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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 29, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta u That this is Canada's 43th Birthday? The wonderful relative growth of Canada since 1867 The development under way in Canada in 1912 Compiled by Frank Yeigh, Toionto, author of "Through the Heart ot Canada" -and compiler of Facts About Canada." filly surviving member of the 33 t fatktrs ot Confederation OOHTENT WITH CANADA. famed have -I been, i told, >JLlJ3 of the joy that foreign brings, CAJTADA'S ,BIG CONTRACTS. Do you kiiqvr that Canada has futna of the biggest contracts In her history uuder way or in contemplation, inching the evpendituro of tt dollars, nud tbe employment of thou- sands of Nearly miles of mil way aro under construction or contrnct, -which ivill bring tha present mileage of tOO up to every .pro- moo is witnessing a mnrkccl railway All the great ruin a v terns are extending their mileage great- ly, and tho grid-iron? of the West radiating.from tho trunk lines, are in- creasing at a rapid rate: toward Hudson Bay, .the .Peace Hirer Country and in Columbia. Llectric lines, especially rural ind ndiil, sre being or planned from of and a net work of trolleys is expanding and trans- forming the transport ition s tern of country Thousands of once isolated farmers now 1m e the world brought to their doors by tins means of inter-communication, revolt: tiomzing the facilities of life and, thc comforts of Imng Beginnings are also being made in tho electncization of some steam railuavs CANADA'S WORLDWIDE TBADB. A HYMN FOftvOUK NATIVE LAND. Do A ou luion that Cuunda's foreign trado lor 101011 and th it it increased nearly in Lord, while lor all mankind prij, Of every clitno and coast, Oh hear ui-'for bur native laud, The land wo love the most. Do you know Iiow. Canada's fpreigu frido has grown, doubling in a decade? Tint Cinidi docs business among S7 countries, ranking third por capita lint Cimdi's Empire trade has doubled in 14 years, bchig 3J per cent of the whole. That Canada's trado witbYthe Uuitqd Sttteb ib ul pir (.tnt of tho V hole That Canada's trade is increasing 2o times as fast with tha-United States us with Great Britain? That Canada's'foreign wis per he id, that of the United States, J Our fathers' sepulchres are here, Vnd 1 ero our la idred dwell, Our children, too, how should TQ Another hind so well? Oh, guard our shores from every, foe; .With peace pur borders bless; prosperous times our cities crown Our fields mth plcnteonsress Units us in the sacred Ot knowledge, truth and Thee, And let.'our; valleys shout, The songs of Ijbqrt} Lord of the nations, thus to Thee Our country- we' commend. Be Thou 'our refuge and our trust, Our everlasting frieud, HOW BIO IS CANADA? po'you know how. big Canada That Canada contains one-third the of tho British Empire, and is larger than the Unitod States, includ- ing rAlaska, bv square (Canada; United States and Alaska That Canada is' is large is 30 United Kingdoms and .18 Germnnysj twice the pizo1 of British India; almost as.large as Europe; IS timas the size of Franco; 33 of Italy. That. Canada's-proportion of popula- tion is 1 90 square miles, United States, 21j England and 5oSt Butish Empire (outside 4. Thai'Canada is miles by in that the diitauco from Halifax to Yancomer is greater than from LJO don to Halifax? CANADA'S POPULATION. you know how many inhabitants are In Canada? Population of Canada by Provinces. Years Alberto British Manitoba New Nova Scotia Ontario Pr. Ed Quebec Saskatchewan Yukon N. W. Tor Totals Do you Canada The harnessing of Canida'a viatet T powers goes on apace, already iMWonders, beauties, one would fain f behold horse power from water poner has uten according to estimate of thc Commission of Consen ation, a ad the development of this vast "white coal" resource is probiblj anl) in itf infancy. AVh.it tins is approxi nut eh Computed aa fojlons ZTp, de vclop an equal amount of cncrgj in, the most modern team electric plants would require ..the burning of tons of coal per horse power per annum. Canada; is pledged -to greatly improve and enlarge in tiio near future, her It not lull) realized that ocein. going crafts niai siil from a British or European port, cro 3 tha Atlintic ind not shift ciigo till tho head of LiLe Superior 13 distance of miles, or miles from tho month of. the St. Lawrence, or tliat there .miles of waterways from tho St." the "Vrctio Ocean, via