Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 27, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, Jun. 1.7, 1970 THE UTHBRIDGE HERAID 3 Builders Of The South-8 Margaret Luckhnrst Farming: A Barometer For The Economy WHATEVER the government may have to say about Uie agricultural situation in Can ommcnded that in order to equalize competition, a pur- chasing committee would select ada at the present time, if the the calves, the calves would be -nnmhmvirl nml rlrnum fnr nnfl western farmer is economically in good shape, the rest of the country will be also." This was the observation of Charles E. Parry, pioneer farm- er and rancher, who, :u the field of agriculture, should certainly know what he's talking about. "I'm especially concerned with the attitude of urban peo- ple towards Mr. Parry said. "There is an atti- tude which is constantly being expressed in phrases such as 'to heck with the damn farm- er' and 'if the farmers are hav- ing a bad time, it serves them right, they've had it good for a long time.' This attitude of re- sentfulness doesn't dr anyone a bit of good, and, for the most part, indicates the lack of com- munication between the rural and urban people." Mr. Parry, who was born in Cardiff, Wales, in 18911 admils that if the family had not moved to Canada in 1902, lie might have ended up a shop- keeper or in the mines in the tradition of his countrymen. "That would have been ter- he reflected, "jusl Ihink of all the wonderful experiences I would have missed, in Leth- bridge, in rodeos, on the farms and ranches I've worked. It just doesn't do to dwell on that at Mr. Parry says he grew up with Lethbridge. "I made it as far as Grade 10 in the cily schools, after initial schooling in the old White elementary east of town here, but I just wasn't a student. My Dad sort of in- dicated either shape up or ship out, and I did just that. I left home at 16 to find my way in the world, which I figured was better than studying. It was a sentiment a lot of young boys shared in my day. It wasn't so important to get a degree in those days, for there were lots of opportunities if you were willing to work. Experience was the best teacher then and in a way, I still Ihink it applies in many fields of work today." Out on his own, the young Parry moved about the country finding work wherever he could. "I don't remember all the, things I he admitted. "1 started working on farms and ranches, then I was with a tele- phone gang for a time, and when the elevator-building boom arrived in the early part of the First World War I got in on that. Several elevators around here I've helped build. I joined the overseas contingent of the Royal North West Mount- ed Police and went overseas, later transferring to the Cana- dian Light Horse in England. I guess you might say I liked horses." After the war, on his return to Canada, his equestrian finesse stood him in good stead. "Other men were looking for Mr. Parry stated, "but I didn't have much trouble be- cause I immediately went back to the Mounties in Winnipeg and got a job riding remounts. You don't know what remounts are? They're green broncs. Never been to a stampede! Well, green broncs are horses that have to be broken to the. saddle. After we'd calmed them down a con- siderable bit, they were fit to ride, by Mounties or cavalry." During this time, Mr. Parry went on the roundup trail and rode in all the southern Alberta rodeos. "I Roman raced and relay raced all across the coun- he said "I got very good at trick riding and gymkhana events don't know what they are? It's expertise in difficult riding through obstacles and over hurdles, that sort of thing." In 1923, Mr. Parry married, and his wife didn't like the dangers of rodeo life. "It was then I started dairy farming and settled into agriculliu'al life in earnest" As Mr. Parry's family of two sons and a daughter grew, and his farm developed, he found himself increasingly involved in community affairs. "I had been interested in Ihe Junior Farm Club movemenl in Ihe Lethbridge area which began with a beef calf he said. "There were swine and lamb clubs organized about the same time, so I, along with Art New- man (who was at the time Su- perintendent of livestock at the Experimental Farm) organized a Junior Dairy Calf club in 1927. Tile purpose of course of these clubs was lo encourage interest in all facets of farming with emphasis on top quality production." In the early years, Mr. Parry explained, money was a scarce commodily and really good breeding herds were scarce. Consequently, those members who could afford to purchase outstanding animals often top- ped the area shows. This was an unfair advantage and threa- tened to end the club's activi- ties. "An advisory board rec- numbered and drawn for and the money would be pooled and a bonus paid to 1st, 2nd and 3rd place winners." A number of years later Uie 4-H movemenl arrived in Alber- ta from the United Slates and was directly sponsored by the provincial government. The Lethbridge Club did not immed- iately affiliate as it felt the rjlcs were inferior to those of