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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THt IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, 30, 1973- Needed: more aid for less money A European view To many in the old world, the an- tics of American politicians are of something less than earthshaking im- port, and the excitement they gen- erate on this side of the water is viewed rather as evidence of North American naivety in matters politi- cal. Aaturally Europeans have a certain interest in the Watergate affair, but there is nothing approaching the shocked concern that threatens at times to paralyze the political pro- cess in the U-S. European interest seems to be less in the scandalous nature of the Watergate disclosures than m the effect they may have on Mr. Nixon's congressional relation- ships. This follows from the clear White House intention that this shall be "the year of as it is termed, and the very real concern of European leaders over the extent to which the U.S. congress will con- tinue to support Mr. Nixon in foreign policy matters. To "the European man-in-the-street, me venalitv of politicians and the excesses which are an integral part of political infighting are much more taken for granted than they are on this side of the Atlantic. As to the ernment tapping telephones, whe- ther of journalists, political oppon- ents, or just people the government happens not to like or approve of, well, haven't governments always done that sort of thing? To illustrate, there was a debate in the French Senate a week or so ago, on this very topic. An opposi- tion member angrily charged the government with listening in on the 'phones of "opposition politicians and some pro-government ones too, even ministers; Maoists, Trotkyists, communists, fascists, social demo- crats, liberals, trade unionists, jour- nalists and even clergymen." The minister who replied for the government as much as admitted that telephonic eavesdropping is a regular practice- But naturally, he agreed, the government tapped tele- phones. It always had, where it thought crime or security might be involved. In particular, it felt it must know about conversations of "extremists, whose aim is to des- troy republican institutions and the people in contact with those ex- tremists." The government whichever one happened to be in power, of course decides what or who is Utilizing icebergs A scheme to utilize the world's greatest untapped source of fresh water is currently being investigated. The idea sounds like science fic- ntio but an increasing number of sci- entists are beginning to believe that icebergs towed from the Antarctic could provide Australia and South America with cheap, fresh water. Large icebergs, broken off from the Antarctic ice-cap, contain incredible amounts of fresh water. With super- tugs 10 times as powerful as any presently afloat, an iceberg with half the area of the city of Saskatoon could be selected, lassoed and towed from the edge of the ice-cap to West- ern Australia or the Atacama Desert in Chile. An iceberg of that size 6% miles long, mules broad and 800 feet deep contains enough wa- ter to irrigate all of the St. Mary's River Irrigation District. To produce the same amount of water by current desalination technology would cost a staggering billion. The plan would be to select flat table-shaped icebergs, around four times as long as they are broad, which would be easiest to tow; such shapes are common in the Antarctic Weekend Meditation though rare in the Arctic. The most economical procedure would be to tow the largest possible iceberg at the slowest possible speed along routes specially selected to get the maximum benefit from the wind and current. The world's largest tug, Oceanic, could tow an iceberg yards long, 250 yards across and 250 yards deep at half a mile an hour about a year for the jour- ney from Antarctica to Western Aus- tralia. The water contained in such an iceberg would cost around mil- lion to produce by desalination. Ac- cording to Dr. W. F. Weeks, a glacio- togist working for the U.S. Araiv's Cold Regions and Research and En- gineering Laboratory, and Dr. W. J. Campbell, a geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey, the idea is "highly attractive when applied to selected locations in the Southern Hemisphere." According to Science and Public Affairs Magazire a scheme to re- direct iceberg water through an irri- gation system, instead of simply let- ting it melt away, could turn out to be one of the most attractive invest- ments of all time. To walk in beauty Few finer men have been on the interna- tional scene than Dag Hammarskjold, the United Nation's secretary who was prob- ably murdered. Among the many wisa things he said one of the wisest was his observation that "you cannot play with the animal in you without becoming whoL'y animal, play with falsehood without for- feiting your right to truth, play with cruelty without losing your