Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 2, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Tliuuctay, Morch 1, 1972 THE LE7HBRID08 HERAID _ 5 Eva Br cwstcr Young Canadian volunteers in Israe CARID, Israe! "See that said a member of the Kibbutz in the dining hall. He pointed out a youni; mnn distributing lunches. "Doesn't he look marvellous with Iris long hair and that narrow band round his forehead? Give him n suit 'of armor and lie might have skipped a centuries, a knight back from tliu Crusades. He is Canadian, by Hie way." I introduced myself to the boy later. 'I am Peter Martin from Victoria, B.C." he said and, turning to a very young girl with red cheeks and neat, little pigtails hanging over her shoulders "This is my wife, Pam.' Pam and Peter, two of many young Canadians who come to Israel as volunteers for limited periods of time to help caso the shortage of workers, were, I found, truly representative of this group. Children of Chris- tian homes, they hod, in spito of their youthful appearance, already finished some studies. Peter had a IJ.Sc. and m was a qualified dental assistant who had given up a good job to travel. Why had thsy come to Israel? "Because our car broke down in Italy." Very little I see and hear in Israel sur- prises me but this motiva- tion was rather unexpected. "Well, you see, we had pooled all our savings to make this trip to Europe. I worked all summer in a logging camp and Pam with a dentist. After pay- ing our air fare, we spent a great deal on buying a second- hand car in Germany. It broko down in Belgium, cost a lit to repair and finally gave up tho ghost in Italy. Naturally, wo were very upset and had almost decided to return to Canada when wo heard Israel needed volunteers. So we came hero with some other young people." So far, Pam arid Peter havo eeen little of the country ex- cept for a couple of trips through northern Israel ar- ranged for Ilioir group. They ore saving their free days and Uieir pay more or le.'-s pock- et money paid by their employ- ers (in this case the Kibbutz) for an extensive j o u n c y through the Holy Land later on. In the meantime they work hard but find tiieir tasks easy. In fact, they would like to do more and volunteer for all sorts of jobs in the, dairy, carpentry, gardens and orchards over and above the kitchen duties they arc doing at the moment. They love it here and intend to stay as long as possible prior to returning home for further stud- ies in Ihe Fall. What they like best about Is- so far, is the enthusiasm for and the positive attitude lo life in Israeli youth, the absenco of pressure on the individual and the respect and friendsliip shown for anybody willing to help. Tlicy feel appreciated anQ Book Reviews useful in a way they never were in Canada even although they did not belong to the great number of unemployed. Hero they get the feeling that ttio young have a vital role and re- sponsibility for the state of their world what is more, can and are expected to do some- thing about it. "The Israelis have helped us to get our pri- orities into said Peter. "They are vital and dynamic nnd work for the future, tack- ling problems as they present themselves." Pam added: "We. in Canada, are inclined to sit and wait for things to happen or be decided for us instead of. meeting difficulties half way, looking for alternatives if one. attempt to solve them fails." Most young Canadians 1 met In settlements as well as cities had joined the ranks of Ulpon- ini (Hebrew schools for new- comers which combine daily classes wilh a few hours prac- tical They had come, both Christian and Jewish teen- agers, from deferent provinces in Canada, different social and ethnic backgrounds. The majority of these young- sters wished to remain anony- mous. Not, they stressed, be- cause they had any world-shat- tering revelations but, whatever Place of mystery and adventure "Nunaga: My Land, My Country" Duncan Prydc (M. Cl. Hurlig Ltd., 2S5 pages, rji'-HE Arctic always has been, and still is, a place of mystery and adventure. Au- thor 'Duncan Pryde gives Ihe readers a deeper insight intfl this vast land of mystery and its psople. Pryde first arrived in the Arctic in 1958 and the book chronicles his adventures up to 1970. While the book starts out slowly, taking four or five chapters to really grab tho reader's interest, Pryde's expe- riences make interesting and informative reading. Many insights into the Eski- mos' life, which is changing rapidly, are brought forward. He involves the reader in the birth of an Eskimo baby and tho rituals surrounding its ap- pearance into the world under seemingly impossible condi- tions. One also learns the in- sills on wife-swapping, Eskimo style, and the customs and rit- uals of many other Arctic ac- tivities. Tin- c.