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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 2, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 32 -THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, March 2, 1974 Ask Andy THE BLACK HOLES Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Jeff Mmter, age 13, of Louisville, Kentucky, for his question: What are black holes in space? A few months ago, a couple of research teams presented some new evidence which seems to prove that the black holes of space really do exist. Previously, astronomers had suspected this to be true. They also had worked out some logical theories on what they are and why they are likely to exist. Long range radiotelescopes had pinpointed several likely places where the mysterious black holes were likely to be. So far as we know, the entire universe is filled with filmy stuff called plasma, a thinner than thin mixture of atomic particles charged with dynamic energies. The stars are dense concentrations of cosmic plasma, the planets and their moons formed from stars as they concentrated. Space probing instruments have found strange pockets, somewhat like isolated prisons in the brightly populated universe. Maybe black holes is not the best name for such things because recent probes prove them to be occupied. In fact, a black hole seems to be occupied witn perhaps the most dynamic of all cosmic materials What's more it seems to be goverened by a concentration of gravity, the Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS March 2, 1974 The former Spanish island of Puerto Rico became United States territory 57 years ago today in 1917 when the Jones Act reformed "organic law" under which the U S had ruled since the Spanish- American War. Poverty and lack of autonomy chafed many Puerto Ricans through the following years until the island elected its own governor in 1948. Nationalist extremists hit world headlines with assassination attempts in 1950 and 1954 The United Nations ruled that the island was completely self- governing and not a colonial territory in 1953 1965 Rivard escaped from jail in Montreal pending his extradiction to the United States on drug charges. army coup in Burma overthrew Premier U Nu. achieved independence Ont, was incorporated. da Gama discovered Mozambique. most persistent of all cosmic forces. Gravity, of course, is a' built-in property of matter and every speck of dust has its tiny quota. The massive stars have enormous quotas of gravity. The densest, more massive stars have even stronger gravitation. In all cases, this persistent force comes from the center of a massive body and diminishes with distance. This, we think, is what holds a great star together. The mass of most stars ranges between ten times less and ten times greater than our sun. In these cases, the forces of gravity can hold the stars in shape However, in more massive stars the usual operation of gravity appears to break down. This seems to happen in super-dense stars packed with atomic nuclei. The evidence suggests one of these so-called neutron stars is at the core of the mysterious black hole. Such a dense star may be as massive as our sun, though only a few miles wide. Astronomers suspect that a neutron star forms after some of its fuel is consumed. Suddenly its gravitational energy collapses and shells of outer gases explode in a stupendous supernova. The collapsed gravity concentrates in the remaining core, crushing the dense material into a massive midget, rotating at high speed. The surrounding gravitational field could be strong enough to isolate the neutron star in a black hole. No particles of matter, no light or other form of energy could escape or enter through the barrier. There is a lot of evidence that such black holes really exist, just as astronomers predicted There also is evidence that they contain the cores of past supernovas. However, some energy escapes from the fast spinning midgets. It reaches us as pulsing radio signals which is why these black hole neutron stars are called pulsars. Questions asked by child- ren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) TESTS END WASHINGTON (Reuter) The Soviet Union has finished a series of long-range missile tests in the Pacific Ocean with three shots Wednesday and Thursday, the United States defence department .said Friday. Tass news agency announced earlier in Moscow that the test series of nine launches, which began Jan. 26, is complete. The agency had previously announced the tests would continue until March 10. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. UOREV c TM WEEKLY BRIDGE QUIZ Q. South, vulnerable, you hold: 4KQ743 J72 The bidding has proceeded: East South West North 1 4k i 4 3 Pass What do you bid now? Q. South, vulnerable, you hold: AQ43 MS The bidding has proceeded: North East Sovth West l A Pass 1 0 Pass 1 Pass 2 4> Pass 2 Pass What do you bid now? Q. 3 Neither vulnerable, as South you hold: 4kA42 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West I Paw I V Pass 1 What da you bid now? Q. l vulnerable, as South you hold: 4M2 J7C2 AKJ54 The bidding has proceeded: West NMlh East Sotth 1 A 2 Pass What action do you take? Q. open one spade, partner responds two hearts, and you hold: 83 .AJ7 What is your rebid? Q. 6 Neither vulnerable, as South you hold: 4kK74 7A10653 0832 The bidding has proceeded: Sooth West North East Pass Pass l V Pass What do you bid? Q. 7 East-West vulnera- ble, as South you hold: 3 v AKQ 6 0 QIC 4 3 7 The bidding has proceeded: West North East South l NT Pass Pass Dble. Pass 2 7 Pass What do you bid now? Q. South, vulnerable, you hold. K4 C73 4US43 The bidding has proceeded: West North East South l Pass INT Pass Pass 2 Pass What do you bid? (Look. JOT answers Monday} Ul Your horoscope lyJeamDixon SUNDAY, MARCH 3 Your birthday today: Simplicity, clarity in your life expression should be your ideal for the coming year. Old habits are more comfortably dropped now, once you see that they contribute nothing to your welfare. Relationships tend to hold steady, by and large, with few very marked new ones promised. Today's natives frequently understand things which are not easily explained, often abandon what others consider valuable and thrive the better for so doing ARIES (March 21-April You have more than enough to do on and near your home grounds to keep you fully occupied this Sunday. Find time for your share in the community's customs TAURUS (April 20-May Take a slow but sure pace and keep circulating. There