Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 30, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IE1HBRIDGE HERALD Friday, Juno 30, 1972 Roland Hunt ford Pioneers and guns The bitter battle over gun control now raging ill the U.S. lias brought to light some astounding compara- tive statistics. In Great Britain police- men are unarmed and it is extreme- ly difficult for a private citizen to own a gun. (Nowadays there is strong support in Britain for the outlawing of private ownership of all types o( firearms, including shotguns, which have been responsible for a few mur- ders.) The latest figure show that in 1970, England and Wales wilh a popula- tion of 50 million, had 29 gun homi- cides In New York City alone, popu- lation eight million, 965 deaths have been attributed to the use of fire- arms. Researchers have been plumbing (he American psyche to discover why Americans have become gun loving people, while their British cousins, or most of them, abhor firearms. Psychologists and psychiatrists tend to agree that America's frontier past has a lot to do with the current attitudes of her people in this respect. It was not so long ago that the quick on the draw pioneer defended his home, his land, and the right as lie saw it with a gun. At the time there were not enough police around to enforce the law and the pioneer thought that it was his legitimate right to fill the gap. Tradition, bolstered by romantic movies and TV shows has made him a folk hero, and established the belief that the use of violence by private citizens and by the police for pro- tection is reasonable. Britain has no recent frontier past; nor is it plagued with racial tensions on a comparable basis with those in the U.S. British police officers them- selves oppose any move to arm them. The bobby is a peace keeper, a gen- tler man by inheritance and training than his American counterpart. He insists on remaining that way. Of course the violence of America's past, the fact that it emerged as a nation by warfare's route, does not fully account for the violence of the present, which is a compound of many things. But it might help if Americans debunked some of their folk heroes. The fact that here are 90 million individually owned guns in the United States is a terrifying thought, when coupled with the knowledge that in many cases, the sight of a gun has a similar effect as the sight of a cigarette has on a confirmed smoker the urge to use it. Opening our doors The unfortunate suicide of a woman threatened wilh deportation moved the federal government at last to do something to break the logjam of applications from over people for landed immigrant status. The policy Immigration Minister Mackasey has now launched should clear through half of these on a blitz basis and suspend the rigid qualifi- cations test in favor of "proved ad- justment" to our Canadian life. Along with the easing of regulations is the implication of a temporary forgiveness if some immigrants have, in the two to four years' waiting period broken their own commitment not to take jobs. This of course makes good sense how else could they begin to adjust to Canadian life? Mr. Mackasey's emergency policy unfortunately creates inequities between the rules for those who seek landed status when already in Cana- da and those applying from abroad; and for those who, caught in red tape procedures, are in the long lineup for an appeal board hearing which might not come for years. The board itself can now perhaps move more freely, behind the govern- ment policy by tempering its judg- ments with a more humane attitude towards those driven to distraction by rigid and unrealistic regulations. Weekend Meditation The man inside surgeons work inside said Professor Christian Barnard, "and in- side, all people are the same." Oh, no, they are not, Mr. Doctor. Ev- eryone is different inside and that differ- ence makes personalities of them. Some are brave and some are cowardly. Some are kind and some are cruel. Every man has his own private world. It would astonish you to know the difference in those worlds. Here Is a man who suddenly goes berserk and shoots every other man in an Here is another who makes and plants a bomb. Here is another who hijacks a plane. Here is one who flies to the moon. Here rubbing shoulders with you are people dis- traught and on the verge suicide. The streets are filled with lesbians and lunatics, with heroes and high-minded philosophers and lovers of the human race. One man) is thinking of the beayty of the city's archi- tecture and another is looking for pockets to pick. You don't know what people are like in- side by looking at'lhem. Alice Roosevelt Longworth was once congratulated on her remarkable self-assurance. "How I envy a woman told the famous beauty. "How one fools replied Mrs. Long- worth. She confessed that on state occa- sions when all eyes were on her she was absolutely terrified though she showed