Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Jime 27, 197J THE liTHBRIDGE HKAID 7 Japanese forage varieties suggested as a good export product rTnu; fp.sriKv Italian r Alberta forage seed pro- ducers who want to capture the Japanese market should se- Pesticides efficient control Chemical pesticides are still Ihe most efficient means of controlling some insect pests, says Dr. Bob Burrage the Saskatoon Research Station. "As in the use of most other things, there are advantages and he says. "Our job Is to ensure to the best of our knowledge and judgement, that'the advantages far o u t w e 1 g h the disadvant- ages." Dr. Burrage heads the sta- tion's insect ecology section which is part of a nation-wide network of research teams who keep a constant vigil on the en- vironment's well-being. "Our overall research phi- losophy stresses wise use of he says. "Research into minimum amounts needed, persistence in the soil and uptake by crops is behind regulations on every pesticide. "A pesticide is licensed for use on specific crops because research has shown it's safe on those crops. It can't be used on other crops until regulations al- low it and that depends on fur- ther research." Researchers provide infor- mation to guide regulatory agencies. "In many cases this involves safety to wildlife. There's a cer- tain seed treatment, for exam- ple, which is restricted to only one chemical because we know it's safe for animals and birds which might feed on the he said. "We're looking out for the farmer's interests as well." "Regulations limit which crops can be grown immediate- ly following pesticide treat- ments. We're checking crops against chemical treatments to see which of these restrict ins are really necessary. It could give the farmer a greater choice of crops. "There's a healthy safely margin in the wise iise of pesti- cides. We intend to keep it that Dr. Burrage says. LIVESTOCK COUNT UP Cattle and calves on Dec. 1 were estimated by Statistics Canada at head, up three percent from a year earl- ier. Milk cows were down three percent, beef cows up six per- cent, steers up four percent, catlle-on-feed up six percent and calves up two percent. Sheep and lambs increased eight percent to head, and horses were down two per- cent to The statistics bureau also re- ported that poultry on Jarms on Bee. 1 stood at 77.8 million birds, down 3.3 percent from a year earlier. Hens and chickens were down 7.5 percent to 38.3 million and turkeys 5.5 percent to 4.4 million. riously consider growing Japanese varieties rather than trying to export Canadian va- rieties, said 0. G. Bratvold, di- rector of the Alberta depart- ment of agriculture's plant in- dustry division. He was a member of a tech- nical seed trade mission, spon- sored by the Canadian Seed Growers Association, which re- cently spent a month touring Japan to evaluate the potential market for Canadian forage seed. To facilitate the growing of Japanese forage seed varieties on a contract basis in Canada, Mr. Bratvold recommends set- ting up testing programs to find out which varieties can be profitably grown here. At the present time, Japan imports about metric tons, or approximately 23 mil- lion pounds, of forage seed an- nually. Most of these imports are supplied by Ihe United States with Canada accounting for about 330 metric tons. One of Ihe reasons that Am- erican forage seed producers have captured this market is that they can grow some of the tropical varieties that are popular in Japan. However, the American seed trade's aggres- sive sales policy is by far the more important factor, he said. He believes that Canada has a real advantage in this area in that we have one overall na- tional certification program for all forage seed, whereas each American state has its own program. Within the next two years, the Hokkaido Prefectural govern- ment intends to make the use of certified seed mandatory, and are the national governm? t to i--ike this uni- versal throughout Japan, the next logical step will be to in- sist on the use of approved va- rieties only. Mr. Bratvold predicts that Japan's forage seed require- ment will continue to increase over the next 10 years. Because of climatic and soil conditions, Japan is going to have to con- tinue to depend upon outside sources to meet these demands, By about 1080 the Japanese government hopes to have ap- proximately h e c t a r acres) of rice paddy land converted to grass and to bring large areas of mountain land into grass to support its continually increasing cat- tle population. This conversion will be mainly to orchard grass and Italian ryegrass. The main grasses now being grown in Japan are orchard grass, timothy, tall and mea- dow fescue, Italian ryegrass and perennial ryegrass. After samples of these grasses have been grown and evaluated un- der Canadian conditions, tho next step would be for Ihe seed trade to go after contracts, Mr. Bralvold said. "Since we already know that we can profitably grow orchard grass and timothy, the trade should be working on contracts for these varieties he said. Japan is almost completely dependent on outside supplies of all grasses. Lawn grass seed now represents 30 per cent of all forage seed imports, and this proportion is increasing an- nually. A substantial amount of the lawn seed is creeping red fescue which grows well here. But very little certified seed available in Canada for this variety. GREAT WEST TIRE LTD. P1NCHER CREEK Phone 627-4042 1203 2nd Ave. S. Phone 328-2443 HAVE US CHECK YOUR CAR BEFORE YOU GO ON VACATION TUNE-UK WHEEL ALIGNMENT HOFFMAN WHEEL BALANCE SHOCK ABSORBERS under your car NEED TIRES? WE HAVE A FULL LINE OF DUNLOP CAR and TRUCK TIRES TO SUIT EVERYONE'S BUDGET CERTIFIED SPECIALISTS GREAT WEST TIRE LTD.