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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 2, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Forecast high Wednesday 35-40 The UtHbndae Herald ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIV - No. 68 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, MARCH 2, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS - 20 PAGES Drug? (2) Drugs affect human system in many ways By JIM WILSON Herald Staff Writer The drugs which affect the centra! nervous system are perhaps the most important advances in terms of human comfort which have been produced. The central nervous system - the control board for our physical, emotional, thinking and other actions and reactions -is life itself. The CMS drugs, including caffeine, nicotine, marijuana, aspirin, tranquilizers, barbiturates, LSD, ether, procaine, opium, morphine and heroin, affect various different parts of the brain in different ways. Some of these drugs have advanced man to medical potentials far beyond what had previously been impossible, or at least, humane. Without anesthetics, for example, master surgeons of the early 19th century boasted that they could saw off a leg in less than 60 seconds - to save their conscious patient from pain. And LSD is being used successfully in psychiatric hospitals for treatment of mental disorders, and in other parts of the hospital to help heroin addicts and alcoholics. Pass from blood The CNS drugs reach the brain through the blood stream, no matter whether they are inhaled into the lungs, swallowed or injected. Before they can start working on the brain, they must pass from the blood through the capillary (a small vein) wall, then through a special connective path called a glial cell which directly links the capillary wall to the brain cell. Through a mechanism not yet isolated, glial cell membranes act as screens, permitting some kinds of drugs to go easily through them and into the brain cells, admitting limited amounts of others in, and completely refusing admission to the rest. � What the drugs do while they are in the brain is not fully understood, but partial data is available. It is known that ''thinking'' involves transmission of minute electrical impulses among about 20 billion brain cells. Each brain cell, or neuron, is connected almost, but not completely, to other cells through contact points called synapses. The actual separation is about a millionth of an inch, and about ?00 impulses per second can be transmitted between the same two cells. When the brain cell is stimulated in thinking, it produces one of several chemicals called excitatory neurohumors, which are thought to switch the cell on, so it can transmit an electric impulse. The impulse jumps from the synapse of one cell to the synapse of another, thus exciting the second cell, which produces more of the same chemical and excites more cells. At the same time, the first cell also produces another chemical, called an inhibitory neurohumor, which dissolves the first chemical and thus shuts off the cell's electrical switch. The other cells do the same. Constitutes thought A complex sequence of such chemical and electrical events constitutes a "thought" - be it reasoning, emotion, learning, memory, pain, dreaming, feeling or seeing. When the glial cell admits a drug into the brain system, these chemical and electrical activities can no longer be completely normal. Some of Ihe drugs have molecular structures so similar to the neurohumor chemicals that they can temporarily fool the brain into thinking it observes things that aren't really there, and confuse other reactions so they become abnormal. For example, one type of neurohumor is called catecholamine, and it is known to control depression. In structure, catecholamine closely resembles LSD - and an abundance of catecholamine (or LSD) produces a feeling of well-being. However, LSD is also moleculady similar to another neurohumor, serotonin, which tends to block production of catecholamine and cause depression. The result can lead' to temporary mental confusion. Disrupt transmission Quantities of drugs also disrupt the transmission of the electric impulse when the brain cell is switched on, again causing hallucinatory reactions. Ether anesthetic refuses to allow the brain to produce chemicals which recognize pain, and acts like others which cause sleep. Alcohol, cafeine, nictotine, marijuana, hashish, opium, heroin and the rest all act in related fashions, and their continual over-use MAY tend to confuse the brain cells so badly that psychotic reactions occur, and permanent mental damage can result. Moderate amounts of alcohol or marijuana, or even a cigarette with its nicotine, act as simple relaxants, in the same way as tranquilizers do. It is for this reason that tense and frightened criminals may use alcohol or marijuana just before a robbery, to relax themselves. But the ding itself is a crutch, not the cause of the crime. Dockers favor strike HALIFAX (CP) - Naval dockyard workers on Canada's East and West Coasts have voted to strike to back up wage demands, a union official said today. A prolonged strike has been pictured as