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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 1, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TVIE LETHBRIDGE HERAtB Wednmitny, Match 1, 1972 Maurice Western Two-price distortion The so-called ''two-price system'' for Canadian wheat sales is being greatly distorted in its application. The logic for the new policy goes something like this: World condi- tions have kepi international wheat prices depressed. They have not gone up, while the cost of production has been going up steadily. Nothing can be done about this, on sales abroad. If the farmers want to grow wheat for cxpnrl, they must take the export or world market price. But the Ca- nadian consumer should, not neces- siu-ily enjoy that same depressed price. The price paid to the farmer hv the consumer should go up. the same as all other consumer prices have been going up. So there should be two prices for Canadian the world market price for export wheat, and a more realistic price for wheat consumed in Canada. The ex- port price is roughly per bush- el. A weeks ago the federal government announced adoption at the two-price system, with S3 being the figure for domestic consumption. However the government at the same time announced it was pick- ing up the tab, on behalf of all the lor the extra Sl.O-i'i be- ing charged for domesiic wheat. "Now it is announced that this extra money coming out of the federal treasury, for the farmers, is being distributed more cr less according to need, with ceilings on the amount going to any individual. While the purpose is worthy, this creates a potential hazard that the farmers and their associations may not appreciate. Farm relief, farm subsidies, are one tiling, and should not be con- fused with two-price wheat. The two- price policy is inherently fair and sound, amfshould be kept separate, [f the government wishes to subsi- dize the consumer by keeping tlie domestic price down to the export price, that is fair enough, but it should be abundantly clear at all times that the subsidy is to the con- sumer, not to the producer. Secondly, the proceeds from the higher domestic price should go into the pool to be reflected entirely in the revenue from the sale wheat and thus increase the price per bush- el received by the farmers. It is the price of whea't, at the producer level, that the two price policy ought to be correcting, regardless of volumes or quotas. If additional farm welfare is needed, additional measures to ease the plight of the smaller pro- ducer, fine. But let's not distort the two price system into an agricul- tural relief program. The danger to the farmer is that taxpayer subsidies are much more vulnerable than a formula of fair prices. Farmers are a steadily de- clining minority in this country, par- ticularly prairie grain farmers, and their political leverage is declining. The more dependent they become on taxpayer subsidies tlie more trouble they would have if and when the taxpayers get tired of supporting them. the surface Nearly five years ago, April 21, 1967 Greek citizens woke up to find themselves with a new a military dictatorship. Their con- stitution was suspended, their civil rights removed, press censorship in- stituted and many were jailed with- out trial. Some of the interned have been released, but by no means all of them. Greece is surface happy, but dig beneath the surface and you find a deep malaise, fear, that touches almost all its citizens, but particularly those of Ihe ancient cap- ital, Athens. The Greek press is no longer completely shackled as it was in the first days of the takeover. Now and the" cartoons mocking the proposed election of a puppet as- sembly are published; so were the allegations in court by the deported Lady Fleming. But the publishers know that they are running tremen- dous risks. They say what they think they can gel away with and hope that the police will not be around the next day. Christopher Woodhouse, a Conser- vative member of Parliament in Bri- tain recently spent some time in Greece and sends in a report of what he calls "random contacts." He says that there is an under current of opposition, permeating all areas of Greece, and that "it is more deeply felt on the right than on the left, among the middle aged than among the young; in the south than in the north: among the educated than among the uneducated. But he has no chance of success." One of the most tragic characteris- tics of this frustrated opposition is lhat it holds (he Americans, and par- ticularly the CIA to blame. Whether such a view is justified or unjusti- iied, Ihis is a fact. The opposition believes that until American support of Greece is discontinued, there can be no political change and the U.S. can hardly withdraw military aid for a NATO country whose strategic po- sition is so vital to the preservation of the status quo in the Middle East. ANDY RUSSELL Mountain acrobats JVTOUNTAIN goats are wonderful climb- ers designed by n a Lure for gett ing around where the geography is close to perpendicular, hut when it comes to sheer spectacular running acrobatics on steep mountain slopes, the wild sheep has no peers. Years ago when I was a boy, I had a favorite and private haunt in a canyon where a clear, cold creek dropped, down over a series of falls like curtains hung in the portals of some ancient castle of the gorls, playing in the wind and throwing gods, playing in the wind and throwing cool spray. The lowest of these plunged off the lip of a ledge into a beautiful pool, which was as far as trout could go up- slrearr, 1 often went there to fish. The canyon walls overhung this place but some- times I would find sheep tracks by the creek, something (hat mystified me, for there seemed to be no way they could climb down. The tracks were always near the mouth of a .side canyon entering just below the big pool, where spring fresh- ets from the slopes above had carved a rift in solid rock with some lodges pro- jecting hut also overhanging in places. A few yards back from the mouth Ihis water- course ended in a .sheer, solid wall perhaps a hundred feet high as smooth as only water worn rock can be. Nothing but a fly could climb that place, and it would have to be an extremely persistent, long wind- ed insect. The more f looked, the more I was that (be .sheep using this oversize crack in the mountain v.