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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 1, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Both sides bend at Paris peace agreement conference PARIS (CP) Canada joined the 11 other governments today in initialling a declaration lo. guarantee the peace in South Vietnam, conference sources said. The ofiicial signing is to lake place later. Despite some obvious reser- vations on the part of External Affair's Minister Mitchell Sharp, the documenl, which falls short. of Canada's original demands, was reported to have been quickly approved al a plenary session. PAB.IS (CP) the United States and North Vietnam agreed today onia nine-point declaration to back up the Viet- nam peace agreement, and Ihc document was to bo approved this afternoon at a plenary ses- sion of the international confer- ence on Vietnam, officials from hoth Communist and r.on-Com- munist delegations reported. Both sides made significant concessions to achieve the com- promise, the sources reported. North Vietnam and its Com- munist allies abandoned their previous insistence that the con- ference could oniy be recalled by a majority of fho !2 delega- .tions. This would have given each side a veto. In return, tha United Stales and its allies agreed to men I ion the Viet Cong's Provisional Revolutionary Government as a full-fledged conference partici- pant. To appease the Saigon gov- ernment, the final article of the declaration stales that the sig- natories do not necessarily rec- ognize each other. The compromise was proved by a drafting committee representing the 12 foreign min- isters attending the conference. Two of the articles deal with detailed procedure for reporting cease-fire violations and recon- vening the conference in emer- gencies. The conference can be called back together by the United Slates and North Vietnam jointly or by any six conference participants. The text was due to be sub- mitted lo a scheduled plenary session cf the conference this afternoon. If acceptable it could be formally signed at a cere- mony Friday or Saturday. But conference sources em- phasized that some delegations might want to propose changes. The United States was expect- ed to resume full participation In the conference following a Saigon report that 142 Ameri- can prisoners of war are to be released, U.S. delegation sourc- es said. The White House had said Wednesday that-State Secretary William Rogers would not re- sume an active role in the con- ference ur.til the United States was satisfied Hanoi would fol- low through on its promise to go ahead with the next set of the prisoner releases. CHANGE MINDS The North Vietnamese earl- ier in the day had reversed their decision to delay the releases until reassurances were given on the working of the ceasefire in Ihe south. The United States had retali- ated by threatening lo stall the conference, although in fact the drafting committee continued its work Jn the expectation that the row would blow over. North Vietnam and its Viet Cong allies demanded reassur- ances on the security of their delegates on joint military teams in South Vietnam. Sev- eral of their officials h a v a been beaten up. They also called on South Vietnam to release civilian and political prisoners. Most delegates were confi- dent that they would be abla lo sign the conference declara- tion Friday or Saturday, thus associating the Soviet Union, China, Britain, France and oth- ers with the peace agreement signd on Jan. 27. The LetHbridge Herald VOL. LXVI No. 68 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, JIARCH 1, 1973 10 CENTS TWO PAGES Pilot ate flesh of dead nurse to survive facer concessions OTTAWA (CP) Comments Wednesday by In- dustry Minister Alastair Gillespie may indicate the minority Liberal government again is considering mak- ing politically dangerous concessions to the United Slates over Uie 19C5 auto pact. A New Democrat spokesman reacted to the com- ments by saying that if the government moves along the lines apparently suggested by Mr. Gillespie, it could well lose NDP support that is keeping it in power. Mr. Gillespie told the Commons that the pact's "so-called safeguards" for Canadian auto production were only transitional provisions and Canadian produc- tion is far above them anyhow. The U.S. has called for removal of the safeguards because they were transitional and of too-grcal Ijenefit to Canada, A report by Statistics Canada earlier