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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 26, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI UTHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, June 26, 1973 _ World's giants build confidence Schmidt may stay In politics one should expect the unexpected. Especially in byelections. The surprise in Monday's provincial byelection in Calgary Foothills was that the expected happened. The Conservative victory was cer- tainly in the cards. It was a Conser- vative seat last time, and the gov- ernment's record did not call for massive repudiation. Anything but a Conservative victory would have ne- cessitated radical exploratory surgery within the government. But Social Credit did well, as it should have done as Her Majesty's loyal opposition. The NDP might have done better. They had a strong candidate and ran a good campaign. As for the Liberals, perhaps the less said the better. The results dem- onstrated that the Liberal party is not a factor in provincial politics at least not as long as Social Credit is alive and kicking. Seldom has an Alberta byelection been as closely watched for signs of political trends. The only question settled Monday is that Social Credit is not yet dead, and that Mr. Schmidt's leadership of that party has not been repudiated. By doing so relatively well, Mr. Schmidt is en- titled to stay at the head of the party. A much lesser showing would have necessitated his resignation. Stop the The cattle industry has been good to Lethbndge and the whole com- munity is still greatly dependent up- on it. Therefore the city must live with the industry and with every phase of it. But that does not mean that the city must lorever tolerate unneces- sary cattle nuisances and hardships. A feedlot in a residential area, for instance, is untenable. Intolerable odors from certain livestock operations in Lethbndgo and its environs have concerned not only city authorities but the provin- cial government. Between them they are insisting that the City Packers operation be moved. And they are studying other operations. To" force an industry to move is difficult and costly, and failure to do so mav be excused for a time. But to let such an industry consoli- date and entrench its operation can- not be excused. Some years ago The Herald pro- tested when the Hill feeding opera- tion in East Lethbridge was permit- ted to expand and consolidate. Its eventual moving was only being made even more difficult and more costly. Now there is concern about the consolidation and perpetuation of a feedlot operation within the city limits just east of the Exhibition Grounds. Apparently tne changes are all within the regulations, both city and provincial, even though the business recently changed hands. This is not good enough. Both the city and the province have been neg- ligent in net anticipating such a de- velopment. With all of the complaints now about offensive odors sweeping the city when the wind shifts to the east, it is distressing to money being spent on perpetuating one of the sources of the trouble. Timely spruce-up For the first time, the usual sum- mer long process of centre-line and crosswalk painting will be completed in six weeks this year; moreover, there will be two applications, rather than the usual one. The Assignment of three crews and the acquisition of additional painting equipment has made this sfepped-up program pos- sible. Crosswalks adjacent to schools and busy areas wall get their second coat before school commences late this summer. A total of gallons of white and gallons of yellow paint wall be required. The fresh painting will make crosswalks and centre lines more distinguishable and improve safety. To be completed this week are the centre lines and crosswalks along Mayor Magrath Drive, to be fol- lowed by Thirteenth Street, the down- town section and then the remainder of the city. This year, too, there is to be a sub- stitution of signs for yellow-painted curbs. Curbs are likely to be covered with snow for much of the winter, so curb signs to control parking are more practical than painting the curbs. It is to be hoped the center line on the newly paved stretch of Highway 3 west of Monarch will be painted quickly also. The square white dots, pinch-hitting foor a demarkation line at the moment, are not really ade- quate, especially in heavy downpours The casserole An interesting little item arrived by way of an eastern newspaper. It concerns the wish of a major Toronto department store to suitably honor its one millionth custom- er. (It doesn't mention how this lucky in- dividual was identified, by the way.) When she arrived, she was met by the store president and warmly embraced, showered with all sorts of fancily pack- aged presents, and featured at a special news conference. Then she continued with the business that brought her to the store in