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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 22 'HE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, June 30, 1973 Canada to be one of the gang TORONTO (CP) The United States ambassador to Canada, Adolph Schmidt, said Wednesday the U.S. govern- ment is becoming more inclined to consider Canadian relations in a multinational context in- stead of as a special relation- ship. He said, however, he could still foresee the possibility of bi- lateral agreements on trade similar to the U.S.-Canada auto pact. Mr. Schmidt was talking in an interview after speaking to a meeting of the Canadian Impor- ters Association. In his speech, Mr. Schmidt said that one of the main tasks for both countries is to improve their abilities to compete in in- ternational markets. "We both have much to gain from the liberalization of trade and dismantlement of non-tariff barriers, of which many are hangovers from the days of the dollar pan (when there was a difference of close to 10 per cent in the values of the Cana- dian and U.S. GATT TALKS PLANNED A round of negotiations under the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT) is scheduled to begin later this year. Mr. Schmidt said the U.S. and Canada "have the opportunity, at the multilateral negotiating table to work for international accommodations that can stim- ulate market forces and help solve cur domestic and bilateral problems. This is our common interest lies, and I am confident we shall have the sense and also the skill to j achieve it." I He told the importers that the U.S. is anxious to have Cana- dians buy and seemed to be of- fering an assurance that new restrictions on selling to the U.S. are not likely. He said he had a report recently that Dale Thomson, di- rector of the Canadian Centre at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, has told a seminar that U.S.- Canada relations "have never been worse." "My own view is that matters are much better than Prof. Thomson's reportedly bleak Mr. Schmidt said. SEES IMPROVEMENT He said problems seems to have diminished "to the point where they are termed "irri- tants." "We read and hear a great deal about the alleged vulnera- bility of Canada's export mar- ket "in the U.S., where protec- tionism is said to be rampant." Mr. Schmidt cited figures on direct and indirect investment between the two countries and the volume of travel across the border. With such a multiplicity of goods and people crossing this common border every wonder to him was, he said, that there were not many times the prob- lems that actually surfaced. One of the problems between the two countries has been that they were using different sets of statistics to analyse trade. This iasue surfaced when Prime Min- ister Trudeau visited Washing- ton in December, 1971, and John Connolly, then U.S. treas- ury secretary, and Edgar Ben- son, then finance minister, held trade talks. "Upon our return, we decided this nonsense could no longer continue, and I am happy to re- port that afier a year of hard work the bilateral trade statis- tics for 1970 have been recon- ciled. Work is now proceeding on the data for 1971 and 1972 and before the end of the year reconciled data will be avail- able on a current basis. We will then be at a stage where, if we wish to argue with each other about trade, we will at least be able to do so with agreement as to what are the facts." Troops preparing to evict workers Mentally retarded fget raiv deal from justice" REGINA (CP) If you are looking for justice from the po- lice and the courts, it's better to be insane than mentally re- tarded, a legal expert from To- ronto suggested Thursday. The mentally retarded are discriminated against every- where in the criminal justice system, while the insaue gener- a'lly receive sympathetic and competent treatment, said Colin Campbell of York University. For example, a mentally re- tarded person is often not iden- tified as retarded when ar- rested. Even if he was identified, it might make little difference, the justice system basic- ally recognizes only two cate- sane and the insane, Mr. Campbell told the Canadian Congress of Criminology and Corrections. When questioned by police, the mentally retarded often be- come confused, said Mr. Camp- tell, who conducted research for the criminal law reform commissicn. This confusion was often mistaken for an unwilling- ness to tell the truth. The person could easily be in- duced to testify untruthfully in an effort