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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, June 29, 1973 Wealthy nations wink at warnings Schreyer's victory Most governments, in a parliamen- tary democracy, are defeated some what by accident. When the people want to rebuke the party in power, they are often surprised to find they have elected another party. Most of the major upsets are explained that way. The people of British Columbia did not vote for an NDP govern- ment last year, nor those of Mani- toba four years ago, for instance. In Thursday's Manitoba election they really had their first chance to express an opinion on their NDP government. Forty-three per cent voted for it, up from 38 per cent last time It's strength in the house is up slightly. It has a majority of seats. But this is not an overwhelming vote of confidence. The Conservatives and Liberals between them ran strong anti-NDP campaigns, and won about 56 per cent of the vote. By splitting that vote, they helped elect the NDP. In policy and platform there was little to choose between them. A late at- tempt was made to force their stub- born leaders to work together, but it largely failed. It is not for others to question the wisdom of the Manitoba voters. Enough of them cast a pro-NDP vote to re-elect the government. They spoke, but not as loudly or definitely as they might have. A matter of muscle Readers may recall a recent story about a young Haitian father who eked out a pitfully inadequate in- come by selling his blood to a plasma firm. He sold once too often, and died as a result. The story has a sequel. From Washington comes a report of deadlocked negotiations between the Haitian government and an Amer- ican plasma dealer, the point at issue being Haiti's decision to close down the Haitian end of the firm's busi- ness, which is one collecting blood from the native population, proces- sing it into plasma and selling the plasma, primarily to clients in the Tl.S. The closure undoubtedly was stimulated by the incident referred to above; even the Duvalier dynas- ty that rules Haiti cannot totally ig- nore public opinion. The business firm involved is Hemo-Caribbean Ltd., though it plans "for cosmetic reasons" to change that name to Life Service of Haiti. It is owned and directed by a Miami businessman. By international standards the company is very small, and normal- ly could not expect to get very far with an authoritarian government, even of such a tiny impoverished country as Haiti. But it turns out Hemo-Caribbean can call upon some real muscle, that of the U.S. gov- ernment and the World Bank. There are very few underdevelop- ed countries that do not receive some sort of foreign aid in which Ameri- can dollars figure prominently. Haiti is not one of the exceptions. U.S- leg- islation governing foreign aid includes a provision, usually referred to as the Hickenlooper amendment, that permits and in some cases re- quires the State Department to cut off U.S. aid funds to countries that confiscate American property or that fail to fulfill undertakings made to American firms. Attorneys for Hemo-Caribbean in- tend to invoke that legislation, and State Department officials ruefully admit that there is a good legal case for cutting off further aid, and more- over that a move to suspend World Bank financing to Haiti on the same grounds would very probably suc- ceed. Hemo-Caribbean's business is a pro- fitable one. It has built a plant at Port-au-Prince, and in the past 18 months has sold for approxi- mately S3 million plasma that cost it something less than But it is still a tiny firm, infinitesimal com- pared to the multinational giants. If Hemo Caribbean can realistically threaten.Haiti with cutting off U.S. aid and suspension of World Bank financing, imagine the leverage avail- able to ITT, IBM, Exxon, General Motors, and many others. RUSSELL BAKER An embarrassment of pornography It was not bad taste so much as bad judgment, compounded by grief, that final- ly did in the pornographers. Pornography is always in bad taste, but then so are a great many other things dear to the Ameri- can heart. Las Vegas, the indigenous Amer- ican funeral, double knit suits, the road- side hamburger culture, the U.S. air force are monuments of bad taste, and yet we love some and endure others. Nobody has been beseaching the Su- preme Court for the last 20 years to clean up the funeral scene, shut down Las Vegas, or suppress Mscdonald's hamburger shops. Periodically somebody does go to court against the Air Force but nobody, least of all the courts, ever takes him seriously. A country that can tolerate, say, the bombing of Cambodia without having taste offended, can surely put up with a little pornography, and in fact the courts appar- ently thought so too, when they struck down practically all censorship back in the Eisenhower age. What the country could not tolerate was a flamboyant feast of pornography, such as we ended up with. Genitals are a sub- ject of almost neurotic preoccupation for many, many Americans. It is a rare com- munity that lacks a movement to stop sex education in the schools, and American men are still trained to make childish noises and wink upon seeing pictures of women with ample secondary sex charac- teristics. We are, in short, only a step from the fig