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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD Ihundoy, June 29, 1971 Maurice Western Foreign aid, a second look, Last fall's UN vote on Taiwan's ouster, focused the attention of the American public as no other single event could have done on the prob- lem of foreign aid what countries should receive it, and what guiding principles should be followed in ex- tending it. At the time of the UN de- bacle 40 AID (Agency for Interna- tional Development) recipient nation representatives joyfully joined the 76 who voted against the American position on the highly sensitive issue of the Chinese republic's dismissal from the world body. Many Ameri- icaris were infuriated with delegates who tactlessly demonstrated their joy at the over-whelming diplomatic de- feat of the U.S. It may have been a pyrrhic vic- tory. The U.S. is now taking a harder line with handouts and investments tc, and in, developing countries. The state department has warned for years that short term economic aid has seldom, if ever, had an ef- fect on political goals. It doesn't en- courage democracy, prevent com- munism, militarism or revolution. Briefly it doesn't buy friends, and sometimes it makes enemies. Leaving out the strictly humanitar- iam aspect of AID, what then, should economic assistance to the develop- ing countries be expected to achieve? In the past, donor nations believed that projects directed towards an in- crease in production and economic development should have their full support. But AID officials don't agree entirely. They say that the problem in the have-not nations is by no means always the lack of food; it's the lack of money to buy what is available. The gap between the rich and the poor has grown ever wider in the past 20 years simply because industrialization has not been able to provide enough jobs. "People think because someone is hungry, all you need to do is to get production says one official, adding, "Hunger isn't a production problem it's a poverty problem Sometimes it's more important that production technology be aimed at reducing costs than increasing yields." Again thrusting altruism aside, does economic aid create markets beneficial to donor countries? Ac- cording to AID it does; according to opponents like Democratic Sen. Church, who opposes the administra- tion's insurance scheme for private investment in developing countries, Washington simply wants to create a stable climate for private U.S. corp- orations to expand and prosper. When such projects fail due to take- overs, or for some other reason the taxpayer foots the bill, he says. These are questions relevant to all donor countries, including Canada. We need to take a keener not a hard-nosed one to sure that our money goes where it does the most good to those who receive it and in the end to ourselves. Creation of a more stable economic and social climate in recipient countries now struggling against terrible odds to overcome poverty, disease, unem- ployment and overpopulation, is a goal which cannot be ignored. It's a tall order, but the effort must be made, and Canada, one of the small rich nations of the world, must play her part, not only by giving, but by giving wisely. Begin at home The pollution conference held re- cently in Stockholm rightly drew at- tention to this world-wide problem. But the Science Council of Canada has emphasized that in Canada at least, we are already losing ground in the pollution battle. The cleanup for us then, must be- gin right here.- A more concerted, better organized effort has to be made if large areas of water and land already endangered are to be saved. There should be better co-or- dination between federal and provin- cial governments to assess the ef- fects of hydro-electric projects and industrial plants. The present system is patchwork and ineffective. The Jarnse Bay scheme has been left largely to tha Quebec government to study, though it undoubtedly will affect other prov- inces bordering on Hudson Bay. The British Columbia government built a dam which damaged water levels in Alberta. St. Lawrence River pollu- tion in Ontario also affects Quebec rivers, streams and shore-line. Perhaps the council's proposal for an independent, non-political agency to review pollution throughout the country is the answer. As a source of information, it would be invaluable as it would not be influenced by local pressures for industrial development at any price. It would keep govern- ments and the public up to date on the pollution program. Whatever solution Is arrived at, it is certain to cost a lot of money. But our polluted land certainly will not clean itself up. Pollution unfortun- ately is a fact of our modern life, and should be given a top priority rating in government spending pro- grams. ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON Secretary of Defence Melvin Laird has suggested that if Sen. McGovern's defense budget o< bil- lion Is ever adopted, we might as well throw in the towel and spend a billion dol- lars for white flags which we will hoist all over the world. On the basis of past performance of our defense contractors, billion for white flags is a wholly unrealistic figure, and Laird knows it. This is what might happen if the de- fense department let it be known that it was planning to contract for white flags to fly around the globe: Washington, B.C., April 30, 1973 The chairman of the House Armed Services Committee announced today that the Lock- heed Flag Co. has been given a billion contract to produce 500 white flags for the defense department. The chairman denied th.e fact that Lockheed Flag was located in his district of Swampville, La., had any- thing to do with the company's the order, Swampville, La., July 14, pres- ident of the Lockheed Flag Co. displayed a prototype of the WF1 (White Flag One) for the press this morning. The president said the WF1 would outperform any white flag now flying. It would be an all-weather flag which would fly at night as well as during the day, and could stand gusts of wind up to 100 miles an hour. Lock- heed Flag said it hoped to have the WF1 in production in 10 months. Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., June 15, 1974 The first WF1 was tested here to- day and defense department officials an- nounced they were very pleased with the results. The WF1 flew at an altitude of 23 feet for three hours. Although it showed some fabric fatigue under stress, Lockheed Flag engineers said the damage was mini- mal, end easily could be repaired. Swamnvillc, La., Sept. 1, 1974 The r.r.ident of Lockheed Flag announced to- y that due to increased labor costs, fab- fatigue and hikes in flagpole ropes, his (cnnany would not be able to fulfill its WF1 contract for SI billion. He said ho was asking for a auppiemenUry mil- Travelling "benefits" without a charter f ITTAWA: With the advent of the election-free sum- mer promised by the prime minister, the travel pages will he of increasing interest to vast numbers of restless Can- adians. 01 tho many concerns which are eager to enchant us with the delights of far-off places, none has been more persistent than Air Canada and Its cartel lied-mate BOAC. Ever since their narrow escape last winter from a North Atlantic rate war, they have concentrated on sav- ing us from the charters which remain available to travellers at markedly lower rates. With the aid of sympathetic govern- ments, the private companies operating charters have been made to look vaguely disreput- able since they are forced to operate under various restric- tion, which was still a bargain for the country. Washington, B.C., Dec. 15, 1974 The chairman of the House Armed Services Committee said he was recommending the million overrun for the WF1 as the security of the nation was at stake. He also said he was adding million extra for Christmas bonuses for Lockheed Flag executives. Anchorage, Alaska, March 8, 1975 Two WFls crashed to the ground yesterday and Pentagon investigators suspect the wooden flagpoles used to fly the white flags were at fault. Termites were found in both flag- poles, and the defense department has grounded all WFls until a new aluminum flagpole could be designed. Swampville, La., May 11, 1975 The president of the Lockheed Flag Co. said he would need another billion to replace the flagpoles in the WF1. He said it was the defense department's insistence on wooden flagpoles that caused the overrun, and he would need the money immediately if the white flags were to be delivered-on schedule. Washington, D.C., May 12, 1975 Sen. William Proxmire called the WF1 the big- gest defense department bungle of the year and suggested the contract be can- celled. Testifying in front of Proxmire's commit- tee, the president of Lockheed Flag said that if he doesn't get billion immediate- ly, his company would go bankrupt and not only would this create a hardship for its stockholders but it would put 35 people out of work. Washington, D.C., Sept. 11, 1975 Con- gress, at the urging of the White House, voted today to give the Lockheed Flag Co. billion to complete work on the WF1 and also lend it another billion to develop a new multiwhite flag project which could fly six white flags from tho same flagpole at the same time. Swampville, La., Nov. 9, Pres- ident of Lockheed Flag Co. announced to- day that because of a strike he was ask- ing the Defense Department for another. (Toronto Star Syndicate) tions and affinity rules. Regrettably, from the state cartel standpoint, many Cana- dians continue to patronize the charters, partly because of widespread understanding that the rules, Intended to smother competition, do not work. Hence the long continued Air Canada BOAC campaign to convince Canadian customers of the superior value of the regular ticket. Every potential traveller must by be aware of those appealing advertisements with two chairs, one marked Chart- ter, the other Air Canada. "Which really is the better bar- No harm in a question. There is, however, an argument which goes with it. Latterly BOAC has been somewhat cau- tious. The appeal is: "You travel at your convenience." The intended message is that the traveller by charter is re- quired to return with the group on Day 21 while more fortunate regular passenger may return when he pleases within a 22-45 day period. The more impulsive bed- mate, Air Canada, spells it out. Here is one appeal of many: "If you're thinking of going to Europe by charter this year, you should read this ad." Then, next to the chairs, it says: "You're looking -at the two most controversial 'seats' of the century." Evidently this is an important message. There is a handsome admis- sion that "you can probably get a slightly cheaper seat by charter if you're prepared to shop around, pay a member- ship fee and belong for six months to something like the 'Lake Superior Surfing Club' (oh, the shame of it) go when they say, come home whe% they say, and pay a deposit in advance." But then the warning look what you lose. "You lose con- venience for one. The conveni- ence of flying to any of our 11 European destinations on al- most any day you want, on any scheduled flight and being able to change your mind on departure and return dates. According to a more recent effusion: "You just book and go and you can change your re- turn date in Europe." The experience of many Ca- nadians this spring has been somewhat different. I travelled with my wife to Britain by the scheduled carrier (in our ease paying the regular rale. My son travelled with his wife to the same destination at the same time, going by char- tered aircraft. He saved ap- proximately although travelled a somewhat longer distance. For of course, he sacrificed the immense addi- tional benefits promised by the cartel mates. What were they? On com- paring notes, it appears that the in-flight services were practically identical. My great advantage presumably was