Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
14 LETHMIOGE HKALO Jon. IT, Ask Willi 1UC SWIIIART Read Government labels Agribusinessmen in southern Alberta will have opportunity of placing questions before fhe agricultural ministers on a provincial and nalioncl level with the in- troduction of a new farm oriented column, Dr. Hugh Horner, agriculture minister for Alberta and Bud Olson, federal agricultural minister, have agreed to answer questions posed by south Afbertans through The Herald. Letters can be directed to The Chinook desk at the Herald on policy issues affecting agriculture. The ques- tion will be directed at either or both men and the answer prirvted in the new column. LEK SANDERSON of Senate, Sask. wrote to ask it, Adder the Small Farms Act, a farmer can receive assistance to pin-chase a small farm from a neighbor, thinking of saving the government the trouble of purchasing the farm aud 1hen reselling it. Mr. Olson said the Small Farms Development Program Is designed to help Canadian farmers wlio own a smalI family farm. Help will be provided to farmers who to remain in fanning and who need more land to expand to a profitable family farm size. Help will also be provided to owners of small farms who have decided to sell their farms to lake advantage of better opportunities or who, becattse of age, wish to retire. A cash grant will be made available to fanners who want to .sell, based on assets up to They will also have ttie option of keeping their home and an appropriate piece of surrounding land for as long as they or their spouse live. Negotiations on an agreement to cover the entire program which will also involve special farm management and allied services are proceeding at the moment with several provinces. There will also be., help for owners of small family farms WHO wish to expand. Priority will be given to farmers whose total assets are or less. The priority is given to these farmers to give them an opportunity to compete with large operations which have huge assets and the backing to outbid the smaller fanner (in the .Farmers who are expanding thair operations by buying nearby small farms can buy these farms directly, using nor- mal credit or loans offered through the Farm Credit Corpor- ation. For those farmers whose assets are inadequate or who could experience difficulty carrying a mortgage based loan, special credit arrangements are being developed which are designed to reduce substantially the dowr.payment tlu; fanner would require. 11 We have been working on the program (or many months and negotiations with the provinces have been continuing for longer thau we hoped would be said Mr. Olsoti. "Recognizing the need for this program, we are prepared sow to move quickly towards implementation oil a national Dandelion control in lawns An application of amine U recommended for controlling dandelion infestations in gar- den lawns. Ester formulations should not be used because the vapor can damage .surrounding vegetation. The head o! the de- partment of agriculture's weed control branch, Bill Lobay, says that dandelion plant's are more susceptible to early in Ihe season than later on. There are many different types of equipment for apply- ing this chemical. They include a "cane" for applying lo individual plants, a weed-bar which you drag across the lawn, a watering can and a portable hand-sprayer. To avoid drift, the sprayer should always be set to give a coarse spray. Alter being used, the sprayer or watering can should be thoroughly washed with a solution of household am- monia or washing soda and kept for this purpose only. As with all chemicals, follow the manufaclurcrs' directions carefully, said Mr. Loljay. Methyl alcohol cleans nozzles Some Alberta fanners have reported problems with Gutli- ion (asinphos methyl) precip- itating out and blocking spray- er nozzles. According [o Mike Dolinski, entomologist and pest control specialist with Hie provincial plant industry division, this problem can he easily over- come by using reasonably warm water. He suggests using water from a dugout, pond or slough or letting well water stand overnight to remove Ihe chill. Methyl alcohol will clean sprayer nozzles that have be- come blocked. Gulhion is recommended for controlling Colorado polato beetles, sweet clover weevils and flea beetles. By J. J. SEXSMITH Research Station Wheat seeded at a depth of Hi inches in a field treated with .Avadez, applied as a disced in pro-planting treat- ment, was severely injured all because the material used and method of application were wrong for a wheat crop. A barley crop, heavily infest- ed with wild buckwheat, was treated al the 4- to 5- leaf stage with an acid equi- valent rale of Banvel 3 (dicam- ba lo lo mccoprop mix- ture) and suffered severe in- jury the result of apply at the incorrect rale and time. Corn, grown on land intended for sugar beets Hie following year, was treated with atrazine al Hi pounds per acre before Ihe corn emerged Ihe cor- rect treatment for the corn crop, but the residual effect of the atrazine would make it im- possible to grow beets on Ihe land Ihe nexl year. These examples are actual case Instn-.