leaf. Had the pornographers used good judg- ment, they might have realized that a little pornography was all the pornography Am- ericans were going to tolerate for a while. A discreetly sequestered pornographic district of town, off the main stern, might have worked. It would have operated on the principle of the old red light district or the Cambodian bombing be nasty if you must, but out of the public eye. Instead, the pornographcrs decided to flaunt it. At one time it was almost im- possible to find a movie theatre that was not playing hard-core pornography. Every- body is familiar with the pile of slick- paper nudie magazines on the drugstore counter. Times Square has become a meta- phor for pornographic squalor. (Never mind about the kind of squalor that would have prevailed there without It is the danger of seeing those genitals named or pictured that drives Americans wild with embarrassment when they are out with the family for tiw evening. Ah, if only humans were hatched from hard-shelled eggs, like chickens! Then we could take the wife and kids to Times Square or the drugstore and still feel clean. Anyhow, it was embarrassing, when you had taken your old mother, maybe, to the movies. It is all very well for enlighten- ment's advocates to say that mother ought to come to grips with the facts of life, but why in color, 20 times bigger than life, on the large screen? When mother is nearing 40 and you are 18, it tends to mar the evening, at least for a young man in our culture, if not necessarily for mother. The hard-cors mov- ies, of course, are absolutely non-commimi- cal eii'.erieJimeii'., and they were all right becausa it was universally understood that their would be on a scale suitable only for the most raffish. The trouble was that there was scarcely any film more interesting than the abomin- able Disneys in which one's concentration was net likely to be shattered by the inevit- able superfluous scenes of persons in all to obvious possession of those unmention- able human parts. It is silly, of course, to suggest that the pornographers should have been more dis- creet. Greed was bound to bring Presi- dent Nixon's Supreme Court down on them in the end. They exploited the market for maximum profit in the short run. That much is understandable about them, and even admirable, because greed is not con- sidered bad taste, but sound economic prac- tice, lying as it does at the very heart of the capitalistic way of life. The pornography will not be much missed. Those who want it will continue to be able to. obtain it at the usual ex- tortionate prices which the law insists we pay criminals for self-indulgence in petty vices. It is possible that serious writing r- film, on the other hand, will suffer the Supreme Court's invitation -for Jc district attorneys to aggrandize themsci by selling up as prelectors of tho publi morals. On the other hand, there is so: evidence that the hostility of reactions and repressive governments may high art, as the Soviet state tyranny has re- cently produced a few superb Russian nov- els. This may be because survival of the human spirit is a better theme than the mechanics of procreation. Prince Hamlet, that subtle Danish politician, would be quite at home among the prac- titioners of his craft today. What could better describe the current human situation than his remark to the qeeen, his mother: "For in the fatness of these pursy times virture itself of vice must pardon Our times are fatter, and more pursy, than Hamlet's but the same pardon is begged at Watergate and elsewhere as at Elsinore long ago. Whether vir- tue or vice would triumph in the end Hamlet did not live long enough to learn. Nor shall we. Again, how accurately he foresaw our contemporary state in his dictum that "when sor- By Bruce Hutchison, Herald Special commentator rows come, they come not sin- gross national product and the Unfortunately, Hamlet didn't gle spies but in battalions." Some single spies have ap- peared in the latest headlines but the energy and currency crises, for instance, and the general spirit of suave qui peut and dog-eat-dog among the na- tions these things warn us of the battalions to follow later. In Canadian politics, how- ever, there are no Hamlets to tell us the full truth- in time to get ready for the battalions. A Polonius like John piefenbaker may appear occasionally and mumble some virtuous solilo- quy, while extracting his dag- ger from the vitals of the Con- servative party. Some comic grave diggers are at work and Yorick's skull grins behind the price index. But no Hamlet. Perhaps his absence doesn't matter. No one would listen to him anyway. In these fat and pursy times it is worse than useless to state the plain facts of national and interna- tional life. It is bad form, as the Club of Rome found when it stated them. At once the comic grave diggers of society drop- ped their shovels to declare that all such notions were absurd and the authors of them mad. As the original grave diggers in Shakespeare's play observ- ed, Hamlet was also mad and should be sent to England where his madness would not be noticed because "there the men are as mad as he." reach England and never read the London Economist which has lately diagnosed the mad- ness of the Rome Club with clinical precision. Everyone is mad, in fact, ex- cept