to please anyone in a position of authority. OFTEN JAILED "A mentally retarded of- fender may have grown accus- tomed to allowing his peers, particularly when at the age of a juvenile offender, to blame him so they do not become angry and reject Mm." The result is the mentally re- tarded offender is often sent to jail just as if his responsibility for the crime was the same as other prisoners, Mr. Campbell said. But even if the person is iden- tified as mentally-retarded, he still receives discrimination in the justice system. Bus scuffle ends in hijack, death MONTEVIDEO (Reuter) Troops in this Uruguayan capi- tal prepared today to forcibly evict thousands of workers from factories and offices occupied in protest against a military- backed coup. "We are going to re-establish public services and supplies at whatever the President Juan Bordaberry's new regime threatened as it ordered work- ers to move out by morning. The "broad front" left wing coalition opposition, however, called on party militants Friday night to fight against the new Indian minister to stay OTTAWA (CP) Indian Af- fairsr Minister Jean Chretien told the Commons Friday he has no intention of firing his as- sistant deputy minister, John Ciaccia, as recommended by the National Indian Broth- erhood. Mr. Ciaccia is a former Mon- treal lawyer who entered the public service two years ago. He aroused the brotherhood's ire when he said that "power- hungry Indian politicians" are trying -to sabotage" a depart- ment program aimed at helping ment program aimed at helping young people on reserves. The deputy said the same was true of "idiots in the Indian af- fairs department who hate In- dians." In the Commons, Mr. Chre- tien told Flora MacDonald and the Islands) that the job of being assistant deputy minister of Indian af- fairs is tough. He is lucky to have a man as good as Mr. Ciaccia, he said. In a press release, the Na- tional Indian Brotherhood said the youth program has been de- vised in Ottawa without Indian consultation. Furthermore, said the broth- erhood, Mr. Ciaccia and his de- partment refused to give details of the program. The only persons capable of solving problems of Indians are Indians and they no longer would accept solutions dictated by Ottawa. At a brotherhood meeting here last week the Indian lead- ers adopted a motion asking that Mr. Ciaccia "immediately tender his resignation." regime, which closed the parlia- ment Wednesday. The communist-led National Workers Federation (CNT) de- clared an indefinite strike hours after troups marched into con- gress here. Public services were paralysed and essential supplies were running out. Students also occupied univer- sities in protest against the coup, and they too faced evic- tion today. GAS RUNNING OtT With the country's only oil re- finery in the hands of militant workers, gas pumps are almost j dry and the army has in- j structed its tanks and cars to remain stationary at key posts in the capital to conserve fuel. j Power cuts appeared immi- nent today as electricity pro- duction dropped, and food stocks were reported dan- gerously low. Public transport was at a standstill, and newspapers- hampered by stiff censorship- have decided to cease publica- tion. The government has warned it will draft public service workers into the army and they will face court martials if they refuse to work. Other workers and students still holding out against the gov- ernment order will face punish- ment, the interior ministry said. Apart from demanding wage increases of between 65 and 80 per cent, the strikers and stu- dents have also called for full guarantees of constitutional and political rights. Bordaberry has suspended most of these rights. FRESNO, Calif. (AP) "I thought he was a psych patient." a hospital therapist says of the man he captured after a scuffle on a Greyhound bus lead to the death of one passenger and the hijack of the vehicle. Dead is Calvin Wilson. 