a threat to Canadian naval operations. Bernard Dixon, secretary of the Halifax Dockyard Trades and Labor Council, said a majority strike vote over the two labor councils at Halifax and Esquimalt, B.C., was recorded during balloting Monday. He declined to give the vote figures. Mr. Dixon, said a strike date would be set "very quickly" and that it might be known by Wednesday. The two councils had "some things to iron out." This would take time because the organizations were "4,000 miles apart." Mr. Dixon said voting here Monday brought a full turnout of the 1,700 East Coast workers who are members of 11 different craft and trade unions under the Dockyard Trades and Labor Council. Both Halifax and Esquimalt dockyard councils turned down latest treasury board wage offers. The West Coast workers turned down a 42-cent-an-hour increase while their eastern counterparts rejected a 27-cent increase. Basic tradesmen rates on the West Coast are $4.16 an hour compared with the basic East Coast rate of $3.31 an hour. Irish police armed From AP-REUTER BELFAST (CP) - Police in Northern Ireland's "potential murder zones" were issued automatic pistols today in a step toward rearming the Royal Ulster Constabulary to combat republican gunmen. The move was disclosed as twin bursts of machine-gun fire ripped through the Roman Catholic Lower Falls Road area of Belfast shortly after, midnight Monday night. Feelings among the Protestant majority has been running high against the Irish Republican Army, blamed for gunning down the two unarmed policemen in its campaign to unite Ulster with the independent Republic of Ireland to the south. Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark's government was urged by many of its Protestant supporters to rearm the police. The largely Protestant constabulary role last year is a concession to Ulster's Roman Catholic minority. It was generally quiet in Northern Ireland Monday night, following the murder of a young British military policeman when his vehicle was engulfed in flames from a firebomb ambush. Mine union president indicted WASHINGTON (AP - W. A. (Tony) Boyle, president of the United Mine Workers union, was indicted today by a special federal grand jury on charges of conspiracy, embezzlement and making illegal political contributions of $49,250 from union funds. Included among recipients of the contributions was $30,000 to a dinner for Senator Hubert H. Humphrey (Dem. Minn.) in 1968 and various others. Two other UMW officials named in the same indictment are John Owens, secretary-treasurer, and James Kmetz, director of UMW's political arm, the Non-Partisan League. Attorney-General John N. Mitchell said the 13-count indictment was returned in U.S. District Court here. Killed by tree WORSLEY (CP) - William Penner, 42, of Worsley, was killed when he was hit by a falling tree while logging near the town, 400 miles northwest of Edmonton, Guaranteed grain sales * m ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^' ; A SPEECH OF RESIGNATION - Per Borten addresses the Storting, Norway's parliament, in Oslo Tuesday and announces his resignation as the country's prime minister. Out with Borten went his coalition governments Premier: 'I lied' Norway coalition government falls OSLO (Reuter) - Prime Min-. isler Per Borten's four-party c* a 1 i t i o n government resigned today in the wake of a political storm over leakage of a secret report on Norway's Common Market negotiations. Borten admitted Friday that he lied earlier in denying that he had divulged information from the report. Political sources' said the death-knell for the five-year-old coalition came at a meeting of the central committee of Borten's Centre party, which agreed to support him at any cost. This ruled out any chance that its three partners-the Conservatives, the Liberals and the Christian People's party-would work out an agreement so that the coalition could continue to govern under another prime minister. The sources predicted that Labor party Leader Trygve Bratteli would be the next premier, with a minority government holding 74 of the 150 parliamentary seats.' The report which caused the crisis was published last week in the Oslo newspaper Dag-bladet. In it, Norway's ambassador in Brussels was said to have stated that the country's demands for special arrange- ments for agriculture and fisheries, would make it Impossible to join the Common Market. Borten denied that the leak came from him, then later admitted that he had disclosed the report's contents to Arne Hau-gestad, leader of an anti-market movement. However, both denied leaking the report to Dag-bladet. Political quarters see tensions over Norway's approach to the Common Market as a major cause of the crisis. Seen end heard About town    Tyr A Y O R Andy Anderson graciously but firmly declining to use a pen marked with the words "City of Edmonton." . . . Holly Light-foot and Cathy Buzunis practising chivalry in reverse by pushing a car from a snow-packed curb to make space for a male motorist . . . Muriel Day, hippie in a church play, asking Lillian McLean, "Will we be asked to do this again?" Manitoba curlers lead QUEBEC (CP) - Don Duguid's Manitoba rink