main unchanged. At the same time, despite this substantial reduction of production and in- creased money incomes, the leftist coalition promises to stop inflation. With all these schemes of na- tionalization and despoliation of the private sector of the eco- nomy, the March ais Milter- and team still assures the vot- ers that a high rate of econo- mic growth "a la japonaise" and full employment will be maintained. ty NEA, lot "Tkiakiam.ldJr Letters Wants 24-hour service Just when we thought we were making progress and had stores offering twenty-four hour service, we find we're without them again. We take it for granted we Have a progressive city, well we better pull our heads out of the sand and look around a bit. Many cities throughout the continent allow certain stores to give twenty- four hour service, as any cross- country salesman or truck driv- er can confirm. I'd like to see these foggies responsible for the closing down of these stores to reg- ular hours, get a bellyache as I have, about two o'clock in the morning only to discover they have nothing to ease the pain, then try to find a place in this city to buy medication, some- thing to eat or a hot drink. Let this happen to them once in a while and maybe they'd see the situation from a different angle than just how it affects their pocketbook. In the early days of this coun- try as any old timer will teH you, hotels offering these ser- vices plus the customary par- lor, stayed open twenty four hours a day. No stranger In town went hungry or thirsty no matter what lime of night he arrived. I'm sure many resi- dents like myself, as well as night travellers have had this experience in our city and won- dered what kind of a bunch of dead heads we have running our affairs. I've spoken with people who came from other cities wilh far less population, where restaurants and stores give twenty-four hour ser- vice. If we have only dollar- minded businessmen running our affairs It's high time tiiey were replaced with public-mind- ed individuals so we have bet- ter public relations along this line. I repeat, other cities allow this service and people appre- ciate it. EUGENE E. HENNTNG Lethbridge. Against soft drugs The fear of darkness is primeval, inher- ited, coming down from the time when ene- mies attacked in the darkness and wild beasts lurked in the jungle to pounce. Darkness is associated with death; light means life. How often watchers by a sick bed have been told that if the patient lasted through the night he would do well. Darkness is the time when the powers of the body are low. "Light is says the writer of Ecclesiasles, "And a pleasant thing it is for the eyes to behold the sun." A dark day is a depressing day. Darkness IB one of the curses upon the earth told of in the Book of the Revelation and the king- item of the evil one is "full of darkness." If a man is in a dark mood, beware of him. Darkness was one of the plagues vis- ited on the Egyptians in conflict with Moses. One of the most solemn warnings of Jesus is that one must walk in the light while the light lasts, for darkness is com- tog. "While you have light, believe in the light, that you may be the children of light. Darkness is the time when evil is done and evil men love the darkness, "In- deed the Bible speaks of darkness as an active power, "the power of darkness" (Luke 22.33; Colossians 1.13) and "rulers of the darkness" (Epheslans Paul no less than John dwells on this feature of the good life: "You are the chil- dren of light, fruit of light, light in the and so he goes on to use one vivid picture after another to describe the light which is the essential nature of the child of God. "Men should praise said Peter, "because He has delivered them out of darkness into His marvellous light. Evil people live in the mists of darkness forever. That is their fate, their hell." "God is says John, "and in Him there is no darkness at all." Then he con- tinues beautifully, "If we walk in the light, as He is in the light, we have fellowship one with another." We are cleansed from sin. To say that God is light is to affirm God's wisdom, goodness, truth and beauty. God is holy and there can be no wickedness nor deceit in Him. It was an instinct in the human heart which identified the supreme Deity with lig'ht Apolio, Zeus, and Jupiter in Greece and Rome, as well as the gods of India, Persia, and Egypt. The first act of God in creation was to say, "Let there be light." Without light there can be neither life nor love. Light is the source of know- ledge. The increase of light means the in- crease of truth, the advance of science, the sensitivity of the conscience, the wid- ening of social justice and goodness, and the enrichment of culture. The cry of the human should be "Let there be The world holds much darkness, much sorrow, crime, and sin. The quest of every human soul should be to make his nature full of light. In doing so he decreases the hate and ugliness of the world and increases in himself the good, the true, and the beautiful. PRAYER: 0 Thou Eternal Spirit, who is the source of all light and in whom there is no darkness, grant me thy radi- ance that I may emerge from the dark- ness of fear and anxiety, despair and death, into the radiance of the dawn. F.S.M. DEMI'S WOULD first, it was the 'pott-holiday letdown.' Then, it wot tht 'post-Super Bowf Now, it's TALKS Needless to say, such an eco- nomic policy would spell dis- aster for the French econo- my. Instead of rapid growth and prosperity Francs would experience stagnation, wide- spread unemployment and run- away inflation. As regards foreign policy the common front program is delib- erately unclear. On this score there are serious differences of opinion between the two par- ties; while the Socialists firm- ly support European unity, tho Communists do not conceal their outright hostility to tho European Economic Ccnsaur.