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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 28, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta A THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD Wedneidoy, June 28, 1971 Paul Whitelaiv Spread the message! Prime Minister Trudeau and Op- position leader Robert Stanfield oc- casionally agree oh important politi- cal issues and recently they have dis- played unusual unanimity in their attitude towards the prospect of. wage and price controls. Both say that the time for controls is not yet. If inflation continues at the rate its going, they intimate, controls may be necessary. With election talk in the air it is obvious that neither the prime minis- ter nor Mr. Stanfield wants to come out with a firm commitment on this potentially explosive issue. The prime minister would court political disas- ter if he instituted controls now. If Mr' Stanfield were to force the ques- tion into the political arena, he too would be certain to antagonize many prospective voters. The threat controls is having re- sults that are painfully apparent across the nation. Indecision and un- certainty is one of the strongest mo- tivating factors behind the cm-rent rash of strikes plaguing the economic and social life of. the country. Oblivious to the fact that further inflation is bound to follow unrealistic strike settlements, the unions themselves are hastening the day when controls must be instituted. Business leaders, who force prices up unnecessarily are equally guilty of hastening the evil day, when price- wage restrictions, anathema to gov- ernment, to wage earners and to in- dustry will become a fact of Cana- dian life. Both Mr. Trudeau and Mr. Stan- field agree that Canada has not yet priced itself out of the export mark- et. But if the present trend continues it may well do just that, bringing on an even higher rate of unemployment than now prevails. Labor has shown little apprecia- tion of the economic facts of inter- national life, preferring to make hay while the sun still shines. It is time the government took the initiative and did something in the way of mis- sionary work to point out to the unions, business leaders, and to the people of Canada, the inevitability of wage-price controls if inflation con- tinues at the present rate. The Prices and Incomes Commission says that "the public of this country is going to have to understand how narrow the choices are and how difficult the problem is." The only way the coun- try can know, understand and be con- vinced is to be told. The government has shown little sign of spreading the unwelcome message. If the pec- pie don't understand and remain un- convinced, it is going to make a sad day sadder, when Canadians wake up. to find wages and prices frozen for an indefinite period. Dr. Homer comes to town The visit of the deputy premier to Lethbridge this week may not strengthen the impression that this is an impoverished corner of. the prov- ince urgently in need of government attention and assistance. During his brief stay he will open an attractive new hotel, turn the sod for a large new distillery, notice a horizon-full of lush green fields, visit a proud and excting new university, and no doubt in other ways be persuaded that there's not much wrong with south- western Alberta. He will be right, of course. This area has its problems, but it is still one of the more fortunate parts of one of the most fortunate provinces. In matters involving government (such as roads and bridges, univer- sities and colleges, hospitals and so- cial welfare) it needs the sympathe- tic consideration and support of gov- ernment, but it boasts a lot of re- sourceful and industrious citizens and it doesn't need or want the measure of public assistance that goes to the least fortunate parts the country. Dr. "Homer would also be right in disputing any cause-and-effect rela- tionship between the good life in south- western Alberta and the long tenure jif the previous government or the loyalty expressed to that government nearly a year ago. At the time of his first major official visit to this part of Alberta, the welcome is warm and unanimous. ANDY RUSSELL Little Mary TVfOUNTAIN packhorses can be, by and large, about the most independent and enterprising animals imaginable, as most anybody who has worked with them will agree. The ones we used in the outfitting) phase of our family history over a period of better than half a century were certainly! no exception. To get along with them well and take full advantage of their wonderful ability to carry a heavy load over some of the wildest and roughest country of tha world, one had to be able to think like A horse; tor only by being able to anticipate their reaction to certain circumstances could we travel through the Rockies with a minimum of confusion. One of those we remember best was an equine personality by the name of Little Mary. She was a small horse as packhorses go weighing little more than eight hundred pounds. A deep, mousy grey in color with a ragged white patch on one flank, she was a nondescript looking animal with a hide that slipped around like a loose fitting garment and a back like a mule. Her back! was so slippery that it was impossible to keep a load on