22. of Fresno, who killed by fist blows to the throat, police Lt. Stan Barnes said. Barnes said Johnny Smith, 18, nf Los Angeles, was booked for investigation of murder and kid- napping. Barnes gave these details of the incident on Friday after the bus left Oakland on a run to Los Angeles: I After Wilson was hit in the i throat, his assailant got a piece i of glass from the rear view mirror of the bus and ordered driver Ronald Miller of nearby Sanger to drive about 20 miles to Valley Medical Centre here so Wilson could be treated. At one point, the man ordered the 16 passengers to stand and repeat after Mm three times, "I am not insane. I am thirsty." NOTHING STOLEN He looked through several purses but did not steal any- thing. At the hospital, the man or- dered everyone off the bus, held a piece of the broken mirror at the throat of passenger Marga- ret Harris of Vallejo and rushed inside the hospital with her. The man took his hostage to the fifth floor. When he dropped the mirror while getting a drink of water, Mrs. Harris fled. A security guard spotted the assailant entering a utility room. Rodger Peck, 27. a hospital therapist, said he took hand- cuffs from the guard, went into the room and saw Smith big glass gallon jugs on the floor. took one of the bottles away from him, backed him into a corner and handcuffed him." "I didn't know the guy had killed anybody. Ten to one I wouldn't have walked in there. I thought he was a psych patient." Barnes said Wilson had been sleeping across from Smith en the bus but there was no appar- ent link between the two men. "At present, a finding of in- competency either because the accused is not fit to stand trial or because he is not re- sponsible, effectively operates as a sentence of lifetime in- carceration." The mentally retarded offend- ers, however, deserve special consideration under the law, Mr. Campbell said. in addition, whenever possible, the criminal law of Canada should attempt to deal with an offender as an individ- ual rather than as a member of a group who commits a certain offence." Since most mentally retarded offenders fall between the legal definitions of sane and insane, new ways of dealing with them are essential, he said. DETERMINE AGE One alternative was to deter- mine the mental age of the ac- cused. He would then be dealt with as under the present system in which a child of less than age seven cannot be convicted of an offence. Those between seven and> 14 cannot be convicted of an of- fence unless the child was proven capable of knowing the nature and consequences of his conduct and appreciating that it was wrong. A second alternative was to determine the accused's "de- gree of criminal responsibility" which "may be diminished by circumstances over which he has no control or in the pres- ence of a mental abnormality." The last alternative to crimi- nal responsibility and perhaps the most attractive, advocates the separation of the fact-find- ing process from the question of the mental ability nscessary to commit such an offence." If the accused is found not to have committed the offence, he is released. If he is found to have com- mitted the offence, the question of responsibility and recommen- dations for sentencing and treatment could be determined by experts. U.S bank borrowing rate hiked WASHINGTON (AP) The United States federal reserve board has raised the discount rate it charges member banks for borrowing to a record-high .seven per cent in an inflation- fighting move that may push up interest rates across the U.S. The board also decided Fri- day to raise the reserve re- quirements of its member banks, meaning that banks that belong to the Federal Reserve System will have to keep on hand more cash in relation to their deposits. The board said in taking the action that it was trying "to re- strain continuing excessive ex- pansion in money and credit." Hamilton advises govt's to ignore economists Who won where in Manitoba election? Following is the Canadian Press list of members ejected in Manitoba, majorities being approximate in many cases, with party gain shown cases, seat unchanged of last Watt (PC) 250. Gra- ham (PC) 146. Brandon Evans (NDP) Brandon McGill (PC) Churchill-Les Osland (NDP) 518, gain from Ind. Burtniak (NDP) 771. Derewian- chuk (NDP) 434, gain from PC. Flin Barrow (NDP) G i m 1 John Gottfried (NDP) 30. Ferguson (PC) Lac du Uskiw (NDP) 3.345. Enns (PC) La Banman (PC) 506, gain from Lib. Blake (PC) Jorgenson (PC) Henderson (PC) Port-age la Johnston (L) 32. Brown (PC) gain from SC. R o b 1 i McKenzie (PC) 576. Rock Einarson (PC) Bos- trom (NDP) 728. St. Uruski (NDP) S t e Adam (NDP) 868. Pawley (NDP) McKellar (PC) Toupin (NDP) 343. Swan Bilton (PC) 702. The McBryde (NDP) Dillen (NDP) 255. McGregor (PC) WINNIPEG Patrick (L) 811. Hanuschak (NDP) Moug (PC) Pat- terson (NDP) 57. Doern (NDP) Fort Sherman (PC) 515. Fort Axworthy (L) 520, gain from PC. I n k s t e Green (NDP) Fox (NDP) L o g a Jenkins (NDP) 0 s b o r Turnbul (NDP) 571. Point Mali- nowski (NDP) Shafransky (NDP) 645. Riel-xDonald Craik (PC) River Spi- vak (PC) Pattern 7208 