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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 28, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, June 28, 1974 Wheat to China The big grain sale to China announced this week is not just a bonanza for western farmers. It is a reminder of the serious world food situation and the role Canadian agriculture should play. -i The price in the Chinese sale is good. ,'The flexibility in grades is good. But can deliver? The farm-to-seaboard i transportation situation has improved but it can quickly deteriorate again, depending on the production and the size the total market. The ability to should be a concern. The 1974 Canadian crop yield should be good in most parts, but whtat acreage is down And what of another year? Drastic changes in the world's climate are afoot, and what will happen to the prairies is still unclear. The world-wide demand is another concern. Population growth is generally unchecked, at least in the developing and undeveloped nations. Climatic upsets are threatening production everywhere (e.g.. the African Much of the world is on the verge of massive starvation. Food exporters such as Canada have their work cut out. There is certain to be a big demand for every bushel Canada can produce in the next few years. The sale to China fortifies that certainty. Letters Exploit solar energy Natural gas requirements The report of the Alberta Energy Conservation Board on the long-term energy requirements is expected soon. Hearings on the subject were completed the first week of June. I Already predictions are being made that the province's 30-year requirements for natural gas will be boosted to such an extent that there will be little left over for export even to Eastern Canada beyond present commitments. These predictions are based on the expectation that Alberta will reserve enough feedstock for petrochemical and other industrial use as a part of Premier Lougheed's drive to industrialize the province. A provincial official has backed up these predictions by remarking that the province doesn't have enough gas to supply all the new fertilizer, methanol and petrochemical plants being planned for Alberta. The federal government will have a chance" to answer Alberta, or support it, following its own hearings on long-term national energy needs which are scheduled to start in September. Whether it continues its battle with Lougheed remains to be seen and perhaps will depend on the outcome of the federal election. Meanwhile, the rivalry between Alberta and Ontario is emphasized with every announcement by the Alberta premier that, after all, Alberta's per capita income is still below that of Ontario. Per capita income, as everyone should know by now, is a popular indicator of economic health. However, considering the current inflation and the regional disparities in such items as house prices, sales taxes and other drains on income, it can be questioned whether Ontario's per capita income buys as much as does that of an Albertan. Even more important is the question of whether Albertans really want to be another Ontario. _ _ _ r> "Just think what a wage and price freeze will do for Moses Lake.' Campaign side effects By Anthony Westell, Toronto Star commentator ERIC NICOL Neighborhood pubs Vancouver is to get neighborhood pubs: Almost exactly 100 years after saloon keeper John Deighton sold the first shot of the booze that was to be the lifeblood of Gastown, the government of British Colum- bia is permitting capillaries to reach the city's more polite parts. "British Columbia is ready for civilized says, Victoria. "You may stand, if you wish. Play darts. Hum a ditty. Savor your snort. Enjoy, enjoy." For many British Columbians the introduc- tion of civilized drinking has come too late. A survey shows that at least 30 per cent of the regular patrons of beer parlors couldn't stand up even if they wanted to. "When the vvaiter brings me a drink. I automatically make a lap." said one old- timer. "If there's a chair under me. so mush the better. But if I try to drink standing up. the change of altitude affects my breathing, and I get the hiccups." Fortunately the government has an- ticipated this problem of transition from the seated, or speakeasy, position to the ver- ticality associated with the gracious pubs of the Old World. To be released shortly is a booklet entitled Tips for Tippling In a Civiliz- ed Manner, which includes the following suggestions: 1. Take a positive attitude towards drink- ing standing up. It is only in Hollywood film westerns that most fights start among people standing at the bar. We in western Canada are now sophisticated enough to know that a fight can start anywhere. 2. The civilized drinker does not think of the table in a beverage room as something to take shelter behind when the shooting starts. Keep your poise, and be good natured about the removal of a dart from your forehead. 