no trace of it. So the brave person conceals the inner fear. Charles Connick, creator of famous paint- ed glass windows, was working on "The Love Window" for the chapel at Princeton University when he was visited by a mu- sician from the Boston Symphony Orches- Countryside U.S.A. The Great Falls Tribune bcging considered in Con- gress to rejuvenate rural America, long overdue as they are, pack consider- able promise for Montana. Communities in rural Montana desper- ately need assistance if Uiey are to stop the declining population trend that has wor- ried them for two decades. The proposals before Congress are aim- ed at helping the economic growth of farm communities and creating a more attrac- tive lifestyle that will help lure people away from the crowded cities. Montana and other rural stales will more than welcome any constructive programs that can breathe new life into farm com- mur.ities. It's a national tragedy that action has The world may soon need a walrus steak QSLO Norway wants a conference of circum-Pql- ar Slates lo discuss pollution in Hie Arclic as soon as possible. The oilier countries concerned are the United Stales, Canada, Denmark (by virtue of posses- sing Greenland) and the Soviet Union. There Is reason to be- lieve that the proposal suc- ceed and that the meeting will take place in Oslo before the end of the year. For the matter is urgent. Pollution in the Arctic is par- ticularly undesirable. The rea- son is simple: arctic conditions are severe, and life of most tra. Seeing the sunlight streaming through the 50-foot window the musician exclaimed, "It sings! That window Charles Connick told friends, "That musician and I speak the same language." Bill not every- one speaks that language. Most people never hear the music, never see the beauty. If the inner life were exposed it might result in much disgust. It might also ex- cite much pity and understanding. "Be said a wise man, "Everyone is fight- ing a hard battle." "I'm not afraid of dy- said a lonely old lady, "but I am afraid of living till I die." This notion that all men are the same inside is a Communist idea, a false and horrible idea, which leads to thinking of men in the mass. So Professor P. J. Bow- man, from the Department of Sociology at Gronnigen University, writes of this century under the title, "Devolution of the Lonely: A Mirror of an Epoch." Condemned to live in the mass, men are Increasingly lonely and driven into deeper isolation in their inner lives wliich lack spiritual values. According to the Bible every man is dis- tinct, a personality in liis own right, with a purpose, a plan, and a destiny for Mm alone. The recovery of the sanity and health of mankind depends on this realization and only in the recovery of man can the world escape further dehumanization and barbar- ism. PRAYER: Transform and enlighten- my inner life, 0 God, that so it may be radiant and resolved, a clarified and uni- fied personality. F. S. M. kinds is hard to sustain, so the biological balance Is critical and easier lo upset than else- where. Fish are a good example. The spawning grounds of the cod and the herring lie in the Arctic. And as every North European fisherman knows to liis cost, Hie harvests are shrinking. The sens historical- ly described as "boiling wilh are now only simmering. Reckless and sustained over- fishing is the immediate cause, hut more profound influences may be at work. Cold does not mean sterile: Arctic waters are extraordinar- ily rich In micro-organisms which support a complex chain of marine life, including mig- ratory sea birds and heavy mammals. But cold does mean a difference in chemical processes. To Uke the par- ticular example at present wor- rying scientists, DDT decom- poses in about 15 years in tem- perate waters, but in the Arc- tic it takes much longer. No- body knows how long, and the answer may well be This explains the traces of pDT now found in practic- ally all Arctic (and inci- dentally Antarctic) life thous- ands of miles from the nearest point of contamination. The chemical has travelled with the ocean currents and, once In the cold waters of the Arctic basin, has stayed there. Oil is another cause for con- cern. The Arctic holds some very rich fields and plans are well advanced, notably In the Soviet Union and Norway, for offshore drilling. Oil contamin- ation may soon become a con- siderable risk. As with DDT, it may be far more serious In its consequences than is the case in temperate waters. been delayed so long on programs to pro- tect rural, communities. Many authorities have been contending for years that the greatest domestic problem of the nation is the maldistribution of our population. They think that maldistribution has been respon- sible in large part for the major problems plaguing the country pollution, crime, housing shortages, welfare abuses, discrim- ination and drugs. The bills designed to revitalize rural Am- erica may get a boost this year because both political parties will be trying to woo the votes of citizens in rural states. Tho plight of rural communities Is too great to allow politicians to delay the bills until every possible political advantage is drain- ed away. The bills deserve backing of both parties and the administration. 