the Saskatchewan and Mac- kenzie rivers, lutu, a land break of only 150 miles. Canada has' spent 100 millions on her canal system, nud isjiledged to cnhrge or build a new AYolIand Canal, while a Georgian Hay q.inal is being discussed. The St. Lawrence" ship miles long between Montreal and Father Point, Tvill accommodate -A easels draw ing ,30 of water at low tide, has cost and more is to be spent to improve the route Millions more are to be spam in improving and increasing the faculties of the harbors the heart with fresh iiuagin f1 angi. jjft T myself in -'storied Switzerland Have- watched tho Alps in their mys- 1 tic calm, fceen by jasmine scented, breezes j ianned i-les that bear the statelj palm. infl niiiny a fabled castle on th'i Bhinc J Has winged mj fancy is we drifted Sealda the oleander and the vine I dreamed beneath the soft Italian y hift X hiifl never been more deepl> J stirred, )By an} loveliness of Hnd or sen, 'ban -when upoa Canadian shores I've j ffhe lonely coon or curlew call to me ACTORS our own unnumbered JTorthern {And over leagues winding water- I ways. t -whose nameless shores tuo aspen in thc soft autumnal i on the broad St. Lawrence some those islands wrought of mist __i to dreams of unreality, ijaVhera all the world a'1 lovely vision seems; greater'increase of percentage in popu- lation for tho decade, viz, 32 per cent, than.anysunilar increase in the United States, viz, 24. per cent? urban, population, increase per. cent; rural, 16 per tent. That the neit Parliament will have 11 additional members, Ontario losiBg 4, New-Brunswick 2, Nova Scotia E 4 it estern provinces gam 5 each, Tbit the percentage growths of lomo Canadian m 10 jears are P7o, Hamilton, 55] Halifax. 12, London, 22} Montreal, 74, Ottawa, 44, Quebec, St. John, 5, Toronto, 6Q !7pt Victoria, 45, Win- 178' That Canada'has French- Canadians, T-hnt Canada has Indians That Canada has received immigrant! from 3S96 to 1911 (including in and that 75 par cent of tho total arrivals were English-speak- ing and -o per cent foreign. CAMfrl'5 H. R. H. Tftf of THE CANADA OF TOMORROW Do 3011 realize -what Canada of Tomorrow will bo, or may reie'alt Do you kaof that Canada if onlv inX tho V, B, C of her development, thit her natural reiourcci only begin ning to bo drawn uponj that her whaat farm is onlj beginning to Us Mtld, that most of her mineral lands exploration and'testiug; that her fruit ful fisheries are only commencing to jield thoir htricsts of the seal Do you know-Canada! Do you .believe.; in. Canada I Do jou dare dream dreamt at her And, whilo dreaming, help to bnnj tho dream truef CAHWA'S PARLIAMENT rhen among the Hocldes, "I have caught ft 6'idden gleam of peaks above the JT cloud, en >the tumult of my quickened thought j1 visions, dreams and aspirations crowd; of St. John, Montreal and other ports. Chinking of the future and of all .That generations 3 et unborn will see fia forests that for axe and ploughshare call, DKo wealth of golden harvests yet to d Content ivith Canada, and ask. Oifairer laud than has been to" me, joy, no more inspiring task, to upbuild and share her destiny. i Songs and Sonnets, by Helena Coleman. KNOW WHEREIN CANADA LEADS? know that Canada has the Vrgeit consecutive whca_f field in the 000 by 300 Canada has the mist.prolific and Iteniivc sea fisheries in the .world, jfflwt Canada has tho largest nickel Unei in the world. That Canada lias a greater railway than Australia and New Zen- and 3t per CGnL of Italy and Spain combined, and l- Urt thin all tho South I That Canada lifts tho largest mountain CANADA'S CONfBDEBATED FAM- ILY Or NINE PKOV1NES. Do you know Canada by her prov inccs'7 Canada's four provinces at Confed eration have grown to nine. Canada's nine provinces, great in siza as they are, take up only half of Can ada's total area; there is, therefore, ruom for n.ine more. Alberta Varea of "square miles is double the size of Great Britain, inJ as "largo as France. British Columbia is Canada's large t square 10 pcr cent of Canada's total area, and is lation It is equal to 2i Switzcr lands, square miles of moun- tains (Switzerland and lias miles '-of coast- line. Manitoba's nrea is square miles; if, and when extended, .it will bo area is square miles, and is as large sa tuo and little less than Franco and Germany. It comprises.7 per cent, .of Canada's nrei-, square miles wilt be added under the proposed boundary extension. Maritime i Provinces' -area of square miles (Nova Scotia, New