sensitivity of mind. He who wants to keep his garden tidy doesn't reserve a plot for weeds." One should keep his mind in such a state that if anyone were to ask what he is thinking about he could reply without be- ing ashamed. Paul advised the Philippians, "Finally, brethren, whatever is true, what- ever is honorable, whatever is just, what- ever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is gracious, if there is any excellence, if there is anything worthy of praise, think about these things." Now the Greek verb "think" suggests a set of the mind, a con- tinuation such as "think, think, keep on thinking about thesa things.'' Make them the centre of your life, the natural atmo- spbere "in which you live, your spiritual domicile. And this is not easy when there are so many tempting allurements which tend to deprave and corrupt in movies, books, plays, and even advertising. But if you have conditioned yourself to follow Paul's advice you will, as one translator puts it, "cherish the thoughts of these think of nothing else, until the vul- gar and ugly are repugnant, repudiated as offensive. Cherish ths thought of whatever is true, honorable, just, pure, lovely, praise- worthy, or, as Barclay puts it, "things which are fit for God to hear." AH art is selection and concentration upon essential matters. The art of fine living is the su- preme art. Headmaster Keats warned his boys at Eton, "Boys be pure in heart, for I'll flog you if you're not." You can't flog purity of heart into anyone, nor do you get it by will power. It is a question of training the imagination. Thomas a Kempis warned, "First there comes to the mind a bare thought of evil, then a strong imagination thereof, afterwards delight and evil emo- tion, aod then consent." Imagination rules all life. All men in public life, businessmen and politicians know that. If you aim at only the intellects of men even primar- ily, you lose. You must catch the imagina- tion. Professor Macneile Dixon states truly, "The human mind is not, as philosophers would have you think, a debating hall, but a picture gallery." You can determine the pictures in that gallery. A famous chem- ist, Claude Bernard, wrote about man's in- ternal environment." This s something you create by deliberate choice. lago hated Cassio in Shakespeare's play, Othello. He said "He has a daily beauty in his life that makes me ugly." It was easier to hate Cassio than to transform his own life into that daily beauty. Frank Laubach relates in Letters from a Modern Mystic" how he transformed his own life into a concentration on tne true, the good, and the beautiful. He concludes by saying that any man can do this. And maintains it is an incredibly happy life, the only happy life. This is what it means to ba a man, to walk in beauty. Without this, without the virtues of which Paul writes, a man ceases to be a man. PRAYER: The hour is late, O God, but grant Thy grace that I may learn ths secret of walking the streets of this world uncorrupted by the evil and cruelty, in beauty and delight. Led astray By Dong Walker Members of the planning committee for this fall's Banff Conference for Men Tiad an on-site meeting in late May to get a bet- ter feel of things. They took their wives along for the weekend. they visited the hot pool Betty Gray suffered the embarrassment of wan- dering into the men's locker room where she encountered a large man taking a shower. There was so much hilarity accompany- ing the telling of this story that I wasn't clear whether Betty had taken out her con- tact lenses o-1 was just so accustomed to following Wally around that she failed to note the sign on the door. By Bruce WUtestone- syndicated commentator The policy for providing aid for development in the "Third World" which seemed to be on the upswing of hope and con- fidence only five or sue years ago, is now clouded with doubt and recrimination. The doubts on the side of the donors are due to what they claim to be the lack of self-restraint, in- efficiency and stagnation of those they have sought to aid. The recriminations come from the less developed countries which not only resent the cri- ticism but also believe that, by discriminating trade and mounting debt repayment, the rich still fleece the poor and preserve the old colonial de- pendence. Meanwhile, the condition of the poorer lands grows steadily more precarious under the double pressure of rapid popu- lation growth and slow growth in everything else. The causes of the appalling mess are many. In part, those who believed that it was capi- tal that was a scarce factor of development tended to divert attention from 'the deep-seated problems of the need for major, structural changes. Adding sav- ings to a country not attempt- ing to adapt its society to its own pattern and habits of growth and change, only post- pones the moment of truth by temporarily staying off disas- ter. A country should not even try to supplement its own re- sources