are no special surprises on today's horizon, just many minor details to settle into place. GEMINI (May 21-June Now your stray chickens come home to roost. What happens today is largely a consequence of what you've been doing for quite a long while CANCER (June 21-July Make the best of the things you cannot change. Select the contacts you want to make, begin immediately to line up the proper presentation. LEO (July 23 Aug. Don't just go somewhere for the sake of going. Give yourself some rest and a chance to see more of what you're letting vourself in for VIRGO (Aug. 23 Sept. Relief is one of the many prevalent sensations as the pressure of your environment shifts a bit. Find a moment for planning next week's schedule. LIBRA (Sept. 23 Oct. Listening brings valuable information Letting well enough alone includes letting others make their own decisions, judgments SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Attention to your limitations may improve your adjustment, extend the amenities of your daily living. You have much to protect and increase by dedicated responsibility. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. Let your friends differ without investing your time and emotions in the issues. Social activity is strenuous enough without stirring up random arguments. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. You may as well declare this a real holiday and take your mind away from work week matters. Shoulder your full share of home and neighborhood responsibility. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 Feb. The message this Sunday comes from unexpected people. Instead of telling everybody else what to do, concentrate on finding the reasons for what you plan. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Creative pastimes offer more than their momentary pleasure if you will share them sensibly so that others may add their specialties. MONDAY, MARCH 4 Your birthday today: Opens an excellent year for discovery of one's inner soul, with a wide range of expression rising spontaneously in response to the general excitement of the times. Business and social activities encounter choppy, uneven progress. The disappointments are balanced by occasional unexpected triumph. Today's natives are reliable, willing workers, who often give time and material contributions to losing causes. ARIES (March 21 April Tactful curiosity brings forth strange and interesting explanations. It's a splendid day for investigating, but not for investing. TAURUS (April 20 May 201: An unsettled day at best. Careful notes of ideas provide valuable reference materials, but not practical working ools. GEMINI (May 21 June Jarnmg and spending are erratic and on the increase with almost any move you make. It may seem to you that everybody is in his own private dream world. CANCER (June 21 July Honfe and family considerations conflict with work obligations. Dp what you can to continue in logical- order, postponing any fresh ventures. LEO (July 23 Aug. With care, an easy day. Impulsive changes are exhilarating. Things mechanical and electrical are best left in the hands of their owners or experts. VIRGO (Aug. 23 Sept. Your friends are up and at it before you even budge. You may as well leave them the field for the moment, put together something they have neglected. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Impractical new ideas are thrust upon you from all sides. Ordinary routines produce irregular, unseasonable results but are worth further efforts. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Your individual projects need well-defined protection from interference. Knowing your contacts and their personal characteristics is essential. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22 Dec. Regular methods, extra caution in financial considerations are indicated as most likely to succeed. Travel is to be minimized or skipped. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. Mutual assistance conies slowly. The new and different add factors which may confuse everybody. A second thought puts you into a special vantage spot. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 Feb. Be as independent as you like, but notice that when you get away from what is expected, you are alone in ways that do not help your cause PISCES (Feb. 19 March Discretion is the better part of wisdom. The day is no more complex than you make it, but you are the one who has to make things happen. 1974, The Chicago Tribune Cable TV firm to sell shares TORONTO (CF) Canadian Cablesystems Ltd of Toronto has agreed to sell 11.8 per cent interest in British Columbia Television Broadcasting System Ltd (BCTV) to other BCTV shareholders for If approved by the Canadian Radio Television Commission, the deal would mean that Western Broadca-sting Ltd of Vancouver would increase its ownership of participating common shares to BCTV to 50.3 per cent from 44 4 Selkirk Holdings Ltd. of Edmonton would increase its position to 41 per cent from 36. E. E. Fitzgibbons. vice-- president of Canadian Cablesvstems. said the deal was in keeping with assurances made to the CRTC that the company intends to sell its broadcasting holdings The principal assets of BCTV are CHAN-TV. Vancouver and CHEK-TV. Victoria. Ballet begins 19-day tour WINNIPEG (CP) The Royal Winnipeg Ballet has started a 19 day tour of the United States and Ontario that will included five day taping of John Neumeier's Nutcracker for television. The company will perform in Williston. N.D., Bemidji, Minn Iowa City. Muncie. Morgantown. W. Va.. Selinsgrove. Pa.. Niagara -On The Lake and Hamilton. Ont The company will tape Nutcracker March 4 to 9 in Toronto and return to Winnipeg about March 16. i CRITICIZES i STEPPEP ON HOUR (HA; HA; HA; (HA! HA! MA! V SHORT MBS by frank o'neal Z TAlcMT -WAT SSNT SOOP 3D XDU REAP r. VI -i S Z'SrITS 2 I WANT TOLP SIGHT AP7321 HANGED HIM V HI AND LOIS by dik browne POOR AOAIN WITHOUT HIS THERMAL UNDERWEAR BUGS BUNNY X3-3- THIS TRAWQUILIZE1? SHOULD LAST THROUGH THEOffPEAU I'M READY FOR MY PRIVIIMS LESSON! BLOMHE by chic young 8LONDIE, I M GOING TO TAkE A -r LITTLE BUT PLEASE, DEAR -DOM'T FORGET --t TO WAKE ME WELL. WMAT TiME DO YOU WANT ME TO -v" IT'S ME TO eo ARCHIE by bob montana _ CARRY SO YOU'RE A YOUR OFF BY BU57 BAS VISIT UP TO YOUR THE 'CORNER! NO NEED IT'S THE NEW KINO A ON 6OOD WHEELS J TRIP. I'D BETTER1 GET MY TICKET J OUT HAGAR THE HORRIBLE dik browne of KAVTV IS BEETLE BMLEY by mort walker WEU, DO VOU THINK? j TWBUWFFDS ;