the first place a visit to the complaints department. Americans are gradually succumbing to the inroads of creeping scialism or worse. As an example of how sadly the capitalist way of life is being eroded, just the other day the U.S. Supreme Court wouldn't your know it? ruled that rail- roads and utilities companies will have to stop reducing their taxes by claiming de- preciation on highway crossings, overpass- es, underpasses, etc., which were built at public expense. Mr. Stewart McCrae, PC candidate in the up-coming Foothills byelection, is advocat- ing the establishment of a Bank of Alberta, to take deposits, make loans and generally assist small businessmen around the prov- ince. Odd that he hasn't heard of Albar- ta's Treasuc Branches, which were es- tablished a few decades ago for just those purposes, and that are still owned and operated by the (presently PC) pro- vincial government. Recognizing this summer's royal visit, Calgary will award a Royal Visit Scholarship. An excellent idea, no doubt. But considering the long history of Alber- ta's multi-million dollar Queen Elizabeth Scholarship program, which was establish- ed to commemorate a previous royal visit in 1957, it is a little strange that the chair- man of Calary's Royal visit committee should comment "We really wanted to give the Queen something different." It's not only the mighty whose quota- tions occasionally make you stop and think. George Gorman is a customer services of- ficer, or trouble-shooter, for United Air Lines; he deals with whatever circumstanc- es happen to annoy or inconvenience the airline's many passengers, such as unantic- ipated delays, scrambled reservations, or goofs made by other airlines personnel. Ac- cording to Mr Gorman, "Liquor is the standard pacifier in almost any circum- stances." Leaving home By Dong Walker We can't understand why Elspeth feels so defensive when we make snide remarks about some food preparations. Why should she care what we say about something out of a can or from the freezer section of the supermjfket? It's really a backhand compliment to her own cooking when ws berate this other stuff. Anyway, one night when we had a "go" at an "imported" article Elspetb. asked Judi if she could go along with her to Mount Allison for the summer to escape her men. "They probably don't have any courses for people like raplied Judi. "Infected as I am by the talk of our youngsters, T unthinkingly said, "Why wouldn't they? Uiuversities are catering to senior citizens today." Now she probably will leave. By James Reston, New York limes commentator WASHINGTON The Nixon- Brezhnev agreements on the limitation of strategic offensive arms and the joint development of peaceful atomic energy pro- mise a great deal more than they deliver, but at least they maintain the spirit of coopera- tion. Even if there is less in these documents than meet the eyes, they are letters of intent. They are saying that the two most powerful nations in the world believe they have more to gain by cooperating with one anoth- er than by fighting one another, and that even limited agree- ments in the fields of arms con- trol, atomic energy develop- ment, trade and culture may eventually lead to a more de- pendable world order. No world order can be es- tablished without getting rid of the mistrust that poisoned the relations between Washington and Moscow, in the first genera- tion after the Second World War, and this is the main thing that is going on now. They are building confidence rather than trading gas for wheat. If you look at the Soviet Union's economic and political arrangements with the non- Communist States over the last few years, it is easy to argue that Moscow had gained more than it has given. The present basis for negotiation rests on assumptions highly favorable to the U.S.S.R. The Soviets have negotiated formal acceptance by the West of the wartime boundaries, which is a polite way of saying that the West has accepted the division of Germany, and the establishment of a Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe, now occupied by Sovi- et troops. Meanwhile, the Soviet Union Is getting from her former cold war adversaries the grain and the modern technology her own system has not been able to provide. This still troubles a lot of people who would have pre- ferred to see the Communists crippled by the consequences of their own failures and who ask, what does the U.S. get out of all this? The short answer in the short run is not much. Moscow wants credits now for the development of gas and other raw materi- als which will not be available for years to come. Her bene- fits are tangible and immedi- ate, those of the U.S. on the whole are intangible and re- mote, and yet there is some- thing to be said for the admini- stration's patient efforts to bring both the Soviet Union and China into closer contact with the changing and interde- pendent modern