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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 1, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGl-:. ALBER'm. I'lUDAY, MAI^CH 1, 1!)18 NUMBEK 68 . DETERMINED TO LIVE DP TO mi AUNTS Districl 18 Convention Makes Position Clear in I-�tter on ~ Drumheller Case COMBINE AGAINST HUNS UNLESS CHANGE METHODS SALARIES OF ALL^ DISTRICT OFFICERS WERE ADVANCED >A/��hlnQton, Feb. 28.-An aver-whelmlng vote for a resolution warning German business men that an economic combination will be forced against Qernriany after the war unless the danger of' excessive armament Is rsmoved by making the Qerman government a responsible Instrument, controlled by the people,'was announced tonight l^y rtha chamber of commerce of the United States at the conclusion of a preliminary canvass of Its organlxatlon members. The vote Is recorded to date as 1204 to 164. Penetrate Enemy Defenses and Capture Prisoners-Hun Artillery Active (Special lo tlic IlffrnUl) Fernie, Felb,' 28.-Today provcil tho closing one of the fifteenth annual convention of DIatrict 18, U.M.W. of A.. All bu6ine88 helitg dlsposwl oif shortly .iftor tho rofrulnr hour of ndjournmont. .MiBt betorq closing Inst evening, Presl-ilonl niggs, read the folloavlng letter from tho Dlveotof of Coal Operations Mr. W. H. Armstrong: Oalgory, Fel). 26, 1918 Dear Mr. Bfgga.t^t- Now Umt the IJriimholler strike ap pears to have been adjustea, .1 take tills oj)portiinUy of addressing you up on the subject. t think It Is In o^der tor mo to re , fiuest that your convention, now as i^mblod, will take such action ns you ^ Jnay deem necessary to prevent a re-yetitloa of this undesirable state ot at-'"^alra. It Is certain that tho action o these men was In direct violation ot our agreement, and the penalizing of operators, who live up to their con . tracts, will not In future be permitted J know. IrpOT oxperlence. that It Is the desire of'your organization to rigidly observe Its contracts. I am of the opinion, therefore, that It is incumbent , upon you to discipline the membera of your order who are responsible for a state of affairs similar to that which 9ias existed in the Drumheller field for the past two weeks. I believe your or-tianlzatlon will realize the responslDt! Ity and JV. of A., and ^�hen our members get 'to know ot the action taken by this convention the danger ot a repetition of With a fow.olher minor changes the report ot the commlttoo.on constitution was adopted. To Meet In Calgary j , Votes of thanks were extended to In-.ternatlouftl Board Members Steele and � lines,,also to K; J^evitt, ne^vly Installed ns international board member. Wlille tlie whole delegation expressed extreme -gatlBtactioii with th treatment � received whilo In Pornle, they voted to hold the next annual convention in Calgary. Owing to the geographical sit' nation, tUe.'largo'maJorlty dt^lie membership now. bolngj-ln Alberta/land the probable futtife grpivtli of membership likely to continue (in that direction. �  /'After a.shor^ address from President BlggSi lu which Ite thanked the delegates for the tfiany evidences ^ot kind itesa and agslstaooo received by him during ibo very; strenuous sessions, and wishing them all perbnally tlio greatest success, and trusting lor tbq contlnutitlon of tho growtli of th^ or-iCiiniaatioD, IJie convention adjourned, wltt/lhtf-UindllOHl of feeling^oxl^^nii. A BIG FIGHT OVER LIOIVE THE HEAD OFFICE Gi^eat Interest Taken in Meeting of Fifrmers Fire and Hail Insurance Co. Very wide Interest Is being taken in tho extraordinary meeting of the share-holders of the Farmers' Fire and Hall Insurance Co. to be held tomorrow, Saturday, tftternoon at three o'clock In the K.P. hall to consider the propo.s-al lo move the head office of the company to Calgary. A distinct lino of cleavage between sharoholdors for and against the move is noticeable, and practically every director and shareholder will be on hand. Ono of tho talking