the grave diggers who just keep digging. And while they dig graves for unknown future occupants some mad spectators may have sufficient wits left to consider a few fascinating ex- hibits of sanity in high places. Only a year ago, or less, the Canadian government was de- manding the right to sell more oil in the American market and President Nixon was equally de- termined to keep it out. Now know what you're upset about If the government cuts your taxes, will it have enough money for Opportunities for Youth and LIP grants." Europe may curb American companies BRUSSELS In a shuffling, sideways movement, the Euro- pean Commission is moving to- wards establishing a policy on multinational companies. What the final shape of this nolicy will be or even when X will appear no one yet knows. There is a vague commit- ment in the European Eco- nomic Community's industrial policy program to tackle the multinational problem, but at this stage it has scarcely gone beyond suggesting there should be price notification to the Commission of intended trans- frontier mergers in the Com- mon Market. The tricky point here, which explains why the Commission is hastening slow- ly, is that such a requirement would also be obligatory on American multinationals in Europe. There 3s no doubt that the Common Market has been a greater advantage to U.S. mul- tinationals in Europe than for their European equivalents. Britain's EEC membership will assist still further the pene- tration of U.S. capital. American overseas direct in- vestment increased from billion in 1950 to billion in 1960 and billion in 1971 (the latest year for which these fig- ures are Two thirds of this post-war growth has been in Western especially, in chemicals, elec- tronics, cars and computers. In these circumstances it is hard- ly surprising that Common Market authorities approach the multinational "problem" with the greatest circumspec- tion. Although the French have in the past been the most vocifer- ous opponents to the "Ameri- can their rhetoric did not prevent th- U.S. Gener- al Electric Company from tak- ing over the biggest French computer firm, Machines Bull, which was later acquired from GE by Honeywell. Nor was it able to stop Chrysler taking a 77 per cent interest in Simca. The restrictions which France imposed on U.S. invest- ment had to be relaxed after de Gaulle's death because France was losing out in ttis share of job opportunities U.S. muUi- nationals were creating" in oth- er Community countries. Noth- ing is more symbolic of the changed French attitude than the building of a Ford plant in one of the country's finest wine- growing areas outside Bor- deaux. Professor Raymond Vernon, the leading U.S. authority on multinationals, casts a cynical By David Haworth, London commentator Market policy. Certainly the is- sue has never been formally discussed by ths ministers of the nine in Brussels. The attitude of the European Commission is neatly summed up in the words of the former U.S. under-secretary of state, George Ball, who said the multinational corporation plans and acts in terms that are well in advance of the political ideas by which the world is or- ganized. The Commission has talked pean-based multinationals. He vaguely in the past about the cites the Fiat-Citroen merger nesd for "control mechanisms eye over the Common Market's efforts to put together its own multinationals. European gov- ernments, he says, have bean more jealous of sharing con- trol of their national champions with other European countries liban with the more remote than with the more remote and aggressive Ameri- cans. European company laws and the widely differing tax legis- lation in the Community have inhibited the creation of Euro- and the Pirelli-Dunlop joint en- terprise as alliances which have the greatest difficulty in developing a common strategy and exploiting the resources of a common organization. "The result has been that, so far at any rate, the object of achiev- ing some independence in the high technology fields has eluded the he says. The Common Market is un- likely in the foreseeable fu- ture to draft any effective re- straints on foreign businesses settling within EEC frontiers. It is true that a few informal unspoken restraints exist: in every Community cap- ital ministries have lists of companies which they will not allow to be taken over, but this hardly amounts to a Common over multinational firms and cited as a particularly provoca- tive example IBM, which the EEC reckons is a permanent reproach to Community gov- ernments and their inability to control multinationals' opera- tions. The Commission will prob- ably conns to the conclusion that "control" is not feasible and some method of establish- ing a dialogue with multina- tionals wishing to invest in Europe might be much more to the point that is, discussing the effects of investment on EEC regional pou'cy and the best places a subsidiary might be sat up. It may be that the European Union organizations, which are becoming increasingly more concerned about the "multina- tional problem" will bring pres- sure to bear on the EEC insti- tutions to be at least on nod- ding terms with the transnation- al companies. However, Vernon expresses the view there is very little in the present stage of develop- ment of the European Com- munity which