world. If both sides come to believe that they do not have to live in fear of destruction by the other, it may be possible to get the arms race under con- trol. It will be a very slow busi- what's become of good old caveat On the Hill Bert Hargrave, MP for Medicine Hat I voted against the Govern- ments' Bill on Capital Punish- ment on second reading prior to the standing committee stage. This bill proposes in es- sence to continue the five year proposal of life imprisonment for murder and the death pen- alty for murders of policemen and guards. Since 1963 all death sentences in Canada have been commuted by Cabinet to a nominal "life" Imprisonment. The many de- bates at this stage of the bill have more recently settled into a straight forward debate, eith- er for or against capital pun- ishment with less and less being said about the five year arrangement. My own vote therefore was actually a vote for the retention of capital pun- ishment. Social Credit voted solidly against the bill and the other 3 parties all split although only one N.D.P. was against. The total vote carried by 24 votes. Most Conservatives were against while most Liberals in- cluding all the Cabinet were for the bin. Here are the results and some comments of my opionion sur- vey by letter and telephone on the important subject. 82.8 per cent favored the re- tention of Capital Punishment; 16.4 per cent favored aboli- tion; 0 8 per cent favored the con- tinuation of the present 5 year plan. A very strong majority asso- ciated tiie general increase in petty crimes, permissiveness, and social uneasiness, with the absence of capital punishment. This was by far the most gen- eral comment. Put another way, for most Canadians Capi- tal Punishment has become more of a symbol than a law. The next most general com- ment was that in today's society, the tune has come to emphasize the simple fact that our laws are for the pro- tection of our society and not for the appeasement of law breakers. About 100 letters quoted from the Bible, some at great length, in support of their opinion. 96 were retentionists and only four were for abolition. In several instances the official church policies were for and yet con- gregations were against Cap- ital Punishment The survey also showed that students, too, favored retention but by a narrower majority. There were many lengthy and exceedingly well written letters and every one without excep- tion exhibited a deep sense of sincerity in ths very emo- tional issue. Only three letters were critical of me for taking this opionion survey. There were many polls and surveys taken by Members of Parliament most of them in the form of a mail-out question- naire. Nearly all showed a clear preference for Capital Punish- ment. In the House debates there was general agreement that all the studies done on this subject are unanimous on one point: that nothing in the statistics of murders in Canada give any conclusions about the effect of the suspension of capital pun- ishment. It was also pointed out by studies that it is hard to prove mathematically or scien- tifically whether capital punish- ment does or does not have a deterrent effect. There is no question in my own mind that there has been an increase in the crime rate, whether it be murder or violent crime and certainly petty crime, since the setting aside of the death penalty. Our police chiefs have re- minded us that legislators should consider the rights of so- ciety over the rights of the in- dividual and the rights of the state. The wide spread interest in this subject became most ap- parent to me during the elec- tion campaign and not from public questions but from private conversations all over the constituency. As a result, I was concerned enough to com- ment publicly on the general "state of law and order" on several occasions during the campaign. My vote for the retention of capital punishment was a sin- cere conscience vote. I cannot agree with most of the editorial comments from the media that members of parliament who voted for retention were voting contrary to their conscience and their personal judgement. The bill is now in committee end may be amended before the next debate takes place at the report stage. One amendment expected is that the term "Life Imprisonment" must mean at least 25 years. It is my personal opinion however that the final vote at third reading will act change significantly from this second reading vote. Letter clarification In recent issues there have been letters signed 'Sherleen Hunter' and 'Mrs, J. Darryl Sturrock' expressing conflict- ing views as to the operation of the Friendship Centre. To minimize the possibility of any misunderstanding that might affect the Friendship Centre concept adversely, the follow- ing statements are presented as submitted to the Herald. "On April 18, 1969, Mrs. Stur- rock was asked to serve on a committee of the Friendship Centre, but