her with an ordinary pack- sauale, for everything would go over her head the moment she started down a slope. And at best, if the load was not perfectly} balanced, it would inevitably end up under her belly. Had she not been so wise and lovable, her career would likely have been short. As it was, we designed a special saddle for her fitted with a breast collar, two cinches and a crupper to keep her load in place. Upon loading her we had to be very care- ful not to pull the diamond hitch too tight, for if we did, she would promptly lie down, roll her eyes up and groan piteously as though about to die. Only when we loosen- ed the ropes to her liking would she get up and carry her load all day over logs and rocks, never knocking it against anything. She had a gait like a coyote; just seeming to slip through the scenery without disturb- ing even a leaf on the brush, and so always packed the fragiles such as cam- eras and eggs. Like most packhorsec trail- Beauty spot suffers from chronic poverty E, Quebec Although long famous for the natur- al beauty of iis rugged coast- line, the Gaspc peninsula has few of the economic landmarks needed to relieve the region's chronic poverty. Dr. Philip Roy, mayor of this picturesque community, would like to change that situation but he knows after seven years in offico just how difficult it is to attract investment. "It's over 300 miles by road' to Quebec City and nearly 500 to Montreal. Every time I talk to a businessman about lo- cating here it's the same story. 'You're too far from the mark- he explains. The cost of transporting man- ufactured consumer goods to Montreal and beyond makes it impractical for most industries Not the whole truth editor of The Herald recently poirst- td out in an editorial that newspapers attempt to tell the truth but not the whole truth there isn't space to print it or time to read it. I thought of that in connection with, some By Doug Walker to locate in the Gaspe, es- pecially the most eastern part of the peninsula. However, Dr. Roy is still hopeful about at- tracting investment. "What we he says, "is something like a heavy- water plant or a plant manu- facturing something that is ex- pensive enough to reduce the relative importance transpor- tation costs." "I was very hopeful that a heavy-water plant was going to locate here a few years ago, but it was located instead in Ontario." "We have a deep-water har- bor which would be an advan- tage in shipping large manufac- tured adds Dr. Roy. He candidly admits that poli- tical uncertainty and labor mili- tancy in Quebec may have di- verted potential investment to other provinces. In the meantime, residents of the city of Gaspe which in- cludes the people in this town and some in a dozen other communities merged last year make their livings by farming, fishing, working for the civil service or collecting welfare cheques. Much-of the farming and fish- Ing, says Dr. Roy, is subsis- tance level and unemployment in some areas of the new re- gional municipality exceeds 50 per cent. There are a large number of civil service jobs in the old village of Gaspe, be- cause it is the regional cen- tre for hospitals, a junior col- lege and a number of govern- ment services. Other employment is created during the summer by the thou- sands of tourists who drive through the Gaspe during July and August each year, but the number of jobless during much of the year is still far higher than in most other parts of the country. A federal-provin- cial fund was. set up in 1968 to aid the economic development of the Gaspe peninsula, but Dr. Roy claims the city has yet to see any benefits. The scheme expires next year, although both governments are to add an additional to the fund. "These schemes create a lot of jobs in Ottawa and Quebec city, but few notes the mayor. Aside from the sparse busi- ness activity in the region, the ing free, she had her own chosen place in the line right behind the head guide's lead horse, a position she would defend against all commers with teeth and hoofs. Her complete independence of spirit was, some- tunes an embarrassment. One day we were following an old and long unused wagon road up on the west slope of Akamina Pass. Bert Riggal was in the lead when he came to an old dilapi- dated log bridge across the creek. Afraid that one of the horses would break through it, he dismounted and proceeded to pile tha pole decking in the middle of the bridge leaving three big log stringers exposed on both sides. Then he took his axe and cut a detour through the alders so the packtrain could ford around the end of the bridge. Stepping back into the saddle, he led the way around this new route and on riding up the far side looked back to see Little Mary still stopped in inspection of his im- provements. She was holding up the whole string ot horses as she took her time about looking things over. She had been over this bridge many times and was obviously questioning Bert's choice of trail. The new way led through a rocky ford belly deep in icy Whitewater. The old way was now a big log hewed flat on top with a gap on both sides and a pile of poles on its middle. She put her nose down and sniffed it, then pussy-footed out to the pile of poles, climb- ed over it without so much as stubbing a. toe, and