until it is making adequate use of what it has. The villains ot the situation are many. Among them are the developed countries who main- tain national barriers to com- modity imports. These barriers deny the underdeveloped coun- tries the markets and the ex- port earnings they need. The developed countries do this partly for short-term bal- ance of payment reasons, but chiefly in order to appease domestic political pressure groups. The common agricul- tural policy of the European Economic Community is prob- ably the most striking exam- ple which hurts not only the underdeveloped countries but also efficient agricultural pro- ducers such as Canada. How- ever, almost all developed countries insist in one way or another in protecting ineffi- cient, high-cok domestic pro- ducers from the effects of world competition. So long as this goes on there appears to be little of sub- stance that can be done direct- ly and permanently to enhance the earning power of primary producers and so to help diversi- fy the production and develop- ment towards a better balance and more prosperous economy. The developed countries pro- vide a strange contrast: they deny the und'i-developed coun- tries the privilege of world- 'Ever notice the sort of weather they pick to call for an increase in the price of natural gas Letters Chancellor defends V of L I feel it necessary to express my concern at the tenor of the recent articles and editorials in The Herald regarding the University of Lethbridge. The inference that the Leth- bridge Community College and the University of Lethbndge are parallel institutions of edu- cation, competing for the same body of students is quite wrong. Each is a complemen- tary part of a total post-sec- ondary system with unique goals and purposes. Indsed, suggesting such an aspect of competing for students is an- alogous to two dogs fighting for a bone. I believe that students, in the main, are sophisticated, knowledgeable and cognizant of the direction of their fu- tures. I find it deplorable that they are being made pawns in political game. It is true that the drop in student enrolment has present- ed the university with a se- rious problem. And the impact on small universities is much greater than on largs institu- tions This shortfall in student enrolment is not a purely local phenomenon for which purely local remedies can be applied. Indeed, it is not only a national but an international problem. The reasons for declining en- rolments cannot be easily pin- pointed nor are the solu'ons readily available, even through the resources of governments and large universities. When the department of ad- vanced education first proposed the bursary program, we at the University of Lethbridge point- ed out the political difficulties which might be involved. It is to the credit of the Honorable J. L. Foster, minister of ad- vanced education, that he in- dicated the government was quite prepared to adopt a po- litically unpopular course if it was in the interests of the Uni versity of The premise upon which these bur- saries ware established was that there just might be dents in the rural areas of the province with' marginal financ- ing resources, to whom might be the difference be- tween attending or not attend- ing university. Only time will tell how successful this bur- sary program might be, but T would venture to that the effect on the Community Col- lege system Will be minimal. The other area which ap- pears to have sparked public comment is the request of the University of Lethbridge for a multi-purpose theatre. The in- erence is that the university, through its board of gover- nors, acted irresponsibly by re- questing this facility, when the Yates Centre and other com- mercial city theatres are avail- able. The controversy shows little understanding of the us- age patterns of the Yates Cen- tre or the needs of the drama department (and other depart- ments) of the University, all of which has been thoroughly re- searched. Within the local scene, I can only express regret at this un- seemly haste to rush to the me- dia with statements, allegations and inferences. I would hope that the University of Leth- bridge will not engage in such a fruitless debate. In such a contest there are no winners. The losers are the public and the students who begin to ques- tion the credibility of post-sec- ondary institutions. My interest in the University of Lethbridge, is a very real one, having had two daughters who attended the university and another who intends to en- rol in the fall. I have complete confidence in the administra- tion and tha faculty of this university and in the quality of its education. I find it disturbing that, when the government appears to be taking positive steps to ensure the survival of this university, seem all too ready, at a lo- cal level, to imply that it is a second-rate institution, poorly administered and lacking In public support. I am confident the Univer- sity of Lethbridge