justifies expec- tations it will evolve much be- yond being a mere customs' union, or a stage in which there is limited co-operation between a group of independent powers. In such circumstances Ameri- can multinationals will contin- ue to make hay under a be'he- volent EEC sun. the United States to thirsty and desperate for our oil and the Canadian government is re- straining its export. As if this were not comic 'enough, both nations, short of gasoline, are boasting that they will build more automobiles in the present year than ever be- fore some 12 million of them in the U.S. alone where a 100 million ate on the road already and searching for fuel at every service station to keep them running. The sudden shortage surpris- es everyone and our govern- ments explain that it could not be foreseen, though any first- primer school child could have foreseen it by adding up a few single figures. The same sort of figures would have told us that food, in the world as a whole, would soon be scarce. But when President Nixon seeks power to restrict food exports from the U.S. after demanding for years that foreigners buy more of it he is praised for a brilliant in- spiration and a bold act of statesmanship. Yes, that man foresaw everything, except the obvious. So did the Canadian govern- ment. It knew that Canada, a country rich in nearly all re- sources, needed no help from its neighbor. Yet it was amazed and deeply hurt when the U.S. threatened to keep more food for its own people while well aware that Canada depended on it. Then, in an even higher flight of sanity, the government sneered at the United States' attempt to control food and oth- er prices by methods that a sane Canada would never think of imitating. With all his genius, Shake- speare could not conceive a comedy more hilarious than the summer repertoire of Wash- ington and Ottawa. But, as al- ways, the comedy is played against a background of trag- edy. For in distant lands, in- habited by dark-skinned peo- ples, the common problem is not a shortage of oil for non- existant automobiles and furn- aces but a threat of wholesale starvation not very far off, as things are going now. Of that prospect the fat and pursy nations have no time to think, or, if they think at all, accept the misfortune of others with fine philosophical detach- ment. We are worrying about the more urgent problems of our own like the cost of beef- steak and whiskey. Still, there is no real cause for worry and any voice or warning, like that of the Rome Club, should be disregarded because it is ob- viously mad. Besides, it's bad for business. The actors of the political stage have told us so, pronoun- cing their lines, as Hamlet in- structed them, trippingly on the tongue lest they split the ears of the groundlings by telling the truth. Never fear, we shall soon return to normal, if we can get enough gasoline for the journ- ey. On that point all our govern- ments unanimously agree. Con- cerning which Hamlet uttered a final judgment: "The pate of a politician, one that could cir- cumvent God." Gold alloy substitute Forty million dollars worth of gold in the form of dental alloys went into the mouths of Americans last year. This rep- resented about 4 per cent of the approximately one billion dol- lars worth of gold mined an- nually throughout the world. Latest available statistics show that U.S. dentists used the yellow metal to complete an estimated 5.5 million gold inlays, 11.5 million single crowns and more than four million fixed bridges. Despite the heavy demand for gold, a total of only tons of it has been mined dur- ing recorded history less than a single morning's output for the steel industry. Gold has always been a scarce metal. Today, with wide- ly fluctuating prices, the prob- lem is particularly acute. Offi- cially pegged at an ounce, gold floats on the free market at between and an ounce- By Don Oakley, NBA service The scarcity of gold has put a strain on 'all its users and led the dental profession, for one, to look for other metals. One gold alloy substitute that has been developed out of re- search conducted at the New York University School of Den- tistry is a chrome alloy called dentillium. Said to be equal or superior to gold for dental uses, it is presently being mar- keted by some 40 dental labora- tories across the country. Non-precious alloys such as dentillium will replace gold for crowns and fixed bridges in the next five to seven years, pre- dicts H. L. Myers, president of Codecco, Inc., largest inde- pendent dental supply and la- boratory company in the United States. But at the rate Americans acquire dental ailments, there'll continue to be "gold" in them thar cavities for gen- erations of dentists to come. "7 haven't given mucn thought to wfifff we're doing ia Cambodia. Why do you The Lcthbridgc Herald 7th St. S., LethbrMge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and PuMiabm Published 1905-1964, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clatt Mill RegHtratton No. 0012 Member The Canadian and tht Canadian Dally' Puwhheri' Aesoclatton and the Audit Bureau of CV CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and PuMMMT THOMAS H. ADAMS, Central Manager DON WILLIAM _HAY Managing fdttar HOY F Mites Editor DOUGLAS. K. WALKER Editorial Editor THE HftAlD -ttftVfS THE SOUTH" ;