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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 28, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 18 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, June 28, 1974 Marriage property rights viewed at Women's Place By JUDE CAMPBELL Herald Family Writer Marriage contracts, property rights, and divorce settlements sparked a lively discussion at this week's Women's Place presentation on matrimonial property rights. Claire Young, an Edmonton lawyer and member of the Institute of Law Research and Reform, led the seminar which centred on the institute's Working Paper on Matrimonial Rights. The paper lists five viable alternatives to the present matrimonial ownership laws which affect divorce actions and methods by which aroperty ownership is granted. Ms. Young says the 'propositions put forth in this Daper, will be next year, Become statutory law." The paper was compiled by jight lawyers. The final decision on which parts of the paper will be implemented, is to be made first by a board of ;ight male lawyers, ultimately by the legislature Ms. Young says under present law, property is separate. All property remains either the husband's or wife's, with all property acquired during the marriage, also remaining separate. "The problem with this system is that the man is usually the money owner and therefore purchaser of goods, so he is actually owner of the she says. "Where our support or maintenance law usually works in favor of the woman; so our property laws appear to be in favor of the man. This might work well for the higher income family, but in low income circumstances, it doesn't work well at all." In considering alternatives for reform, she says the board is "split with four favoring one or a combination of reforms, and the other four preferring other changes. "Comments and opinions from anyone interested in the matrimonial property paper are most says Ms. Young, "and may be sent to the institute as a memo or a brief Proposals for changes to the laws as they now stand are. first, judicial discretion In such instances, one would look at all the factors in each individual case, as is the practice in England. The court becomes the judge of property settlement, trying to assess where the couple would be if the marriage hadn't broken up. The drawback here, says Ms Young, is that the courts would be "clogged with people seeking judicial settlements." The advantage to such a system is its flexibility as it any situation" and does not appear to be so much of a "hand out to the.'poor' woman." A second alternative is co ownership of the marital home, where both names are listed on the title to the home and following a break up entitles both partners to one half of the property. Under present laws, every woman has dower rights on the marital home, which gives her the power to veto its sale, Take Off Fat With Home Recipe Plan It's simple how one may lose jounds of unsightly fat right in 'our own home Use this home dietary plan It's easy, no rouble at all and costs little Just to to your drug store and ask for Reducing Plan Pour I iquid into a pint bottle and add enough grapefruit juice to fill the bottle j Take two tablespoonsful twice a day as needed and follow the Reducing Plan. If your first purchase does not I you a simple easy way to lose bulky fat and help regain slender more graceful curves, if reducible pounds and inches of excess fat don't disappear from nesk. chin arms hips, abdomen, calves, and ankles just return the empty car ton for vour money hack. Follow this easy way endorsed many who have tried this plan to help bring back alluring curves and graceful blenderness. Note how quickly bloat disappears, how much better you feel. More alive, vouthful appearing and active but does not give her rights to proceeds from the sale. Third, is the alternative of community property, which is the "exact opposite of what we have now" she says. Everything is pooled in the marital relationship, all debts and assets, and on break up are divided equally. "The community property alternative drew the most consensus from a recent survey done in Edmonton, Calgary and rural Southern Alberta." says Ms. Young. The law conforms with that in use in California. A fourth suggestion is deferred sharing, which was recommended by the Royal Commission on the Status of Women. It is a combination of the community and separate property sections, and states that what is owned before marriage becomes community property. "The difticulty comes in tracing who owns what in the event of break says Ms. Young. "Gifts also become involved, as do problems of the working wife supporting a student husband. On break up, under this reform, he would be entitled to half of what she has earned, while also beginning to earn moeny now that he's finally working, and the wife is still stuck with half his student loans." The fifth alternative would necessitate a minor change in the present law with the addition of a contribution clause, which states that where either husband or wife have made substantial money contributions to the property, they are entitled to a right of it. "It caters to the invisible income. If a wife by her actions, as