-.ting habits of the north vuuld make for a long, hungry winter as far as I am con- cerned. Such exotic dishes as caribou blubber, intestines, seal flipper, Ihe foetus of a caribou, a caribou head com- plete with hair and eyes and blood soup are not destined for inclusion on my menu. Salad fans would like this one: the contents of a caribou's stom- ach a semi-digested moss- lichen mixture are dried and eaten as a tossed salad. The Arctic is a place of ex- tremes. Bleakness and danger can be offset by beauty and peacefulness. All in oil, the life portrayed by Pryde is not for tile w e a k of heart or the squeamish. The map on the inside covers helps the reader to orientate himself with the author's travels. This is an enjoyable book once cue has overcome the first 40 or so pages and also learns to pronounce, or ignore, tiie a 1 p h a b e t-filled Eskimo names. One thing about the book irks me the numerous widow lines (two or three words end- ing a paragraph at the top of a I guess I'll always be a printer. GARRY ALLISON. Books in brief "The Zco Gang" by Paul G a 11 i c o (Coward, McCann and Geoghcgan, Inc.. 213 pages, SS.S5, distributed by Longman Canada rPHE setting is a beach re- sort in France; the princi- pal characters arc five mem- bers of a resistance gang who had harassed the Nazis occu- piers during the Second World War; the skill of Ihe zoo gang in dealing with contemporary criminality is the subject mat- ter. There are four stories deal- ing with an art theft, the stick up of a Riviera gala, drug deal- ing, and a double kidnapping. Unfortunately the first of the stories is the least exciting and might prevent some readers from persisting into the richer pay load. "The Human Body by Paul Lewis and David Rubenstein: "Warships" by Jacques Sim- mons: "The Anininl Kingdom" by Sail Money (Grossct and Dunlop, 160 pages each. S4.D3 each, distributed by George .1. Mcljiod TJERE are three more of the Grosset All Color Guides of over one hundred titles planned to cover a wide range nf knowledge and cultural in- terests. Some of the other titles have already been drawn to the attention of readers of this page. Each book is profusely illustrated with color drawings to complement the text. Mocfenzies Annual r WATCH TRADE-IN SALE SAVE 20% to 50% TRADE-INS ACCEPTED; ON EVERY WATCH AT MACKENZIE'S. Just bring in any watch -and...regardless of its Condition, we will allow you 20% to 50% off any watch in our-fine collection. IT'S TO YOUR CREDIT-A CHARGE ACCOUNT! AFFILIATED WITH MAPPIN'S UMITED .DIAMOND MERCHANTS JEWELLERS REGINA MOOSE JAW CALGARV LETHBRIDGE, IN LETHBRIDGE: 613 4th Ave. S. Telephone 328-4214. they were going to tell me, was going to hurt somebody's feel- ings. "First of everyone, agreed, "Canada is the most marvellous country in the world and offers the greatest oppor- tunities lo future generations." This statement would upset their Israeli hosts who claim all sup- erlatives for themselves and their land." "When are you coming borne to Canada 1 asked, these, young people. w a s their unequivocal reply. That, of course, would hurt tiieir par- ents, relatives and friends, they claimed. "Why did you come lo Israel? I asked them. Most looked bewildered as if they had never given this question a thought. Only a few, among them a young teacher and stu- dents from Quebec, were Zion- ists and said they were tiled oi fighting anti-semitism in their province. As for the others, Ihey were really like rolling stones that had come to rest and nobody seemed more sur- prised than they themselves. Most of the latter originated from Canadian cities, i.e. Mon- treal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Cal- gary and Vancouver. Talking about young people living in communal settlements: in Canada, they all agreed it would never work there. "Why "Because nobody thero wants to work virgin land or work loo hard. It is too difficult and not appreciated by sociely." Yet, here they were, mostly spoiled children from middle class or wealthy homes, doing just that and, apparently, en- joying it. "Why does it work Because here every- body does appreciate our ef- forts, but could you imagino our parents and friends at honio being proud of us for scrubbing floors or working in the fields after sending us to Another group, only recently arrived in Jerusalem, could not visuab'ze settling in the coun- try. "We will give it a try one- of these days.' In the mean- time they learn Hebrew and help out "in reception centres for newcomers and canteens. "Don't you find social inequal- ity rather depressing in the city and much more obvious tiian in "Not at all. Oi course there are differences be- twreen, for instance, people from Africa and Asia and the newer immigrants from the West and Russia. At least, the govern- ment here is doing something about them. Nobody goes auto- matically on welfare. There is plenty of work tor everybody and no question of discrimina- tion. If, on arrival, a young Moroccan or Yemenite could not process beyond the lowest ranks in the army or civil em- ployment, it was because ho could not read or write. You can't expect to become a gen- eral or director of a firm if you are illiterate. Those now educat- ed have been promoted to high positions regardless of origin or color." The girls agreed they might marry orientals if they met tho right men and this would nar- row any social gaps in theirs and certainly in the next gen- eralion. The boys were not so sure on that score. But what- ever their differences of opin- ion, they too were decided on staying in Israel. "Where elso do you find such purpose and dynamic process? "They asked. To sum up the reasons for them turning their backs on Canada, they repeated what all had said time and time again: "Being young in Canada you are made to feel a nuisanco and a