-ould havfl to know how to fly. Strangely enough, thte rather facetious thought was close to be- ing right. One hot August afternoon I came up- stream towards my trout pool and sur- prised a half dozen bighorn rams enjoying a cold drink at the foot of the falls. For a long moment the scene was one of mu- tual surprise; me standing at a half crouch behind a boulder and the shfcep frozen in Rising estimates show few spectaculars O' (TTAWA The juggernaut rolls on. Last week, the president of the treasury board brought down the estimates, with the usual soothing commentary from Information Canada. From these documents we are supposed to conclude that fed- eral spending in will be up by million over the present year. This may appear a large but since expendi- tures for are expected to total million, we may (it is hoped) draw some com- fort from a calculation that the increase is under five per cent. There are other compari- sons, less conducive to a sense of well-being, which may occur to interested tax- payers. For example, million would finance three CBCs with enough over (or a pair of departments such as justice anil consumer and corporate affairs. It would have been enough last year to run the post office and the de- partment of agriculture. Even in these days, it is a great deal of money. Nevertheless, we could count ourselves fortunate if liie gov- ernment in fact planned to in- crease its spending by only million. Mr. Drury offers no such assurance. At this time last year he presented us with main estimates of mil- lion, but the government by the end of April will have spent million. In other words, we were required to contribute for budgetary pur- poses millions which did not appear in the February blue book. H main estimates are com- pared to main estimates, the "annual expenditure plan" (to borrow a euphemism from In- formation Canada) anticipates increased outlays of almost million. But while this may he a more proper accounting, it is still somewhat meaning- less. Last year, it would have shown an increase of approxi- mately billion over 1970- 71, but when February un- knowns were added to the to- tals the difference came to al- most billion. The economic council has expressed disappointment with the investment inten- their tracks against the back-drop of white water. Then, as one. they whirled and ran into the inouth of the gulch between us. Picking up my heels 1 streaked m pursuit, arriving in the mouth of the canyon in lime to see a wonderful sight. The rams were not just climbing, they were flying in great leaps back and forth frcm ledge to ledge across the rift. The biggest one, a magnificent animal with heavy full curled horns was in the lead and like a team of welf practiced rock gymnasts they were using a marvelous combination of timing, rhythrr: and sure- footed technique to get up the walls. It was obvious they knew every foothold, for tliey v.-ould run a way along a ledge, then lenp across to another, gain a few feet and come back across to the next. Defying gravity at every jump, they sometimes used speed and momentum to carry1 them where they1 dared not stop for an instant. In less time than it takes to tell it, they were gone over the rim with only a puff of dust lit up in a shaft of sunlight to mark their passage. Wild sheep are born very active, and within a very short time of being dropped can run and jump with astonishing agility. More than once I have stood in amaze- ment watching larnbs play in steep places where the slightest slip would be their last. Their sense of balance, co ordination and grace is un.siu-pas.scrl. They are mountain sprites, carefree and blithe, with no fear of high places. An old rr.fmntsin trapper 3nd 1 were rid- ing above timherlmfi one day wrv-n we put lip a bunch tit ewes and lambs that went galloping full speed out across a very rough boulder field. My companion watch- ed them go and remarked, "Them, sons-o'- guns go on a run where a man would ho scared to walk. If a boss could handle his fcot like that it would sure save ridin' around a heap of things that get in the !T 7571 ll KM, !x 'T.r'j rs i'-i iking in horse- tester, TV, built-in bar, telephone, supcr-cusWon snocta, deluxe interior Letters to the editor Explanation puzzling fish figures for Tyrrell Lake I would like to point out to the person with the initials M. H. who wrote the letter entitled "What is the true that it is very simple to harvest a large proportion of the popula- tion of fish in any lake, Tyr- rells Lake included, by means of gill nets, especially if the numbers of fish present are small. Although Ihe calculated den- sity of one year old rainbow trout in Tyrrell Lake was only about fish per acre this value represents an average for the entire surface area of the lake. The actual density of trout in given areas of the lake can- not easily he determined hut is generally greater in certain mi trwr. gate in such stance, during are most comrr.oriiy the central, deeper ar.-i waters. Realizing this facie: nets are set in such high den- sity regions in order to increase the efficiency of our netting op- erations. Trout are aiso very mobile (e.g. one fish moved at least 1.5 miles in 24 hoursi and in the process of feeding often travel extensively thereby increasing the probability of he- ing captured in gill nets. Therefore, our nets are left in these areas for a long enough period of time to obtain the sample size necessary for our studies. Nonetheless, we have ever the num.