the club. However, eventually the 4-H rules were updated in keeping with the Lethbridge regulations, and the club joined Uie 4-H movement. "In the dirty Mr. Parry said, "it was necessary to protecl the milk producing induslry, so those of us con- cerned in this field organized the Alberta Milk Producers As- sociation. I was a director of the board for 17 years or so and was president for about 16 years. Conditions in milk and cream production had their ups and downs over the years, par- ticularly following the Second World War when dairying began losing favor compared with other branches of agriculture. This was clue to Uie additional hours of labor required for a smaller return, plus the added problem of securing competent help." Also following the war, Mr. Parry, who was than serving on the Board of Trade, encour- agsd Uie revival of the Leth- bridge Fair and headed up a committee with these plans in mind, "It was our recommenda- tion that we organize a new fair which would encompass both agricultural and industrial Mr. Parry explained. "We further recommended that a second circuit of B Class fairs be established to include Moose Jaw, Swift Current ard Medi- cine Hat. Our report suggested lhat the exhibition would be coupled with year-round activi- ties which would include such things as horse sales, bull sales, feeder sales, and a rodeo. A board of directors was set up, and service clubs and other or- ganizations were encouraged to pursue an interest in the new organization. It was realized that an exhibition of this magni- tude would need the co-ordina- ting efforts of a secretary-man- ager, and in view of the fact that I had been involved in fairs in my youth and with the 4-H club later, I was appointed to this post." During the 14 years he was with the Lethbridge Exhibition, Mr. Parry was named vice- president of the Canadian Stam- pede Managers' Association. Mr. Parry was instrumental in the formation of Lethbridge Municipal Hospital District, and from its beginning served as a member of the board. In the years he was with the board he was chairman twice. "I sup- pose I could have been on it he reminisced, "but I of one type or another which' he has received over the years. Some arc for his acrobatic feats of horseback riding, others are for service rendered lo the Dairy Association, the Lclh- bridge Exhibition, the 4-H Cluh, R o d e o Association, Kiwanis Club, Leihbridge Hospital Board, and Boy Scouts associa- tion where he was a leader for 25 years. "If I have to pick out two awards lhat have pleased me he considered, "I think one would he the appoinl- nicnt to the Lethbridge Exhibi- tion Hall of Fame, and the other would be the award of honorary life member of the Agricultural Institute of Canada. These have been endeavors winch I have been involved in most actively, and which are very dear to me. However, more recently I have also been pleased to have been in on the organizing of Ihe Native Friend- ship Centre in Lethbridge, and also the Native Friendship So- ciety of southern Alberta. As vice-president, I was determin- ed to get a building here for the centre and I'm very happy at the way this association is progressing." Mr. Parry gets indignant at the mere mention of retiring. "Me he exclaimed, "I'll never retire. Why I still have the ranch al Waterlon and I'm very involved as pres- ent as Lt. Governor of Kiwanis District 3. You won't catch me Mr. Parry's children are grown and away; Ms first wifo died a number of years ago. Today, he and Mrs. Parry, the former Laufey Enerson, widow of P. 0. Enerson, divide their time between Ihe ranch at Waterlon, their various civic in- terests and their families. "We have 'His and Hers' walls lined will) pictures of Irer children and grandchildren, and my children and grandchildren, "Mr. Parry explained as he named them off. "I'm not sure that any of them share the same enthusiasm I've had all my life for agriculture. But then unfortunately, its future is unpredictable. Maybe it's just as well." CHARLES EDWARD PARRY Herald Engraving Book Revieivs Admirable But Bewildering thank that other people should step in and take over the reins. They have new ideas, and in- ject new enthusiasm into the group." When questioned about the future of fanning in the west, Mr. Parry had some firm opin- ions. "I disapprove of this new tax on farm buildings" he stated. "In the rural areas, what advantage do we get from such taxation? There is no sew- er or water, no garbage pick- up, none of the services enjoyed in urban areas. It seems to be a measure to make it more dif- ficult for the small farmer to make a decent living." Mr. Parry recalled lhat in 1948 he bad to fight for rural electrification. "I personally made umpteen trips to Calgary to Calgary Power to see what could bo done, all of them end- ed futilely. Finally, on one last desperate trip I threatened to stage a sit-in until somebody listened to me. At last I was told that if I could accumulate at least 100 signatures they would find it economically pos- sible to put electricity in for us. Needless to say it didn't take