-ies of herbicide use. Had Ihe informa- tion on the nroducl labels been followed, tlie problems could have hocn avoided. In (he case of (he wheat crop. AVPC'OX BW should have been used as a harrowed post- planting treatment. Banvel 3 was a rcrsonnble choice for wild buckwheat in the barley tail should have been applied al a 6-ounce rale- when the crop was in the 2- to 3-leaf stage of growth. To allow for the grov, tno, of a sugar-beet crop (be following year, possi- ble trealpienls could have been Sulan or Lasso in Ihe corn for control of annual grass weeds and eilber Banvel 3 or Bladex for brofd'caf annuals. Complete as label informalion may be, a change in procedure or additional precaution occa- sionally may be necessary. Label information should be svipplemenled with the appli- cable local rccommendaUons available in current bulletins and leaflets from the Provincial Pepartments of Agriculture. Some of the ilems to be look- ed for on a label include the following: the active chemical, type of formulation, and amount of acid equivalent or active ingre- dient; crops in which material may be ussd safely; rate and lime of applica- tion; weeds that car. be control- led by safe rates, and stages o( weed growth when effective; special mixing and appli- cation instructions, including spray volumes; how soon and what crops can be grown after treatment; precautions regarding use of crops by livestock and hu- mans. As the purchaser of a herbi- cide, you have paid for Ihe label on Ihe container as well as for the weed killer in the container. For full value, make use of of (hem. Read and heed the label. Combine the information with that conlained in olher literature and with your own or others' experiences when using the product. Only then can you expect to obtain maximum possible value and benefit from the herbicide you have purchased. POT-LUCK y D'ARCY RICKARD While Hildegaixi is down in the vault, getting into the freezer for the steak, I want to tell you about something I saw when was a kid up al Birdseye Ranch. We used to go Tor these family picnics, you know, and everybody would saddle up and ride out over Birdseye Hill to the west of Chief Mountain. Some- times we'd ride as far as the beautiful waterfall that announces Crooked Creek. Mostly we'd follow the irrigation ditch up past the old log cabin and find a nice spot for a picnic. Well, the last saddle hanging in the ham, after all the others had grabbed the big western models, was a funny looking English affair. This was the one I always ended up with. Now, I used lo have a lot of fun trying to sit on that thing. No bull. Speaking of bulls, they seem a lot smaller these days, but they're not. Big Jim, Milk River's pride, weighs in at pounds and if his nicks are good the packing houses can look forward to what they want, heavier carcasses. But back to the picnic ride. The thing I wanted to tell you about; 1 saw this big Hereford bull. Facing oft with another big fellow, he'd caught his horn in the ground and broken his neck. It was his last joust and it brings to mind that poem I read once: Yonder lies a tired old bull, Sick in sour and body both That's a good poem, I hope I stumble across it again sometime. Well, the bulls seemed bigger then. They looked fearsomely big to me. Then in the 1940s they started breeding them down. They ran into dwarfdsm. Now don't get me wrong. These problems have all been ironed out. I mean, with the Alberta Here- ford-Breeders shipping head by air to Russia, well there's nothing wrong with Hereford cattle. I'm just sayin' they look a teeny, weeny mite tiny to me. A few years back the restaurants wanted "just the right-sized steak" and spurred the packing houses to put a premium on light carcasses. Now there's too many light carcasses around. Well, it's a lot easier to breed them down than breed them up. I hope they finally get what they're looking for. Rancher Gilchrist of Maple Creek ex- plained it to me some years ago. Today they want them about 575 to 650 pounds and they're discounting anything lighter and anything much heavier. Now, I don't know what all this means, except that we can still eat beef a lot faster than the cow- boys can grow it. Now I hear Hildegard closing the door lo the vault. In a minute I'll be eating that steak. Never mind what kind. Tame fish angler's dream The first humans lo visil an undersea mountain about 250 miles southwest of Victoria last week discovered fish so tame they were a nuisance. "They had absolutely no fear at said Dr. Dai Jones, spokesman for a diving expedi- tion from Simon Fraser Univer- sity. "You could pal them and stroke them just like dogs. They loved it. But they kepi getting in the way of our work." The fish, all about three feel long and in schools of more than a hundred, were red snap- pers and a type of bass called Bacaccio, ho said. The expedition of three ma- rine scientists and two profes- sional rfh'ers installed a sedi- ment collecting station on the 20-acre plateau which is tan feet the ocean's surface. It's called Cobbs Seamount and the ocean depths around it plunge to feet. It was dis- covered by an American re- March ship in 1950. fishermen in southern Alber- ta would more than welcome the odd easy catch like the men in Vancouver appeared to have. Pete Berger ef Raymond did manage to land a pike from nidge Reservoir but the depth was far less than ocean-going fish live at. Jones said the scientists would like to sec it set up as an international conservation area. "It Is a really beautiful, un- spoiled area. The water was so clear that some of the lime we could see (00 fee( down from the surface and walcli schools of fish."