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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 30, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tucjtlt'y, June 30, 1970 Richard Purser Breaking Quebec's Terrorist Network Out As Promised All U.S. troops have buen with- drawn from Cambodia before the end of June as promised by President Richard Nixon at the time he an- nounced the invasion of that country. This makes the President look good in view of the fact that it was widely feared the U.S. forces would get en- tangled in a prolonged action there. Some critics of the move into Cam- bodia remain unconvinced that the action was justified. They argue that evidence is lacking for the con- tention that the North Vietnamese were preparing for a massive -assault on South Vietnam from the sanctu- aries in Cambodia. Indications are that the North Vietnamese strategy was _ and remains that of guer- rilla action rather than massive at- tack Columnist Joseph Kraft has sug- gested that President Nixon used the argument of wiping out the Com- munist sanctuaries to protect Ameri- can troop withdrawals as a means of conning those who are doubtful about the Vietnam war. By describ- ing the Cambodian venture as a purely defensive measure he hoped to deflect criticism. Appealing to con- cern for the safety of American troops he thought would do the trick. The widespread criticism which met the announcement of entry into Cam- bodia must have surprised Mr. Nixon. Apparently the critics of the war are not easily conned. Mr. Kraft goes further in his sug- gestion about motives and proposes that Mr. Nixon is stalling on the larger promise of troop withdrawals from Vietnam. He says that Ameri- can troops are not being withdrawn "as rapidly as battlefield conditions will safely permit, but as slowly as domestic constraints will allow." This would imply that Mr. Nixon is not working for disengagement but for a win. It is to be hoped that such sus- picions are wrong. The result of such scheming would be the prolongation of the American presence in Vietnam witli further disintegration in the United States. Mr. Nixon could dispel such suspicion by accelerating troop withdrawals and if the Cambodian venture has been as successful as asserted that action should be pos- sible. The promise of being out of Cam- bodia by the end of June has been fulfilled; the larger promise of withdrawing from Vietnam awaits realization. lyiONTREAL Overjoyed law enforcement officials here believe that the re- cent wave of arrests they are on the verge of breaking the terrorist network in Quebec as it is at present constituted. This network is believed to consist of two distinct cells of the Front de Liberation Que- becois, or as police prefer to call it. The old FLQ, responsible for earlier waves of bombings, has long been scattered, but it has left its initials to be picked up by those responsible for the dozen bomb explosions and seven additional bomb attempts here during the last two o the seven failures included four of the most powerful bombs ever dismantled by police in North America plus several ancillary dynamite Ihcfts and a wave of armed robberies which financed the terrorism and the lives of the terrorists. Even if the new arrests of six suspects probably through, a tip under Justice Minister Je- rome Choquette's re- ward offer lead lo the end of the present "FLQ" and a lull in bombings police believe vig- ilance can never be lowered. Given a period of time, anoth- er group of frustrated individ- uals will find each oilier, be- come mutually entranced by such underground manuals as "'file Urban Guerilla" (display- ed on Mr. Choquette's desk at a press conference he lick! to explain developments in the and adopt a cause as an excuse to exercise their violent inclinations. In Quebec, t h e "cause" is revolutionary inde- pendence, but that is regarded as psychologically incidental. Since the fight against this type of violence appears likely to be a continuing one in mod- ern urban society, here and elsewhere, much Stress is be- ing placed by the new Quebec government on tighter controls of sale, storage and use of ex- plosives and related materials. Legislation is expected. Meamvlu'le, officials are cock-a-hoop about their latest successes. The assumed "tip" was followed by neat police work at all three levels, which resulted in the half dozen sus- pects so far detained at the time of writing in being caught with devastating quantities of evidence. This included such choice tidbits as a ledger list- ing the distribution among cell members of Uie take from a particularly sensational armed robbery one which included two nearby explosions set off as diversions for the police. The six arrested were aged from 21 to 30, mostly unem- Purpose In Governing The CBC's celebrated satirist, Max- Ferguson, recently called it quits on his program in which he took a light- hearted view of the news. On his final show he did a skit in which he had Prime Minister Pierre Tnt- deau calmly claiming kingship. Kingship is scarcely a strong enough concept today to describe what critics claim Mr. Trudeau has developed into as head of the Cana- dian government. They see him as a political boss with dictatorial lean- ings. There are indications that the Prime Minister presides over his cabinet and Government in a very decisive fashion. This may not be al- together a bad thing it could be the essence of good leadership. Much dewnds on how carefully he consid- er the opinions of his associates be- fore taking Ms stand. If Mr. Trudeau can be and he sounds convincing to has no aspirations to be