Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 2, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Mediterranean Sea SINAI PENINSULA 20 nations asked to bid Saturday, March 2, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Ambitious program proposed on clearing of Suez Canal for galactic ''eavesdropping9 By DANA ADAMS SCHMIDT Christian Science Monitor WASHINGTON, D.C. There are growing signs that work clearing the Suez Canal may be delayed for political reasons. Even so, Egypt has asked 20 nations to make offers on the huge project. The Egyptian government is concerned over allegations made in other Arab countries that its agreement with Israel on mutual military disengagement amounts to a separate peace that leaves Jordan and Syria "holding the For that reason the Egyptians may hold up the beginning of work on canal clearance hot only until all Israelis have crossed to the east bank, but until a similar disengagement agreement has been reached between Syria and Israel. Meanwhile, representatives of the 20 countries, including the United States, have been invited to submit bids and offers on the first stages of canal reopening: make a survey of unexploded artillery shells, bombs, mines, and other explosives along the banks and on the bottom of the canal. remove hulks and other wreckage in the canal. dredge out sand and silt that has drifted into the canal since 1967 so that it can again accommodate ships up to 38 feet in draft, up to and tons. Although knowledgeable ESTIMATES KISS PEELING PAINT PROBLEMS GOODBYE with... ALUMINUM SIDING DUNCAN ALUMINUM CO. 1906 LAKESIDE ROAD PHONE 327-0421 engineers are doubtful whether it is physically possible, the Egyptians want their contractors to have the canal open to some traffic within four months from the time they begin work. Then the Egyptians want to begin an even greater engineering job deepening and widening the canal so that it would be able to accept ships of 40-foot draft within six months and giant tankers of tons within five or six years. American companies are interested in both the salvage work and the deepening and widening of the canal, anil both the World Bank and the Government of Kuwait have offered financial support. There is no likelihood that the U.S. army corps of engineers will take part in clearance of the canal in the way it did after the 1956 war. Such a role, is not politically possible at this time, the officials explain, because of the adversary roles the U.S. and the Soviet Union played during the October war. The Egyptians are understood to feel that the Russians, already miffed by the predominant U.S. role in beginning movement, would resent American activity of this kind. The American government is on record as favoring reopening of the canal, but in fact has mixed feelings about it. While the economic benefits to half the world are undoubted it has been estimated tha't economic costs of the closure amount to at least half a billion dollars a year since 1967 American strategists are acutely aware that every ship of the Soviet fleet, including the new aircraft carrier Kiev undergoing trials in the Black Sea, has a draft shallow enough to clear the canal at its 1967 capacity of 38 feet. Although Mashur Ahmed Nashur, director of the Suez Canal Authority, has indicated that German and Yugoslav firms have the inside track on salvage operations in the canal, the British government is reported to be keenly interested in undertaking the removal of explosives that commercial enterprises are unlikely to be equipped to handle. Surprisingly little sand and silt have drifted into the canal while it has been closed, according to engineering sources. They explain that silting is caused more by the movement of ships than by drifting sand and that only 6 to 8 inches, mostly at the northern end, need to be cleared. At the southern end the sides are mostly rock. Fifteen freighters and tankers have been caught in the canal and the Great Bitter Lake since 1967. By WALTER SULLIVAN New York Times Service SAN FRANCISCO A systematic search of the 500 nearest stars that seem the likeliest centers of planetary systems like our own has, .in a preliminary analysis, failed to reveal any radio emissions suggestive of other technological civilizations. However, it was proposed here this week that a far more ambitious "eavesdropping" approach would have a strong chance of success. Dr. Frank D. Drake, professor of astronomy at Cornell Blood-clot agent short, being used for pet food University, told an audience that emissions from such civilizations "certainly are now gping through this room." The problem, he explained, was finding ways to detect them. He spoke at a session of the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The scanning of some 500 stars was carried out by Dr. Benjamin M. Zuckerman of the University of Maryland, and Dr. Patrick E. Palmer of the University of Chicago. It was performed last year but the data are still under analysis. They used two moveable radio antennas 140 and 300 feet in diameter at the National Radio Astronomy Observation in Green Bank, W. Va. In nothing this failure and earlier Soviet and American experiments Drake said a search of millions of stars would be needed for a reasonable chance of success. The 500 stars are thought to include all the likely candidates within 80 light years of the earth, one light year being the distance traversed by light in a year. The distance to the sun is eight light minutes. It may well be, Drake said, that no one is seeking to make contact via radio transmissions and that eavesdropping will be the only way to locate other civilizations. To this end the array of antennas proposed in Project Cyclops would have a high likelihood of success if a civilization exists within 200 .light years, he added. TORONTO (CP) A world shortage of a blood-clotting chemical used in treating kid- ney and heart patients has de- veloped because the pigs' stomachs it comes from are being used for pet food, a drug manufacturer says. Frank Burke, president of BDH Pharmaceuticals Ltd. in the Toronto borough of Etobi- coke, said in an interview Thursday it takes pounds of pigs' stomachs to produce one pound of the chemical, heparin. Heparin is used by most hos- pitals in Canada as part of a chemical wash in kidney ma- chines to purify the blood of people with kidney disorders. It also is used to prevent blood clots which may cause attacks in heart patients. Mr. Burke said a lower qual- ity of the chemical can be pro- duced from cattle lungs but both this source and the pigs' stomachs are in short supply because they are used in pro- ducing dog and. cat food. Andrew Canada, chief phar- macist at Toronto's Sunnybrook Hospital, said Thursday night his hospital has only a 10-day supply of heparin on hand. Three major drug houses had advised him they would be unable to supply the" chemical for six weeks, he said, and he was trying to arrange a supply from California. Mr. Canada said there is no substitute for heparin in the operation of kidney machines that keep alive about 300 people in the Metropolitan Toronto area. He said his hospital also is experiencing shortages of other drugs, including quinidine, used for emergency heart regulation, and sodium bicarbonate. In Ottawa, a spokesman for the Pharmaceutical Manufac- turers Association of Canada, said drug companies might bid higher prices for hog and cattle offal. But he said prices would in- crease until the public would be "screaming over the cost of dog food." BUYS RECORD FIRM TORONTO (CP) -.Selkirk Holdings Ltd. has purchased for million the 50-per-cent interest in Quality Records Ltd. of Toronto held by United Artists Corp. of the United States. The remaining 50-per- cent interest continues to be held by a number of Canadian shareholders. Quality Records, a leading manufacturer and distributor of phonograph records, tapes and cassettes, has branches in Quebec City, Toronto and Winnipeg. Saturday! YOU NEED SOME BLOCK-ing ON YOUR INCOME Canada's Ljiijes! Tax Service With Over 6000 Offices 815 3rd S. 329-3632 You huve to know the rules of (he tjcinie to V.1 Off- tru 'nt.vi A Wwkdiyi 9 to 9; 9 to l NO APPOINTMENT NfCCSSARTI if someone says, don t get involved DO! RAISE A HAND TO HELP A CHILD HEALTH AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Alberta 1972: 199 children were removed from their parents' care as a'result of child battering. And, that's only the half of it! Estimated cases of battery in this province go as high as 400 a year. This means more than half the cases are not being reported. How many battered children could have been helped if only someone had spoken up... a relative, doctor, teacher, babysitter or neighbour? And, for how many of these children is it now, too late? If you know of a child who is being abused report the case to authorities immediately 24 hour emergency numbers are 424-3106 in Edmonton. For persons living outside the Edmonton telephone exchange dial "0" and ask for. Toll Free ZENITH 22024. Pamphlets explaining Child Abuse are available from the Health Social Development office in your area or by calling the above numbers.