'And by the rights vested in me by the Canadian Environment Minister, I hereby intend to board and take over Some kind of international management is also required to preserve animal life In the Arctic. The Polar bear, for ex- ample, is in danger of extinc- tion, because of over-hunting. The delicate balance of life in high latitudes may be gauged by the fact that the question of survival of this particular spec- ies depends on a few hundred animals annually. Norwegian authorities on Subject see the Arctic as one of the last great natural reserves of animal protein. They believe that the time may soon come when exploitation may be nec- essary. Indeed, there Is a feri- ing that if the Arctic were properly worked, it could cope on its own with, the expected world population increase up to Ihe end of the century. 1 Cerlain species of fish are as yet unlmrvested. But the most valuable source of food is the walrus. These gargantuan beasts provide between two or three Ions of meat each. They are the only end product of a pcculariarly Arctic ecological chain which includes otherwise unusable shellfish. They breed like flies, their population is immense, and they could prob- ably do with a little thinning. But nobody touches them, be- cause their meat is unaccept- able. It ought not to be diffi- cult to change the situation. Bird life is also of some con- cern in the Norwegian initi- ative. The Arctic bird is, on the whole, a hardy creature. Nan- sen, the Norwegian explorer, gave an account of an appar- ently contented snow sparrow on the pack ice hundreds of miles away from land but it is usually a migratory one. In- ternational cooperation is a necessity for its preservation. Indeed, the Arctic has pro- vided one of the few examples in the world of an effective project of this nature, It is the case of the Barnacle Goose, a rare species with a total popu- Greenland, and spends the win- ter in Canada, and is protected in both places. Too often at- tempts at preserving migra- tory species of birds and ani- mals are vitiated by the neg- lect or obstruction of one coun- try in the chain. The Norwegians, who origin- ally circulated their proposal privately at the recent United Nations Conference on the Hu- man Environment in Stock- holm, are convinced that their project will materialise, and with a minimum of politics. There is something about the Arctic (hat brings put the best in people. Perhaps it is because its rigours make the question ol survival so starkly simple, and politics become a dispos- able luxury. (Wrillcn for The Herald and The Observer in London) Peter Desbarats A journalist's reflections on a northern trip After a 10-day trip through the Yukon and Northwest Terri- tories, a journalist's notebook is filled with odd observations and scraps on conversation which have nothing to do with "signifi- cant" news but which often seem to express, in a kind of journalistic shorthand, the at- mosphere and vitality of the country. Here is my own selec- tion: Somehow I never associated horses with the Yukon but they are everywhere, wandering across landing strips, galloping over the empty beaches of mountain lakes and lounging through the maid streets of small settlements with the pro- prietary arrogance of New York street gangs. An old cowboy in Ross River, about 125 miles northeast of Whitehorse, told me that the horses roam freely during the winter and are rounded up in the spring to pack supplies for sportsmen into Ihe interior of Ihe Yukon. Everywhere you travel in the Canadian North, the Russians have been there before you. In fact, exchange visits in the past year by Soviet politicians, scien- letter to the editor lists and technologists have cre- ated a new method of rating Canadian achievemenls in the North. If a northerner really wants to impress you with a new type of aircraft, portable Arctic housing or muskeg vehi- cle, he looks at you mysteri- ously and whispers, "The Rus- sians were very interested in this." year-round fishing hole in the world. Other traces of human settle- ment in the North are not so productive. On one of the is- lands of the high Arctic, an oil rig has been simply abandoned. It was recently estimated that the cost of removing it will be about You can slill see strange sights in the-Yukon. The strang- est one I saw was at a radar station in the Arctic coast when an elected member of tho Yukon Council left the station, walked on to the ice of the Beaufort Sea, took off all his clothes and posed stark naked for photographs. For years, the power station above Frobisher Bay on Baffin Island has been using water from a nearby