- v-lll h-e taken. The ih-e numbers of in EACH netting was not listed in the retort is because this data is of little significance. The total number listed, however, this bems? 337, is very small and represents only 4-3 per cent (net seven per cent) of the population size. It the author of the letter fur- ther doubts the efficiency of net- ting operations T would also like to describe some work wo com- pleted last year on one of our game fish farming study lakes, The average density of rainbow trout in this lake was only about fish per surface acre; how- ever, in an initial sei of 16 hours about 54 per cent of the esti- mated population of one-year- old fish were captured. This Is exceptional but obviously pos- sible. The above descriptions should answer the questions presented by the author of "What is the true are very happy to entertain questions concern- ing our work but in the future I would rather these questions be directed to our office. Hero they can be answered swiftly and efficiently without requir- ing dialogue through our news media. Our phone number is 328-4-J71. P. S. RADFOHD, Regional Fishery Biologist. Irish struggle for freedom from commercialism ttons of corporations as tlicy appear from a recent survey. But Ilicrc is no imminent, danger of a .slowdown in fed' cral government spending. We appear to have achieved a bud- getary growth rale of about 11 cent per year, which far exceeds real growth in (he eco- nomy ami might lie a problem if anyone in Ottawa worried se- riously about tleficits. It is arguable lhat govern- ment should sustain the eco- nomy when the private sector flags. From a glance at the total estimates table, however, which goes back to 18G2-63, it is apparent that the growth of government is quite indepen- dent of the economy. In a pe- riod of 10 years, budgetary ex- penditures have increased by slightly more than 141 per cent. In [act, the main estimates leave the impression ttiat the government is not, at the mo- ment, in a particularly ambi- tious mood. There are not very many spectaculars, not even an estimate for the large adi- tional spending which will re- sult from (he promised new family allowance scheme. In- stead, (here is simply growth, spreading in practically all di- rections like the green bay tree. Some departments, as would be expected, are expanding more rapidly than others. The biggest increment (more than million) goes to national health and welfare, now ex- ceeded in size only by finance. But the latter has an unfair aclvanlagc, being responsible for the national debt which in- creases yearly as we move confidently from deficit to deficit. Our anticipated inter- est bill for 1972-73 is up by million, to billion, thus further adding to the prestige of the department. There are other foreseeably large increases, notably million for the treasury board, which deals with the civil ser- X'ice: million for northern development and Indian affairs; 81 million for regional economic expansion and up- wards of S100 million for the department of the secretary of state wlto dabbles, directly or indirectly, in almost every- thing. Some modest shoots of other years have grown to notable proportions. Thus, our bilingual development in the coming year is expected to cost million, which is considerably more than required in 1071-72 for energy, mines and resources. But the government is also carefully cultivating old- er shoots, ini'lurEiiig the post of- fice, which will cost an addi- tional stl.7 million in the year now under contemplation. The aditional cost of collect- ing our reformed taxes will he about million while cus- toms anil excise will require Sio million more. Presumably there is no relationship be- tween these Increases and an Instead of looking at the evi- dence for saying that the Brit- ish continue, after centuries of interference in Irish affairs, to open old wounds by further atro- cities, some Herald readers pre- fer to Urink that Irish anger con- sists solely of holding grudges about Uie past. The last fifty years in British occupied North Eastern Ireland has been a period during which Orange obsessions, Orange hat- red and bigotry, have been al- lowed to keep in bitter subjec- tion, the native, Catholic Irish people; while, for most of the time' the majority of people in the Republic have, until recent years, tended to forget or ig- nore their brethren in this his- toric and ancient home of Irish monarchy and culture. The Re- public has been turning more and more to Britain for econo- mic leadership, to its own det- riment and decay. Now, there is the opportunity for Ireland to wrench itself away from the -.nalign British influence of commercial indus- trialism, the influence which spreads like a cancerous stain across the face of the earth to infect with the goals of Mam- mon every country that falls prey to greed and imperialistic competition. Such a revolution- ary change in Ireland would have to be non Marxist, as Marxism is only another ver- sion of materialism and tech- nocracy. It would have to be a restoration of Christian values to social and ecoromic life and a rejection of mass consumer- ism and the worship of technol- ogy. What the Irish poets of the Sick of Tyrrell Lake I would like to comment on Joe Batfa's column in the sports section of The Herald. I for one am sick and tired of hearing about Tyrrell L a k e. Mr. Balla has harperi about this in nearly every column he has written in over a year. Hun- dreds of sportsmen have pour- ProinpL action Yvc at 12-W nlh Avenue "A" South would like to take this opportunity to congratulate and thank the members of the Leth- bridge Fire Department for the prompt way they answered the call to 1244 and also for the fcpofcd in gclting down to husi- nt'S onro fhnv got (hero. Tf il. had m.t been for thai, v.