3. Order a civilized drink. The civilized person drinks wine. He drinks it from a glass rather than from a gallon jug. You may have heard that Canada has no civilized wines. This is not true. Civilization has reached several Canadian wine producing areas, or at least is within "a few hundred miles. The main thing is to: 4. Allow the wine to enter your face with a maximum of couth. Sniff the bouquet of the wine. (Do not inhale. Even civilized wine is bad for your lungs.) Sip. NEVER chugalug your drink south of 55 North. If you find you have bits of cork in your mouth, remove them with the tip of your little finger. Do not spit them at the barmaid. 5. Civilized drinking in a public house is facilitated by civilized conversation. Civiliz- ed conversation is not best introduced with remarks such as "I don't like the look of your ugly face." Instead, discuss such civilized topics as ballet, cricket, archeology. Avoid becoming involved in talk about politics (especially religion (except non Christian) and soccer as a better spectator sport than sex. Speak low and carry a big swizzle stick. 6. The objective of the civilized neighborhood pub being conviviality without violence, you may contribute by joining in the community singing around the piano. The pubs of Britain are noted for such civilized chorales as "I've Got Sixpence" and "Knees Up. Mother What makes this sing- ing civilized is that when people have their arms around one another's shoulders they pass out as a unit. 7. Hopefully civilized drinking will dis- courage immoderate consumption of alcohol. If however you find that you have become a civilized drunk, try not to He in the gutter. If lying in the gutter has become temporarily unavoidable, lie face upward and smile like Kenneth Clark. 8. Huntley and Palmer's or not. there is no civilized way to toss your biscuits. ON THE CAMPAIGN TRAIL One of several unpleasant side effects of a general election campaign is that it turns quite decent politicians into the most appalling liars. The national party leaders, for example, who normally do no worse than shade the truth in the House of Commons, seem to feel that on the campaign trail they have license to tell enormous whoppers. At home or in their private dealings, they are no doubt scrupulous about the truth. Facing a parliamentary opponent in debate, they at least try not to be caught out in a fact. But put them on a platform before a few hundred cheering partisans, and they will solemnly read out not ad lib, mind you, but read from a text statements which they must know to be quite untrue. Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield and New Democratic Party Leader David Lewis are going across the country in this campaign alleging that Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau says nothing can be done about inflation. That of course is pure moonshine. Trudeau has been saying for months, if not years, that much can and is being done about inflation. He claims his policies will increase supply to meet demand and reduce price pressure. Social security payments have been raised to ease the impact of inflation on the lowest income groups. He has fixed the price of oil and promised to roll back other prices where corporations are shown to be making excessive profit. Stanfield and Lewis may not think the Liberal policies are adequate, but how on earth do they justify to themselves the flat statements they make that Trudeau says nothing can be done? Trudeau, for his part, echoed by Lewis, is going across the country alleging that Stanfield is backing away from his promise to freeze incomes and prices for up to 90 days. Nonsense. Stanfield has not retreated an inch. Some of his supporters wavered early in the election, but that in no way justifies the statement that the Tory leader is wavering. A little -research would certainly turn up falsehoods which Trudeau and Stanfield are telling about Lewis, but it is not necessary to labor the point, which is that all.the be party leaders ought to ashamed of themselves. The second point is that voters ought to know that they can hardly believe a thing they hear before July 8. Travelling on the campaign reminds one that to be a citizen of the real welfare state in Canada is not to draw a pension or even unemployment insurance, but to have a company expense account and a credit card. Hotels across the country, even in smaller towns, are sinfully luxurious and wildly expensive, and restaurants tend to be pretentious and to think nothing of charging or for an indifferent meal. These places seem to do a roaring business and, as they would quickly bankrupt any ordinary person paying his own bills, one assumes the the journ- alists covering the election have an expense account. One can-easily spend in a day in such establishments the sort of money that would keep an old age pensioner or an unemployed youngster going happily for a week or two. Talk about rip-offs. If present energy policies are implemented, when the Canadian petroleum, petro chemical and nuclpsr industries have exhausted their natural resource base, then and only then will non conventional natural resources such as solar energy be exploited. Yet the sun is the earth's earliest and ultimate source of inexhaustible and non polluting energy. Technology is already available for using solar energy