points used to me by the -salesman who s&curad my subscription last spring," isald one-shareholder who is opposed, -to tho move to tho Herald this -morning, "was that it -was a 'home' company that would give us Competition by meann of a home company. It 'was shown me that I would have a direct Interest in the success ot the company, and with many farmers in tho same position that success wouUl be 'assured. It was also pointed oiit tliat the money would go to build up our big Southern Alberta city, and thai's what we want. Why should tbe fanners in this part of the country-help to build up Calgary, whicfeUBwr did anything ior us. That's (lie staritl I ^ke, and that's tho stand most of tlie ahareholders take. I think that aftelr topjprrow's emeting the head oftioa ot t)ie company will still.bp In liBthbrldige, and a sub-office In - Calgary vith, branches in northonr Alberta and Saakatchewan. That's tho right -way." ;  GERMANY BROKE PLEDGE IN SINKING OF SHIP V London, .Marrh 1.- "A succossful raid in which wo capturoil ii few prin-oners was carried out by Stafford and (Mieshire troopH lam nlKhl north of Iho VprcH-Stadeii Itttilwiiy," ihn ,wur office reports. "There wan Rome iir-tUlP.ry nntlvjty on both sides, during tho night. In (ho iiolgliborliood ot La VacQUcrie nnd oast ot Yprcs." British Busy Raiding London, Feb. 28.-The v�port from British he.'nUiiiartor.stiu Franco and Belgium tonlKlit reads: "ISarly this mornini;, FiiRllsh troops succosHfuIly raided enemy trimt-hos in the neighborhood ot Oonnolkni, southwest of Camtirai. (^onsUlf.rablo casualties wore inflicted on the garrison. 11 machine Rim blown up and a few prisoners brought back. Tn the raid last night Koutii of IfoutliolHt forest Dorset, Manchester, Ijam-r.-oier nnd Scottish troops iienetralcd tho enemy's defenses to a depth of 1200 yard.s. In addition to fourteen prisoners captured, a large number of Uio onemy are believed to have been killed. "Hostile artillery has shown some activity again today at a number o" points along our front, particularly In tho nolghborhoodsof St. Quentin, south west ot Armentleres and in tho Zonne beke sector." ians Vote to eisder Part Reserve MaclL'Od.AIta., I'^cli. .s Al a largc-iy attended council of ItlDoil liiiliinis on t.liG Hlood Itidlan Ri:.-,i-i v,. ji.-rc today, largo mHjorIty)of til': i Hli:(ii.4 prfifjeiit volod in favor, of Hiii'i-i-iii|.-rlnK lOli.iiOn acres'ot llieir land to ; n- Koviiriiinout tor Hulo. Mowovor, the law i-c-'inirc;.; t.liat not only-a majority of tliii.c. !iii.o,HlinB the council, but a mujori/j- i.r iliu adult maif' IndinnH on the n'.^ci-'.-i'. .iliaU voto In ifavor ot making It liiiuiiiiK. Indlm Agent Dllwortli has t;il;o:i an affidavit that thl.f majority ban bcMi m>cured. Mold It For Soldiers (SlMicll'lt to till- IU-i;iliH Edmonton, Alta., Fi-l). 2,S.~'riic legislature ot Alberta 'liitirsday Hitter-noon'decldod to momi.r;iliy.i; ilio Federal-'GovernrtoJit to fci 11)1 tlio Hvnll-able Indian lands to u-^od as part ot any scheme In'coinic'tion with the l^ondonf Feb. 28.-Sworn statements made ludapendently by two survivors ot the British bospital shIp-Glpnarl Castle, -which went down.Tuesday in the Bristol channel, an official announcement says, make clear that she was sunk by aa enemy submarine which was slglited In hailing distance within ten minutes of the time the ship was struck. "It-will be noted," the announcement says, "that the Glenart Castle was In fi;ee area and was sunk even in the breach ot the German pledge given as to tli� immunity of hospital ships from attacR Id war." , ^ The total number of persons save* from the ship so far reported is 29. One hundred and fifty-three (persons are still missing. riNE PRICE FOR- CATTLE Plncher Creek, Feb. 27. - . Thomas Willlaanson shipped a couple of car loado of on^ie last Friday for which a price averaging LIKELYTORECOe Calgary, March 1.