long to acquire the signa- tures. This rural electric ser- vice was the first in the prov- ince. I don't think from this example that anyone could say farmers have been over-in- dulged'.' Mr. Parry isn't too happy with the government's LIFT program but agrees Uial il's about all that can be done at present. "However, a drought could change the conditions rapidly, and we might find ourselves with less grain than we require. It's hard to predict. Encourag- ing the fanner to grow rape- seed in place of grain will likely end up in a surplus of rapesecd. Production of livestock could he overdone too. You almost need a crystal ball to help you de- cide what lo do on the farm these days." In Mr. Parry's office in his home in Lethbridge. the panel- led walls are lined with awards Tuesday 4 August 1914 by Ian Ribbons; (Oxford Uni- versity Press, 80 pp, 4 August 1914, supply an easy-to-read history of one aspect of the First World War. It is a book that is admir- ably thorough in its research, yet difficult to recommend be- seems to bs an attempt to Rituals Of Voodoo Divine Horsemen: The Voo- doo Gods of Haiti, by Maya Peren; (Random House; 350 pp. illustrated; "yOODOO is like any en- tirely mysterious pheno- menon: most of us try to pooh- pooh it as silly but we'd react with an awe- inspiring fear if we saw a prac- ticing witch 'doctor stick pins in a hex doll wilh our names on it. Maya Deren is a film-maker- cum anthropologist who first approached Voodoo in much that way, as a potential subject for a documentary film. But she became so engrossed in Voodo that she is now one of the world's better informed authorities on the subject. Her Divine Horsemen was privately printed in 1952, and has only recently received the acclaim it so richly and a mass printing. Maya Deren has written of her book: "I had begun as an artist, as one who would mani- pulate the Clements of a reality into a work of art; I end by recording as humbly and ac- curately as I can, the logic of a reality which had forced me to recognize its integrity, and to abandon my manipulation." A customary explanation of Voodoo's effectiveness is 'hat when people believe it works, they react as expected, even to the extreme of dying. But one has to question the efficacy of this argument after reading Divine Horsemen. The establishmentarian Cath- olic church has taken over as the religion of the "middle" and "upper" classes in The Repub- lic of Haiti and in The West Indies, but the "lower" the vast majorily of their pop- ulations still believe strong- ly in their Voodoo religion. Voodoo religious beliefs say Man has a material body thai receives its animation from a noil material soul spiril, which leaves the body when the body dies, but which itself nev- er dies. The soul spirit may, under certain circumstances, become a a divinity that repre- sents some natural or moral principle. A loa has the power to tem- porarily push aside the body's soul spirit (his animating force) and take possession of the body for a time. The "possessed" man or wo- man acts precisely as the loa wants Mm or her to act, as Ihe loa acled when originally alive, and can perform what can only be described as miracles. says Daya Deren, "is the twilight speech of an old man to a boy." It is a fiction used to de- scribe that which we have nev- er seen but constantly try to imagine, in terms that we can understand. Myth is designed not to describe history, or cre- ation, or religious entities, but to demonstrate their meanings. Voodoo has developed rituals in the same way, and its be- lievers live closely within their religion. A living man has a very real and usually tract- able spirit; it affects his day- to-day life because it is his source of living. Possession, too, is totally and actually real. Divine Horsemen ends with Maya Deren's personal descrip- tion of being herself possessed: "The'white darkness mores up the veins of my leg like a swift tide rising: is a great force which I cannot sustain or con- tain; which surely will burst my skin. It is too much, too bright, too white for me; this is its darkness." Anyone who can read Divine Horsemen without losing just a bit of his complacent confi- dence in the impossibility of Voodoo's actually working has a closed mind, and for the stu- dent of anthropology, the book is a must. -JIM WILSON. cause of its deficiencies in or- ganization. The author has compiled a mass of detail and has chosen to handle it in a way that can be bewildering. Rather than attempt to have the reader follow him through the sequence of events that precipitated the First World War, Mr. Ribbons uses a tech- nique that has become popular in recent years in other art forms, notably music and movies. He simply bombards the reader with a series of ex- tremely short, seemingly unre- lated episodes that (hopefully) merge into a coherent whole as one nears the end of the book. Some of the vignettes provide "human interest" glimpses into the non-military aspects of the war that would be welcome re- lief in the traditional, academ- ic history. But an entire book of short episodes