convenience. I could "change my mind in I did not need to "come home when they say." In fact, haying some distrust of state airlines from earlier experiences, I changed my mind en route. Barely had we landed in Manchester than I presented myself at the appro- priate wicket to set back my departure time by four or five days. This, incidentally, meant an additional to BOAC since it involved travelling at weekend. The response was that 1 could change my mind only If I waited 11 days. This was tempered with a suggestion that I might call back later, the hope evidently being that some other thoughtful passen- ger would have a heart attack or hurl himself from one of the cliffs at Dover. No one did, although I dutifully called back twice. Thus we returned, not at our convenience but at the conven- ience of the scheduled carrier. From personal observation, I am satisfied that many others had the same experience. When small business puV lishes a misleading ment, the government hauls it into court. But whoever heard of a crackdown on chosen in- struments and their bed- mates? They are free to make promises, knowing that they cannot deliver, because it U important that they should not lose patronage to the wicked charter companies which cut fares and keep their contracts. (The Herald Ottawa turcan The Law Society looks at its responsibilities By Richard Malone, In t ho Winnipeg Free Press KECENT statement by Peter Morse, the new pres- ident of the Law Society o! Manitoba, that "the public has a right to know how the pro- fession conducts itself" is time- ly and welcome. Current stu- dies on the professional associ- ations by legislative and other committees across Canada have produced much controversy about the degree of legisla- tive autonomy that is in the public interest. On the one extreme, follow- ing the Castonguay commis- sion, a bill is now before tha Quebec assembly which will create a single code for all pro- fessions and place the Law So- ciety more closely under gov- ernment control. In Ontario, mainly as a result oE the Me- Ruer inquiry into Ontario's self- governing professions, a new Law Society Act was passed two years ago establishing a legal review board. In Manitoba, a special mittee was set up six years ago to consider similar prob- lems, and will be reconstituted shortly after the current ses- sion adjourns. The Manitoba committee has no firm recom- mendations yet on a govern- ment review board, but views the umbrella approach o! Que- bec's Bill 250 as too general and unmanageable. Of the 21 associations in Man- itoba which, in varying degrees, have the legislative right to ad- mit and regulate membership and prescribe fees, the Law So- ciety exercises the greatest autonomy. The argument for such exclusive powers is that, due to the technical nature of- the profession, only the mem- bers themselves are competent to regulate the above threo items. It is essential that the legal profession be as far removed from direct government con- trol as possible. Lawyers are the main safeguard the aver- age citizen has against state legislation. It follows that if the lawyer is not free and inde- pendent to challenge the abuses of the state, an impor- tant part of the democratic pro- cess will be inhibited. The Law Society of Mani- toba, in a recent brief to the committee, generally supports the MeRuer report. All agreo that "the granting of self-gov- ernment is a delegation of leg- islative and judicial functions and can only be justified as a safeguard to the public inter- est." Surely the key to retaining tbe BC If-governing aspect lies in ensuring and informing the public that their activities are in fact in the public and not private Interest. In Ontario, in line with the MeRuer report, the Law Society of Upper Can- ada is considering inviting two lay members to sit among the benchers who direct their affairs. A recent Manitoba study group of academics co-ordin- ated by Winnipeg lawyer, Frank Muldoon, recommends one lay representative chosen alternately by government and lawyers for every ten board members, giving a total of four lay members out of 40 voting benchers. Regardless of actual numbers and method of appointment, as the Globe and Mail argues, "it would be travesty if poh'tlcal favorites or popular public fig- ures were appointed who didn't have the acumen or experience to cope with the complexities of legal practice. They could do aolhing but sit by the door." Competent lay representa- tives appointed as benchers might give refreshing appllca- tion to the term "public inter- est" in many areas. Perhaps they would react faster to the membership crises the society Is faced with today. Is it really in the public interest that there are and probably will be an- nually 500 applicants for aca- demic legal training, according to Dean Edwards, while there are only 120 openings for the faculty of law and less than 80 vacancies in tbe. required practical licensing course that follows university? While the Law Society may argue that it is not responsible Letter to the editor for the crises at the univer- sity, the existing faculty and the other two provincial univer- sities would be more amenable to approach the university grants committee to accommo- date this onrush if they knew the society was able to cope. As Chief Justice MeRuer pointed out, "the right to con- trol admission into a profession confers a power to control the numbers who may be admitted to It." Should not the market place and not the society, deter- mine the saturation point for membership? Although a sur- plus of applicants may result in greater individual quality, surely quantity of adequately trained lawyers must result in benefit to the public through more competitive service and fees. Increased membership in the legal fraternity would do much to encourage greater legal representation outside Winnipeg (which contains only 54 per cent of Manitoba's popu- lation, but 'has 670 of the 817 In Ontario, a study group on