-Premier Brewster is holding his oV/n. This la the seventh and the crisis Is not expected until Sunday. PWs condition Is reported to ^ a little Improved over yesterday. It was stated at the hospital this afternoon that Mr, Brewster has a good chance of recovery. changWri nTn[ toienmday St. Thomas, Ont., Mar. 1.-A buUeliu j)osted in the mechanical department of the Pere Marquette shops last nigUt states th-it .commencing -March 1, the men will work ten ijours a day instead ot nine hours'as in th^ past and that single time only will bo paid for'the extra hour. The officials claim that this Is an or der from Secretary McAdoo. Tho men, it -was stated last night. Intend to inako a test caso to see If this law boljls in Canada. / RUMANIA NOT ENTERING PEACE NEGOTtATIONS Returns of Soldieiv \"ole in England Compisles R^sui: BUCHANAN'S M.^.JOUITY OVER PACK ilEACHES ABOUT :i THOUSAND HGttlcmonl rif ilic r(!liinilni; KriUlicrs upon tlic Imul. Tim miittc-r was. (-alli'.cl in the attention ot 111') liousn by (ii-orK') llnadloy, Okotoks, leader of tliu Diipn'^itloii, who roterred to tlic proposeil siili; (if KKl,-ono iicri'g of th(; Jlloud rei-ierve, and witii the consent of I'roniier Stewart, the i-onsidcration of business on the order pajicr wn.s rtefurreil until the matter upon which M;-. lloadkjy asked urgency had been disposed off. Mr. Hnadley s.ojd thiit the proposed sale involved sonio of tlie finest land tn Alberta, and they \Y(nilil lie very Knitaljio for iiu-oriior.ntloii in any .sehomo proposed for tlu! soldiers. Tho lands were in thuv icluity ot' M'dcleod and Lcthhrldge. Indians Alarmed Premier Stewart said lie was ciiilte In favor ot pressure lioiiiK brought to boar upon the Dominion Goveriiinont in tlic direction liidii-aled but he thought care should be exercised in liandliiiK Ihe mutter as lie had been informed that liic Indians had-becoine alarmed on hcariui,' of a resolution pas.sed by tlio G. W. V. at, Lelhbridge. They somehow liad K"t Ihe impression that if tho soldiers Kut the iand they would not get any mnijoy. Land Valuable Martin Wbolf agreed that the land was as valuable as any in the province, and said that it was piirt ot ;f49,-000 acres which had been leased to a cattle corapanv. He wa� perfectly agreeable that it was none too good for the soldiers, but he thought that action should be delaj-ed owinfc to tho agitated state the Indians wore In throu!,'h foar that had been created that they would Insrf' tUelr racyiey. Mr. Hoadiey did not think that any harm could be done by .the passing ot the r*solution, and It v.-as adopted un-animuosly. AUSTRIA WORRIED OVER ADRIATIC GERMANr/ATfON Geneva, March 1.-A cry of alarm, haa been raised, by the Tageblatt of Gr,->tz. Austria, - against the Germanlzation of the eastern Adriatic, especially Pola and Flume, which have become bases for German submarines. Tlju principal naval .nnd military ap-' pointmcnts are said to be held fay Germon officers and tlic activltios of the submarines extend from Gibraltar to Port Said. Owing to the dangerous passage through the Straita of Gibraltar, the paper sayo, the submarines are sent In sections by railway to Pola and Trieste from Germany. um m ON Ti GRIDDLE IN m mmm Ilecent Utterance at Hamburg Comes In For Cril- , The result In Le'.hbridge constituency is now complete. Buchan-an, Unionist, has a majority of 2834, made up as follows: 'Buchanan. At Home Vote .'.....4175 Soldiers, N. A........ 77 Soldiers, Continental... 671 Soldiers, England.....379 Pack 2403 12 43 10 icism SITUATION IN RUSSIA BELIEVEO WORSE London, Mar. 1.-The lirillsh and French embassies have loft Pctrograd, accorrtiiif,' t.i a telegram from llin Russian official news agoncy in I'ctrosrad and which bears no date. Stockholm reports also that L'. S. Aniba.ssiador Francis has left Pelro-grad. The departure of the IJritlsh, I'. S. and i'rcnch embassies, takes from tlio Bol.slievlkl capital the ropre-Hontallves ot the three most important entente countries. This bare report appears to indicate that the situation in Petrograd has taken an unexpected turn for the worse, in view of the fact that the latest previous messages from the Russian capital said-that the American consul v.