tends to be- come somewhat like Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In. One feels the need for continuity, seme organizing principal that would impose order upon the events that led to the war. The illustrations, done by Uie author, add considerably to the book. Most of them are sketches, scattered three or four to the page, although there are a few full page color illus- trations. There are only two maps of battle plans, which seems to be consistent with the author's over-all approach. Rather than concentrate on a logical, sequential explanation of a complex situation, Mr. Rib- bons has taken his pictures and vignettes and put them in chronological order. The effect sounds as if it- should be quite orderly; what happens is that the reader jumps from England to Prus- sia to Russia and back on al- most every page. Constant changes in Uie point of view enable the reader to skip around if he wants to without any serious damage to his train of thought, but they can be disquieting lo the old-fash- ioned type who looks for some kind of tightly-knit story line. HERB JOHNSON. Focus on the University By J. W. FISHBOURNE Progress I Guess AWAY back in the dimly remembered past, before the divided school year or even the semester system, it was about at Uiis time that the school year ended. Actually, there was nothing indefinite about it; the school year ended at pre- cisely 4 o'clock in the 30th day of June, except in those rare and happy instances where that particular day fell on a Sato- day or Sunday, when we were grudgingly released the previous Friday afternoon. The occasion, as I remember, was un- marked by any particular celebration. Our struggling departure from the school on that day was different from other days only in that each of us bore armfuls of books and scribblers slightly larger than usual. Occasionally some bold spirit would pause long enough to rip up a grubby scribbler, and fling the pieces to the wind to scatter around the school yard, but I don't remember anything wilder than that For most of us, the end of school did not occasion any particular excitement. Of course it was plesant to look forward to a long and lazy summer, lhat would make no particular demands upon us. Some would have to spend a little while ostensibly looking for a job, but it would be going through the motions, as everyone knew that there were no jobs for high school students. The only people I knew who worked at all in the summer were boys whose folks had land, or whose fam- ilies operated a store or business of some sort. There might be a little desultory talk about holidays, and who might be going where, but that wasn't a very big thing either. Those were the days when a vaca- tion meant renting a cottage at the lake for a week or two, or a visit to Uncle Bill's fann. (Looking back, I suppose my own holidays were about as exotic as anyone's; my father was a railroader, so had a "pass" that took us to Vancouver each year.) I must admit there was something a little different about the final year in high school. About tilis time we were beginning to realize that none of us would be back next year, and that a new phase of our lives was starting. A few would have jobs lined up, and usually they were Uio proud ones. A lew in Ihose days, a very few were going on to university, and perhaps an equal number to a long forgot- ten institution called Normal School. But most of us really had nowhere to go, and only tire vaguest sort of idea of what lo do about it. We may have spoken loftily aboul our plans, what we were going to but for the most part we just hoped that something would turn up to enable w to earn a living. Tilings seem so different, now. Take va- cations, for instance. Whereas1 we thought that a week or two at a lake or farm was all right, and Vancouver a really big deal, youngsters nowadays talk quite casu- ally of going to Europe or to Japan for Expo. As for jobs, in the days I am talk- ing about, it seemed to be a matter of "knowing nowadays it is Man- power that does the job hunting, and ac- coi-ding to its reports it docs so quite suc- cessfully. The biggest difference, however, Is in what happens to graduating students. For the most part, those who decide to go to work seem to have no particualr problems in finding employment. But most prefer to continue their education, and Ihe opportu- nity to do so is available to them. Univer- sities open their doors to vastly more stu- dents than they did a few years ago. Com- munity Colleges, Institutes of Technology and so forth provide a broader range of post-secondary educational opportunities ever existed before. And not only do the institutions exist; money is available, through such mechanisms as the Students Assistance Act, to ensure that those who want to or need more education are able to get it. So, perhaps we are making some pro- gress; if, as is so often claimed, education is the key to all our problems, one must assume so. It would be a pity to discover that Plato was right, after all, when ha said "Let early education be a sort of amusement. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY The Shining Day Will Come T went to the General Assembly of our Church this year, the first time for many years. It is hard to contend for pro- gress without being contentious and no one likes to be a disturber of the peace. More- over it is frustrating to lose in causes one knows are right and something dies within you with each defeat. Yet at this Assembly professors from Montreal and Toronto came to exult in their combined faculties of theology. In Toronto the three Roman Catholic colleges had joined with the Pres- United, and Anglican, pooling their rich teaching resources of 60 profes- sors and their libraries. The church offi- cials also related the magnificent achieve- ments of the Synod corporations by means of which scores of churches had been built. Now these Synod corporations would be set up on a national basis. A new sys- tem of elder rotation has been advocated, involving more laity and' assuring a great- er vitality. Instead of the Moderator (Pres- ident) being elected by competitive vote, the Presbyterians sent down their nomina- tions and thus saved embarrassment and also ensured a closer realization of the voice of tire church. At long last a new hymn book is being prepared. Each of these things I proposed 15 years ago and was rejected as if the proposals were monstrous. The memory of the bit- terness of the debates remains, the wounds stiU sore. Yet one listens in amazement as men now compete for the credit of bringing these "new" ideas into being. They do not seem either great or radical now and one wonders why they caused such dissension, why they had caused a storm of and more unkind epithets. It is ironic, but one is too weary to rejoice in a victory which now seems unimportant. "You have need of the Apostle said. But Uiis is true not only in the church. At the end of the war a committee of Calgary citizens went to Edmonton to urge the government to establish a second university in Calgary for the province of Alberta. We were turned down flatly, wilh little consideration. In a few years, how- ever, the university was established and soon there would be a proliferation of col- leges across1 the country, the government taking prideful credit for the increase. It has been pointed out in this column and elsewhere ISiat every advance in any- thing had to overcome, bitter opposition, in medicine oppositon from doctors, in. science from the scientists, and in tha church from men who, as Jesus said, thought they were doing God service. Even the most inhuman social suffering and in- justice was upheld as making for strong character and racial fitness. It is impos- sible to propose any good thing in any area of human life without stirring up prejudice and unreason. But, as Carlyle remarked to a man who complained that all he struggled for came about with intolerable slowness, if you have a creed you can afford to wait. This was the secret of St. Paul's amazing con- fidence. In the New English Bible transla- tion, Paul tells the Philippians regarding their enemies that "Uiis is a sure sign to Uiem that their doom is sealed." "Have no anxiety about he urges them. That massive Danish: theologian, so in- fluential today, WTOte that faith begins infinite resignation, but goes beyond it to believe and trust God to the point absurdity. Paul thought of his own Me, beaten, imprisoned, exiled, reviled, as "a constant pageant of triumph." To quota from the New English Bible again. Paul says. "I have strength for anything Uirough him who gives me power." He makes the rest of us feel ashamed of our dejection and easy quilting. Paul was never finally defeated. "Even if I am to be poured out as a libation upon Ux> sacrifical offering of your faith, I am glad and rejoice with you all." He was quite a man! Paul saw God in righteous conflict with evil. TruUi and goodness must be victorious. The stars in their courses fought against Sisera and Ihey were fighting against Nero too. It is a long-range faith. Baldwin, when Prime Minister of Britain, remarked that if he lived to tire age of Methusaleh, it would bo impossible for him to see the Uiings he strove for pass. We sea a few of the things for which we struggle realized. One day those bigger and belter truths for which we fought will come to pass. The Battle Of The Bible By Dong Walker IgROCHURE'S for summer church camps generally include lists of things the campers should bring. The list often runs something like lliis; extra clothing, swim suit, towel, soap, toothbrush, musical in- strument, pencil, notebook and Bible. Sometimes campers notably boys return home with suitcases that look sus- piciously as though they had never been opened. The clothes are not soiled, the soap is unwrapped, the notebook is unused. There is usually no way of knowing if the Bible has been opened. But one set of parents knew somebody's Bible had been used when their son came home wilh a black eye. Upon questioning it was dis- covered that their son had been in a fight with a cabin mate and the other boy had thrown his Bible with telling effect.