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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 2, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Saturday, March 2, 1974 Age ol greed personified in Britain By James Reston, New York Times commentator Energy study needed The energy crisis has proved a boon to the U.S. National Science Foundation's exploration in Antarctica. It has rovided a practical reason, at last, for xpenditures of funds which have been mder congressional fire. The NSF is proposing a five-year exploration program, at a cost of million, to look for drilling sites for oil and gas. The organization hopes that the resources in the south polar region will exceed those of the Arctic. Environmental problems in commercial development of the region are equalled only by diplomatic ones, since there is no area of national sovereignty in the Antarctic Nevertheless, in the frenzied world-wide search for oil and gas, there is little doubt that the program will be undertaken. It may spur other countries to do likewise and tensions are apt to mount among the various national groups presently carrying on research there. It may also be an ecological disaster to the last great region of the world relatively untouched by man. The news from Antarctica is valuable as a reminder to Canadians that this nation still lacks an integrated approach to energy resources. That long sought- after, long-range national energy policy is still lost in short-term political squabbling over who controls the price of oil. It is easy to overlook this in the present state of well-being. After all, there are no lines at the gasoline pumps and no one has been ordered to turn down his thermostat. It would be a tragic mistake, however, for Canada to continue its piecemeal development of resources without assessing them from an over-all, long- range standpoint This nation needs a comprehensive study of all its energy sources, including solar, wind and geothermal, as well as fossil, energy. The study should include environmental and social costs as well as economic ones so that conclusions can be reached in specific instances as to whether a specific environment may be more valuable than the resource it shelters. In a study of the possibilities of nuclear energy, it should take into consideration the awesome responsibility of safeguarding mankind if breeder reactors are used and spell out in layman's language the burden to future generations of unleashing vast quan- tities of plutonium, one of the deadliest substances known to man. In discussing fossil fuels, it should point out environmental consequences, perhaps citing a case from the U.S.S.R. where oil shale mining activities have created a moonscape in northeastern Estonia, with piles of waste rock and slag interspersed with strip mining scars. Such a study should consider the possibilities of harnessing the tides in the Bay of Fundy, which has the greatest tidal differential in the world. Money should be made available for research in connection with the study and it is not parochial to suggest that experiments with solar heating might well be located in Lethbndge. The objective of the study would be to let Canadians know what the alternatives are in the field of energy and enable them to make wise choices with the well being of future generations of Canadians in mind It is not too late for such a study, but it is also none too early. Meanwhile, Canada should have a national energy policy which states unequivocally that social, environmental and economic factors will be given equal consideration in resource development. LONDON A strange quiet has fallen on Britain now. The battle of personalities in the constituencies is over and the battle for the solvency of the nation has begun. Everything looks the same a busy traffic in the streets, the almond trees, the daffodils and the crocuses blooming in the bright green parks but somehow everybody senses that the future will be different. The mood is a little like the feel of the "phony war" of late 1939 and early 1940, when the battle lines were drawn here but the hard fighting had not begun. Now the British have a "phony but again there is a vague sense that anothei kind of Battle of Brtain lies ahead. In some ways, it will a more difficult challenge, because it is more obscurp and complicated and tends tt> divide the people rather than unite them. The simple fact is that they have been living Backlash on aid Officials of international aid and development agencies have cause to be worried about the future. Vital humanitarian programs will be in jeo- pardy if other contributing nations follow the U S lead and cut back on funds allocated to the agencies. The feeling that the rich oil producing nations of the Middle East ought to assume a large share of the burden of providing aid and assisting with development is growing. It certainly does not seem right for nations with bulging coffers to be accepting help. Saudi Arabia, the world's largest oil producer, last year contributed only to the United Nations Children's Fund About million was spent by UNICEF in the Middle East, including in Saudi Arabia. It might be thought that the Middle East nations should assume responsibility for their own aid and development programs. The problem is that the experience and personnel required to implement and sustain the kind of projects that international organizations operate are largely WEEKEND MEDITATION lacking. For the present, and for some time to come, it is imperative that the international organizations continue to function. The task at hand for officials of the agencies is to persuade the governments of Middle East countries to abandon their traditional suspicion of international funds and assign significant support. Unless they can succeed in this they run the real risk of loss of sympathy