a cook, housekeeper, and such, saves her husband money on those services, it is a contribution." Such a law is in effect in British Columbia, she says, where the courts look at the wife's contribution as a homemaker from the positive angle, whereas in Alberta, it is viewed from the negative standpoint. TORONTO (CP) The first woman president of the Cana- dian Medical Association (CMA) said Thursday that she will work for the removal of all references to therapeutic abortion committees from the Criminal Code. Dr. Bette Stephenson of To- ronto told the association's an- nual meeting that abortion Olds College can help you spread your wings a little. One of the most valuable benefits students derive from a program of advanced educa- tion at Olds College isn't even listed in the curriculum, it's called 'self discovery.' Learning just who you are and what motivates you often takes a lifetime, but enrolling as a resident student at Olds can be a big step in the right direction On-campus living helps you out of your shell. You get involved in extra-curricular acti- vities, rap sessions, competitive events, sports. You mix. mingle and match wits like never before, and the more you get to know other people the more you leam about yourself. It's great. You want to try your wings a little? Try Olds College as a resident student and stan to get the bird's eye view. Olds College has what you need and leaves out what you don't. ADVANCED EDUCATION Ohk Cofcge OkJs. Atoena decisions should be a matter between a patient and her doctor, subject to the same controls as other surgical procedures in hospitals. She described as "lamentably sluggish" her colleagues' performance in improving contraceptive education She said she does not favor abortion as a method of birth control, but said it is a service that has to be provided because there will always be unplanned pregnancies, no matter how successful contraceptive methods become Dr. P. G. Gillett of Montreal told the association that the present law requiring thera- peutic abortion committees creates fundamental problems for gynecologists and their patients. He said the legal stipulation that abortions are not permitted unless the patient's health is endangered "is simply so vague as to make consistent, meaningful interpretation impossible." The delegates were also told that the independence of mod- ern young people makes it un- realistic to set a specific age at which a patient is legally entitled to oral contracep- tives. Dr. Robert Kinch, professor of obstetrics at McGill University in Montreal, said that legal changes are needed to guarantee that sexually- active teen-age girls can get contraceptive devices from doctors even without parental approval. He said that situations occur where parents become "so far alienated from their children that other responsible members of the community may have to act in their stead." The association was also told that women should have a test for gonorrhea every lime they have a pelvic examination and should consider it as routine as a Pap smear. Dr. Anne Keyl. director of the venereal disease service at Women's College Hospital in Toronto, said the test is especially important for women between the ages of 16 and 30. those using tlie birth control pill and those most active sexually, Dr John W. Davies of the health protection branch of tfie federal health department told delegates the incidence of gonorrhea has almost reached the 1946 record ot more ttian 200 cases per Delegates were also in- troduced Thursday to psy- chotronits, the science studying the relationship between the body, inind and environment. Dr Terry Burrows told the doctors tliat techniques of psy- cholronics have great potential for medicine. -Tltc Herald Family I I IMa Murray not about tol i i fhang up ernoon serenade In addition to her nightly apearances at the Leth- bridge Miners Library Club, Marg Osborne takes time out of her second week in the city to serenade the folks at Southland Nursing Home. She will be performing at the Miners until Saturday. Abortion decisions for doctor, patients only :g By MARJORIE NICHOLS 8 Special to The Herald g LILLOOET The old carcass, as she calls it, has been acting up a bit lately, but Margaret Lally "Ma" Murray is not about to hang up her typewriter. Certainly not with an election campaign underway. Ma Murray, who will celebrate her 87th if birthday next month, is appalled at the voter apathy. But if there is a lack of campaign interest in this part of the country, you can't blame Ma. She is campaigning in her usual style, with a vengeance. For the 50-odd years that Ma Murray has been pounding a typewriter she has never been equivocal about anything, least of all politics. She considers it the most entertaining, non- contact sport and can't understand the lack of appreciation of this fact on the part of the general public. The old offices of the Bridge River- Lillooet News, where she still lives alone in an upstairs apartment, are festooned with campaign posters. Liberal posters. Ma Murray is an unreconstructed capital is L Liberal, and not incidentally, an enthu- siastic if acerbic fan of Pierre .Elliott g; Trudeau. Ma's husband George was the Liberal member for the Cariboo