-Ub the terrific heat, our place would have been badly darn- aged or gone up in smoke. As it was v.e have only minor heat damage. One thing lhat surprises mo is the number of people who don't know enough not to drive river I lie fire hose. CHAS. CTDELL Ldhbrklgc. ed money into this "pet'1 pro- ject of his ALL for naught. Now he has the audacity to gay that they are going 10 look into the reason for the heavy winter kill, and sec if it can be overcome. I hope that Mr. Balla has learned his lesson about sup- porting something that obvious- ly was not thoroughly investi- gated. With his column he reaches thousands of people with only his point of view. I know that there were many peo- ple that did not want to have all these put into this lake for many obvious reasons. To stait with, the "lake" is no more than a large .sTough or botf hole overriden with mostjui- [OCR and water puppies. So pfeasc, Mr, stop thfl hard Roll on Tyrrel! Lake. G P. Champion, Editor's Note: Terrell Lake is hardly Mr. fialla's promotion. He gave it support in his col- umn in the slocking stages, when the evidence was favor- Now that it suddenly collapsed, he has been report- ing the efforts to find an explan- ation. That seems in order, nineteenth and early twentieth centuries reacted against was not only the British political and religious persecution, but the dreadful "thing." the name- less evil which they glimpsed in the utilitarianism of the indus- trial system It Ls .sad that ordinary Eng- lish people, whose own ances- tors lived through the ghastly Coketowns of industrial Eng- land (now succeeded by the anti- septic technocracy of the 'new industrial should be so blind. One nan understand their wounded feelings when British politics and military operations are attacked. Britain has for a long time managed to exploit even the virtues of the English people The greatest Eng- lish literature, which expresses the true genius of the English people, is a constant alterna- tive vision to the commercial norms which built an Empire on the backs of enslaved subject peoples; not least the workers of Britain itself. The bombing of Aldershot is tragic, not only for the affront to humanity and its destruction of innocent lives, hut for its de- gradation of the Irish cause; the cause of freedom, justice and truth. The of f i i al fRA which has claimed this atrocity service! It seems to me that some residents of Lethbridgc may have been just as angry as I was when they returned home at dinner-time only to find that the snow which they bad clear- ed from their sidewalks and driveways during Uio Chinook wcnk was replaced. Ft is a rity regulation lhat fhe sidr. walks h e cleared; (hen w h y should the city snow removal department send their graders to in the driveways as well as Ihe gutter drains at the tax- payers' expense? Apparently, a phone call to this department has no effect, And for this ser- vice we are taxes? A CONCERNED TAXPAYER. Lethbridge. for its own, is "Marxist. Tt may even have a few Communists in its ranks, Such things are alien to Ireland itself. But the lie told in the Westminster Parliam4nt h a much greater assault on human values, for it backed murders with a public lie. The advice I would give to those English people who would bring about a Christian under- standing between Irish and Eng- lish Ls to read history, not the history of 'iOGfi and All but the truth of the course of e vents since the Re form at ion, and the disinheriting of whole populations by the few wealthy who came to rule England find its Empire. Then, even the Sax- on may once more be free, and the Celt may recover the iden- tity which is his right, There is .something much more profound and crucial working itself out in Ireland today than even many Irish people realixe. PETER R. HUNT. Lethbridge. extra million being ap- propriated for the law Enforce- ment programs of the RCMP. Information Canada, possibly for good behavior, qualifies for a budgetary increase of al- most million. According to an activities (able, informa- tion-in and information-out will both he subsUntially expanded. According to a table of objects, almost everything will be salaries, wages, transportation, communications, professional and special services. The bill for "information" however will be down from million to Whatever the answer to this mystery, no one will no- tice a difference. The CBC will extract an additional million from Parliament for operating ex- penditures. This may reflect in part a planned increase in total m a n-years. Taxpayers may he reasonably confident Unit good Ijchavior has nothing to do v.ith it. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward THROUGH IHE HERALD 1912 A ct v cr t i sement: Leather Wali Papers. Just what you want for halls, dining rooms and dens. A targe stock to select from, Prices lower lhan ever. A public meeting was held in Hillcrest recently to dis- cuss the possibility of building a covered skating rink to be ready by next season. deputation from (lie joint unemployment committee waited on the city council on Monday to protest the proposed reduction on relief work from 00 cents to cents an hour. of women all over Canada are anxious to lake part in a definite aux- iliary program cither behind the wheel of a garbage or sal- vage truck or as factory work- The Uthbridge Herald SM 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Mall Registration No 001? n'iifVk the Canadian Daily Hewspawr Publishers' Association and the Audit Burrau of Circulallonv CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager "IHE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;