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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 40 THI UETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, June 27. 1973 Artificial sight tor the blind By TERENCE SMITH New York Times Son ice JERUSALEM A pioneer in the development of the artifi- cial kidney has made what he describes as ''major progress" in the development of artificial eight for the blind. After three years of research, Dr. Willem J. Kolff and a team of scientists working at the University of Utah have be- come persuaded that an elec- tronic device can be developed that would permit a blind per- son to distinguish between light and darkness and to recognize an individual face. With the proper funding for the research already begun, Kolff said in an interview here, the device could be perfected within five years. "Our he said, "is to reach the point where a com- pletely blind person, using this device, could make his way in the world without bumping into other people and things." TWO CAMERAS As conceived by Kolff, artifi- cial sight for the blind could be created by the use of two small television cameras, each the size of a bean, mounted on a pair of ordinary eyeglasses. Such miniature cameras are already commercially pro- duced, Kolff said. Tiny wires would lead back to a cap on the back of the skull, or, conceivably, inside the skull, which would include as many as -100 tiny electrodes to stimulate the occipital lobe and create a point of light, known as aphosphene, in the mind's eye. CREATES FIGURE "The person sees this point of light floating in space at what seems to be arm's Kolff said. "The im- portant point is that when a given spot on the occipital lobe is stimulated, the person al- ways sees the phosphene in the same place. Thus, using enough electrodes, a single "map' can be developed to create a recognizable figure." A key moment in the re- search came six months ago, Kolff said, when a partly blind patient was able to recognize four electronically stimulated points and recognize them as a square. "This was the professor said, "because it demonstrated that the mind was capable of recognizing what it was seeing in this arti- ficial fashion.'' Thus, a blind person might be able to recognize an individ- ual face from the map created by the electronically stimulated phosphenes. a hula-hooping elephant? It or lie Is for real and a feature of the Hollywood scene. "When Tommy, pounds and only 7 years old, isn't giving rides to children visiting his home-base movie studio, he hoops it up alone or with Marcianne Underwood. Undisputed champion of the cities of Norwalk and La Mirada, Marclanne has one big advantage over Tommy, however. She s 10. V? OUlU CANADA DAY SPECIAL This Saturday, Weekend Magazine continues its tradition of presenting a special Canada Day edition. Kenneth Weber provides fascinating bits of information about Canadian history, including a list of Canadian Firsts. John David Hamilton writes about the role played by maple trees in Canada. There's a prize-winning essay on being Canadian by an 18-year-old Toronto student, and a story on Canada's great Seagram horse racing stable. Particularly, striking the full color reproductions of paintings by Robert Harris, best known for his famous picture of the Fathers of Confederation. Watch for all these special articles on Canada, plus Margo Oliver's recipes for Canadian-style picnics in Weekend Magazine this Saturday. The Lethbridgc Herald New life starts for old jail OTTAWA (CP) The old Carleton County jail in Ottawa is entering on a new career. The Canadian Youth Hostels Association, financed with a Local Initiatives Pro- gram grant, is working to reno- vate the 110-year-old prison and turn it into a year-round hostel for travelling youth. A new regional detention centre took the place of the jail last autumn The hostel will convert two floors of cell blocks and part of the governor's mansion into sleeping quarters. The rest of the prison has been taken over by a historical g-oup and the criminology department of the University of Ottawa. "Before we touched anything else in the building we tore the thick mesh from the win- dows in the cell said construction foreman Don Cul- len. "The halls don't look nearly as grim now.'1 One-prisoner cells, which are not ventilated or wired for light, will be used as storage areas. PRESERVE STONEWORK "We won't make any changes to the cell-block said project manager Wayne Mitch- ell. "Our lease agreement calls for preservation of the original stonework. The structure is so sound we probably wouldn't be able to tear out the walls if we tried." The dormitories created in the jail will have 60 beds lining the stone walls facing the prisoners' cells The hostel is expected to open in mid-summer. The hostel organization is maldng basic changes required by fire and health departments. have to put bright and pleasant-looking beds and fur- nishing in the halls to offset the bleakness. The hostel musn't look hke a said Marjorie Hams, a hostel worker. Bars still cover windows over- looking a walled courtyard. A musty stench hangs in the air from the concrete walls, which are patched where rioting pris- oners once smashed through them with steel bed legs. Mrs. Harris said she already has reservations from groups as far away as the Maritimes and Northwest Territories Who are wiling to spend their Ottawa mghls jn the former jail. Water bill passed WASHINGTON CAP) The Senate passed a bill to estab- lish a federal program to regu- late drinking water. The bill provides for establishment of federal standards by the En- vironmental Protection Agency prescribing maximum limits on contaminants and rules for the operation and maintenance of drinking water systems. BIRD LOVERS VANCOUVER all- Canadian sparrow that's learn- ing to speak Russian is one of several feathered patients Va- sily and Natasha Arisheff have adopted. The couple, whose na- tive tongue is Russian, came to Canada via China about 20 years ago and love binh the same way some people love clogs. They regularly feed grain to pigeons in two of Vancouvers parks and provide medical as- sistance for injured birds. Save 21% to 38% on our very best uniform styles Reg. 6.98 to 8.98 ea. Save! At this low price, here's your chance to put that hard-earned money to workl For the next three days only, we have reduced four of our best selling, top quality uniforms. We show only 2 here of these fashionably detailed styles. Choose polyester-nylon tricot or Perma-Prest polyester- cotton. All are machine- washable. In white or blue. Misses' sizes 10 to 20. Half sizes 16% to ladies' Dress Department STORE HOURS: Open Daily from a.m. to p.m. Thhurs. and Fri. cun. to p.m. Centre Village Mall Telephone 328-9231 ;