a political boss. Old style political bosses pos- sess an overriding obsession to stay in office and will do almost anything to maintain their position. Mr. Tru- deau says he has no such aspiration. On a television appearance recently he declared that he was not trying to govern in order to be re-elected. His purpose in governing is to achieve the best for Canadians and if the people do not approve they can vote him out of office. Mr. Trudeau's obvious indifference to how his remarks will affect the political fortunes of his party certain- ly lend credence to his disavowal of using liis position to win re-election. Whether or not he succeeds in giving good government at least in con- vincing the electorate that he it can be said that he is one of the most intriguing and refreshing poli- tical figures to appear anywhere in recent times. Sword 'of Damocles ployed but including a CBC girl script assistant. Three of the four men were moustached rather than bearded (the other had which may sig- nify a new revolutionary style. All were brought before a spe- cial fire commissioner's in- quiry set up by Mr. Choquette. The inquiry, into the 12 bomb- ings, is a legal technique whereby the six detainees car: be held indefinitely as mate- rial witnesses and required to testify. "We as Mr. Choquette put it, that these six persons arc in a position to ex- plain how the explosions were caused and tell us who was re- sponsible." No one is actually accused at such an inquiry, but the method was used effective- ly last year to lead to the ar- raignment and eventual life imprisonment of FLQ terrorist Pierre-Paul Geoffrey for 31 bombing incidents. Despite the legal moves against it, the FLQ is not let- ting up on its "public re- lations." Ono Montreal tabloid, with separatist (not terrorist) sympathies, received from an unknown address as usual, an F L Q document proclaiming credit for the June 27 bombing attempt against a suburban post office. But "the FLQ exer- cises its violence only against the enemies of the Quebec peo- the clandestine document assured. (Eric Kierans was specifically referred to, al- though he was not believed to ba anywhere near that particu- lar post office at the time.) In the same envelope, the FLQ thoughtfully enclosed a manifest of its policy of "in- timidation and harrassment" (its own It seeks to counter what it calls the lying and psychological terrorism of businessmen who try to main- tain existing political and so- cial structure by solving ter- ror and the fear of changa among the populace. If a trua workers party were created, the FLQ would no longer need to exist, says die FLQ, which also opposes racism, discrim- ination and segregation, al- though it is known to have no U.S. branch. These documents were mail- ed before the weekend raids and share the same typo- graphy as other alleged FLQ mailings received by the pa- per. (Herald Quebec Bureau) Oxygen Supply Undiminished Gerald Leach Among the terrible threats faced by mankind is that of suffocation due to a diminished supply of oxygen. Warnings have been repeatedly given in recent years that man's polluting habits may destroy the organisms that maintain the balance of oxygen in the atmosphere. A recent study by U.S. government agencies has produced the surprising -information that the amount of oxy- gen in the earth's atmosphere has re- mained essentially constant during the last GO years. This is surprising because the rate of pollution has vastly increased during that period of time. While this news Is bound to be greeted with relief it should not be permitted to lull people into compla- cency. It is still possible that pollu- tion could bring about a catastrophic reduction in the supply of oxygen in the future. Every effort needs to be made to prevent this from happen- ing. When Ice Cream Is Always Too Expensive Third Class Excursion By Joyce Sasse Summer is the time for travel. And if you want to "get near the people" there's no better way to do it than by riding third class on the train on a Sunday evening, when the train is pull- ing out of a resort area. Now mind you, I never planned it this way but things have a way of hap- pening. My travelling companion was one of our newest arrivals. She worked hard all week, and then tried to get to see va- rious parts of the country during the week- end. I was only too ready to go along with her as an interpreter. This particular trip was going to be a snap, thanks to the fact that Mokpo, a city about as far from Seoul as you can get on this tiny peninsula, now had plane service. Such luxury! Such an opportunity for relaxa- tion! You know how nothing works out when you are in desperate need. The plane was scheduled to take off at p.m. We had an hour to get to the airport. We were late. We were left. The only tickets available for Seoul were tliird class on the night train that had the "milk p.m. to a.m. Ten hours of togetherness! You get the picture now. A thousand peo- ple standing at the edge of the platform, waiting for the attendant to open the gate. They all have tickets which allow them to get on one of six cars, but not one has a seal reservation. They are tired and dirty. They've been picnicking since early mor- ning. They want to .sit down as much as the next man. "Ugly American image or not Rita, fol- low through a side gate, out. on to the plat.fornv. ''Xow, when I holler, run. Don't hesitate. Don't get lost." Fifty other people are tent on tire fame seat you are. If you miss it, you'll have to stand for ten hours. The only at the head of the line. The gate creaks open. Run as if the wind were in your heels. The rules