-ould remain there after the departure of the American ambassador and his staff ill order to keep In touch with the American legation here and with the state deiiartmont. STATEMENT 01'" SMUTS CREATES DISCUSSION . ' DURING DEBATE 1ST m p 0 1 J Jassy, Rumania, Feb. 26.- An official note announcing that Rumania has decided to enter intp. peaqe negotiations with the central powers, and reports that Rumania'will accept peace at any price are untrue. The government, it is abided, will only enter Into iiegotiatlonB If assured that they will be conducted on a basis, acceptable in every respect. WANT TO STOP EXECUTION , Awsterdam, Mar. L - A Gorman courtmartial at Antwerp has condemned to death for espionage the Belgian Socialist senators, Colleaux nnd Le-gras, according to tho Hetvolk. Pieter Troelstra, he Dutcn Socialist leader, has telegraphed 'to Phillip Sohelde-mann, the German majority leader, appealing to him to use his influence to prevent execution ot the sentenqe. British Opinion Favors Intervention of the Japs London, March l.-Japan's proiios-als with regard to Siberia and tliolr reception In Waihington has .brought the Question of Japan's active participation In nilUtary. operations to tho fotefront here, the developments dominating the news columns of the pap-er>�. A Renter telegram, ciuutlng an Assocdated Press dispatch-frdm Wnsh-ingtonis glyen great liroinlnonce In tho morning'hewspapera aud. In cora-wehted on extensively; ; Some papers display contrlbiited, articles setting forth the Japanese vl0w.'of the situation. v- ' � The bulk of the, ppiiiion tavonj Japan's proposed aotlou ' witKout (lualltl-catlou and the i>lea la made In some a'uarteys that she pught'implicitly to be trusted and ilveiv.a free liAnd. The'Times say's that while tho attitude of President AVIlson-andtho Am-erican state department does, uot.seom to be.offlclally dbfliiW as yot, "it Is clear from the" Important Aasodated Press atatement.tbat it would be a mistal(ti to regard PreBldentVViiMoii's attltud^ as deqidodly:�i)verse to Japanese intorventlon.'.'.. : ' 'Whatever view the American gov eminent may flijally adopt;" It adds. "It ii certain to be received with the utmost .deference by the 'allwo.  No doubt lij felt In wo^h^ufqrmod giinricra that the position of tho Unitsd States will be determined by the logic of the situation and the single-hearted desire which President Wilson has always shown to further tho best' Iiiter-eits of the allies. The question virtually.is one of ways and means antlj of deciding as quickly as possible upon a policy best calculated to secure the ends in view." . The'Morulng^ Post says; "Just as the United States was forced to a policy ot Intfervontlon by tho German menace in tho Avost, so Japan is roused to activity by the German menace in the east. Japan Is entirely Juatlfled by tho danger which threatens her in taking the steps to protect her interests in Manchuria and Siberia. If she. is wise; she will seek to be the deliverer of Russia ayl to aim at freeing Russia from the German yoke. It Is to be hoped that- tho ulllos will treat Japan with confidence and;the hearty spirit ot co-oporntlon which she has'^the right to expect as an ally. There should be no niggardly and grudging assent," The Daily News is not surpvtsojl by the widespread cry raised for Japanese action but hopes tho allies care fully will consider all that ia Iiyolved tCONTINUHD ON PAGJ3 BIGHT) ; - , '-r 5302 2468 Pack net obtaining half the vote cast for the' B^ucpetsfu.t candidate, roses his deposit.' ' . � Two more Alberta opposition candidates, . lose their deposits, as a result of the vote in England. Irvine in East Calgary and Molvor ir\ Macieod. Irvine, in West Calgary, was already deprived of his deposit, without the English vote. Two More GoVjernment Ottawa, Mar. 1. -Returns of soldier votes taken In England