to heat and cool residential and low rise commercial buildings. Inflation, oil export tax. language rights, housing seem to be the topics preoccupying the candidates in the current federal election but the one issue which is not being discussed and which will have a profound effect on ourselves and future generations of Canadians is Canada's solar energy policy. According to the government's two volume proposal, An Energy Policy for Canada, Phase One we are going to spend billion between now and the year to build nuclear reactors that will last only 30 years. But is nuclear power the answer to our future needs? Nuclear reactors can cause thermal pollution to. the environment; there is the possibilty of a calamitous accident coupled with the problem of disposal of radioactive wastes. Uranium is a nonrenewable resource and uranium miners are vulnerable to silicosis and lung cancers. In addition, nuclear industry and nuclear reactors provide the wherewithal to produce nuclear weapons. In a speech on June 17th appealing for nuclear curbs, Mr. Trudeau stated "We must not permit ourselves to be lulled into the fantasy that nuclear explosions are simply big bangs, or that there is some distinction between a nuclear explosive device capable of peaceful uses and for non peaceful uses. Canada is one of the original five nations in the nuclear club and has been perfecting her nuclear technology since the Second World War. Canada is now ready for maximum domestic and foreign sales of CANDU technology, natural uranium and heavy water. Our federal cabinet ministers, Mitchell Sharp and Donald MacDonald, as well as our top nuclear scientists, have been marketing our nuclear wares in such politically unstable areas as South Korea, Taiwan and Argentina. And yet none of our party leaders or local candidates is taking exception to the federal government's proposed timetable for developing solar energy. Briefly, the schedule is set to extract maximum profits for the triumvirate, (Big Industry, Big Science and Big Government) by fully exploiting Canada's fossil and fissile resources: oil, gas, coal and uranium. Let us put our money into non polluting inexhaustible sources of energy, rather than into sources that will leave us with a polluted, depleted environment and make us perpetual guardians of radioactive wastes. We should fully research and develop solar energy now. HELEN P. FREEMAN JOYCE WHITE Calgary Voice of Women's Continuing Committee on Canada's Energy Policy Parental involvement Nixon-Kissinger negotiations By William Safire, New York Times commentator MOSCOW The most delicate and profound negotiations over the last six years, passing another milestone here at the third U.S. Soviet summit, have not been the dealings between Nixon and Brezhnev. They have been the negotiations between Nixon and Kissinger, whose differences in approach have rarely surfaced. President Nixon, a graduate of the John Foster Dulles school of international affairs, carried a hard liner's suspicion of long range Soviet intentions into his. planning for a structure of peace. His goal as he came into office was for a limited peace, with power centres co- operating to keep out of war, but with the ideological struggle continuing until, in some far distant future, forms of democracy would persevere over forms of communism. Henry Kissinger's policy, from the start, had a different his approach was to wage total peace, setting aside considerations of rectitude or the furtherance of human freedom in the interests of making certain of human survival. Such a survival first concern in a nuclear age presents a practical argument, although it was hardly the stuff of Patrick Henry slogans. When the two men began to work together, their fundamental approaches greatly overlapped, since detente was the first order of business for both. But anyone who worked on foreign policy speeches for Nixon knew how carefully the president re shaped the drafts submitted by Kissinger so as to impose his own philosophy, to the intense irritation of his national security adviser, who despised what he termed "that cold war rhetoric." Nixon Kissinger negotiations became especially intense prior to summit meetings, when the president after all the spadework had been done would suddenly and cruelly freeze out his advance agent, to cut him down to size. "A week ago. he was on his knees." Henry used to rage, "and now I can't even get past Haldeman." Came Watergate, and the unsullied superstar of the Nixon administration exacted his revenge. The price of his loyalty was absolute capitulation on the Nixon Kissinger negotiations. Ideological struggle was dead. Thus it was that the president, sounding like a brain washed Rubashov at a show trial, earlier this month read a detente first speech completely crafted by the agent he once thought he could control. "We cannot gear our foreign policy to the transformation of other societies." he read, making any struggle useless by exaggerating its goal. And then, the president passed along Kissinger's threat: "what price in terms of renewed conflict are we willing to pay to bring pressure to bear