came back down on the log to make her way to solid ground. Eighteen packhorses began to follow her and Bert just turned his back to ride away listening for a crash as one of them came to grief. But every one copied Little Mary's sure- footed manoeuvre to the letter. She lived to be a venerable thirty five years of age, the equivalent of a hundred years in the life span of a man, with over one hundred mountain expeditions to her credit. But then bad teeth and stiff joints causing her much pain moved us to put her humanely away. But she will never be forgotten around our evening fires. criticisms I receive regarding these space fillers. My critics accuse me of not telling the truth when I write about my wife. What I write is the truth but I do not write the whole truth for which ELspetb has reason to be very glad. 'Ah! Lazy days of idleness, weeks of carefree indolence, bumming around, ends on June Shaun Herro7i major new development days is work on a national park inside the boundaries of the new City of Gaspe. Dr. Roy is hopeful the park will stimulate the tourism busi- ness, an essential part of Gaspe's shaky economy. But, he notes that industrial expan- sion is the only thing that could significantly reduce unemploy- ment and create year-round jobs. H. A. Hubert, assistant direc- tor of the Pare Forilion project, says that about 40 full-time and 75 seasonal jobs have been created. Development of the park is to be completed by 1976, but some campsites are already open. About million being spent on the project. An important aspect of Pare Fori lion, says Mr. Hubert, will be the "interpretation of the cultural aspect of the Gaspe re- gion." "I can't give you too many details, because it's still under study. We have anthropologists working in the park and we've spent a lot of time interview- ing old people about what life used to be like here." "We've also bought antiques, and kept a number of buildings on the he noted. Mr. Hubert says that was spent to expro- priate the houses of about 200 families living in the area which is now a national park. The project, which occupies 93 square miles of the 396 square mile regional munici- pality, created last year, is hav- ing another good effect which can't be measured strictly in dollars. As a result of pressure from senior governments, and finan- cial assistance, the former vil- lage of Gaspe is studying its sewage disposal system, which Dr. Roy admits polluted tha Bay of Gaspe. Most of the other communities in the new muni- cipality use cesspools, and therefore do r.ot the water. The municipality, notes the mayor, is also preparing a comprehensive regional devel- opment plan which will do away with the helter-skelter way in which many of the vil- lages in the city developed. "This is a good thing, but we haven't got enough tax rev- enue. We'll need Dr. Hoy points out. Being the institutional centre of the eastern Gaspe, many of its buildings are non-taxable. Of million in property assessed last year, says Dr. Roy, taxes were paid on only Still, the biggest headache for the city of Gaspe's mayor remains unemployment. "You he says, "ws have families here who are the second and third generation who've been on welfare." (Herald Quebec Bureau) The learning process aimed at middle class CO THE CANADIAN middle classes are to be taught new skills? John Hunro, the federal min- ister of health, has warned us that we must come to an un- derstanding of our role in this society: to be the milk cow for those who have made the great discovery, how to live without working. It is obvious that in the mind of Mr. Munro we do not yet understand our role. He seems almost surprised. That may mean that some politicians are as much in need of education as some obscurantist members of the middle class. Mr. Tru- deau also has dwelt on this theme of middle class taxation and our obligation to provide the funds for every scheme the politicians put up. Since there has to be an election in the not too distant future, it may be that the education of the politician is even more im- portant than the education of the selfish middle classes. The place to further the education Letter to the editor of the politician Is at the bal- lot box. It isn't, of course, that we mind paying for everything. We love it. What we object te is the notion that the way to elim- inate poverty is to spread it. IT) at, essentially, is what the federal and some provincial governments have settled on as their social policy. This means more than mere- ly making a lot more people short of ready money. It means, more and more, the falling away of the capacity to pay for the things that actually raise the standard of civiliza- tion in a society. In other words, the federal and some provincial governments have decided that if certain people in society cannot have the things we all work very hard for, only the very rich can have them. After all, Mr. Munro said plainly that the very rich and corporations would lose their incentive If the money the governments throw around, was taken from their pockets instead of ours. Rebukes alderman If the Herald's quote on Mr. Kotch's remark 'People be damned" can be taken verbat- im, then I suggest Mr. Kotch grow up and tlu'nk before being so adamant. I will not go into the pros and