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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The LetKbridge Herald Third Section Lethbridge, Alberta, Wednesday, June 27, 1973 Pages 29 to 96 Race and IQ; a raging furore ORINDA, Calif (NEA) The ranch house on Canyon View Drive is tucked away in pas- toral setting where cows once grazed in the east hills of Grin- da, beyond the temple of learn- ing and teaching that is Berk- eley. Seven days a week, Arthur Jensen retreats into a study, away from the canyon view, and ponders and writes about the relationship of genetics and intelligence quotient, an issue which has made him one of the most controversial figures in American academe. By Murray Olderman, Newspaper Enterprise Association Four years ago, he published Ms 123-page paper in the Har- vard Educational Review which raised the question of Negro inferiority on an intellectual level, under the rather innocu- ous title, "How Much Can We Boost IQ and Scholastic Achievement." "My he saj's now, "is that difference between blacks and whites are real and not caused" by cultural bias in the IQ tests' and educational in- equalities. They involve some- thing more profound." Meaning genetic difference. Which is why all hell has bro- ken loose in his personal life these last four years. Jensen is now finishing his second sabbatical from the Uni- versity of California, where lie has been a faculty member for 15 years. Bad guy "I've got to go back to the university in the he says, aware of his "bad guy" image on campus, where he has had to walk between class buildings in the company of plainclothes- men from the police depart- ment. There is almost a paranoic plaint to his claim that most of his harassment is SDS-in- spired. Students for a Demo- cratic Society flourished dur- ing campus unrest a few years aga but has been quiescent re- cently.) "I gave a talk at a conven- tion in he recalls, "at the Palmer House. There were SO or 60 SDS types who'd gotten into the audience and got rowdy. It was .impossible for me to deliver my address. It was the nearest tiling to Hitler's Brown shirts. There were 10 plainclothesmen in the front ror- and they took me out the back door and down a freight elevator and into a squad car, then to lunch in a Greek restaurant. "But I've felt surprisingly little fear. At UCLA last May, at the Brain Research Insti- tute, 600 people showed up for an audience supposed to be 200, and I had to escape in a police sauad car. I was in a side room when a policeman saw one young man aH asked, 'What's he doing He was an SDS leader. He ran out of the room. I got out through a fire escape and went to the police station and they hid me out that night at a professor's house. Guards "If there's any problem on my own campus, I just call for guards to escort me. There have been police stationed out- side my classroom. "My wife is more apprehen- sive about this than I am, though. It's the nuts you have to worry about. You read about the mail oombs to Israeli dip- lomats. Whenever I get a pec- uliar package, I open it with caution. "When I was to address a group in a Berkely synagogue, there were bomb threats. I parked my car right out front. When I came out, all four tires were slashed. Brand new Michelins. And they broke the radio aerial. But my insurance took care of Centre The storm centre of these in- cidents is a round-faced, slight- ly out-of-shape professor of edu- cational psychology with a ruddy face and straight back dark hair that's getting gray at the temples. He is 49 years old. He doesn't smoke, never has, and likes an occasional bock beer. His only physical exercise is working out on a treadmill. "I hate he says, "but it gives me the most exercise in the shortest period of time. I also jog down the hill to the mail box." Even now, during his sabbat- ical, he picks up a completely laden carton of letters every day at his campus office. The thesis which he proposed, that blacks are intellectually infer- ior to whites, stirs continuing passion mainly because it doesn't from a hare- brained bigot (although he has been so accused) and because of its implications that current federal programs to raise the educational level of black chil- dren are misdirected. Radical Dr. Arthur Jensen is an ac- credited educational psycholo- gist who understands the radi- cal nature of his work but can't understand the vituperative re- action to what he considers scholarly research. Jensen was surprised by the public reaction to his radical views on genetics and cultural heritage related to IQ. He had been hinting at them, In lectures and scholarly arti- cles, before 1969, when publica- tion in the Harvard Educa- tional Review created a na- tional swirl, paA'cularly in lib- eral circles. "The public media put a lot of emphasis on the race he said, "though it