in the rest of the world. Nothing feeds the growing disgruntlement of people, in the nations which have supported the international agencies, more than to know that the protestations of concern for the Palestinian refugees in the Middle East lack financial backing. Only about million of the million budget of the United Nations agency for assisting the Palestinian refugees came last- year from the Middle East countries. To be holding the world to ransom on oil, supposedly in the interests of the Palestinians, while doing so little to help with their elemental needs doesn't seem to make sense. Prerequisite for power and victory Jesus warned that the gate and the way to life were narrow and difficult, while the way to death and defeat was wide and easy to find. Consequently few found the first and most found and followed the second. The modern motto has it ever been otherwise? is "enjoy yourself." The teaching of Jesus was. "deny yourself." "To be carnally minded is death." said Paul, writing to the Corinthians, who were experts in the arts of self- indulgence. Paul said he kept his body under continuous control. He denied it. punched it. subdued it. Always he was in training. It was always his servant, never his master. Only thus could he hope to win life's battle, only thus could he win a race. Life was both a race and a battle There is a down-drag of the body and of society It is very difficult not to sink to the lower levels of society. Paul speaks over and over of "hupomone." the quality of character that keeps one going on. struggling against the current, refusing to quit an endurance which survives trials and hardships. In order to win. said Jesus, you must give up many things So Paul says that for his faith he the loss of all things." He had to "lay aside "very weight." It is said that the future belongs to disciplined people. If this be true, then it is a sad day for this continent. Discipline has disappeared from all society, from schools, from homes, from the streets, from culture. from government H is a dirty word to modem ears The Chinese people are showing far more discipline with their pagan faith than Canada is with Christianity H was the Puntan discipline that made Great Britain great H was said that the Puritan soldier was the best disciplined person in the world. He indulged in no rape or looting Time and again in hislorv armies have been defeated by luxury and not on the battlefield When Charles II came to the throne in Britain and corrupted government and society with luxury, she lost control of the and formidable power in the world slumped to the bottom H was said that a king of Persia. jyond their means for a Ineration. They are now in other war and don't quite lieve it. and have not yet [quired the self-discipline or je government authority that irried them through last e. The conversation of loughtful men and women ;re is probably a better guide the prevailing mood than pronouncements of the oliticians. Lord Franks, irmer British ambassador in Washington, former chairman Jf Lloyd's bank, and now of Worcester College, -Oxford, sees three or four hard years ahead for Britain, Uth little economic growth to "jneet the expanding Expectations of the British people. I He notes that 75 per cent of jthe British workers today have no personal experience the difficult days of unemployment, and the __younger workers have no of the co-operative of the last war Therefore, they do not understand that one group in the society say the miners cannot get a much larger slice of the national cake unless some other groups get less. There is only so much to go around without inflation that robs everybody, and there are now few labor leaders in the country like Ernest Bevin, who could see labor's problems in relation to the larger interests of the country On the whole, Lord Franks believes the people will come to understand the threat of inflation and make the necessary sacrifices, but if they do not, he says, he would not rule out the possibility of an "autocratic government of the right" within four or five years. C. P. Snow, the British writer and scientist, sounds equally concerned about the future He is also looking for more responsibility among the people, and thinks they may have to get it from the left. He recalls a comment of one of his colleagues that the trouble with Britain is that "the workers don't work and the managers don't and he adds rather sadly that he fears this may be true. Arnold Toynbee, the historian, now packing his books in London to retire to Yorkshire on his son's farm, is in a mood of Spenglerian gloom and says the West is living through "the age of greed." Britain had not done what was essential to defend herself before the two German wars, and he thought they would do better in this generation. "But now I feel there is something incorrigible about us, a selfishness here in this island, and a scramble for oil among the nations, each looking out for itself. "We are measuring everything by he says, "and the irony of it is after he had been victorious in battle and conquered the plains, was urged by some courtiers to leave the hills and live in the luxury of the plains. He refused, believing that to leave the hills invited defeat by erosion of his fighting strength. Every man has two selves; every man is faced with two alternatives. Many people believe that life is a matter of luck and one can coast to the top. The only way to coast is downhill the only way to float is down the current. You never float upstream. Perhaps self-denial is the wrong word for it. since a man gives up one thing for the sake of another. If you would have a good marriage, you must give up sexual promiscuity. If you would have a strong body, you must give up tempting desserts. If you would in any- sport, you must exercise early and late If you would' be a great