Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 1, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Forecast high Tuesday in 30s. The ietUmdge Herald ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIV - No. 67 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, MARCH 1, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS - 22 PAGES Drugs (1) Drug problem social not legal By JIM WILSON Herald Education Writer It must be remembered that drugs in themselves are not a problem: they're only chemicals. They have the potential to be used on a relatively harmless level, as with aspirin; on a useful level, as with ether or morphine in the hospital; on a social level, such as with alcohol; or on a rather pitiful level, as with heroin. Between and among these are something else, and that's where the real problem lies: drugs have the non-chemical side-effect of arousing fantastic and prejudicial emotions ABOUT, not because of, their use. The fanatic emotions are both anti-drug and pro-drug. Drug abuse is not the same thing as casual drug use - our whole society is permeated with casual drug use: tranquilizers, barbiturates, aspirin, sleeping pills, diet pills, cough medicine and a thousand others. All can be, and often are abused, and perhaps the most-abused is the one most socially acceptable: alcohol. And pro-marijuana campaigners often fall into the trap of justifying marijuana use by arguing that it is less harmful and less expensive than alcohol. Weak argument In itself, although the statements may be true, the argument is pretty weak. However, and this is a big however, most of the arguments AGAINST legal use of marijuana are just as silly. The anti-drug arguments seem to be the same for all drugs, excepting alcohol and nicotine (which have too great a social foothold to fight). And the arguments are based on fallacies just as unrealistic as the marijuana-because-of-alcohol argument. The most extreme example: heroin, which everyone accepts as physically addictive and dangerous, is not of itself the cause of any crime whatsoever. It's just the world's heaviest crutch. The pooi", the. jobless on heroin, commit crimes for money to buy it. But a heroin addict with lots of money to buy the stuff (and there are such people) commits no crimes, and murders and rapes no one. In the 1930s, spurred on by the previous success of alcohol's prohibition movement and the fear of drugs like heroin and opium, the American Federal Bureau of Narcotics started an "educational campaign" directed against marijuana. The campaign was well-funded, and produced posters containing such slogans as, "Beware, young and old . . . This may be handed to you by the friendly stranger: It contains the Killer Drug 'Marijuana' - a powerful narcotic in which lurks Murder! Insanity! Death!" And the campaign, false as its assumptions have been shown to be, worked well and is a major basis for tlie public hysteria about the soft drugs today. Not a narcotic The campaign has become something of an embarrassment for the same organization today (since renamed the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs). In fact, John Finlator, its associate director, said recently that marijuana is NOT a narcotic, that people who smoke it do not go "steadily downhill," and that marijuana, LSD and other hallucinogens do not cause physical addiction. The recent Le Dain Commission preliminary report on non-medical drug use and abuse in Canada called for removal of marijuana and hashish from the Narcotics Control Act. A recent publication co-sponsored by the United States department of health, education and welfare, department of defence, department of justice, department of labor, office of economic opportunity, and subscribed to by the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health and distributed by the National Clearinghouse for Drug Abuse Information, states categorically that: "Marijuana does not lead to physical addiction; therefore, it cannot be considered addicting." The pamphlet, titled "Answers to the most frequently asked1 questions about drug abuse," says further: "The development of tolerance to marijuana does not occur . . . There is nothing in marijuana itself that produces a need to use other drugs. Most marijuana smokers do not progress to stronger substances." Dr. John C. Ball, formerly of the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health, made a study in 1967 of 2,213 heroin addicts, and part of the results of his report have been widely misquoted by anti-marijuana campaigners: he found that 70.4 per cent of the addicts had used marijuana first. Alcohol users Dr. Ball also said, however - something conveniently ignored by most people - that he was not suggesting there was any cause-effect relationship, only that heroin users for some reason had a predilection towards use of any mind-altering drugs. And research also shows that about 95 per cent of heroin addicts were at one time heavy alcohol users. None of which, of course, suggests whether