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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 28, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta THE FIRST 50 YEARS A chronological history 1870 The territory that stretched westward from the new Province of Manitoba to the Rocky Mountains, and northward from the United States border to the shores of the Arctic Ocean, was designated the "Northwest 1871 Lieutenant W. J. Butler recommended the formation of a mounted force to establish law and order. 1873 As a result of increasing lawlessness the Dominion Government authorized the establishment of the NWMP. The Force's role was to protect new settlers, suppress the liquor traffic, collect customs dues and calm growing unrest among the Indians. An Order in Council, submitted by Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald, establishing a police force for the Northwest Territories, was approved by Governor General Lord Dufferin. 1873 Oct. 22: The first 150 NWMP officers and men, recruited in Eastern Canada, arrived at Lower Fort Garry, having travelled over the Dawson Route from Eastern Canada. 1874 June 6: An additional 150 recruits were sent by train from Toronto via Chicago and Fargo, N.D., to meet the rest of the Force at Fort Dufferin, Man. July 8: The entire Force, divided into six Troops and led by Commissioner George French, left Dufferin (now Emerson) Manitoba on the Great March West. The main force took two months to travel 780 miles to the junction of the Bow and Belly Rivers in southern Alberta. The cavalcade included ox carts, wagons, artillery, agricultural equipment and cattle. July 29: One Troop, under Supt. Jarvis, was detached from the main body and set out northwest for the Hudson's Bay Post at Fort Edmonton. Sept. 29: Commissioner French and two Troops returned eastward to Swan River Barracks. After leaving a Detachment there he continued on to Fort Dufferin to complete a round trip of miles without the loss of a man. Oct. 9: Led by Scout Jerry Potts, Asst. Commissioner Macleod and the remaining three Troops continued west and located their primary objective, Fort Whoop Up. Oct. 13: Moving on from Fort Whoop Up, Macleod established the first NWMP Post in the west at a site on the Old Man River which he named Fort Macleod. 1874 Asst. Commissioner Macleod met Crowfoot, head Chief of the Blackfoot Confederacy, at Fort Macleod. 1875 NWMP established its headquarters at Swan River Barracks near Pelly, and posts at Fort Walsh, Fort Calgary, Fort Saskatchewan, Fort Carlton, (a Hudson's Bay Post) and other strategic points. Lawlessness declined sharply and the NWMP won the respect of Crowfoot, chief of the powerful Blackfoot Confederacy. 1876 Following their stand against Lieutenant Colonel George Custer at Little Big Horn River, 300 miles south of the border, fugitive Sioux Indians from the United States led by Sitting Bull tied to Canada. Thousands of Sioux and Blackfoot Indians were kept apart by the peace keeping efforts of the NWMP. 1877 Chief.. Crowfoot and his brother chiefs signed the" Blackfoot Treaty (No. It was one of the most important Indian treaties in Canadian History and provided that title to square miles of the Canadian West would pass to the Dominion of Canada. 1882 NWMP Headquarters was.moved to Regina. Sask. (Pile of 1882-1885 Construction of Canadian Pacific railway through the Canadian Prairies to link Eastern and Western Canada. The presence of a North West Mounted Police detachment, under the command of Supt. S. B. Steele. maintained law and order along the line of construction. 1885 The embers of Metis discontent flared into open revolt with the North West Rebellion led by Louis Riel. The rebels clashed with NWMP members and volunteers in the opening skirmish at Duck Lake. Militia units from eastern and western Canada, aided by the NWMP. were called in to quell the uprising. The rebellion ended with the defeat of the rebels, the apprehension of the ring leaders and the subsequent hanging of Louis Riel and eight others. NWMP casualties in the brief campaign were eight killed and eleven wounded. 1894 Inspector Constantine established the first police posl in the Yukon at Fortymile 1896-1899 The rush for gold in the Yukon attracted thousands of miners and prospectors. To maintain order and combat the criminal elements among the gold seekers, the NWMP established detachments at locations on the Alaskan Boundary and at Dawson City. To reach the goldfields, NWMP officers and men had to travel miles from Regina by train, steamer and riverboat via the Pacific Coast and Yukon River. More than a third of the NWMP's total strength of some 700 members were serving in the Yukon which, in 1898, had a population of 1900 The Force provided 18 officers and 160 men for the Lord Strathcona Horse and the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles for active service in the South African War. Page 11 1903 NWMP posts were opened in the sub-Arctic, including Cape Fullerton, McPherson and Herschel Island. 1904 The NWMP's jurisdiction stretched east west from Hudson's Bay to the Alaskan Boundary and North south from the Arctic to the United States border. Population in the area reached due to the influx of new settlers. The NWMP contributed mightily to aiding these new homesteaders. Aside from their regular duties, members helped build homes, fight prairie fires, carry the mails, find lost people and arrange weddings and funerals. 1914-1919 At the outbreak of World War I, the Force's strength stood at officers and men. Many enlisted for overseas service in two cavalry squadrons that served with distinction in France and Siberia respectively. 1920 The Force was assigned the duty of enforcing federal legislation throughout Canada, and its name was changed to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. 1923 The RCMP celebrated its 50th anniversary. Holidoire Part of the built-in happiness is Holi- daire's durability. Year after year, no matter where your holiday planning takes you in this grand land of ours, Holidaire gets you there... it gets you back. Happiness is reliability. And it isn't done with magic or mirrors, it's done with quality in design, materials and workmanship. Also See Our Friendly Salesman On The Complete Line of DATSUNS And Other TRAVEL TRAILERS 1102-3rdAve. S. (Leth.) LTD. Phone 328-9651 ;