Schreyei (NDP) 568. St. Marrion (L) 18, defeated Tourism Minis- ter Larry Desjardins, elected ai a Liberal in 1969- St. Minairei (PC) 391, gain from NDP. De feated Attorney-General A. H Mqckling. (St. Cherniak (NDP) St. Jotoann- son (NDP) S t. Walding (NDP) 99. Seven Miller (NDP) Sturgeon Frank Johnston (PC) Pavuley (NDP) Petursson (NDP) Winnipeg Boyce (NDP) Asper (L) 34. Pattern Asthma more complex disease WASHINGTON (CP) A for- mer Canadian agriculture min- ister has advised Western gov- ernments to ignore the advice of their economists and con- centrate on producing as much food as possible to meet "des- perate" shortages in the next 30 years. Alvin Hamilton, Progressive Conservative member cf Parlia- ment for Qu'Appelle-Mpose Mountain and agriculture minis- ter in 1960-63, said the advice of economists "has been wrong." ''As always happens every decade, the world is desperately short of food and fibre today and millions of people are ei- ther starving or on the verge of he said in an inter- view. "It is a result of the fail- ure of Western agricultural pol- icy, guided by economists who only have past experience to go on." ____ Hamilton was expanding on comments he made earlier to an international conference sponsored by Georgetown Uni- versity's Centre for Strategic and International Studies. He told the conference that while world food production is growing at the rate of only 2.7 per cent a year based on econo- mists' advice about market po- tential, nutritionists and ethers see demand rising at a rate of 3.9 per cent a year until the end of this century. "We cannot close the he said. "The gap is widening.'' He urged that Western gov- ernments change direction, boosting production as much as possible despite the possibility of occasional surpluses. "It is time we get off the backs of the farmers to hold down production and put all in- centives possible into their hands to increase production. There is no end to the market for foods and fibres." To distribute additional agri- cultural produce to those who need it, Hamilton called for a return of international com- modity agreements, the encour- agement of international trad- ingn companies and the estab- lishment of national buying and selling companies for agricul- tural commodities. The international companies, of which he said Japan has suc- cessful examples, would help needy countries market their own products and earn money to buy more food and fibre. National companies would help each country obtain the best deal on imported products while encouraging domestic in- dustry to produce for the world market. Board rules in favor of firemen EDMONTON (CP) The re- duction of the city of Red Deer's fire department by eight men has been reversed by a three-man provincial arbitra- tion board. In an award signed this week, the board said the reduc- tion from 40 to 32 firemen vio- lated the existing contract be- tween the two parties. The city had reduced each platoon from 10 to eight men because it said a contract, arrived at through compulsory arbitration in Sep- tember, 1972. gave wage in- creases above a six-per-cent guideline set by city council. The arbitration board head- ed by K. A. Pugh, former dep- uty labor minister, said the re- duction resulted in a change of working conditions. Statements presented by the city and the International As- sociation of Firefighters agreed the reduction in the four pla- toons resulted in increased in- dividual work leads. The September contract, awarded by an earlier three- man arbitration bogrd, gave firemen a salary cf a month retroactive to Jan. 1, 1972, a month Jan 1, 19-73, and ?920 Jan. 1, 1974, increas- ing to a month in the last six months of the three-year contract. The award of Dr. Pugh's Board did not spell out wheth- er the dismissed men would be rehired, only that the depart- ment should have 40 men. Barry Chivers, an Edmonton lawyer who represented the Red Deer firefighters, said the men "feel confident the city will act in good faith and re- hire the individuals laid off." Under the terms of the award, the two parties can re- turn to the board if a satisfac- tory agreement to the rehiring policy is not settled within 14 days. CALGARY (CP) Asthma, which affects about 2.5 per cent of the population or Ca- nadians, is turning out to be a much more complex disease than researchers thought a few years ago. "Fortunately, not many people die of said Dr. J. C. Hogg of Montreal, chair- man of the special Canadian Thoracic Society discussions on asthma