or not marijuana should be legalized. But it does show that a much less emotional and more tolerant attitude is desperately needed, given the daily drug parade in magistrate's courts. Indeed the roots of the problem are social, not legal, which suggests it should be handled as far as possible without the police or the courts. BLAST PROBED AT CAPITOL - Police take German Shepherd dogs into the Capitol early today to search the building for bombs after an explosive device was exploded in the Senate wing earlier. Extensive structural damage but no injuries were rported. Britain paralysed by major strike LONDON (AP) - A massive protest against the Conservative government's anti-strike bill paralysed much of British industry today, closing car plants, shipyards and hundreds of other enterprises. Estimates.of the number of men out ranged up to three million. Production losses ran into millions of pounds. The strike was called by the militant Amalgamated Engineering Union despite warnings from other labor leaders against strikes for political ends. The union has 1,131,250 members. They were joined by two smaller unions totalling 200,000 men. The 24-hour strike blacked out Britain's 10 national meaning newspapers and big evening pa- pers in London, Manchester and other centres. Shipyards along Tyneside and the Clyde were silent. In Liverpool, the strike was joined by all but 300 of the port's 10,000 dockers and 71 ships were idle. 4Too much talk can cripple democracy!' Trudeau chides labor OTTAWA (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau chided the Canadian Labor Congress today for inconsistency in its criticism of government economic policies. In the annual meeting between the cabinet and the congress, Mr. Trudeau turned back on CLC President Donald MacDonald the arguments used in a 15,000-word brief which claimed the government deliberately created unemployment to fight inflation. The prime minister noted that the brief said the policies might have been justified if Canada had "rampant inflation." Arguing that the country was suffering from runaway inflation two years ago, Mr. Trudeau said the CLC had made it a major issue in previous presentations. "We hate to have people take one position one year and another the next year. It is completely inconsistent." Anti-war bomb blast shatters U.S. Senate Police seek clues WASHINGTON (AP) - An early-morning bomb blast linked to a protest against the United Stafces:supported South Vietnamese invasion of Laos ripped up an interior section of the Senate wing on the U.S. Capitol today. It caused extensive damage but no injuries. "This is apparently a political bombing," said Senate Majority Leader Hugh Scott (Dem. Pa.). Robert G. Dunphy, Senate sergeant at arms, said a male who called the Capitol switchboard to give advance warning of the blast mentioned the Laotian invasion. Scott had; earlier quoted Dunphy as saying a letter linked to the bombing also bad been found, but Dunphy said that was a "misunderstanding." Capitol police and FBI spokesmen would not confirm or deny the link to an anti-war protest. SENATE CONVENES The Senate chamber itself was not damaged by the blast. The Senate convened as scheduled in mid-morning, although visitors were not permitted in the Senate wing of the Capitol. Meanwhile, President Nixon issued a statement through White House spokesman Ronald L. Ziegler calling the bombing "a shocking act of violence that will outrage all Americans." The blast pulverized a men's room and damaged other rooms. Perhaps coincidentally, it came 17 years to the day after Puerto Rican nationalists shot and wounded five congressmen from the visitors' gallery of the House of Representatives. BRITISH BURNED IT It also caused the most extensive damage to the building since the British set it afire in 1814 during the War of 1812 after American forces had burned down York, as Toronto was then known. The main Capitol building, which covers more than four acres was designed in 1793 and first occupied by the Congress of 1800. Levesque beats radicals in PQ power struggle QUEBEC (CP) - Rene Levesque is still leader of the separatist Parti Quebecois but his control over the PQ may no longer be as complete as it has seemed in the past. Mr. Levesque and the moderate wing of the PQ won several rounds against the separatist party's radicals at the PQ's third annual convention, which ended Sunday, but the radical wing still managed to score some points. The moderates re-elected Mr. Levesque as leader for a fourth straight one-year term and defeated two resolutions proposed by the radicals. The radicals showed they represent a strong minority within the party and raised Pierre Bourgault, a member of the militant wing and a long-time source of embarrassment to moderate separatists, to a new position of influence as a member of the executive council. The main fight between the two groups came Sunday morning over a resolution proposed by the radicals which would have abolished English-language public schools in