threat to the Establish- ment, something to he appeas- ed and kept quiet. Young peo- ple, for (hat reason, are given phoney jobs and opportunities but, on the whole, neither their views nor their efforts are gen- uinely wanted or appreciated. In Israel it is the other way around. There is so much work- to be done that any genuine help is accepted wilh gratitude and every young voice is being heard and considered. There are no dual standards for the old and the young and even the application of the law is not biased in favor of age and ex- perience." Many said they were not Xion- Isls and would return to Can- ada tomorrow if theco was any hope of instilling the same driv- ing force and purpose into young people there. In tho meantime, however, anything the Canadian government did for them was too little and loo late, a hopeless patchwork of stop-gap measures creating no incentive and only driving youth deeper and deeper inlo apathy or escape into a drag culture. You and I may not agree willi such views and blame our young for giving up loo easily rr larking the enlbu.sia.sm and vitality naturaly inherent in youth anywhere, hut these young volunteers in Israel were honest and sincere. Had I any say in government affairs, I would make this subject my top priority and find out how Is- rael manages lo keep its young generation well away from Ihe abysmal precipice of despair. Understanding vital to trade Canada-Japan Trade Council Newsletter 7VOT many Canadians know what fac- tors shape Japanese thought and ac- tion. Too few Japanese have any real knowledge of what motivates us or shapes our behavior as a nation. It is often difli- cult, for instance.1, lor Canadians them- selves (a appreciate fully the nature ol tills country's constitutional form, a con- federation in which the nation and its components each cn.joy explicity defined and exclusive jurisdiction in many impor- tant areas. It is much more difficult tor foreigners to understand. Lack of clear understanding of the au- thority of the Canadian provinces and the federal government in such areas as trade and industry can cause unnecessary prob- lems. For a unitary state like Japan, where authority is caitralized, regionalism negligible and its homogeneous population s'rangers to ethnic and linguistic dilfer- enccs, it is particularly difficult (o grasp. For practical purposes of trade, invest- ment and merchandizing, foreign business must look at Canada not as one but as 11 separate countries, 10 provinces and one national government. Failure by foreign- ers to consider the division of interests and authority in this country accounts for more than one example of bad business judgement. A broad, sustained program of informa- tion in support of our overseas trade could be most helpful and other countries who are major business partners should be en- couraged to undertake a similar effort here. Much is now done in inform- ing people abroad about Canadian prod- ucts and business opportunities but the real need is for information on the or- ganization of this country and the peculiari- ties >vhich stem from the circumstances of our geography and historical develop- ment. An increasing number of Canadian business mission, both federal and provin- cial, are visiting Japan. It might lie well for their members to bear in mind the absence abroad of information on Canadian peculiarities. One of Ihese peculiarities is that mentioned already the division of jurisdiction as between Hie central and provincial governments, Canadians visit- ing Japan are likely to tind this fact unknown or, if known, its significance un- derrated. Another problem has become apparent with the greatly increased trade pro- motion activity of federal departments and provincial agencies. This is the pos- sibility of waste of money and manpower through duplication of effort. In the past few years regular meetings of federal and provincial ministers in the fields of jus- tice, health and welfare, resource conser- vation, finance and others, have become commonplace. The export-dependent eco- nomy of Canada rrjghl benefit from closer federal-provincial liaison in tho area of trade and industry. In a broader sense, lack of clear under- standing one of the olJicr is undoubtedly a barrier to realization by Canada and Japan of the full jxitential of relations be- tween Hie two countries. Difficult as it may be, both peoples should try to look at cacti other from a reverse standpoint. Ca- nadians should realize that the Japanese see themselves as a badly disadvantagcd nation which, by hard-work, dedication and ingenuity, lias marie great strides to- ward catching up with the highly-de- veloped countries of tte West. They do not believe they have injured anyone in the course of this remarkable effort and do not conceive that they constitute an eco- nomic threat to other nations. In their turn, they have perhaps failed to appre- ciate that their unparalleled growth, re- morseless trade promotion and single- minded devotion to economic expansion has chilled sympathy abroad and raised real fears of economic domination in more than one country, Japan and Canada share many goaJs, complement each other in many ways and stand to reap rich mutual benefits by close co-operation. But U> be ef- fective and productive such