scholar, you must concentrate and burn much midnight oil. Strangely enough, the only way to the abundant life is through self-discipline. Thus the only way to have a lovely rose is to destroy many of the blooms. If you want this, you can't have that. Make up your mind what you want. To gel the pearl of great price, you must sell the poorer pearls John Adams learned the secret. "I am to rise with the wrote. "May I blush whenever I suffer one hour to pass unimproved. I will rouse up my mind and fix my attention: I wiH stand collected with myself and think upon what 1 read and what I see. 1 will strive with all my soul to be something more than persons who have had Jess advantages than myself Brave man! So many make s-jch good resolutions and never get anywhere One must have a goal, but also one must have strength from the outside. Paul succeeded only by the power of the Holy Spirit PRAYER: O God, give me a vision of the person I might be and give me strength and endurance to realize the potential Yon fiat in my personality. FS.M. 'Gad, what a dreamt that I was re-elected." that even our money is melting away." Rebecca West is struggling with cataracts now, but she still sees a less gloomy future and believes the British will have the patience and the wisdom to face up to any problem once they understand it. As to the possibility of an autocratic government here, she thinks this is nonsense. "The British have always known how to cut off the heads of kings or any other autocrats for hundreds of she says Meanwhile, the general reaction here seems to be one of relief that the election is finally over There have been some appeals to fear and class prejudice in these last few weeks, but on the whole this election has been one long seminar on inflation, prices, wages and the threat of even higher bills for food, oil and other raw material abroad On balance, the election has undoubtedly increased public education more than it has encouraged class hatred About the solution to Britain's problems there is obviously no clear answer, but there is at least substantial agreement on the question. It was put quite clearly by Reginald Maudlmg who will discipline Britain to get her out of her present pickle9 "In the most advanced he said, "the old disciplines of unemployment and grinding poverty have largely disappeared. We never wish to see them return. The problem is what to put in their place, for no free society can exist without its proper disciplines. "The choice before us clearly is between further powers of state discipline or the growing self-discipline of a responsible society. There is no other alternative, and the development of science will force us to take one course or the other." This was what the British election was all about- whether free men can discipline themselves to preserve their freedom, and while they did not answer it so clearly as their leaders suggested, at least they faced and debated it Soon France and Belgium, Germany, and the United States will have to struggle with the same dilemma, for this is the central question not only before Britain but before the whole of the West Main estimates, what By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA Yes, Virginia, there is a Treasury Board. The best evidence is the annual con job known as the presentation of the Main Estimates. Every school child should understand by now that the Main Estimates are not the measure of government spending in any particular year. After them come the supplementaries. amounting this year (up to the present) to billions. But Treasury Board remains perennially hopeful that school children and their taxpaying parents will overlook such bits and pieces. According to the solemn an- nouncement on Thursday, the Main Estimates are made up of million in budgetary expenditures and million in loans. We then read: "On the budgetary expenditure side, the Estimates are up billion over forecast expenditures What forecast? The only meaningful comparison is that between Main Estimates and Main Estimates. Last year Treasury Board, in a similar statement, said: "The federal government estimates that in the year beginning April 1. it will spent billion." The difference between that forecast and tile one now revealed to oar marvelling eyes is not bil- lion: U is 62 billion The re- luctance of the Government to speak of restraint is not BOOKS IN BRIEF "The Golf For edited by John Coyne, (DonWeday Company. Inc., 223 paxes, The New GoM for Women u a collection of hints by eight women golf professionals for attributable to sheer modesty; not when expenditures are rising at a rate approaching 20 per cent. But the Main Estimates, al- though they must obviously be treated warily, are not without interest. They have much to do with the fact, noted recently by Mr. Drury. that Ottawa is a "boom There has been nothing like it since the Gold .Rush to the Klondike. But the comparison is not close. For Mr. Drury. through the Main and Supplementary estimates (and nowadays with gushy as- sistance from Information Canada) offers a glowing prospectus of great national growth industry, government, which may be counted upon to expand and prosper in all seasons, regardless of the ups and downs of the economy and with little relation to apparent needs. It is always fascinating to see from the tables which departments have come olf best in the annual and apparently bloodless struggle with Treasury Board. The best performer by far this year is National Health and Welfare, which is to spend billion, according to a fact sheet: in other words about 31 per cent of the Budget Finance always does well too but without effort since it has no option but to meet the ever rising interest bill Thoughtless persons the female duffers who are finding golf coarse. The book goes through the whole game, driving, putting, using irons, and getting