Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 1, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
The Leader of the Band and also the creator is Daisy Welch, who (urns peanuts into people. What began 25 years ago as a time-passer during an illness has become more than a hobby for the Bradford, Pa., woman. It is her own unique art form. Tools, below, are simple and the results, right, striking. Her "people" have heeu widely shown anil have Won awards at the American Doll Show and, naturally, the National Peanut Exposition. The Lctlibtkkfe Herald think PART IV PICTURE QUIZ 5 POINTS This Cabinet minister knows a good deal aboutthe new federal budget Whit's his nune andposlllon? HOW DO YOU RATE? 71 to 10 pohiK Good, 91 !o 100 point, _ TOf SCOK1 tl to 70 pointi Fair. to 90 pcinft M or Uwhii 11 Jfmiri FAMILY DISCUSSION QUESTION-------- What do you think the new federal budget? YOUR NEWS QUIZ PART I NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL Give yourself 10 points for each correct answer. 1 Canida and the United States recently signed anti-hijacking agreements with (CHOOSE ONE: Cut a, 2 The U.S. has tentatively committed Itself to help rebuild North Viet Nam. Does President Nixon's latest federal budget, which is for the fiscal year beginning July 1, contain funds lor this project? 3 The United States and tie government of (CHOOSE ONE: Qyprus, Laos) have asked Canada to Increase Its peace observer force there. British Prlrae Minister Heath's program of wage and price controls was put to the test by increases. a-coal Industry h-gas industry' o-dock 5 Federal Health Minister MaroLalonde recently announced that the 1975 Canada Winter Games have been awarded Jo a-Vaucouver, British Columbia h-lethbrtdge, Alberta c-lloncton, New' Brunswick PART II WORDS IN THE NEWS Take 4 points for each word that you can match with its correct meaning. 1.....mart 2.. ...yen 3.....dollar 4.....rupee 6.....Ilia. a-Austrollan money b-Currency of Germany c-Monetary unit of India d-Itallan money e-Monetaryunit of Japan PART 111 NAMES IN THE NEWS Take 6 points for names that you can correctly match with the clues.' 1.....Helmut Schmidt 2.....Juan Bordaberr) 3.....Salvador Allenia 4.....Will! Stoph 6.....WlUlara P. Bogers a-PresIdent, Uruguay b-U.S. Secretary of SUte o-Premler, East Ger- many d-West German Finance Minister e-Presldent, Chlla 226-73 STUDENTS Save This Practice Examination! Valuable Reference Material for Exams. Other eruptions may be triggered By HN REDPATH Iceland, up in the North At- anlic, on the edge of the Arctic 'ircle, is physically splitting part. It is being torn in half y opposing forces In the Earths crust that are dragging ne part of it east, and the oth- r part west. In the gap between hot tongues from the Earth's molten interior flick upwards. To geologists, Iceland is a 'ery young country no more han 70 million years old. By rocks in the major ontinents of the Earth are housands of millions of years ild. .IOLTEN All of Iceland's rocks have xaed put from inside tha Sarth as a fluid, red-hot mass, 'he gnarled and contorted sur- ace of the country's rocks show where they once flowed like, molten plastic. These processes continue at his minute. Recently a vast eh25m open- ed up on one of the Westman slands off Iceland's south-west tip. From, this long fisure flow- -d molten lava, threatening to the fishing capital of tetmannaeyjar. Its inha- ritanls were evacuated as their wooden houses began (o burn mder a bombardment of red- hot rock from the volcanic BOMBING Some scientists discussed the jossibility of bombing the area if eruption to make the lava low away from the town and nto-the sea. But others warn- ed that such explosions might make matters worse. The eruption was totally un- expected. There had been no volcanic activity in the West- man Islands for the past years. But 10 years ago a new island did appear out of the sea near- by. Its name Surtsey. The Surtsey eruption was irst seen by the crew of a ishing vessel in the early hours of November 14, 1963. They saw ANSWERS ON REVERSE PAGE Thuriday, March 1, 1971 THE UTHBRIDO! HKIAID 25 reaction from Iceland? rocks and smoke being flung into the air. There was a smell of sulphur and the ocean's sur- face was boiling. Soon, the reason was obvious was a lire under the sea! SMOKE Later that day, a column of smoke stretched four miles Into the sky. Although the sea is over 400 feel deep in this re- gion, waves soon began to break on a riuge of dark ash. A new island had been bora. Surlsey continued ils erup- tion for three years. Smaller islands were born nearby, but wore washed away by the pounding of the sea. Only Surt- sey, squeezing out new rock like blood from a wound, sur- vived. Surtsey soon became a favor- ite stopping place for sea birds. Now whole colonies of them nest there. Within two years, wild flowers had taken root in the black volcanic soil. ACTIVITY Tho eruption of Surtsey gave geologists a chance to study the way in which the Westman Islands, lying nearer to Ice- land on. the same fault line, had been born thousands of years before. Now old activity has been renewed .in the area, leading to (lie possibility that new is- lands may be created soon. Other great volcanoes of Ice- land have erupted recently. The famous Hekla blew its top in 1970, much sooner after the previous eruption in 1848 than vulcanologists had expected. In 1961, new craters were formed in the centre of Iceland on the edge of a volcanic moun- tain called Askja. When I visit- ed the region six years later, the clinker-like surface was still warm and steaming. MEASURE Heat from inside the Earth comes closer to the surface in Iceland than in most other parts of the world. Hot springs and geysers vent gases into the air and homes in the capital, Reykjavik, are centrally heat- !o by steam produced inside he Earth. Icelanders know that at any time their homes could be destroyed by new, ".aping volcanoes. Scientists can measure fetching that takes place In Iceland. Two upright posts placed in the rock arc found to move apart by about a quarter of an inch each year. This movement has been go- >ng on since the continents of Europe and North America split apart about 50 million years ago. Since then, they have been drifting away from each other like rafts. CC RUMPLED In between, new sea floor is created by eruptions, of lava from inside the Earth along the mid-Atlantic ridge. At the same time, in other regions oi the world, parts of the Earth's crust are being crumpled up and destroyed. Iceland is one of the few visi- ble parts of the ridge that runs dmm the middle of Ihc Allan- tie. Other volcanic islands, such as Tristan da Cunha, Ascension Island, and the Azores also lie along it When one part of the chain erupts, others may follow suit. For instance, the Tristan da Ciuha eruption of 1961 which caused the island's evacuation ocurred in the sams year as the Askja eruption in Iceland. Two years after the Tris- tan islanders had to flee their home, Surtsey was born. This new activity off Iceland may be the foreruner of more eruptions in the regions where Ihe fires of Hades still burn close underground. 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