an independent Quebec. DEFEAT RESOLUTION The moderates defeated the resolution by 541 votes to 346, but only after hard campaigning by the outgoing party executive and a personal intervention by Mr. Levesque, who made it clear he might resign if the resolution were passed. After hours of private conversation between executive members and the resolution's supporters, Mr. Levesque went before a floor microphone at the plenary session to call for respect of English language rights. He said the resolution, if adopted, would represent a "deplorable step backward" for the PQ, which has supported English-language education rights in its program since its founding in 1968. "The English also have roots in Quebec and their cultural identity should be respected," Mr. Levesque said to the applause of most of the delegates and sarcastic shouts of "speak English" from a few radical hecklers. He said the abolition of publicly-supported English-language schools is "useless and unachieveable in the current context" and would keep Quebec "a province closed in upon itself." Mr. Levesque handily defeated Andre Larocque, a 34-year-old political scientist, his only opponent for the party leadersKp. RENE LEVESQUE Davis sworn in as new premier TORONTO (CP) - William Davis was sworn in today as premier of Ontario with a cabinet which included seven new members and gave the major portfolio of attorney-general to Allan Lawrence. Mr. Davis, a 41-year-old lawyer from Brampton, took the oath of, office from Lt.-Gny. W. Ross AacdonsMd ayfew lAinutes after retiring premier John Ro-barts formally submitted his resignation in a ceremony watched by 300 persons in the legislature chamber. Mr. Lawrence, a 45-year-old Toronto lawyer, had been expected to receive a major post because of his strong support within the Conservative party. Mr. Lawrence failed by only 44 votes in his attempt to beat Mr. Davis for the party leadership at last month's convention to choose a successor to retiring John Robarts. Arthur Wishart, who resigned Refugees to work here Seen and heard About town . INCOME tax filing head-aches for Ted Swihart compounded by entry in cheque book stub "For Jean. Will pay back later." . . . Syd Pollock, bowling coach, bewildered by tears of joy from Lori Palmarchuk, Karen Bergman, Cherye Ober-mcyer, Caroline Passey and Nadinc Kovacs when they won the provincial junior girls' championship . . . Will Dewit taking advantage of a broken leg to catch up on some knitting. Seven Tibetan refugees and their families are expected to arrive in Lethbridge soon to work on row-crop farms in the area. Lethbridge Canada Manpower Centre officials said the arrangement is part of an agreement worked out between the federal government and Tibet under which a limited number of refugees would be accepted into Canada on an experimental basis. They had no firm date for the arrival but expected the families sometime within a week or so. They emphasized that the move was being undertaken on humanitarian rather than economic grounds. They said there are about 50,000 refugees currently living in various camps in India, many of whom are working on road building projects under "the most primitive conditions." The children lack e d u c a tional facilities regular food supplies and medical attention, they said. Applicants for emigration to Canada are carefully screened, they said, and experiences in other countries indicate the Tibetans adapt readily to Western ways. No figures are available, they said, on the total number of Tibetans involved in the program all across Canada, but Lethbridge is the only center in the prairie region to be chosen to receive the refugee families. Man's survival primary aim of education from the post of attorney-general on Friday to make room for "new talent," stayed in the cabinet as minister of financial and commercial affairs. Mr. Wishart succeeds A. B. R. (Bert) Lawrence, another candidate for the leadership, whs now becomes minister of health. The education portfolio previously held by Mr.f-pavis goes to Robert Welch, -another leadership candidate. Darcy Me-Keough the fifth cabinet minister to contest the leadership, becomes provincial treasurer and minister of economics. OTHER CHANGES John Yaremko's old post of minister of social and family services goes to Thomas Wells, formerly health minister. Mr. Yaremko succeeds Mr. Welch as provincial secretary and minister of citizenship. Charles MacNaughton, formerly provincial treasurer, takes over a single ministry of highways and transport. The two responsibilities previously were in separate ministries. Former highways minister George Gomme and former transport minister Irwin Has-kett are not in the cabinet. James Auld moves from tourism and information to public works, filling the gap created by the retirement of John Simo-nett. Succeeding Mr. Auld at tourism is Femand Guindon, promoted from minister without portfolio. Back-bencher Syvanus Apps, member for Kingston-The Islands and a former Toronto Maple Leafs hockey