will over- come its present crises and, long after its present support- ers and critics have passed on, will remain as a mature insti- tution serving the public of South Alberta well. J. OSHIRO, M.D. CHANCELLOR, U OF L free trade in primary products, while they themselves for their own primary export! (manufactures) rapidly ex- panding and nearly free world trade. Then they say that "development add" is not work- ing, they cut back on the aid programs. There is hope, however. TlM world food situation in tfae words of the director general of the Food and Agricultural Organization, is now in a stage of "transition and hope." Food production is rising sharply in part because farmers in the developing countries are be- ginning to do the right things. High yield varieties of wheat and rice are being more wide- ly used. And this trend is cota- ciding with skyrocketing con- sumption of fertilizer, more ir- rigation, better knowledge of good farming techniques, in other words, a blossoming into an agricultural revolution. This is particularly encourag- ing as in the long run, better agriculture and industrial in- vestment have to go together. As developing countries im- prove their farming and, con- sequently need fewer people to produce the same amount of food, a rising proportion of the population will find employ- ment elsewhere, largely in in- dustry. It must be admitted, however, that the agricultural revolution is not a success, but merely on the right track. The kinds of aid that should be forthcoming need not in- volve the huge sums provided previously. New assistance pro- grams should include diversifi- cation projects, schemes to in- crease competitiveness and the management and financing of commodity supplies under long-term arrangements and re- search projects in high-yielding crops. Foreign aid is not a requisite for the economic development of backward areas. The wealthy nations of the world today were once poor themselves. Foreign aid has been premised on the assumption that the gap be- tween the rich nations and the poor ones is widening when ac- tually, per capita income of the Third World is increasing more rapidly than in North America. However, there is a wonder- ful streak of humanitarianism in the Free World which would like to expedite the process of helping those who are less well- off. Canada, which devotes a large share of its gross nation- al product to foreign aid, should re-consider its own program. The ideals are commendable, but it must be determined if the programs, totalling now about million annually, are not counter-productive. The U.S. originally offered "Point 4" program, i.e. techni- cal assistance. Smaller coun- tries such as Israel have pro- duced miraculous results with limited funds. Perhaps a new Canadian foreign aid program will confirm that paradoxical ideal of "more for less." Against wheat board The three wheat pools, the Federation of Agriculture, the" Fanners Union and probably even the U.G.G. are constantly pressing governments for long term sales of our farm prod- ucts at set prices. This leaves the setting of prices to the ten- dor mercy cf politicians and civil servants, and though we agree with their good intentions it is not humanly possible for 'Crazy Capers' INI 4ND REVENUE COLLECTOR Of TJXti I alw.ivs people into two losers and bad losers. them to judge long term trends in the market place. For example, at present world prices we farmers stand to lose at least on every bushel of wheat we sell to the Wheat Board and probably 50 cents or more on every bushel of barley In contrast, rapeseed, flax and rye have doubled in price on the free market in one year. This causes frustration to the super-planners. They can hardly wait to take over mar- keting of these products so there will be no nasty compari- son their prices and those of the free market. My letter is not especially aimed at Otto Lang or Mr. Whelan or the Liberal party. I am quite certain that the same thing would occur under Mr. Stanfield or Mr. Lewis. As long as our Farm-Co-Op Farm- er's Union leaders keep up the pressure for a planned economy and compulsory marketing boards, practical politicians are only too glad to let them have their way. I am very much afraid the pressure of this propaganda will result in producers voting to allow the Wheat Board to add their magic touch to the rapeseed and flax market this fall. If farmers vote for this, (hey have no one to blame but themselves. Milk River HAROLD HIERATH by NEA, I the price of gold hitting over an OUKC, you're worth a The Lethbridge Herald SM 7th St. S., Lettondge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Mart Man Raghtrattai No. 001} Tha Canadian Prist and Canadian Dally Nmnpapar Awoelatkm and fht Audit Burtau or ClrcvUftow CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and THOMAS H. ADAMS, GMWral Managtr DON PU.LIN6 WILLIAM HAY ing Editor Editor _ OOUOLM K WALKIR N0 MWMflVr rtffto HHtAiO WVB TNE SOUTH' ;