Brims CANADA'S GREAT -WEST-LAND. Do jott know how big CanadaJa West is? V In 1867 the Canadian West' was her "Great Lone nith only a hand ful of inhabitants in pnsimity to tho Hudson Baj Do Canadian realize the of this great land heritage, and of ita sustaining power in people and productivity The surged area of the Prairie is acres (or less than oO per cent -v 17, total area forest reserves in eluding Eockj Mountain acres, parish and river lot settlements, acrea, Indian Indian reserves surrendered and sold, Total irea of balance sur-vojod landi (deduct ing for era, streams DO YOU KNOW? That we the following tilled Canadians' V 'peersfir7 "Ba.oaets, "i GCMG-, 1 KGB, Ib KCMO, 1 G C V 0, 31 X3 50 Companionige That Canada ia 4o years from Confederation, 153 jeira old, dat- ing from British conquest of 1759, and 377 years old, dating from first usifc of 253j That of the 33 Fathers of tion, only one Tapper That Colonial and Imperial confer- ences been held m Ottawa, 1894, and. in London, 1897, 1902, ind 1911 That Canada lias 735 Jegfslaton, federal and provincial. That 12 General -Elections have bean; AGKICULTUBAL WEALTH Do 3 on know-'a'oSr rich Ign and what it. -means to A country to ef'acrea of fer tile soil, under -varying climatic condi t long I Dg jou know That Canada's field crops v alue reached the record figure in 1Q11 of ISqff.T.U.COO, Ontario leading with That Canada ha? nearly farmers. That Canada sold, in 1911, 950 of agricultural and animal products, which is only 16 per cent of the total CANADA AS A BIOH WHEAT LAND. Do you know how is; in wheat? Do jou know that Canada raises the beat im' the continent, pcr award of grand prizq at New Yont Land Show, ember, 1911, to a Saskatoon Canada's Western area (estimated by soraa acres, and by Prof. S nun tiers at if cul -iivated, could, supply thfl world's present wheat consumption. CANADA'S WATSR POWER3 WEALTH. Do 30 i know what a t ait-present and potentii.1 wealth Canada Jiss in tlu harnessing ot her great water Kcad what Hon F. D, Monk, 7 "istcr of Pubhe Works, recently said, uz Ontario, hp developed, Qu" bee, British Coliirnbia, Alanitoba, and other Frounce h p Of the different uses m of water power, the generation of elet It should not be forgottei that wheat tncal energy heads tha list with 7 iO is the of all cmlized existence The ea-ters numbered in 1871, 375 millions, to daj, 517 According to Prof Thomas Shaw, the wheat belt has ihiftcd m the United fctarea The centra of prcduction in North America is now Canadian JCorth west, and this may be shifted yet, farther north .with tho opcaiag up of the Peace Bner country. Canada1! crop, 1911, bushels. In the fame period, United States wheat production wu nearly at" a eUndstil! OOOh p, the paper pulp eomcs next, with over hp, and the remainder m dUlded'am.ong otlii industnes, chiefly lumber and grtsti' -mills "Thia total of 1.QOO.OOQ h p i is boing increased rapidly by new enterprises, and judging by the sro which Indmdual additions are aasutmng it is fair to assume that will bo doubled in the of a few ye irs The information regarding the potential ity of Canada with, respect to wate- powers only tf smalt portion That Canada has elevators, with In 1MO, Canada 's wheat was toU1 lrM of eoniitn The acres, water covered lands, held wnce Confederation with k iystom in tho world, of over and Prince Edward Island) is tno aaare milea. That Canada has one of thc most constabulary forces in tho Ji'orthAV.cat Mounted Police.- Canada has the world's'largest lock, at Peterborough. IThafc Canada has the largest clovston i the word. haa system ot Canada has one of thc greatest and {9 planning one lountain in tho of the Iirgcsrin the That Canada has tho largest pulp wood world, itreleWtf from the Atlantic ten pine forests on tlu continent, board to tbe brad of Ue Great Lukes. thirds the nir.c of Manitoba. Quebec, the second largest province, has square miles, and is nearly thrco times as large as Tsles, When is added, with square miles, Quebec will bo by far Cin ada's largest acres Thoro ia, therefore, T area open to settlement anil culhva tion. Tho total area of wcitern grant cd to railway companies re laud sidies is aerei The total area school and endowment (unsunejed area not is acres The total area granted, to Uudsoa's Biy Company ia acres. The total area otherwise disposed, of (Mimtoba swamp .lands, ulai, irriga tion lands, Zsorthwest halfbrrod and mihtar> acres The area 191011, acres (representing farmi of 