player, succeeds Allan Grossman as minister of correctional services. Mr. Grossman takes over the department of trade and development from Stanley Randall, who is not in the new cabinet. Mr. McKeough's old post at municipal affairs goes to Dalton Balse, who is succeeded in the labor portfolio by another backbencher, Gordon Carton, member for Toronto Armourd'ale, EDMONTON (CP) - Education's primary aim today should be man's survival, says the third of three major reports to the Worth Commission on Educational Planning. The report of the commission's committee on lifelong education, released today, said that education should be a process that continues through life with the end being a healthy relationship between the individual and society. "A primary aim, in contem-pory conditions with their potentiality for the total destruction of man and nature, should be survival;" the report said. "Beyond that, the aim should be the establishment of a society that incorporates and makes possible the attainment of the moral concepts of individual freedom, human crea-tiveness, maximum opportunity for indivudals to participate in political life and contribute to a common good and variety in human life." The 90 page report contains 47 main recommendatio n s, many of which suggest that the emphasis on education for only the young be decreased and more attention paid to education for all age groups. "Instead of education experiences being the sole preserve of youth, or adults enrolled in formal education institutions, we picture lifelong education as an accepted and normal pursuit for all segments of the population." The 11 - member committee said that schools and other institutions no longer are the prime suppliers of education. "Schools and universities have traditionally been thought of as providing the primary source of knowledge in the community . . . this is no longer true. "Information no longer is in short supply and in some respects the schools and other institutions h a ve been losing ground for some years as the primary or most wHumlating sources of information." The report mentions television, radio and the press, church halls, art galleries, libraries and other community agencies as providing educational opportunities. In other recommendations concerning facilities and instructional resources, the report said schooling should be re - examined to allow persons to fit periods of formal learning into their lives more easily. YEAR-ROUND USE And it recommends that educational facilities should be used throughout the year and for the greater part of each day and week. In five recommendations pertaining to curriculum, the report suggests increased attention should be given to creative and esthetic interests, the humanities, sociology and psychology and politics and philosophy. Early education should be oriented toward social and emotional as well as intellectual development and to the development of skills for further learning, the report said. As well, "increased effort should be devoted to carrying into practice appropriate curricula in fundamental and basic vocational education for people who have lacked opportunities to obtain education and work skills." PERMANENT COMMISSION The report said continuing planning, research and development are needed for education and recommends that a permanent commission should be set up to see this is clone. The research commission is one of four education commissions in addition to the department of education proposed in the section on organization. The other three are colleges, universities and lifelong education commissions. The education department would still look after schools and ther institutions and the report recom� mends provisions for regular meetings of the heads of all government departments to discuss educational matters. With respect to finance, the report said that: -The provincial government should provide grants for the support of education at all levels on the same basis as these are provided for services to youth. -Student aid should be available to adults, whether enrolled full- or part - time, on the same basis as it is available to youth. -Organized business, labor and the professions should finance in - service education for employees, retraining for those whose jobs disappear and preparation for retirement. -C orporate enterprise should finance counselling services for employees. -C orporate enterprise should be encouraged to increase financial support for trying out innovative educational practices. Woman burns to death ash in cr CALGARY (CP) - Judy Oszli of Brooks, was burned to death Sunday in a car crash. The car was hit from behind by another vehicle while stopped at an intersection in the southern part of the city and burst itilo flames. Driver Thomas Dent, 22, of Prince Albeit, Sask., was in serif us condition with first and second degree burns. Driver killed at Kimberlcy KIMBERLEY (CP) - Ronald MacDonald, CI, died when his car left a road 20 miles north of Kimberley in the East Kootenay district.