lake to cool its generators. As a result, the lake is the only one on the island with abundant marine vegeta- tion, and it never completely freezes over during the Arclic winter. This summer, they aro going to seed the lake with trout lo create the northern-most As I listened to Indians and Eskimos in the North argue for the maintenance of their fish- ing, hunting and trapping econ- omy, I recalled similar conver- sations with farmers on the Prairies and fishermen in the Marilimes. It occurred to me that we must be a very poor country. The only Canadians who really want to keep their current way of life can't afford to, while Canadians in the cities who don't like their way of life can't afford to change. They've had a good mooso season in the Yukon Ihis year. Most of the people call it "Tru- dean beef." one night, pronounced the ver- dict that "the government of the Yukon is a democracy under a dictatorship." People who live at the top of Canada, Indians and Eskimos, often feel that they're at the bottom of the heap. When the Americans lean on the Canadi- ans, the Canadians lean on them, Tho North belongs lo every Canadian hut few people have access to it because of distance and expense. If the federal gov- ernment con subsidize travel by young people every summer, why couldn't it subsidize family travel to the North from distant parts of Canada? I said cautiously, "there's one thing I've learned up here." "What's asked Tom Butters, newspaper editor and territorial councillor at Inuvik. "I've learned that northerners themselves have many different ideas about northern ment." "Who lold you be snapped, Toronto Star Syndicate Looking backward Columnist lauded For some months now I have been enjoying the column in your paper written by Joan Waterficld and I feel it only right that I let you know how much It Is appreciated, not only by myself but by any of my friends with whom I have dis- cussed it. Mrs. Walerfield has a most most pleasing and Interesting way of describing and critically reviewing the entertainment scene, and somehow the reader is 'convinced1. I was particularly impressed and pleased with the way in wliich she discussed, in one col- umn, three upcoming musical events that were to take place the following week, all given by young people, all deserving public supporl, and all compet- ing for essentially the same audience. She not only describ- ed the events and provided the detailed information needed by the public but promoted each one, which can be considered a very worthwhile community service. CATHERINE WEBSTER Lcthbridge. Flying from one gas well lo another in the Arctic Islands, dreaming of fabulous national weallh, I turned to Charles Hetherington, president of Pan- arctic Oils Ltd. of Calgary, and asked, "How much of the United States' current gas con- sumption is met by Canadian He thought for a moment, and said, "About three per cent." "And how much will be prov- ided by I said, "if all these gas wells come in and we build that "About another three per he said. The parliamentary system in the Yukon is new, aggressive and ambitious to wrest power from the bureaucrats in Ottawa. It was aptly described to me by a senior Yukon official who, late Through The Herald 1022 During the visit of Colin G. Grotf, provincial pub- licity commissioner, lo southern Alberta this week, moving pic- tures of the operations on the Lethbridge Northern of the Ex- perimental Farm and of the city were "shot." 1332 Boy Scout Troop No. I of the LDS church, Leth- bridge, was awarded fourth place in the recent Dominion First Aid tests. 1012 Officials of the War- time Prices and Trade Board today called on residents of Lethbridge to co-operate with them in the collection of sugar rationing application forms Wednesday and Thursday eve- nings. They request that ar- rangements be made lo have a responsible person at home in each household from 6 to 8 each evening. 1932 The man who won honors in the first Cal g a r y Stampede, Ed Echols, will be the official representative of the Tucson Rodeo, at the Cal- gary Stampede. 1902 One of the most vio- lent electrical storms in recent years hit Lethbridge and dis- trict Thursday evening dumping all out three-tenths of an inch of rain on the city in a few brief moments, burning out trans- formers and blacking out scat- tered areas. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S.t Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD 10. LTD., Proprietors and Piiblisberi Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 001? Member of The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Newipaptf Publishers' Assoclatfon and tJie Audit Bureau of Circulalloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genera r Manager DON PILLING WILLrAW HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F WILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Manager tdltorls) Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"