this same problem will report in August. It is likely that it will recommend replacing or modifying the indenture or arti- cle system with a more exten- sive practice course due to the shortage of lawyers and firms available for students. This they hope will be able to han- dle the increase in the number of applicants. How .would a revised group of benchers view the treatment currently afforded those law- yers outside Manitoba wishing to obtain a Manitoba licence? Common law lawyers with ex- perience in other jurisdictions must pass a special set of examinations on Manitoba leg- islation, as must Manitoba law- yers who wish to practise else- where. But lawyers licensed In Saskatchewan (where the law is no more similar toi Mani- toba's than any other prov- ince) may obtain membership without exams simply because the right is reciprocal. Should not the test to membership, as the MeRuer report argues, be based solely on whether the training the outsider has re- ceived is sufficient for similar practice here, not on what pref- erential treatment Manitoba members are accorded else- where? An applicant for a Manitoba licence, who ths society deems is unacceptable, is guaranteed no appeal procedures al- though the society recently per- mitted a case to be appealed to the Court of Queen's Bench. But is it not in the public in- terest where the society has the power of "economic death" over the applicant that he should be given written reasons fpi and allowed to appeal its findings? What activities take place in camera at the discipline com- mittee hearings? It is argued that the lawyer's greatest busi- ness asset is his reputation and, if indiscriminately tarnished in public by dissatisfied clients, he would be unfairly harmed. This may be so, but the public has a right to be represented to ensure adequate punishment Is meted out against the offend- ing brother. Although the law- yer may appeal the commit- tee's findings, the client may not. Was it in the public interest that interest acquired from cer- tain monies of clients held in trust should go to the banks (in the form of non-interesU bearing chequing Perhaps benchers with lay rep- resentation would have reacted faster to this obvious anomaly, and simply have changed their internal procedure to effect substantially the same as is now before the legislature. The power of self-government was given to lawyers to protect the public, not simply becauss the practitioners desired it. With such wide tonomy goes the responsibility of ensuring that the activities .of the society are carried out solely in the public interest. The alternative to greater state control through a govern- ment review board is greater public representation and ac- countability. It will be much to the credit of the lawyers if they voluntarily keep In step with the times in the mailer of lay representation, and not wait for government legislation to blow the dust off their watches. Looking backward Disgusted at remark I would like to have this letter printed If possible, be- cause I feel that if Mr. Kotch'S remark was printed (1st page 2nd section, 20th of June) a rebuttal has a right to be heard to this provocative and per- sonal remark. As a resident of this city for over 11 years, I have had a good chance to follow the doings of our fathers (and mother) at city council. watched 4th Ave. next to the Holiday Inn, as it was off above all cries and protests. I have suffered through the in. dignation of a stem lecture by our local police on the evils of extending my right thumb to ask a favor of motorists, yet I raised no protest. Now finally (it was overdue) I read in Tho Herald a quoted remark by one of our aldermen, laying for th< people to be damned, to a mil ous proposal extended by a cit- izen. Now I am not going to men- tion that such an attitude by one who is supposed to be pro- tecting our interests revolts me, and would no doubt give fits to the founders of democ- racy. I would, however, like to point out that I happen to bo one of the people who our dear alderman so easily and Ignor- antly damned. I am Indignant not only as a tax paying citi- zen, but as a human being. Such an attitude reflects, (be- sides ignorance) bad manners and irresponsibility, and leads me to wonder how a person with such an attitude could ar- rive at such a "osition without anyone noticing. I am sure I speak for more than myself when I say "the same to you SANDHO CHISTB Uthbrfdgfc Through The Herald 1822 "Indefinitely suspend- ed until their hair grows long that is the punishment meted out to. student nurses at Providence Hospital In Detroit who had the temerity to bob their hair, flapper fashion, in direct violation of the rule of the hospital. 1932 A slight derailment on the Lethbridge-Medtcine Hat line at the siding of Antonio near Grassy Lake on the CPR a b o u t 11 p.m. last night, held up the west bound passenger train with quantities of Leth- bridge mail delayed for a few hours. 19J2 Under a clear, radiant sky following the frequent rains of the past month or more, an impressive drumhead service was held In the RCMP barracks grounds to formally Inaugurate Army Week in Leth- bridge. 1932 A grand parade with the Lethbridge Junior Band, along with the 18th Field Regi- ment vehicle and a platoon of men, troops of guides, cubs and scouts, and the Army, Navy and Air Force Pipe Band will parade through the residential district of the city to the Civic Sports Centre on July 1. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbrldgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD 10. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Claw Mall ReslJtrallon No. W12 Member of The CahacfFsn Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of CLEO w. MOWERS. Edlror and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, general Manager DON PILLING- Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Managir WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HEfiAlD KKVES THE ;