Wednesday said Canada's 197t trade surplus of million tuider tile pact had become a deficit in 1872. "I would expect with the auto pact there would shifts in trade balance figures from lime lo Mr. Gillespie said, "f do not see that there is any emergency or any reason to push any panic buttons at this lime." But his comments nn (lie safeguards sparked loud protests from opposition benches. SAYS FIRST TIME Edward Broadbenl whose constituency contains thousands of auto workers, said "it is the first time lhal any minister of (ho Crown has publicly acknowledged that the government regards the safeguards s? boing trsp.iilionnt" Mr. Broadbent, chief NDP spokesman on the pact, later told reporters his party would vote against any move to abandon (ho safeguards, which guarantee a certain proportion of North American aulo production in Canada. Mr. Broadbcnt emphasized, however, lhat his party is nol yet committed to voting non-oonfidence in the government if such a move were made although IIP would favor such a Despite persistent questioning by MPs and later by rppoylc.-s, Mr. Gillespie declined to confirm the government position on removal of the safeguards. Silent ivitness to Aircraft wreckage and a makeshift lean-to muffled in snow bear silent witness lo an Arctic ordeal that followed an crash in the Northwest Territories Nov. 8. The crash occurred during a mercy flight from Cambri'dgV Bay Jo Yellowknife lhat took the lives of three people. Pilot Martin Hrrtwell, shown inset, was the only survivor. Teacher or not? By JOHN DODD YELLOWKNIFE, N.W.T. (CP) Pilot Martin Hartwell's story of starvation in the Arctic winter and a decision lo fight for life by eating tha flesh of a dead English nurse was related to an inquest here Wednesday night. And for the 46-year-old, Gor- man-born pilot, the ordeal hasn't ended. "I'm still trying to forget this and will probably never suc- Mr, Hartwell said in a statement, read to the inquest, that had been taken by police after rescue from his 32-day or- deal. His twin-engine Beechcrail 18 crashed 180 miles off course Nov. 8 south of Great Bear Lake while on a 500-mile mercy flight carrying the nurse and two Eskimo patients from Cam- bridge Bay, N.W.T., to hospital in Yellowknife. Nurse Judith Hill, 27, a recent emigrant from Kingsbridge, England, died in the crash into a wooded hillside. Mrs. Neemee Nulliayok, in premature labor, managed to walk away from the wreckage but died five hours later. Her nephew, 14- year-old David Kootook, who had been diagnosed as having acute appendicitis, died after 23 days. Within hours of the inquest learning during testimony by an HCMP witness that the lone survivor had eaten human flesh, Mr. Hartwell appeared at a hastily-called news conference in Edmonton. Still 'wears' cast More than Southern Al- berta teachers will know to- right whether or not they can walk off the job to protest wage offers made by the South- em Alberta School Authorities Association. The rural teachers, not in- cluding those at Leihbridgo and Medicine Hal. cast strike ballots Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday under the supervi- sion of the Industrial Relations Board. Results of the vote were to be announced later today. Teachers have already re- jected a conciliation board award of a 6.2 per cent salary increase and are holding out for a contract which includes Alberta Health Plan and Blue contributions. District teachers have been without a contract since Sep- tember. If they vole to walk off the job in 18 school districts, a strike could be held as early as New lease on life for government Inside 'Wherever I get a hit, jut a ilckl' LOW TONIGHT 20, HIGH FRIDAY 4D; SUNNY OTTAWA (CP) The Com- mons Wednesday approved Fi- nance Minister Jolm Turner's budget M3-to-102 in a vote o! confidence that appears lo have given indefinite life to Ihe mi- nority Liberal government. Oiily 101 Conservatives and one Social Credit member stood against 104 Liberals. 