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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 28, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HIRAID Thursday, June 28, 1973 Ostpolitik could end NATO Go all the way House of Commons voted a few days ago to continue the abolition of the death penalty for murder, where the victim is other than a policeman or a prison guard. Now the House is being asked to vote again. The solicitor-general wants Parliament to ban capital pun- ishment entirely. Contrary to the accusations of many of the pro-execution group in the House of Commons, this is not a reversal or betrayal. It is simply asking Parliament how far it will go toward abolishing capital punishment. The government first asked "will you go thus and the House, after a thorough debate and free vote, said it would. Now the question is whether the House will go all the way, and for the first time the members will be able to express themselves on that The proposal should be supported. Other jurisdictions by the score have abolished the death penalty entirely, with no harmful effects. There is no evidence that abolition is related to the murder rate, except that if the state shows more respect for human life, citizens tend to do the same. Executing criminals- is unneces- sary and uncivilized. Total abolition is sensible. Election in Ulster Ulster goes to the polls today to elect a new representative Assembly, as called for in the White Paper on Northern Ireland presented to the British parliament some months ago. There are about a million voters, roughly one third Catholic, two thirds Protestant; religious adherence has always been an important factor in Irish politics. Voting is by propor- tional representation, so final results may take a day or two to compile. The story of events leading up to this election is a terrible recital of blood, fire and tragedy. It has been much in the news, and there is no need to dwell on it here. Unhappily, the agony of that story cannot be ended by this or any other election. The factions that are contending for seats in the 78 member Assembly represent many differing aspirations. Some want total integration with Bri- tain, others seek complete union with the Irish Republic. Still others favor outright independence, and there are those who want to go back to the situ- ation that existed before the suspen- sion of the Stcrmont parliament. No experienced observers expect a clear-cut majority for any faction, though cautious hope is being ex- pressed that a coalition of compara- tive moderates may emerge, one in which the long-suppressed Catholics will have a voice at least proportion- ate to their numbers. Such a coalition should be able to govern, and might be able to start this tiny, troubled land on the long road back to an ordered existence, whether allied to England, united with Eire, or on its own. But whatever kind of Assembly is elected, enduring peace in Northern Ireland is bound to be a long way off. The people of Ulster are just as sick of seeing friends and relatives savaged by bullets and bombs as the British are of having their soldiers killed and wounded; but they've felt that way all along, and so have their various governments. Murder and violence aren't the will of the people of Northern Ireland, or of those who have tried to govern there- They are the work of violent, bloody men, fana- tics and criminals. These men are still there, election or no election. A freely chosen government should help; must help. In the 1970s, in a part of the world that is civilized, it just cannot be that violence can go on and on, that desperate men can for- ever defy law, government, police and even an occupying army. The new Assembly should be able to inte- grate the forces of reason and order, with confidence that it represents what the majority of Irishmen want, and it need not be moderate in deal- ing with terrorists- Student job initia tive A willingness to get out and hustle for themselves characterizes this year's job-fliunting students. Not content to wait until a job comes to them or for a phone call from the local Manpower office, they have been out on foot door-knocking, and in the majority of cases have land- ed summer jobs. The fact the local Student Manpower office has placed nearly a hundred less students than last year's 890, while registrants have dropped by one thousand, indicates students have been hustling on their own ever since school was out. Mike Clemis, Student Manpower co-ordinator, welcomes this trend as one brimming with student initiative and a determination to pay their own way. He believes this enthusiasm is an encouraging counter to any no- tion that today's young people display inertia. His experience is that stu- dents exhibit high personal initia- tive, tenacity in job seeking and don't discourage easily. Many of them contact the Manpower office person- ally or by phone daily until a job can be found. While the Manpower office was in- undated with job opportunities during May and early June, a levelling off is now in process; demand for work- ers is expected to gain momentum as July approaches. Many construction jobs are about to commence, food outlets and tourist facilities will be enjoying the summer tourist influx, farm labor demands will increase, so the general working picture will im- prove. Encouraging job placement reports have been received from the auxiliary offices in Taber, Fort Mac- leod, Claresholm, Pincher Creek, Cardston, Coaldale and Blairmore, and additional offices are to be open- ed in outlying areas on June 27. A new appointment this year is that of How- ard Tolley, Manpower liaison to the Youth hostel operating this summer in the YWCA building. The casserole There aren't very many important na- tions that are still monarchies; Britain is one of the few. Perhaps that may make it noteworthy that Britain was one of the first powers to officially recognize the new government of Greece, that recently de- posed King Constantine and declared itself a republic. So far