remained unbeaten today in the Canadian curling championship as the defending champion from Winnipeg defeated Newfoundland 10-6. The victory gave Duguid a 2-0 record. British Columbia's Duke Smale scored his third straight victory today, whipping Matt Baldwin's Alberta champions 16-7 in a third round match. Baldwin is now 1-2. A major upset took place when Prince Edward Island's Kip Ready downed Saskatchewan's Bob Pickering 8^6. The third round game left both rinks with 2-1 records.' In other games, Northern Ontario trimmed New Brunswick 14-6 and Ontario downed Nova Scotia 14-10. Ban slot machines WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States Air Force, reacting to charges of corruption in military recreational facilities, will bar slot machines at all its overseas bases by July 1 1972. plan introduced OTTAWA (CP) - The government advised Prairie farmers Monday how many acres of major grains they should plant this year, the quantities the federal marketing agency promises to buy and the prices it will pay. The major revision of policy and marketing practices, affecting wheat, oats and barley, introduces a system of guaranteed grain sales and early notice of prices to be paid. '--' The new program replaces an emergency 1970 scheme known as LIFT-Low Inventory for Tomorrow -whereby wheat production was reduced sharply in the face of mounting stockpiles and a glut on world markets. TOP WHEAT S1.46 In general, the new plan encourages farmers to sow more wheat and barley than last year. The system of quota deliveries to the Canadian wheat board is changed, but quotas generally will increase. There will be little change in prices paid but farmers for the first time will know in advance the minimum they can expect to get. Otto Lang, minister responsible for the Canadian wheat board, said in the Commons the initial board payment for the top grade of 1971-72 wheat will be $1.46 a bushel. The initial payment for No. 3 Canada Western 6 Row barley has been set at 91 cents a bushel, down 10 cents from this crop year's readjusted initial payment of $1.01 cents a bushel. No. 2 Canada Western Oats will bring farmers an initial payment of 60 cents a bushel, unchanged from the present crop year, expiring July 31. The $1.46 payment for No. 1 Canada Western Red Spring wheat, a new grade which combines the previous grades of No. 1 Hard and No. 1 and No. 2 Northern, is the same payment announced for No. 2 Northern last year. The initial payments, usually announced just before the start of anew crop year Aug. 1, were set early this year to give farmers a better idea of their marketing prospects before they plant their seed, Mr. Lang said. MORE PRICES LATER Initial prices for grades other than the basic ones mentioned in the announcement will be established by the wheat board and announced sometime later, presumably near the end of July. The initial price-the amount paid to farmers when they deliver their grain-may be supr plemented by additional payments if the actual sale by the board brings prices above those first paid. Mr. Lang's department combined the payment announcement with a newsletter statement outlining estimated quotas and acreage guides for the major crops in the 1971-72 crop year. The newsletter, sent Monday to all wheat board permit holders, says the board will buy a minimum of 388 million bushels of wheat, 230 million bushels of barley and 43 million bushels of oats in the 1971-72 crop year. These figures assume, the statement says, that between 40 and 50 million quota acres will be assigned to wheat in the forthcoming crop year. This would translate into a minimum quota between 8 and 10 bushels for each assigned acre. ASSUME ACREAGE The 230 million bushels of barley to be accepted under the board quota would assume between 15 and 20 million acres assigned to that crop and would result in a minimum Quota of between 12 and 15 bushels for each assigned acre. However, the record of barley deliveries in past years "indicates that all barley quotas are not likely to be filled by all producers," the statement says. Hence an actual quota of between 15 and 20 bushels an acre might be required to make up the 230 million bushels. The department estimates that oat quotas will he more than 15 bushels an acre to make up the 45 million-bushel board quota. The estimated number of acres assigned to oats should be between 6 and 7 million. When the board issues all its permit books to producers for 1971-72, final assignments for each grain will be determined and the actual minimum acreage quota will be fixed. Mr. Lang said he expects producer deliveries of the three crops to be "at least as great" as the amount the board said it will buy. If board sales are strong, delivery quotas may be increased later, Mr. Lang said. Britain sad Bombing of U.S. Capitol stirs wave of anger WASHINGTON (Reuter) - The bombing of the U.S. Capitol stirred a wave of anger against extremism today and touched off a new debate about security measures for America's national shrines. Police vigilance in the halls of Congress is certain to be tightened as a result of the attack, but Senate leader's said they are determined to keep the congressional