28 New Democrats, 10 Social Credit members and Independent Roch LaSalle, Jolirttc. Figliteen members were ab- sent from the House which holds 109 Liberals, 107 Conservatives, 31 New Demo- crats, 15 Social Credit members and two independents. The vote means the budget, brought down Feb., 9, has been accepted in tax cuts and pension in- the next year. The vole was the third on Ihe budget since the six-day debate began last week. A Con- servative amendment and a So- cial Credit sub-amendment to government approval mo- tion both were rejected earlier. Henri Latulippe plon) was Ihe only member io join the Conservatives Wednes- day against the government. STANFIELD WAS II.Ij Opposition Leader Robert pir-jilield was ill with a cold when the vote was taken. The budget presented by Mr. Turner includes a rpise in o'd- spe pensions to a mon'.h from the present R02.88, in- creases in veteran allowances, cuts in personal income-tax, re- duced tariffs on some imports, 2nd removal of the federal rnles lax from such items as children's clothing. March middle of Alberta Education Week and the day of a special visit to Lcthbridge by Education Minister Lou Hynd- rnan. It is not known, at this time, how a strike will be organized. Teachers could institute a series of rotating work halts or they could all walk off the job at one time. Officials of the Alberta School Truslces' Association earlier this week vowed to keep high schools in Southern Al- bsrta open during a strike sit- uation. ATA public relations director Ifa! Martin said volunteers from each affected community will be sought lo man school libraries and resource centres if teachers strike. Elementary schools through- out the district will be closed by a walk-out. About 27.000 elemenlary and secondary students will be af- fected by a strike situation. The area involved stretches frcm British Columbia to Sas- katchewan and is south of a line running east and west about 100 miles north of the United States border. Talks between teachers and SASAA were officially broken Feb. 13. During that lime, teachers votesi 82 per cent in favor cf this week's govern- ment supervised strike vote. Thr; the concilia- tion boarr, by a vote of 63.3 per ci Crippled in the crash by two broken ankles and a fractured kneecap, he was wheeled into the news conference in a wheel- chair, reporting he still wears a large cast on his right leg. "There was no way out but to eat human flesh and this I he said, reading a statement to reporters gathered in a down- town office. Memory of the events during his ordeal were "painful to me." He had decided not to go to Yellowknife because his physi- cal condition made it difficult. He had given a full statement to the RCJIP, and felt his pres- ence at Yellowknife, where many journalists were reporting inquest evidence, "would just add to the distressing public- ity." The statements here and at Edmonton about Mr. HartwelPs 'decision to eat human flesh re- called Ihe recent case of the 16 Uruguayan survivors of a plane crash high in the Andes of South America. Some of Ihem fed on their dead companions If stay alive through 60 days on a mountain until rescued just be- fore last Christmas. Relates conversation RCMP Inspeclor Stanley Ven- ner of Edmonton told the coro- ner's inquest here that he spoke with Mr. Hartwell in Edmonton after the pilot's rescue and asked him the following ques- tion: "Did you eat or consume the flesh of .Tudy The inspector said the pilot replied: "Yes. Nnbody else did. David did nit, because I started eat- ing flesh after David was dead." In his statement to police, Mr. Hartwell said he decided to cat human flesh after Ihe Es- kimo had acted as his The last thing the two had lo eat after their rations gave out was a one-inch candle which they divided. The next day they consumed some drugs in an emergency kit, not knowing what they were Mr. Hartwell said he thoughl the drugs might kill him. David became loo sick lo move anti they had nothing lo eat except snow. Then David died. Medical opinion at the in- quest indicated that the condi- tion causing the appendicitis probably disappeared sponta- neously and that the boy died of other causes. Mr. Hartwell said he had asked the boy whether he was willing to eat human flesh but the boy said no. He had said he "would not want to eat his aunt." The pilot said in his state- ment that he had lost most of his strength after their emer- gency rations gave out after 21 days. But after David died his will to live was re-awakened. "I crawled out of the tent, got my crutches and stumbled to the nearest tree where I ex- pected there would bs lichens. I was completely exhausted with aching feet, trembling from ex- haustion and pain. Irish count ballots DUBLIN (CP) First tickle of returns in Ireland's general election indicate no dramatic swing from the 1969 pattern but party officials emphasize it would be mid-evening before clear trends emerged. Prime Minister Jack Lynch won a personal victory