for Ontario and Alberta I'eceived at noon today by W. P. O'Connor, general^returnifis officer, complete tlio election results, leaving the Yukon, in regard to which there is a dispute over th^ soldiers' vote, and Nelson, .Man., where the election is doferrod, out of the calcula^ tlons, tho govei-niuent now has a ma-�Jority otCS, Today's figures for-On tarlo put South Pertli and Nlpisslng counties in the yi'vernment column. Harold, Liberal-Unionist, has been elected for Brant over Cockshutt. the straight Conservative Unionist. There are no changes recorded for Alberta; Whltd. the successful Liberal candidate, wiiiniiifr in Victoria by a considerable margin. ' In South HoiiIre--.v. Pedlow, Liberal, holds ttu} seat by a majority of Gl. Hon. Frank Oliver has boon defeated in West Fdmonton by a majoi-Ity. of-about 2,700. In South Perth, Dr. Steele, Unionist, received IIS soldier votes in ISiigland, making him a toial of 2770. Forrester, his opponent, willi only three soldier votes, has 2,71'i. Harrison, Unionist, in Nipisaing with 40S soldier voles has a total ot 6,411. Lapierre, his opponent, with fifty soldier votes, has (i,;iB7. ^Mnrtln's total hi South Renfrew-with 247 soldier votes, is 3,183, while Pedlow, Liberal, u-ilh 26 soldier votes, has 3,244 to his credit. Harold, in Hrnut, received 249 soldier votes in Kugland, making his total 2,107. Cockshutt, \v4th four Boldiar yotes, has .\ total ot 2,023, In Fort William and Rainy Rivo^. Manion olitalned G30 and Dennis 120. In Port Arthur and Konora) Keef-or obtained COfl and Dunbar 10.  In Alberta Seats The vote in IDugland'for Alberta constituencies was lis follows:' Buttle River, Hlair 314; Warner U. Bow Rlvor, flallklay 274; Gouge 7. Calgary East, Redman 3004; J. A. Irvino 30. Calgary West, Tweedlo 1325; Ruv. Wm. Irvino 38. . v Edmonton East, Mackle 936; May 21. Edmonton West, Grjesbacli lu4u; Oliver lis. l.,othhrldBe, Buchanan 379; Pack 10. Macleod, Shaw 4!KS: Mclvor G'. Medicine Hnt, Sitton 495; J^elUy 11. Red Deer, Clark 493; Puffer- 11. ' Strathcona, Douglas 752; iMode 5 �Victoria, UoUleii with 310 ovorsoua vot�8, has a total of 3123 nnd 'White .with 25 has 3,ti20. Dr. Thompson oi' the Yukon, with tho oversoaa vote, now (leads his opponent, qougdon, by 111, Tho.election committee of tho house of Qommons, will decide whothar Uui soldiers' vote is to bo counted. Approximately three 'hundred doUl lers' votes have been cast tor the go\' ernmoui; candidate ^tn-Nelson, Man. where the election wil) take place on April. 1, as usuliist 15 for the opposition. One of the Demands by the Aus-trians-Brother Favored As Successor London, .Mar.' 1^ - The [ieace terms submitted to Rumania by Count Czernin,.tlte Austro-Hungar-ian foreign minister, include the king's abdication in favor of his brother, Prince William, or the taking of a referendum In Rumania regarding his successor, according to a Berlin dispatch. 1 ITALIAN SOCIALISTS SENTENCED Tome, M'.ir. 1.-Constaiuo Lazzarl, general .secretary, and Signer Boinbac-el, assistant secretary ot the Italian Socialist pijrty, have been sentenced by the penal court to tv,'o years and eleven montlis and two years and four mouths'' imprisonmoht, respectively. They were oonvlclod on ft charge ot conducting a propaganda prejudicial to the national defense. FLORIZEL IGNORED HE ST'ORW! SIGNALS Ottawa. Peb. 2S.-That the steamer Florlzel, which was wrecked oft the''' coast of Xewfoundland with great loss of life last Hunday, put to sea Igtfor ing the storm signals at St. John, is the information vecjelved from' the Meteorologicol Survey, Toroftto,.1)y the ma.rlne departonent here. '." . "rhl's Information is^cpntalfted in a letter from the dopartrtietft'recelved'iljy the deputy minister of marine .here. The letter states that signals for.'a heavy gale, accompanied  by snow were ordered for Newfoundland early on Saturday morning. The storm signal mast at St. Johns, is situated on high land overlooking the entrance to the harbor and all vessels have- to pass almost under it. british Alio TO BLOW UP Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1.