Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Friday, June 29, 1973 THi LETHBRIDGE HERALD 27 Cyprus political future depends on a lot of talk By CY NICOSIA (CP) The politi- cal future of this sun-baked island depends on more talk. Perhaps in four months that talk may produce tangible results. But it will be a long time before Cyprus can dismiss the nine-year United Nations peacekeeping force. The government of Arch- bishop Makarios banis on dis- cussions between the Greek- Cypriot majority and the Tur- kish minority to produce the ingredients for permanent peace. That would be peace based on an independent re- public. The old ideal of union with Greece is judged by Ma- karios as currently unattai- nable. And tiiat view, an apparent concession to the Turkish mi- nority, adds another strand of dynamite to the inner turbu- lence of Cyprus. Getting an agreement with the Turkish Cypriote on a new constitution may be one thing. But ensur- ing that Gsn. George Grivas, the guerrilla leader, doesn't upset the relative calm is an- other. No one seems certain what Grivas's next move may be and the wily campaigner isn't showing his hand. Meanwhile the two original opposing Cypriot groups, tBe Greeks and the Turks, appear to be moving closer. A UN special representative estimates it may take at least another four months for the talks to reach a substantial measure of accord. More cautious is tire eval- ustion of Rauf Denktash, por- tly and outspoken head of the virtually separate state or- ganized by the Turkish tTy- priots after the murderous battles of 1963-64. "There is some change of tone and presentation in cer- tain aspects of the Greek he said in an inter- view. But he quickly added that it is too early to predict when an acceptable compromise may emerga. The talks between Denhtash and Glafcos derides, the Greek-Cypriot representative, still haven't resolved Taz basic disagreement on the key Turkish dom from central government control for municipal adminis- trations under any future con- stitution. Denktash conceded ther? is some truth in a widely >SM view that in certain respects the two Greeks with about 500.000 and the Turks with moved closer. But he maintained that one signal from Greek-Cjfi'Iot leaders can make the re- kindled friendship disappear forcing the minority back into a state of siege. Thus the Turks, financially and militarily backed by nearby mainland Turkey, re- main deeply suspicious of Greek intentions. Suspicions on both sides are intensified by grim memories of the slaughter and destruc- tion reaped by the armed strife of the 1960s. As a result, the starkly-di- vided capital of Nicosia and the surrounding countryside swarm with thousands of mili- tary men and police, of whom the UN peacekeepers make up only a small part. A spokesman for Gen. 300 SUNGLASSES to choose from AVAILABLE IN YOUR RX Grivas pictured the UN force as helping to shore up what he termed the "minirepublic" .led by Makarios. Grivas himself, who re- turned to Cyprus from Greece two years ago, is leading a sporadic campaign of violence in the cause of ion of the island with the Greek mainland. From his clandestine head- quarters, the 75-year-old gen- eral, a hero of the Cypriot fight against British control during the 1950s, now brands Makarios a traitor to the cause of enosis. On the Turkish side, Denk- tash echoes the argument that the UN presence greatly helped Makarios. Denktash told a reporter that "you have made him the big boy whom all the wcrld leaders recognize as the leader of a role the Turk leader insists the archbishop didn't havs when toe UN Canadian troops in the van- arrived here nine years ago. The reappearance of Grivas and continued mistrust of Ma- karios make it unthinkable to the Turks that the UN force should be withdrawn from this Commonwealth unless, of course, Turkey is allowed to provide the minor- ity with the protection it claims it needs. Makarios, re-eledted presi- dent by a vast majority of Greek-Qypriots last February, says it's "problematic" whether there will be a fur- ther renewal of the UN man- date in Cyprus by the ity Council by the end of 1973 "if no solution is found to Che problem." He apparently was rerer- ling to the success or failure of current intercMnmunal talks. Should the l-jrks continue insisting on no state super- vision or centre! over It'cal government, "this will lead the talks to a says the 59-year-old prelate-presi- dent who is due to visit Can- ada for the Comtmonweafth prime ministers' conference in Ottawa in August. His government clearly wants the UN to stay, not least because tha presence of mere than