co-operaliou must rest upon a very much sounder knowledge of each others problems, aims, motivation and life style. It is to be hoped both countries will show the necessary pa- tience and toleration to achieve (his knowl- edge. The UN and the press The Christian Science Monitor IS A PITY that Kurt Waldheim, tho United Nations' new Secretary-Gener- al, has seen fit, in one of his first official acts, to uphold the decision to withdraw the accreditation of the two Nationalist Chi- nese members of the UN press corps. Both journalists work for Nationalist China's official agency. They were barred from the UN last December at the request of Communist China on the ground fjiat the General Assembly's resolution ex- pelling Nationalist China from the UN ap- plied equally to the news agency's em- ployees. Tiie ruling touched off a wave of protests from newsmen and press organizations, in- cluding the International Press Institute and the UTS' Correspondents' Association. The latter backed up ils protest with a legal opinion from Ernest A. Gross, a former United States representative at the UN, who found that the disaccrcditation of the two correspondents was erroneous "in fact and in lawr." But Mr. Waldheim told Ills recent press conference that he stood by the opinion of the UN's own legal counsel that the dis- accreditation was mandatory under the as- sembly's resolution. In his affidavit, Mr. Gross pointed out that the UN had never in the past made a distinction between lire various types of news media represented at the UN whether official, semiofficial or private. We might add that several nonmembcr states have journalists accredited to the UN, among them Communist East Germany, which is represented by a correspondent of its official press. We deplore the ouster of the Nationalist Chinse journalists as a flagrant violation of the principle of press freedom. Moreover, it constitutes a dangerous precedent, for in effect It allows a Communist country to place 8 ban on newsmen that it does not want to have around. JIM FISHBOURNE Results of private poll AS A GOOD citizen, it is always my en- 100 people asked, 99 said ''What the hell deavor to assist our elected repre- business is it of tiie Now, anyone can see that that sort of an attitude is sentalives to do their job better. Noting that our aldermen have argued, wrangled, debated and generally spun thsir wheels meeting after meeting on the question of regulating business hours, I saw my duly and 1 done it. In short, I have taken a poll. In case anyone wonders why I would do this, "ie answer is simple; tile educated psoplc across the creek didn't want to, and Mr. Gallup was busy. It isn't difficult, anyway. All you liave to know is the proper technique, and you can get that from almost any bureaucrat these days. Now' some of you may doubt tiiat this poll is valid, localise you can't find any- one who was asked. Well, that's just be- cause you don't understand sampling tecb- nique. You see, no one could make a liv- ing doing polls if you had to find people or time to ask everyone who might bo in- terested. Ho what you do instead is work out a bunch of statistical sums and mathe- matical calculations, and come up with an average sample. As anyone can see, if you ask average people you arc going lo get average answers, and that's what you wanted in the first place. For example, in Canada, wo ask cilizens who own avor.icro yachts and whose wives have aver- age length mink co.ils to answer questions about economic matters, which accounts for Hie kind of answers you get. One more point Wore we get lo the answers, and that concerns the method used lo ensure UK data collected is free of prejudice. In this particular case, it was a matter of weeduig out a lot of irrele- vant answers, which you always get when you take a poll. For example, of the first not helpful, so answers like that were elim- inated. What was left can be certified as possessing a validily quotient greater than 0.01, which isn't a bgd rating for polls today. So, to the results. The first significant finding was that businessmen in Ihe city of Lethbridgo fall into a variety of group- ings, and Ihe groupings come in pairs. There is very obvious pairing in the an- swers to Ihe key questions, "Who sho'.i'd be To this question, small businessmen were unaru'mous in replying "large while the managers of large businesses all replied A similar dichotomy oh- sen-able in reaction to another key ques- tion, "Should this whole thing be dumped in the Ir.ps of tire Downtown Businessmen's All members of the Down- town Businessmen's Association replied in the affirmative, all non-members in tha negative. Notwithstanding this apparent lack of cohesion in the business community, thero were matters on which there was substan- tial agreement. No less lhan 88 per cent of the local businessmen favored a pro- posal that business licenses should cost one (foliar and include a complete exemption from all otlicr forms of taxation; two per cent opposed this proposal, on the grounds that the business license should be issued free. And was complete unanimity that prior to the next election, in a simple public ceremony, at some convenient- ly central location, Mr. Trudeait be ex- ecuted with Mr. Benson on one side and Mr. Basford on the other.