-Federal authorities last night took into cuAody four Gerfnans whom they accuee of conspiring to dynamite Canadian factories. The arrests were made, the authorities said, after they had received affidavits .signed by a son and granddaughter of one of those arre'sted, charging he had experimented with dynamite Dombs with the intention of destroying property in Canada. M shomilingoff London, J'"eb. 2S.-British casualties reported during the month ot Febyu-ary show a remarkable decrease as compared with tho proceeding months. They totalled only 18,901, divided as follows ;^ Killed or died of wounjls: Officers 3S3, men 4,012. Wounded and missing-Officers 46S; men, 14,29S. The casunltle.3 for January wore 73,017; tor December, 79,527,- while in November, in which month there was severe fighting oji the Canibrai, thev totalled 129,089. WILL .REMAIN IN POWER Madrid, Feb. 2S.-The Marquis De Lahulmas noticed' tho king tonight that he definitely accepted the otter to remain in power. * i A. G. Mackay Criticises the 'Action Western Premiers (.Special to tliB ir.-i-aI01 Fdnwraton, Fohi 28.-Tho major portion ot tho sitting of the legislature of Alberta, this afternoon wi^s taken up with- a coHsIdoratlon of tho premier's statement In relation lo tie conference of the premiers at"Ottawa, and iho (ILs-cusslon was foijj^^rod by strong criticism by Hon. A. G, MacKay on tho actlpn ot Premlu^ Stewart on tho question ot the province securing its natural resources-- Janfbs Nvelr who spoke, for tho first tlme*ln .the house was a critic ot tho conforonca Itself, lie said all that had been done could have boon covered by a throe cent stamp,J and that tho results did not Justify the Jounioy of the premier. McKoy Critical Hon. A. G. BluclCay in moving the adjournment of the Ifoiiso for tho pur-PO.SI) of considering tha Important matters raised at the couferoiico of Prom-ioi-B at Ottawa, said thpy would find very nmch the same ccndltlons after this wnr as they had found utter the war in South- Africa, Thoir soldiers returned fitter mon, but they noticed that when men who had been living an Isola'ted 'life came back'they,were distinctly different In this, respect, The campai)*5n3 they had made in the war had altergd their disposition. They ii'ad -bocomo ^rogarioua numan belugs, men who could not possibly isolate thomsolvBS. That seemed to be the main characteristic of the Veterans-Svho returned from tho South* African war and he thought ^hey would find tho men who came- back  from tho prpsont war would be very much the same. ' , . It that wore so prooeeded jlr. Mac-Kay it naturally brougiit up, the land sottlement scheme and the qiiestipu arose who would handle it. Wants Provincial Control If the direct hundllnsr of the whole soldier problem was plven '%o tho provinces assisted by -the Dominion tho soldiers would bo dealing with mon they know. Therefore ho contended ahat In Uio mattdr there-should be co-aporation, with tho woviucos taking the lead, and ho omphaalzod tho tact that, in regard to laud settlement, they could not Isolato-tlio men on lon6 horaostoads. If thoy did that, tho scheme would fall. '- � Should Havs Agreement Coming to -the question of the natural resources, the member for Athabasca Said that It appeared to him th� wosteirn premiers had missed'a-golden opportunity. The premiers oMha-eastern provinces, according ta^ tlio .state (CONTINDED ON PAQW 8> ' > > � � ' - ,�'� *:!i#;>�;,�,,*:�t, � -Vmsterdaiii, Mar. 1.-^In Tuesday's debate (In Chancellor Vou Hertllng's speech tn the Clerman rclehstag, i'hil-' Hp Sebeidomanii took tiic emperor to task tor Ills reply to the address to tho burgomaster of Hamburg In which tho emperor said: 'We desire to live in friendsliip witli :;i�;liborlti.:; people, but victory for the irmaii arms must first, bn recognised." 