160 acres each, Totil area under grain crop m 1010 onlj about 7 per cent, of wtimatqd area In 1912, only ten per cent under crop. L Tho totil sun eyed area of acren, represented farmi of 160 acres each. Tim rfmnfpjdg IAQ.J .unsiir'icjed (pcr Department of Interior Report) available for tome forma ot agriculture is QS million acrrs, viz-' Manitoba, acres, Saskatchewan, 000 acres; Alberta', acres Totil, acres, Temtory to be added to Manitoba, acres Total, acrei The area of tho three Prairie Prov .ices equals the sevei of miers of Canada, and 9 iiace That 43 extradiciion treaties of Brit 8411 apply to Canada. t That Canada 1ms had 115 Goyernor- Generals, 1534-1913 That Canada's 40 Canadian Clubs have members. 300 foreign consuls and consuls in That during thc last, census decades, trade lias doubled, field crops lalue nearlj trebled, livings more than doubled, railway mileage per head highest in world, and third among nations m ratio ot trade to population. That Canada's total vote, General Election of September 21, 1011, 4fii, Conservative, Liberil, 023j39C Conwrvafh e popular ma JON ity, or about 5% per eent. Libor i otes. I ndepf ndeoti. Socialist, That Canadian comparative tudcs are: Edmonton is near the latf tud? of Dublin; Winnipeg slightly north a grain capacity of bushels That Canada s-ld nearly bushels'of wheat to Great Britain and over barrels of flour, That Canada his enough flour mills to supply a pcpulaion file times that of Canada. That Canada hal nearly -.head, of livo .stock, and dajry industry yields oier a jear. one eleventh of that of United jii 1911, about one third Canada was 7tk imong world's wheat growing eountnei in 1910, and 6th m 1911, beating Hungary, Italy and Spain Of Canada's total grain values of 1911 of wheat alone i-eprwented one f crth, or Estimated area foyyn in the West, 1912, acreiA Watch Canada'i wheat standing climb {rprn fifth place to nearer the first WHAT CANADA WAS WITHOUT AT CONFEDERATION. Thc advance Canada has mide since Confederation is ihown by instituting a comparison between 1307 and 1913. In 1867 there was no telephone, no orty of Canada is now capitalized at gramophone, no automobiles, no wireless on revenue account, There is an additional telegraphy no cable connection Tho ,surplus in tates and subsid from first eable telegraph was laid to Canada That the total expenditure for 1912 the on August 5, 186tf -1 CAN ADA IAJLWATS. Do you know that Canada has a greater mileage pcr head of population than any other country! Bo you know that the railway prop- Dominlon Government, Inm information. j, 80j000 OM h bufc dofs mt mclage M rf lh{ wlUr fnm tla of thj. ,anous provinces. FUfAKOBft. joti know IBCM about our national finances) That the budget speech, of MialXi 14th. 1912, showed tho biggest si.rpliis on record of That revenue for 191011 wns expenditure, sur 4 phis, That the estimated revenue for 1911 12 is expenditure (csti of npw.ra, ef 50i000i000 ,crM P" th. Mllwty, OI th. jorld. Tb.t tho lolll eminp Of th. Cana pamflo Hailway, the Canadian of Pans, and south of London; Victoria Koriann Railway Company, the Qrand raiiway all Canada, as against of iVenna; Quebec of Berne; Bouthera Kallway Company and the Inter- 25400 total mileage of today In 1867 there was not n mile of rail- way north of Lake Superior, the Cana- dian Pacific Bail way was unplanned, and the Intercolonial "Railway only de ejded upon as an outcome of There were only miles of Ontario boundary, ef Boms, colonial Bail way, which make up four- Thai Canada is A big ot Camdian railwijs, were in wlnlmg industry? That one eturtered and their operating company alone caught 700 in 1011 in Pacific waterif That thauaaadi of barrels of oil are being shipped to Iowa? tto >urrpc, and thousands of toai of fer KcbnsU and IftMourl tilizcra to California I In U67 taere yes no Winnipeg, no Eegma, no Calgary, no 'Vancouver. Do yon know that Canada has miles.of electric railways (almost equal Do you know that onlj 300 motor cira were owned Jn CatifldaMii valued to the mileage of the at and today taiued tarrying in 1911 passengers? at is estimated That the not debt of Dominion ii creased by That the aiorage rate du'. ible goods is 2 79 per cent, That the net debt of Cansda. to 31 March, 1811, That other capital and Speeill cxpen ditures will reach That the tptal estimated expenditure will be That ,the total' estimated' increased debt on railway from 1904 March 31, 1912, is That trade oil doubled ainco WOOl l I ;