research during this week's meeting of the Canadian Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease Association. However, Dr. Bram Rose of Montreal stressed that further I asthma research is needed be- cause the disease causes a great deal of suffering and keeps many people ill for long periods. It probably is one of the most frequent causes of time loss from school for many children, he said in an interview Wednes- day. Asthma, frequently referred to as an allergic disease, really represents a change in the way the body reacts to substances which most others find per- fectly normal, Dr. Rose ex- plained. The body reacts violently to these substances, such as pollen from flowers, dust and some foods, and there are a variety ot symptoms, such as sneezing, vheezing, choking, runny nose and eyes, difficulty in breathing and even hives and skin rashes. "From a research point of view, the is much more complicated than we added Dr. William Gold of the Cardiovascular Institute of San Francisco. Dr. Gold said research now is going on in many areas, for ex- ample into the effects of hered- ity, reactions of body cells, nor- mal and abnormal response mechanisms, effects of the ner- vous system in blocking or pre- venting asthma attacks, vari- ations in secretions and on the allergic substances themselves. Through consideration of all these aspects, new treatment approaches and new ideas for research are developed. At general sessions Tuesday, delegates approved a resolution calling for stronger enforce- ment of present legislation for- bidding sale of cigarettes to mi- nors. "The Tobacco Restraints Act is being violated by manufac- turers as well as by retail stores throughout the country at the expense of children of all ages who are becoming ad- dicted to tobacco long before they have had the opportunity of attaining the age when they can make (rational) decisions." The resolution also called for reintroduction of a bill by the federal health minister banning all advertising of tobacco. Another resolution called for co-ordination by the federal government of regulations con- cerning safety measures in the extraction and use of asbestos which can cause a lung disease. The resolution also called for uniform laws on providing workmen's compensation to vic- tims of the disease. About 450 doctors, nurses and volunteer workers attended the three-day meeting. COURSES OFFERED BANFF, Alta. Banff Centre will offer five courses in its new cultural re- source management program this summer. They are festival management, commercial art gallery management, museum management, performing arts management and cultural re- sources marketing. Look smart, feal comfortable in this versatile jacket. An outstanding, new jacket is just what you need for your travels! Crochet this pine- apple beauty of 3-ply fingering yarn. Pat. 7208: sizes misses- 12-18; women 40-46 included. SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS for each pattern cash, cheque or money order. Add 15 cents for each pattern for first-class mailing and special handling Alice Brooks, care of Print plainly PATTERN NUMBER, NAME, ADDRESS. Totally New 1973 Ncfedlecraft Catalogue crammed with knit, crochet styles, crafts. 150 designs. FREE directions. 75 cents. THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 60 Progress Ave. Scarborough, Ont. MIT 4P7 Add sunshine to busy days with this slimming, zip-front charmer! Among the nice, new details cool, U-shape band neck, triangle pockets. Printed Pattern 4937: Half sizes Size 14% (bust 37) takes 2% yards 39-inch fabric. SEVENTY FIVE CENTS in coins (no stamps, please) for each 15 cents for each pattern for first-class mailing and special handling. Print plainly SIZE, NAME, ADDRESS, STYLE NUMBER. Send order to ANNE ADAMS, care of THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 60 Progress Ave. Scarborough, Ont. MIT 4P7 Print plainly PATTERN NUM- BER, YOUR NAME AND AD- DRESS, and the name of the Lethbridge Herald. DO NOT send it to The Herald a WEEK "THE WOODBINE" IN BEAUTIFUL PARK MEADOWS A beautiful sq. ft. home featuring 3 bedrooms, large living room, family kitchen, utility room on main floor, bath and a half, shag carpeting, stove and hood fan, plus many other great Engineered features. Total price which includes all legal fees and 3 year fire insurance. Down Payment Visit our Show Home at 2622 13th Ave. N. Open daily 2 to 5 p.m. and 7 to 9 p.m. Phone 327-0944 OR CALL STEVE SHAW 328-9563 ART WILLMS 328-3859 SHORTY HERINGER 328-6506 ;