buildings open to the public. There was speculation that the early-morning blast in a men's room on the ground floor of the Capitol's senate wing Monday may have set back the anti-war cause. A phone call to the Capitol shortly before the blast said it was a protest against the Nixon administration involvement in Laos. Senator Charles Mathias (Rep. Md.), a critic of the Indochina war, apparently had the backlash danger in mind when he said in a statement: "The secret bombs and the unseen sniper assassin not only strike at the vitals of the nation, but also deal a blow to their own causes." Senator George McGovern of South Dakota, the only announced Democratic candidate for 1972 and a sharp critic of the administration's Indochina policies, also quickly dissociated himself from the bombing, describing it as barbaric and senseless. President Nixon denounced the blast as deplorable and shocking, and Vice-President Spiro Agnew called it a calculated act of outrage. Labor minister dies at 57 ST. JOHN'S, Nfld. (CP) -Labor Minister W. J. Keough, a member of Premier Joseph Smallwood's cabinet since Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949, died in hospital here early today. He was 57. Cause of death was not announced but Mr. Keough had a recent history of heart ailments. Soviet-made tanks appear in Laos From REUTER-AP KHE SANH, South Vietnam (CP) - Soviet-made T-54 tanks, making their first appearance in Laos, were reported moving in today to support eight North Vietnamese regiments along the Ho Chi Minh trail. Military sources said the tanks, a larger version of the T-34 already used in Laos and South Vietnam, were being deployed to back troops committed to counter-attack South Vietnamese forces, At the same time, South Vietnamese military sources said that South Vietnamese troops had abandoned Hong Ha 2, the base called Hotel 2 by U.S. troops, two days ago. The two battalions of the 1st Infantry Division which had been stationed at Khe Sanh had made a tactical move to a new location. The redeployment was not connected with North Vietnamese attacks in the area, the sources said. In Saigon, the U.S. command disclosed today that American fighter-bombers carried out extended attacks on anti-aircraft batteries inside North Vietnam Sunday for the second time in a week. North Vietnam charged today that many U.S. aircraft bombed and fired rockets on a number of populated areas in Quang Binh province and the Vinh Linh area bordering Laos from Feb. 22 to Feb. 28, causing "big losses of lives and property." In Vientiane, neutralist Premier Prince Sbuvanna Phouma called on UN Secretary-General U Thant to help seek the removal of all foreign troops from Laos. The New China news agency today reported that Prince Norodom Sihanouk, deposed Cam-b o d i a n head of state, has warned that U.S. moves in Indochina cc/ald spark a world war because China would not stand idly by. Ill state LONDON (AP) - A mood of desperation gripped Britain today as the nationwide postal strike went into its seventh week with a host of other economic troubles stretching to the horizon. The state-run railway system imparted more dismay by announcing whopping fare increases that will raise the cost of train travel by more than 20 per cent on average. About one in 10 of Britain's private motorists woke up to find their cars uninsured after the abrupt collapse of a major insurance group. The wave of depression rolled over the London stock exchange and sent share prices plunging Monday to their lowest level for four years. The market tumbled as more than two million workers staged a 24-hour walkout that cost Industry an estimated �10 million ($24 million) in lost production. Automobile plants were worst hit by the stoppage, called by militant union leaders to protest the Conservative government's bill to *eurb strikes. POSTAL STRIKE HURTS But public concern was at its deepest over the postal paralysis. The dispute has halted mail deliveries through the country, disrupted the telephone system, played havoc with commerce and brought hardship to many individual&-not least to the strikers themselves. No settlement seems in sight. Leaders of the 200,000 striking mailmen are standing firm on demands for a 13-per-cent pay raise and the post office will not budge from its offer of nine per cent. British Rail has been hard hit by the withdrawal of a government subsidy for loss-making commuter lines. For 500,000 motorists, the worst news of the day was the sudden crash of the Vehicle and General Insurance Co., one of Britain's largest motor insurers. Steeply rising costs were blamed by the directors for their decision to go into liquidation. Mistrial motion rejected MONTREAL (CP) - A second mistrial motion sent to court by Paul Rose, accused of the kidnap-murder of Pierre La-porte, was rejected today by Mr. Justice Marcel Nichols. Rose sent a three-page motion from his prison cell, alleging that the jury is badly composed because it contains no women, students or workers. Rose also alleged that he was deprived of his right to examine prospective jurors when the jury was selected in early February. "When I said 'galllotine', it was just a figure of *peechlK ;