of engineering say these seats were made for two, Demand your rights. Spread yourself out. There's more standing Hun there are silting. Alright, we'll make room for one so long as we're at the window, and catch a breath of fresh air. "Wish (hat fellow with the big botlle of wine had found his roost elsewhere. He won't go home with it full." "Oh Lord, you'd never believe it! A whole boys' school has just come out. They'll have lo get on loo." What's another couple of hundred? Maybe someone can sit on the healer ledge that runs between the two seats. "I'll jusl tuck my knees in a little." Another can perch on the arm rest. "You'd better lean against the seat for balance." Don't lift your foot up. You might not find a place to put it down again! "Hope you didn't drink too much it's at the other end of the car, and I just don't think it's possible to squeeze your way through the aisle." For the hour a half of daylight, we watch the scenery. We laugh and that's better than crying. Our scat com- panions give us curious lillle smiles. This is their usual mode of travel. It's no easier for them, but it's all they've got. "Going to Seoul? Yes, we're going to For everyone that gets off, another boards. "Hey, 1 think I slept. It's almost Wonder if we arc on time. How many taxis will be at the slation? Curfew's not. over until four. Only hope some of them are anxious to pick up an early fare. Seoul's industrial suburb a glimpse of the freeway the bridge your luggage. We'll get to (tic door." We've get lo gel one of those taxis. We've got to gel home Had we known lay ahead, would have avoided the much discomfort. Yet. is a nigbl without sleep, compared with the oppor- tunity of .seeing, first. how the ma- jority of the folk in this counl.ry must travel? The goal humor of the country- folk, their ready snide, their concern, even under such pressing conditions, for our comfort. Books cannot, tell you what, il means to live in an overcrowded country. We came lo learn. We must pul aside our fcophisliealion and be taught. ITPHE HAGUE "Look at your British e 1 e c t i o said the black man, "all about the risicg price of ice cream and biscuits. From my country it has seemed like two blind men squabbling over a pair of spectacles while they walk to- wards a precipice." He was from Liberia where wages do not run to biscuits, and we were talking at the mammoth World Food Con- gress here, where they are try- ing to stop the majority of the human race crashing into a holocaust of famine, over- crowding, poverty, unemploy- ment and social violence. Are they going to? The awful truth is that no one here knows. For more than a week, as the grisly statistics were produced, the talk has been full of appal- ling great "ifs." Huge holes in the future have been plastered over with little more than pure faith. As Dr. A. II. Boerma. Direc- tor General of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said in a keynote speech: "The position is criti- cal, but not hopeless." Yet his reason for hope is that man appears lo be developing a new moral sense. Well, maybe. But there has been some encour- aging news and some very tough talk. Even more im- portant, several broad priori- ties and targets for action are becoming clearer. The main one is that the big- gest worry in Ihe future will not be hunger but unemploy- ment. That is Ihe official view of the document, which is the backbone of this 14 day delcgate meeting. Called the Indicative World Plan it has taken six years and million to prepare and is no less than a master strategy for world develop- ment until 1985. It is the most presumpluous plan ever' de- vised, yet if the world fails to meet the staggering targets it has set catastrophe is inevit- able. Few people here seem to doubt this. The core of the plan is as- sessment of food demand by the developing world, where population now seems bound to grow by million to million in 1985. Its conclusion: because incomes are slowly rising so that people will de- mand both more and better food, consumption will have lo rise by a stunning 140 per cent between 19G2 and 1385. If the rich world docs not provide food at high and probably impossible levels, this means that the poor coun- tries will have to increase food production by 4.3 per cent a year from now on. In the last 15 years they have only managed a 2.7 per cent annual rise not quite enough to keep ahead of popu- lalion. As a result, hunger and protein malnutrition have ac- tually been rising. Surprisingly, the IWP and al- most everyone here thinks these huge food rises can be achieved. "We do not face the .slide into widespread famine feared by many agricultural planners and demographers over the past a key Congress paper says. The biggest hopes are being pinned on the green revolution of new high yield strains of Westward Ho, Teachers liy Don draff, MCA Service 'IV- I OH ACE Crecly appar- ently IKI.S found an entire new generation of disciples. The great editor's advice of a century ago to "go West'1 is suddenly being taken by teach- ers who, according to a recent news item, are fleeing the ed- ucational ami environmental crises of the cities for the wide- open spaces of Montana. The underpopulated moun- tain state, long on scenery but short on appeal for the snphi- licatcd. only a few years ago had problems .staffing its schools. Hut to their surprise, superintendent.? currently are besieged by applicants from out-of-stale. The Greal Falls school system, for example, re- ports some I.5QO applications for 125 vacancies. And for the privilege of see- Ing clean cities and clean-look- ing students, the out-of-staters are