for humane The victory of amorality was underscored by the ventriloquist's plaintive apology: "Peace between nations with totally different systems is also a high moral objective." Then came Kissinger's public tantrum of Salzburg, the sudden revelation of Mr. Nice Guy as Mr. Tough Guy, and his identification with the wiretap origins of Watergate. The Nixon Kissinger negotiations were promptly reopened. That is why Defence Secretary James Schlesinger, who in 1968 wrote a position paper on national security that was too hawkish for candidate Nixon, has found it possible to assert a note of caution in developing the latest U.S. position on arms control. That is why Senator Jackson, who was Nixon's first choice for defence secretary and who shares the president's submerged instincts toward ultimately coming out ahead in an ideological struggJp, has iaken heart and taken on the secretary of state. As a result, the president went to Moscow with sloppy erasures all over his position papers but in a curiously strong position. Thanks to Kissinger's superb Middle Eastern diplomacy. Nixon once again entered Moscow on a note of triumph: thanks to Kissinger's over-reaction at Salzburg, the president once again is at least partially in control of the philosophy behind U.S. foreign policy. With reference to the article, Coalhurst pre school expensive babysitting, (The Herald June we would like to know whether Councillor John Murray formed his opinion, after visiting a program, talking to mothers and children or whether his is simply an uninformed opinion. Perhaps councillors and the school superintendent, need educating about the tremendous importance of early childhood education and the significance of parents being involved. When this happens the county school committee will volunteer assistance to pre school programs! Next year we hope Lethbridge County Councillor Jim Nicol can be heard saying there is more parental "interference" in the elementary school. FIONA AND CASEY DENHOED Coalhurst Bicycle safety rules Last week our community was greatly shaken and saddened by tragic death of a bicycling youth. An estimated 800 attended the funeral on Saturday expressing their sympathy and support for the families involved. This drawing together of people is commendable and may be something good to rise out of our sorrow. But, please don't let our concern stop there. All 800 of us. and everyone else who values human life, should write to the provincial minister of highways urging stiffer safety regulations for bicycle manufacturers and tor riders. There should be reflectors on higher parts of the bike, not only on foot pedals as some new models have. But even more important is a reflective, easily seen and identified symbol placed high enough to show over a pickup truck. It could be fastened, by a strong flexible wire, behind the seat or the axle of the rear wheel. If we do not persevere in action to reduce the rising bicycle fatalities we are all. in some measure, accessories to the deaths. MURIEL LUCA Foremost Historical articles THE CASSEROLE I am in the course of collecting material for a special issue of the Alberta Professional Engineers' magazine, the PEGG, on the Alberta Oil Sands. It is expected this will receive a wide distribution and become a source book for reference use, I would like to include a number of short pieces of an historical or anecdotal nature and invite readers to submit their contributions to me. I would also be interested in hearing views, in a paragraph or two. on any aspect of the oil sands and will respect confidences if this is requested. Any photographs or unusual drawings would be much appreciated and would be returned after reproduction. GRAHAM WALKER Professoi of Mechanical Engineering The University of Calgary. Alberta A newspaper becomes a newspaper the moment it leaves the press. To get it from there into the readers' hands costs 60 to 90 cents per week, a newspaper expert has calculator1 Additionally the newsprint in a 36- page papt, costs about 33 cents per week at present prices. chamber might turn around and accuse them of being basically preoccupied with social problems. The Lethbridge Herald SM Ttti St S Urthbridge. Alberta LETMBR1DGE WEWA10 CO J.TD Proprtetois and Second Class Mail Registration No O012 CLEO MOWEHS. Editor nnd PtrtrtlSner "I don't have a public opinion." The Canadian Association of Social Workers has charged the Canadian Chamber of Commerce with harboring "a basic preoc- cupation with the business and corporate sec- tor." They'd better watch out, or the "Government wants to find way to curb steel price rise" reads a recent headline. So far, presumably, it has not considered follow- ing Iran's rather stern example, of providing penalties ranging from two years imprison- ment to the death penalty for various economic activities the government thinks may contribute to inflation. DON H PU.UW5 Managing Editor DONALD R DORAV General Manager BOY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WAIKEW Editorial Page Editor flOBEHT M FENTON Circulation Manager KEWIETW E BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;