- ity and the Western Aliance. Since tio agreed foreign policy has been worked out among the partners, they both prefer to remain noncommittal. Thers is, however, little doubt that the Socialist Communist gov- ernment would adopt a much friendlier altitude to the Soviet Union than the present French government. Until now President Pompi- dou has maintained a studied silence as to what he would do in the event of a leftist electoral victory. Some speculated that he might duly appoint Mr. Mit- terand the next prime minister, rather than risk a head-on col- lision with the Left. Recent- ly, however, M. Pompidou put an end to these speculations. In a televised interview he de- clared unequivocally his firm resolution to defend the consti- tutional order against the on- slaught of the Left, which he accused of planning to upset the legal tfrder and to establish a dictatorship of their parties. Such a powerful intervention In the political campaign is likely to help greatly the pre- sent ruling majority, whether it will suffice to top the scales in their favor we shall know when the French voters elect a new government. Whatever might be the outcome of tho coming election, it is quite clear that the stakes are high anrl the results of considerable importance not only for France, but also fw other countries In Europe and beyond. There is creeping into the public media a new and dan- gerous use of "social drugs" which kmg ago some named "social poisons." These include alcolwl and tobacco. I am referring to an increas- ing number of influential per- sons who when speaking on the subject of commonly used drugs now use the term "drug abuse" which in my opinion is a dangerous word to use. The words "drug abuse" car- ry an unmistakable implica- tion that there is a right and ntoral use of all these "social as long as they are not used to excess. In my opinion this could have a confusing in- fluence upon many, expecially the young who might be on the brink of using these "social drugs" in the belief that they would bring enrichment to their lives. From my observations and studies this "drug abuse" con- cept appears insidious. The in- dications are that with drugs there is in fact no "modera- tion" way which is compatible with the support of "social drug" use. It is well known among scl- enlists and researchers that drug use brings diminishing re- turns. With prolonged use it be- comes increasingly ap- parent that more and more the drug is required to achieve the same effect; until the time is reached when the addiction becomes seriously toxic to the) (Furthermore, any attempts at moderation at this point, though possible, would obvious- Iv be uncomfortable and likely short-lived.' In my opinion, the use of any "social drug" is "drug abuse." To say it more explicitly, it Is self abuse through drugs. The young say they are ace's- ing a challenge and a new torch to carry. Man is ever in- terested and in need of a safer way. He seeks a happier life ot better quality. If one can without "social drugs" bring values into society, he will have achieved greatness and success beyond doubt. LLOYD R. WEIGHTMAN Lethbridge. Scores columnist In reply to Pot-Luck, by Darcy Rickard (Feb. I wish Mr. Rickard, would gel a few facls from the busi- ness people of a town where the Hutterites and big farms and ranches have taken over. In our district alone, the Hut- terites and the Wesley ranches to the west have displaced 40 families, the ones to the east buy wholesale too, so do not help the small business. Where did he get the informa- tion that Hutteriles spend mon- ey in their own locality? The only time they spend locally is after hours or on holidays when the wholesalers aren't open. These reporters that take so much on themselves to praise the colonies should live close to one. They accept all the privileges and no responsibility of the community. GRANUM RESIDENT Get right out Immediately if not sooner Canada should get right out of NORAD. If unarmed American mil- itary planes want to use Can- adian air space, they should pay royally for the privilege! This, of course, does not ap- ply to unarmed commercial air- craft. N. J. M. Lelhbridge The tethbndge Herald 504 7th St S., Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisheri Published 1905 -1934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 HAemter Canadian Prtss and the Canadian Dally HempaMf Attociation and Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO w. MOWERS. Editor and Pulllstier THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Editor Associate Editor ROY MILES DOUOLAi K. WALKEX (dllorlil Pag> Editor Mwtfclng THE HERALD SERVES THE ;