in his Cork constituency. He has been an outslanding vole-getter there throughout his 25 years in par- liament. Liam Cosgrave, son of a for- mer prime minister and as leader of Fine Gael, the man who would bs prime minister if a Fine Gael Labor coalition won, also appeared certain of re-election in his properous Dublin-area constituency. Counting of ballots will con- tinue until 10 p.m. EST tonight and if not completed by then, will resume early Friday, In Dublin, Garrelt FilzGcrald of Fine Gael, a likely candidate for finance minister in a coali- tion- government, expressed mild disappointment that re- turns counted by early after- noon did not indicate the broad swing away from Lynch's Fianna Fail party that the coa- lition had pret. -ted. Although Fine Gael, like Fianna Fail a generally con- servative party, said a smaller- ing of returns from rural areas were more encouraging, all parly spokesmen emphasized lhat the returns were loo frag- mentary to indicate a trend. A standoff between the two major parties would almost cer- tainly force another election soon. An estimated 80 per cent of the 1.7 million eligible voters, 90 per cent in some districts, cast ballots in Wednesdays snap election, called a few weeks ago by a then-confident Lynch. At the lime he seemed certain to get the broad mandate he sought to speak for Ireland on the Ulster problem and in the chambers of the European Eco- nomic Community. National water policy needed-Yurko and heard About town r'HERRYL DcCOSTE be- moaning rooming possi- bilities at a YMCA conven- tion in Edmonton Bill Larson of Calgary, public re- lations man for the Un- employment Insurance Com- mission, gelling a razzing from lalxn- council members when he inadvertently re- ferred to "high union By GREG McINTYIlE Herald Legislature Bureau EDMONTON Environment Minister Bill Yurko during the tin-one speech debate Wednes- day attacked the federal gov- ernment for the lack of a na- tional water management plan. "It is highly desirable that the nation have an over-all plan of management that pro- vides direction, co-ordination and assistance for the manage- ment practises of all other gov- ernment levels in Canada Mr. Yurko was the third min- ister to speak in the debate which ends Friday when Uio budget debate starts. He said there is a need for nalional policy on: Cost-sharing between gov- ernments to pay for water management programs, Wafer quality, Water diversion a n d ex- port. Mr. Yurko said he is dissap- poinled that the federal gov- ernment relies on the Fisheries Act and the Navigable Waters Act "instead of meaningfully trying lo put into operation Ihc Cr.nada Water Acl." The 47-year-old engineer said water is Canada's most vital resource representing Vi of the world's fresh water and covering square miles or 7.G per cent of Canada's sur- face. "It is incumbent upon all governments at all levels in to manage these vast water resources wisely." Reviewing the work of Ms department since taking office 18 ago, the environ- ment minister said policies in the form, cf position papers have been produced. They outline terms of finan- cial assistance to municipali- ties for sewage treatment and ccst-sharing for various water management plans, he said. Mr. Yurko gave statistics on oil and petroleum products pipeline breaks, saying "There has been a very dramatic in- crease and this has resulted in considerable concern particu- larity because almost every one of those breaks could have been prevented." Oil companies have been told that "a better performance is not only necessary, but manda-. ho added. BOTTLE SITUATION As of Jan. 1 a universal hot- lle and can return depot sys- lem started in Alberta. Mr. Yurko said "problems wiUi retailers have virtually disappeared1' and tile use of re- usable beverage containers has increased. "All of the soft drink cans are being recycled to low grade steel at mills in Edmonton and he said. "Negotiations are in active progress for the sale of re- turned liquor botlles. A glass bead manufacluring industry is interested in all of the clear glass and stucco dealers want the colored glass." Until a deal lor the sale of glass is complete, however, glass is being land filled, ho said. A province-wide litter clean uy> called "Alberta litter clicck" will run April 30 lo May 6, tie said. An abandoned car pick-up program will run the same time and the govern- ment hopes In the future to es- tablish a permanent abandoned auto clean-up plan ;