from 1949 until 1953. But the crusty editor, who is regarded as something akin to a national monument in downtown Lillooet, was not always a Trudeau fan. When the party gathered in the steamy g: confines of Ottawa's Civic Centre if 1968 ijj: to pick Lester Pearson's successor, Ma Murray was not amongst the mini-skirted Trudeau throngs. She was a Paul Martin person. Ma blames press g It may seem a paradox, but Ma Murray g blames the press for first the rise and then the fall of Pierre Trudeau. The way she has it figured Trudeau has now achieved S- his mortal level. Let her tell it: "Six years ago here was ?j the Toronto Telegram and all the rest with 8- their headlines screaming that Trudeau was the man. The press lifted him up and he was in a pretty high tower. "They (the press) made a fool out of him. He's a shy guy. When he's in a crowd he'll have sweaty hands the press put him in the tower and then they dropped him." Ma thinks that the 1974 Trudeau is the real Trudeau and she thinks it was the six years that made the difference. H "He's a convert you she says. The visitor has to ask the obvious question: "A convert to replies g: Ma. "a convert to politics. He was an ivory tower deal and now he understands politics." Despite her lifelong Liberal inclinations, Ma Murray would never pretend to ft endorse all of the happenings in Ottawa g: during the Trudeau years. She is a S: vehement critic of the unemployment insurance scheme and what she calls the "welfare thing." But she has faith. "Put him in and he'll clear up this she says. "Trudeau won't leave it to those lame ducks like (Bruce) Mackasey, any more. He's been j-: chastized and he's going to clean it up." Not a socialist Ma Murray explains that she has nothing whatever against Robert Stanfield. "Just as fine a man as God ever put breath into." she says, but she thinks that he should have retired to Nova Scotia. Furthermore, she does not subscribe to wage and price controls. UIC and1 welfare npoffs ac'de, she believes that Trudeau managed to "put purchasing power in the hands of the people" and she believes d Conservative government would destroy that. A book probably could be written describing what Ma Murray is, but it is a simple matter to describe what she is not. She is not a socialist. "Socialism is for the she says. Now. Ma had her picture in all of the papers during the last provincial campaign endorsing the local NDP candi- date. But she explained that was the only way to get rid of W. A. C. Bennett. Viable alternatives and all of that. Who knows what influence Ma had, but the tactic worked There is now a socialist government in Victoria and she deserves part of the credit. Barrett drops in Dave Barrett dropped up to see her the other day. She is overwhelmed that he would make the gesture but that doesn't change her political mind. "A nice she says, "but a stupid ass." When the visitor intrudes it is a.m Ma's typewriter is burning out an editorial for the local paper, which she sold a couple of years ago to a well screened outsider. This day she is taking apart some of the "pompous asses" in Victoria. The first distraction is coumpounded. The phone rings. Ma grabs it and helps a hello with her distinctive raspy voice. The caller, it seems, is the local Liberal organizer. The visitor can only hear Ma's side of the conversation. "Yeah it's pretty hard to get anything going in this town made up their minds? A lot of them haven't got any minds to make up. Vengeance shows "I'll kick in another ain't got much but I'll dig it up. I'm an old crock now and I'm not making any money but I'll dig it up- "Where's some of them dammed loafers who's got the gravy? :g "I know they'll put it on my tombstone :g when I'm gone, 'she didn't have much to give but she gave what she had' God almighty would carry us through. "Those damned reports, they just make a fool out of you Ma explains to the j? caller that she has just recorded some voice reports endorsing the local Liberal candidate and that the young man on the other end obviously was not sympathetic. I Midway through the telephone conversation Ma Murray stops to explain that she has a visitor in her office. "Well." she says, addressing the telephone re- ceiver, "she's got a good space between her eyes and a nice big mouth." It is a compliment. Who would want narrow eyes and pinchy mouth? The thing you must understand about Margaret Murray is that she calls them like she sees them and there ain't nobody about to change that, prime ministers included. Uptight cat MONTREAL (CP) The white Anglo-Saxon male is "about the most uptight, scared cat in the.Western world." Rudy Winston, a Negro Harvard School of Business lecturer, told a conference on women and work. "He-understands one Either he has it or he yields to it and there is nothing in between." WeeWhimsv For Fun in the Sun' 1 this Holiday Weekend Cool Styles by "JOYCE" "Sunny" Available in Navy. Camel or Sena yourtfiM lo thumper "Two Step" Available in while ot Bed Crinkle Palenl Wei I CLOSED TOE WHITE SUNG "LIFE STYLE" Made in "Bare Traps" The latest rage in health m while or brown Similar style tor sses Many other Styles in Summer Sindils Dressy Meel Styles Wecl Styles Hal Heel Styles Camm's Shoes ff ;