comprised only 10 of 125 pages in the ori- ginal report. And the headlines, like in Newsweek 'Born Dumb.' They created an emo- tional block to considering what I was saying. It turns people off." Heredity Jensen's studies in the Berk- eley school system ideal for him because 40 per cent of the students were black convinc- ed him that intelligence was 80 per cent due to heredity and since blacks consistently scored 15 points lower in IQ tests, there was a strong genetic fac- tor in that difference. At Stanford, another renown- ed scientist, Nobel Laureate William Shockley has been say- ing virtually the same thing. "But I've been interested only in the educational implica- tions of genetic notes Jensen. "He approaches it with something he calls dys- genics, or downbreeding. I try to avoid being flamboyant and provocative. He Wees to shock." Shockley would encourage li- miting the birth rate of the genetically disadvantaged (i.e., blacks) because their "dispro- por tionate reproduction" theatens "genetic enslave- ment." Arrogant He also practices an arro- gant intellectualism in which any prospective interviewer must prove to him (Shocklev) that he's intelligent enough "to merit an audience. And every phone conversation is punctu- ated with a beeper to signify all is being recorded. Jensen, in the face of attacks on his credibility from within the academic community, is simply eager to make himself understood. "I'm not a racist or a far he stresses. "I'm a registered Democrat. But I'm not a party-line type. I favor desegregation. I'm against treating people on the basis of race. I keep empha- sizing in my writings that peo- ple, any color, are unique. If make a big thing of group identity, they pay an em- otional price. A person is not the average of the group he be- longs to. "But I feel I had to say what I had to say because the price of maintaining a myth that there is not a difference is too big a price to pay. You have to maintain other myths to sup- port it and it makes bad guys out of society at large." Parly When he was a graduate stu- dent at Columbia University, Jensen remembers hearing about Henry Garrett, a psy- chologist who espoused genetic inferiority of blacks, and think- ing, "He's probably not a good guy." "Then at a faculty party in he adds, "his name came up and I said, 'Yes, but isn't Garrett crazy and It reflected my attitude about people who believed Negroes were genetically inferior. "Now I've had a chance to go bei-k and read his writings again and I don't think he was far off. Yet I don't like to be associated with his image." Jensen claims half a dozen Nobel laureates in genetics have written him lauding his work in this area but he won't name for fear of embarrassing them. "I haven't thought the notoriety I've received is good for the image of a he muses. Reprints As a footnote, he was not paid for the original 1969 article which created all the furor. In fact, he had to pay for reprints. But from his studies have come two books. One, "Genetics and Education." was published this spring and is a basic review of his position as an educational psychologist and notes the storm of protest. Coming out in the fall, coin- ciding with his return to teach- ing, is the blockbuster "Edu- cability and Group Differences" which concentrates jt'most entirely on the race issue (and for which he received a advance against royalties.) Pressure Jensen has felt the pressure of his studies. The Berkeley school system has refused to cooperate in further research He used to be on the ballot for office in the American Psychol- Association. No more. Job offers, which faculty at a prestigious university such as Berkeley attracts, ceased. Graduate students no longer chose him as their main pro- fessor. But his studies in the sensi- tive field of genetic differences go on, impervious to conse- quences. "The really important shrugs Arthur Jensen, Implacable, "do get attacked." The story of the man who called blacks inferior The Great MgGavin ToastMaster -Cookout Contest You could win the barbecue "party of your life" with JIM ELLIOTT OF 'CJOC' Plus the chance to win deluxe barbecues and aprons. HOW TO If you meet the McGavm ToastMaster Hostess at your supermarket, you'll get a Barbecue Apron, just for having McGavin ToastMaster products in your cart. Send proof of purchase or reasonable facsimile and you'll bs eligible to win one of the deluxe barbecues. Also you'll have a chance to win the grand prize of a barbecue "party of your at your home, everything supplied with a well-known radio personality as your host. Name_ Address. City____ _Provlnce_ Send to: CJOC LETHBRIDGE This contest Is not open to employees of McGavln ToastMaster Limited or their affiliates. Oder, limited time only, end subject to Federal end Provincial regulations. MCGavin ToastMaster Limited ;