peacekeeping soldiers and po'ice adds mil- lions of extra dollars to 'he island's economy. The blue berets, khaki field dress and drab military ve- hicles from the seven peace- keeping countries sefem sharply out of place against a background of shiny new cars, mushrooming office blocks, boutiques, sidewalk cafes and exotic miniskirted girls. That's the Greek side of di- vided Nicosia. The UN men seem to be more in keeping with the less affluent Turkish area, barricaded on the other side of the "green line" where peacekeepers watch for intercommunal strife. The absence of significant intercommunal fighting here over the last few years is it- self a tribute to the UN oper- ation which has cost mil- lion since 1964. This mounting cost and the slowness of some UN member states to pay their promised share have intensified talk of a pullout or additional with- drawals in the force. How- ever, Canada recently ap- proved another six months ex- tension for its troops. In his latest report to the Security Council, which must renew the peacekeeping man- date every six months, UN Secretary-General Kurt Wald- heim said: "Governments providing (peacekeeping) contingents as well as those that make vol- untary contributions are be- WANTED Employment is urgently needed for hundreds of college, university, junior and senior high school students now available for work. Female and male students are ready to fill every imaginable job opportunity for a day, a week, a month or all summer. Many of them must have a job if they are to con- tinue their schooling. Can you help? Contact tht STUDENT MANPOWER CENTRE Across from Canada Manpower on 7th St. S. PHONE 327-2111 coming increasingly uneasy at the continued United Na- tions commitment in Cyprus and at the djlay in reaching the settlement called for by the Security Council in March, 1964." But the UN forces, in- cluding 580 Canadians, carry on with their work. This is strictly limited to or controlling friction between the ethnic communities and doesn't call for involvement in the Makarios-versus-Grivas struggle among the Grejk Cy- priots, though this ominous development is watched closely. Peacekeepers are directed fcttm a former RAF camp on the outskirts of Nicosia, where Ottawa-born Col. Clay Beattie, 45, acts as deputy chief of staff for the force as well as officer of the Canadian contin- gent. Canadians patrol the most densely populated of the seven UN districts into which Cyprus is divided. This area takes in all of Nicosia along with much of the osntre of the island to the west, east and south, roughly square miles. From UN headquarters in the capital, sophisticated ra- dio systems link all the dis- tricts into a closely-knit net- work of surveillance and, if necessary, peacekeeping ac- tion. For Beattie, a compact fig- ure with piercing eyes, and for his fellow UN soldiers, the vital need is to ensure that any Greek-Turkish friction is settled locally to prevent es- calation into sabre-rattling by top military men or politi- cians on either side. That's where the ordinary UN peacekeeper on the ssntry-duty mobile- patrol corporals and their im- mediate superior emerge as a new kind of mili- tary personality, combining diplomatic deftness with the more traditional types of army-styb vigilance and rigor. As an officer of the Roval 22nd Regiment's 3rd Battalion put it, if trouble threatens to bring Greek and Turk Cy- priots into renewed com'fct, "we have to go and place our- ssives physically between uie Life with the Cana- dians in Cyprus. Working together Hal O'Nei! and his wife, Lesley, both work for On- tario Hydro. Hal is external communication officer and Lesley works for Hydro's graphic services. The O'Neil's believe there are definite advantages in working for the same company. ALBERTA POTATO COMMISSION requires a SECRETARY-MANAGER Responsibilities: To administer the affairs of the Commission, which are oimed at improving and increasing the economic well-being of the potato growing industry in Alberta, prim- arily in the areas of research, promotion and extension. QUALIFICATIONS: Applicant should posses management abil- ity, have experience in public relaticns, and knowledge of the potato industry. A University Degree in Agriculture, a knowledge of the workings of Government, would be an asset to the aoplicant. Please send complete resume to the Alberta Potato Commis- sion, 101, 320 9th Avenue S.W., Calgary, Alberta, T2P 1K6. Resume should include education, experience and other per- tinent details. Salary commensurate with qualifications. Closing Date: July 6, 1973. 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