no one has published a book "The wit of Golda though the premier of Israel is among the most gifted phrase- makers among the world's leaders. A re- cent example, offered in an address to a banquet honoring Chancellor Willy Brandt of West Germany: "Let me tell you some- thing we Israelis have against Moses. Ha lead us for 40 years through the wilder- ness, to the one spot in the Middle East where there is no oil." School officials v-ith budget troubles will understand the assistant secretary for edu- cation in the U.S. department of education when he told a group of visiting Russian educators "Seventeen years ago you sent up Sputnik, and you should have sean how much money they gave our schools! Won't you please send up another One of the more acerbic comments on the Watergate business and those involved in it was made by Paul Porter, a journalist, who remarked "I don't say these men are liars; it's just that they have such respect for the truth that they use it very spar- ingly." J. B. Priestley was a wise man. He once wrote "We should behave towards our coun- try as women behave towards the men they love. A loving wife will do anything for her husband except to stop criticizing and trying to improve him." Getting the message By Dong Walker A little blackboard hangs on the inside of one of our kitchen cabinet doors. ft sometimes bears such mundane messages as, "Gone for groceries, pick me up at More often than not, however, I open the door and read things like, "Happy eighth day after Mother's Day" in Keith's hand- writing. One day I found the message, "Mother is a doll" in Elspeth's hand. I went away to ponder that one and the next time I looked the last T had been changed to a 'I'. A few later when Paul had written, "Paul is the his mother got re- veoge by adding "dolt." By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times commentator BELFAST The cold war in Germany officially ended last week, with an exchange of notes between Bonn and East Berlin acknowledging that both capi- tals of Europe's largest parti- tioned state have ratified an accord recognizing each other's existence. Those countries which have not yet recognized the East German Democratic Republic are expected swiftly to do so. This latest step away from Chancellor Adenauer's policy, based on nonrecognition of the East and integration of the Western Federal Republic into a NATO so strong that it could be relied upon to overawe a So- viet bloc including Prussia, is but the first step in Chancellor Brandt's new Ostpolitik. That approach was largely arranged by Egon Bahr, spe- cial minister in Brandt's Social Democratic government, the chancellor's his principal policy planner and negotiator. As usual in moves toward East West accommo- dation in Germany, Bahr work- ed closely with Michael Kohl, state secretary in the East German regime. There is no doubt that for Bahr this shift away from stalemated Bonn policy which seemed even further from its goals as NATO's rela- tive strength weakened is but an initial advance along a new and untested diplomatic road. That road was described by Bahr on Jan. 9, 1969, in an in- terview with Walter F. Hahn of the Foreign Policy Research Institute, Philadelphia. in- terview, together with Hahn's analysis of Bonn's Ostpolitik, was recently published in Orbit, institute's quarterly. According to this account, which provoked loud com- plaints in the West German op- position, subsequent steps of the Ostopolitik would lead to even- tual dismantling of NATO, re- duction of U.S. and Soviet forces in both parts of Germany by between 30 and per cent, and creation of a new collective security system in Europe. This would include both Ger- manys and exclude the four nuclear powers directly involv- ed Russia, America, Britain and France. Denmark and the Benelux countries would be in- cluded for the West; Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary in the east. Bahr's long-term concept has special importance because he is clearly the chancellor's right- hand man on these matters and diplomatically outweighs for- eign minister Sheel, just as Kis- singer outweighs Secretary of State Rogers in United States. Bahr, a 51-year-old Thuringian, is a former journa- list and a Social Democrat. According to Hahn, the first step in the Baihr Brandt Ost- politik would be recognition of the East German government and an exchange of plenipoten- tiaries. has now been achieved. The second step would be a set of "renuncia- tion of force" agreements be- tween Bonn and all East Euro- pean capitals recognizing exist- ing frontiers in Europe. The third would be major reduction of American and So- viet forces in both Germahys, arranged on a reciprocal basis. And the fourth would be estab- lishment of a collective secur- ity system for Central Europe which would end in dissolution of both NATO and the War- saw Pact Alliance. Bahr is quoted as saying: "The two alliances would have to be dissolved and replaced perhaps by new bilateral rela- tionships batween the superpow- ers and the remaining countries in Europe outside the collective security system itself" (In other words, not including the Germanys, Denmark, Benelux, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hun- Hahn makes the point in his analysis (four years after the interview) that Brandt's Ost- politik "has since unfolded in startling conformity with the step-by-step strategy projected by Bahr." He points out that a conference on security and co- operation in Europe and preli- minary negotiations on mutual and balanced force reductions by the eastern and western co- alitions, have assumed shape. Certainly this makes it easier to accomplish the ultimate attributed to Bahr. Hahn concludes that "any meaningful integration of West- ern Europe cannot be recon- ciled with a successful continu- ation of Ostpolitik." This as- sessment seems logical, and there are signs that Western Europe has not recently moved toward that unified "commnuity" envisioned but a few months ago. Moreover, there are great economic pres- sures