cons of the walk- way around Henderson Lake, hut would merely like to state that Mr. Kotch did not get to be an alderman on his own power but rather tbe will of tho people, and it might be that some of these very people wero for the continuation, of the walk- way. Mr. Kotch, should remember he is a "thinking" spokesman for a large cross-section of the people and if ho wishes to re- main such, be might remember that anybody can say some- thing. But to be an adequate spokesman one must think, consider other peoples' opin- ions, and remember that as an elected representative, person- al opinions are best tempered with a little judgment. CHESTER MOOK So They Say I'm accident prone. I've been in shipwrecks, car crashes, fires, floods and tornadoes, I've had every disaster but bubonic plague and a husband and there's still time for those. Russell, 03, one of five survivors oi the sinking of the Titanic, That's a good thought. This incentive business applies to the very rich and to corporations but not to us, the middle classes. We are a kind of super- human or suprahuman force in society. Skin us and we go on as if we had three skins or grew new ones like any other snake. Create for us what I shall call "the new and we sing songs to the great- er wisdom of our dear leaders. Show us the non-workers riding in taxis with our money and we glory in the fact that our wives ride public transport that we subsidize. I can well understand the present militancy of those peo- ple who are rather exclusively and snobbishly called "the workers." They need all the money they can get to pay for the "non-workers" who will be getting their education tax re- bates if they receive our money from its distributors and pay their property taxes with it and of course the rebate is our money too. This is called by the distributors of our money "re- distribution" and who can deny it? But who creates it so that it can be distributed? "The work- ers." And the workers, all of them, are getting tired. They are getting tired of the constant fall in the value of their wages; they are getting tired of the additional demands made on what is left after they pay their bills. They are getting tired of the fact that in fact there is nothing left after I'--" iay their hills and even them is getting harder. They are like Uis man who the other day said, "I voted NDP because I thought they were the party of tho work- ers and find they're the party for the people who won't work." They are like the woman who went to hospital and in the next bed was a welfare woman who talked all day about her gar- den and its joys while sho thought all day about tie fact that she had no garden and would have to work hard for an- other 12 years before she could stop work. Then she would live even more strictly on her pen- sion. "I'm working so that she can she said bitterly. She's un r e a s o n able, of course. What does freedom mean if it doesn't mean the right to garden while others work for the money to give you the leisure to garden? Well: Incentive is the thing. The people who run all those corporations that mustn't lose their incentive, do not them- selves need incentive. They aro the halo-wearers of the 20ih century. Or are they the wage slaves and the ax slaves? The dumb oxen? The dumb? There is a grim hardening In the minds and of the hearts of all the workers. The word pov- erty is beginning to make them angry, because the poverty they are beginning to know most about is their own. The affluence about which they are becoming most concerned is the affluence of governments who create and prolong poverty by their openhanded willing- ness to create large bodies of people who do not need to work and quite quickly learn that they do not want to work; and who do it piously with money that has been bard earned by hard work. Still, when the times comes, we have on record what Mr. Munro and others have told us about what we have to learn. Then we can perhaps demon- strate to them some of the things they have to learn. Looking backward Tlirongh The Herald 1922 A spectacular thunder storm passed over the city last night giving Chautauqua and theatre crowds a real fright and in some instances a thorough drenching. 193Z Two mountain hop- ping airplanes visited the Leth- bridge airport on Tuesday, landing here after a flight across the Rockies and the oth- er hopping off from Lethbridga for Vancouver. High' waters which sent the Oldman River into its fourth flood here this year are now receding, leaving in their wake tons of silt and much debris. 1952 Mines In the Crows's Nest Pass again produced more coal in the month than any other Alberta coal mining area. 1962 Residents of Picture Butte and district will no long- er have to swim in dugouts, ir- rigation ditches, or leave for elsewhere after the official opening Saturday of the town's new swimming pool. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-J954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Pfew and (he Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO w. MOWSRS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM KAr Managing Editor Associate Bailor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER MVKIIlIng Editorial Pago Editor "TH6 HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;