'We have hc�vd," said Hcrr Schelde- ~ -mann, "of the speech in whh^h It was lid tlie world must first recogni/.o us as victorious. ,Vot tor -a long tlmn lave we road anything the tone of hlcli was so displeasing and the oon-tents so ujipolltic. Perhaps' It Is to tho jiolnt to rfecnll that all parties, Includ-ng the f;onservallves In November, 9US, reeominendcd somewhat more re-servo in that quarter. In times when , there Is talk of jioace, words from an authoritative source should be care--fully weighed. A. great part ot "the . ecple whom we represent do not share the vlew.i uttered in tliat speech tit. on tho other hand, strongly reluta tbeui." Herr Sehoidemann declared that attempts to conclude a peace on the " west siieli as that with Russia would prove a trial ot strength dangerous for Germany. The world would go lo sleep with rifles in hand; Bolshevlkl dreams would be realized and world revolution arrive. "Our military advance against Russia evoked ve.xatlon in Austria-Hungary, the majority ot whose people are quite openly liostlle to us," Herr Schcldemann continued. "Tho Imperial chancellor frankly statetl yesterday' that-he accepted President Wilson'a four principles. This declaratiou all the more important whgn one considers that Wilson emphasized that hia principles werjj accepted everywhere except'-^by the German military and -  annexationist party. W611, this.pafty, forttinateIy,Iiv.this country. Is no longer of decisive importance." ; -j Herr Erzberger, leader of the Clerical Centre, declared that the peace in the ea.st, "completely corresponds to the peace resolution," in tho relchsbag in 1017. He added: Wherever it deviates it only ^presents tt temporary political jueasuer. It depends on its execution whether It holds good at the general conclusion of peace." Replies to Smutc Dr. Self, secretary -for the colonies, said that General Smuts had demanded ISast Africa -as a connecting Unk oa the road to Kgypt and India and liad tiius set up a sort ot Monroe Doctrine for the southern hemisphere with tho exclusion ot the Germans, just aa tUa French had lu West Africa. "That is a much atronger accentuation of the standpoint ot force," said tho secretary, "than wliaa tkc lecu.r-Icy of ones own frontier Is desired. General Smuts attempts to advance justification tor this by saying that' Gcfmany ivould militarize tho colored races. The natives In the German col-ony have not been trained, or even equipped for fighting against .tnu whites, whereas France h-aa created in her colonies a standing army ot a huu-. dred thousunJ and has thua made mo.it of her colonios military. "Great Britain also has troops in her African colonies and permanent white g-arrlsona a^ all importa,nt places , on ,the coast.  - "Gerniany's program does not entail militarization lu Africa. Nevertheless, Germany cannot make herself defenseless on this account, while other* are militarizing." s ^ Opposed to Next Pbace Offer  Dr. Gustav ijtresmanu, Natl.-.'nal Idb-oral, said: ' , "The last few Ayeeks have taught us what Is the best method ot reaching peace. It is true that the Czech.Social Democratic party In Austria in tho first ifew days protested against our advance. However, when our .captin'� ^ of foodstuffs was heard ot the feeling;-, apparently changed. It Is not the ne-Satlatiotis with Trotzky, iior the relchs-tag resolution, nor the reply'to tho-' pope's note, b\it the advance of the unbroken German, inllltary forces , which has brought us peace. In the east.  . � � �' "In view of this offer a fresh peace offer would be wrong." ^ ' Dr. Stresmann opposed the clvancel- ' lor'3 Invitation to Belgium, doclarln*, "oven, if Its annexation la not Intended, Belgium constituteB a pawn, agaioft, Great Britain." . . ' \ Rumania, according-^o Stresmaun, ', does not deserve consideration undhc: , concluded: . .--- .;. "A war IniTemnity is la real guarahtoe for a lasting peace-aud tho occupying;'";^ forco must remain- in; Rumania- until!'* an Indemnity is paid." ,' I; 3481875531 2106 34 1263030076 ;