willing to take, according to one superintendent, "awful salary cuts" up to a year. That in itself might he enough of a shock lo many a financially pressed metropolis to put new life into the envi- ronmental cleanup campaign. wheat and rice. Cereal produc- tion has to be doubled by 1985, and the IWP proposes to do it by putting one third of the world's total cereal area under green revolution varieties. The present figure is 5 per cent. Huge inputs of irrigation, fertilizers, pestic ides, ma- chinery and know-how will be needed: with fertilizers, the IWP target is a 12 fold rise by 1985 to 31 million tons. New strains of rice must be found as disease and processing problems have made this, half of the green revolution fall dis- appointingly flat. Can it be done? It depends who you talk to. An Indian planner confidently beams that they are going to be exporting wheat in 1972 and rice in 1975. Their headache will be lo know who to sell it to. Then a fertilizer man says there is not much hope. "Sure, there'll be increases. But have you ever looked at the Indian transport system, docks, ware- houses. How are they going to get all this stuff around." Over and over again techno- logical breakthroughs ways of preventing waste (20 per cent of the world's cereals and 80 per cent of Latin America's fruit and vegetables are lost between farm and hopes of boosting diets with factory made proteins, and a score of other brave hopes sink into the treacly morass of social system which simply lack the technical and mana- gerial infrastructure essential to carry them through. This is the point that 200 in- ternational youth delegates have been ramming home: the priorities must be land reform, people, education, good lead- ers, hard work, not fertilizers and pesticides. Anil they have had an enormous impact. Most delegates have joirccl their daily hunger strike. Whole sessions have been landed over lo hearing their views, which the young havo used with devastating effect to puncture every hypocrisy in planning aims and jargon such as calling the two worlds the dcvelojxxl and dcvclopir" rather than the "exploiters" and "exploited." What is more, even the old- est hands in the world plan- ning game have been falling over backwards lo listen to them, almost as if lliey knew they were licked and wanted to hand the burden over. Inter- estingly, it is the black and brown young who have been most effective, the whites who have tended to go no further than empty, flamboyant show. But no youthful pepper or brave planning has been able to shift the real shadow that has hung over this meeting: looming, mass unemployment. The figures are terrifying. By 1895, Ihe IWP reckons, about 500 million people will be added to rural areas, where unemployment is ah4 e a d y chronic. Unless they can be "dammed up" there by pro- viding jobs, they will flood to the cities where a further 500 million people are expected to swell the millions who are al- ready workless and doomed lo life in rapidly exploding shanty towns. To avoid this, fantastic agri- cultural and industrial growth rates are crucial lo provide jobs. According lo Dr. Raul Prebisch of Chile, Latin Amer- ica must reach a minimum an- nual growth of 8 per cent by 1980 "and any lower rate will be of disastrous conse- quences." Among other tilings, tliis will mean doubling ex- ports ar.d "deep" changes in economic and social structures that can only be managed by an unheard-of new surge of political will. Some countries may pull through: India, for example, has been clocking up growth rates of 13 per cent recently. But if there is one thing the IWP and this huge world meet- ing has made clear it is that the rich world must trade much more freely, at much fairer prices, with the poor. Yet so far the only firm pro- posal on how to achieve this that has emerged was the re- markable suggestion by Mr. S. L. Mansholt, architect of the European Common Market's agricultural policy, for a world organization with supra na- tional powers lo force the rich countries into line. If we have to rely on their good will and interest, Mr. Mansholt said, wo won't gel far. Which brings us back to that Liberian and tha election. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Definite and final in- structions came from the east early today that William G. McAddo's name was not form- ally to be placed before the Democratic national conven- tion held in San Fransisco. 1930 The plane "city of Chicago" broke the world's en- durance record today after completing its hour in the air. Tiie tiers hope to stay in the air until July 4. 1910 Lady llosley, wife of Sir Oswald Moslcy and great admirer of Adolf Hitler, was arrested in her London home tcday under defence regula- tions. Her husband, leader of the Brilish Fascists, was ar- rested last week. 1950 All parties in the Commons last night advocated better pensions for Canada's aged. It was agreed that all Canadians, regardless of means, should receive month, after the age of 70. 19CO Forty-two members of the Big Bend Hullerile col- ony left southern Alberta yes- terday for Ontario where they will make their new home at Bright. It is believed they left the colony because of religious and other differences. Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Kcconcl Class Mail Recistralion Number 0012 Member The Canadian t'rcsj and llio Canadian Daily Ncwnupw Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H, ADAMS, General Manager JOE BAI.LA WM.UAM HAY Managing I'dilnr Asswi.ile Kditnr HOY I'. MILKS nOIKJLAS K WAI.KHI Aiiwiismc Manager Editorial Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;