inside both Russia and America encouraging mutual force withdrawals. NATO worries about this and fears that, as the alliance weak- ens, West Europe will become subject to After all Soviet Russia is so much stronger than its West- ern neighbors that if the latter weakened their ties to the U.S., they will become increasingly similar links with Commtfulst East Europe. And the most worried capital is Peking, which thinks it knows just where the Kremlin will send divisions pulled out of Eu- rope to the Chinese border. Due to be removed-the sooner the better! Canada to extend fishing rights By Thomas Land, London Observer commentator Unruffled by violent conflict between two of its partners in the North Atlantic Treaty Or- ganization (NATO) over ex- clusive fishing rights beyond a 12-mile limit, Canada has serv- ed notice of its intention to claim full resource manage- ment control over its continen- tal shelf. Involved behind the scenes diplomatic bargaining in pre- paration for the United Nations Law of the Sea conference to open in New York this autumn and to resume in Santiago, Chile, next spring is now in full swing and similar an- nouncements may well follow BERRY'S WORLD from other major fishing pow- ers during the summer. Scores of countries, including Iceland, have unilaterally extended their exclusive fishing limits to 50 miles and over. The heat of the Anglo-Icelan- dic "Cod War" involving threats to cut off the vital link between the West European and North American surveil- lance system tracking Soviet aircraft, vessels and missiles, indicates the tension already generated by the forthcoming world confrontation for marine resources. Canada's share of the conti- nental shelf is equal in size to 40 per cent of its land mass, extending over 425 miles in the north-west Atlantic and 200 miles in the Pacific, and includ- ing some of the world's richest fishing grounds, Ottawa ex- pects vehement resistance at the conference table, particu- larly from the distant water fishing nations, such as Bri- tain, Russia, Japan, Poland and Portugal. "But we have time, geogra- phy and economics on' our says Mr. Jack Davis, the Canadian minister for fisheries and the environment. "The UN Food and Agriculture Organiza- tion's (FAO) conference on fishery management and de- velopment in Vancouver this year confirmed what we al- ready knew that fishery re- sources are nearing their lim- its of growth and that the days of the "fish and get out" fleets are numbered. Without virgin stocks ripe for the pluck- ing, they have no choice but Letters to the editor Clean up Gait 1973 fcy NEA, "We fiffve a new kind of casualty list today, Mr. the Watergate As a backup to The Herald (June 26) article on the deplor- able conditions found on 5th Street and arising out of drunk- en behavior, I would go on to say that it would indeed be un- fair to blame the hotels en- tirely for this. As a current frequenter of Gait Gardens and from my ob- servations there, the origin of much if not most of this drunk- enness is in Gait Gardens, for if one looks behind evergreens which extend to the ground, one can almost always see a wrapped bottle being passed around among a sitting group. The periodical patrols of the local police are not effective in stopping alcohol consumption in Gait Gardens, but only retard Legal, indeed! So we can dance on Sun- day, July 1st legally. Who dares to change a divine law and call it "legal" a law that was decreed in the heavens before the world was peopled? That our own government can break a divine law "legally" is most amazing, most incredible. The Scriptures say "The Sab- bath was made for man, and not man for the (Mark NORMA M. ZOBELL Raymond it for these people simply wait until the police leave to resume this illegal practice. I am emphasizing this aspect of the offensive and illegal be- havior here because I suspect it is the focal point and origin of the deplorable practices which follow. I suggest that when effective supervision comes to the busi- ness streets that it also includes Gait Gardens; for it is nothing less than a community dis- grace when the pioneers of this area, most of whom have spent a lifetime at hard work, and others who appreciate public parks cannot spend time in Gait Gardens without being driven away by the worst kinds of drunken behavior. LLOYD R. WEIGHTMAN Lethbridge. to rely on sound resource man- agement. "Our ultimate aim is to maka Canada the major fishing power on the north west Atlantic continental shelf. There is a potential for adding mil- lion in annual landed value through increasing Canada'i share of the Atlantic fish har- vests from one-third to one- half." Canada recently concluded negotiations with Britain and five other countries for the phased withdrawal of their fleets from various island seas including the Gulf of St. Lawrence extending Otta- wa's recognized jurisdiction from three to 12 miles off the coastlines. In the Arctic, Ot- tawa already claims -rights to control ship movement within 100 miles from the shores to protect the environment from pollution. The present proposals part of a detailed and carefully- erected master plan covering the whole spectrum of mineral as well as fisheries exploita- tion rights over the continen- tal shelf, with provisions for other nations operating under licence and sharing the total cost of resource management. The Law of the Sea confer- ence is to open in November, meeting briefly before adjourn- ing to April. One of its tasks is to define the limits of nation- al jurisdiction over the sea bed since the present criterion exploitability is rapidly ex- tending with technol de- velopment. Tlie Lethbridfje Herald 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second cuts MAN Registration No. 0012 of Canadian Prtn and the Canadian Daily PvMMwrr Aanoelaflon and ttw Audit Bureau of ClrculafloM CUIEO W MOWERS, Editor and PuWlther THOMAS H. ADAMS, Central Manager DON PILLINO WILLIAV HAY Managing Editor Editor HOY f. MILES OOUGLAi K. WALKfft AtMrtitMg MWiaar Idttartal Idltar ncscxmr ;