declined. "At the Society's annual meeting April 5, 1972, this mo- tion carried unanimously: Mrs. W. Nelson moved that we make Mrs. Sturrock a member-at- large of the Board, seconded by Rudy Haugeneder." "At no time has Mrs. Stur- rock allowed her name to stand for nomination to the Board of the Friendship Centre. Her sole connection has been as a volun- teer dealing with secretarial matters, letters, reports, writ- ten articles, statistics, book- keeping, etc., as requested. "When this year's annual meeting of the Society was held Lack class NEA service It's bad enough that we've got crime, but criminals just don't have any class any more. This is the complaint of Akron, Ohio, police Capt. John Traub, a 27-year law enforce- ment "veteran. "There's no craft these he says. "When I came on the force, I met people who were really proud of their craft." Pickpockets, for example, once took pride in their skill. Nowadays, they consider it ac- ceptable simply to knock their victims down. Safecrackers used to show finesse, but "now they're butch- ers who wreck safes." Burg- lars have forgotten the art of casing a joint. "Now two guys just bust in a place." There's one area, however, where the old "pride of work- manship" still exists car thieves who can dismantle a vehicle in minutes. "It's a whole new says Traub- May 9, Mrs. Sturrock was un- avoidably out of the city, be- cause of serious illnesses of re- latives in Edmonton and Van- couver." It has been suggested that there may have hpep other in- accuracies in the letters print- ed. This possibility will not be further explored cm these pages, on the premise that the least said, the soonest mend- ed. THE EDITORS ness, but the nations of the world are now spending over a year on their mili- tary establishments, and they are not likely to find the re- sources to deal with their growing populations until they can make substantial reduc- tions in their defence budgets. The Nixon Brezhnev com- munique on the limitation of strategic offensive arms deals more in principles than in spe- cifics. It does little more than give the Salt n negotiators new instructions to get back to Ge- neva and try to come up with "a permanent agreement on more complete measures" to control strategic weapons. This is about all they could do for the time being, for they are now negotiating the most complicated problems ever at- tempted by two soverien na- tions, not merely to limit the numbers of nuclear weapons, but to agree on the quality of those weapons on such things as multiple warheads on mis- siles, and the old problem of inspection and verification of what ever agreements are reached. Both President Nixon and general secretary Brezhnev are likely to be out of office long before the objectives of their agreements are reached, but they are keeping the process of negotfation going, and if as much progress is made In the next 27 years before the end of the century as was made in the last 27 years since the end of the Second World War, these meetings may achieve the his- toric objectives claimed for them by the two leaders. Even personal freedom, which seems to terrify the Communists more than atomic weapons, is making a little slow progress as a result of these talks. The freedom of the Soviet Jews to emigrate to Is- rael has not been solved, but mainly as a result of pressure from here, Brezhnev has made some concessions and has toler- a a t e d American interference with his internal laws more than any American president would have tolerated similar interference from the Soviet Union. Meanwhile, Brezhnev will get a look at this vast continental country and a better under- standing of its political and bus- iness leaders. Looking back 14 years, Nikita Khrushchev came here and went away, not with any great agreements, but with a few doubts about bis own anti-American prejudices. Re- lations between the two coun- tries, helped no doubt by grow- ing Sino-Soviet hostility, have been improving ever since. Accordingly, the question is not whether these agreements have established an ideal or even sensible relationship be- tween the two giants, but whe- ther they have maintained the negotiating prOueaa dfiu ziiacte things better than they were. After all, an isolated and frus- trated Soviet Union with enough atomic weapons to blow up world is not a very happy pros- pect. Even an unequal deal, i! it builds confidence, is better than that. ffi by NEA, lac. "CAN'T YOU TALK ABOUT AHYTHIHG BUT The Lethbridge Herald 7th St S., LethttfMge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and PobUitam Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN McoM Claw MtR ftagtttrttton No. Canadian and IM Canadian jjMljr AaMeiatten and tba Audit Burtau of Clrtwlatlom CLEG W MOWERS, Editor and PuMhhar THOMAS H. ADAMS, CtMral MMMQW DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Editor AawelaK Editor MtMOV -THE HHtALD JMVB THE ;