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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LE1HBRIDGE HERAID Monday, June 26, 1972 Maurice Western Riots in Lithuania A recent editorial discussed tha effect of the new Russian policy of allowing Soviet Jews and certain selected intellectuals to emigrate. It is quite possible that this policy of relaxation may have caused nation- alist stirrings in other Soviet repub- lics. Dissatisfaction with the process of "Russification" set off riots in Lithuania this month. Paratroops had to be called in to quell the riots, and two young Lithuanians burned themselves to death. It is 32 years ago that Stalin took unto himself the three Baltic repub- lics Latvia, Lithuania and Eston- ia. Many of these people were able to emigrate to Canada after the Sec- ond World War. They have made a splendid contribution to our national life. But most are still at home. They write to their relatives, and some- times the relatives are able to visit them briefly. Visitors come back with a dreary tale of regimentation and speak of the climate of fear which still hangs over the homeland. There is a growing resentment against the suppression of the na- tional identity. Remember the Lithu- anian operator who jumped ship a year ago, was picked up by the U.S. Coast Guard and given back to his ship? He told the court that sen- tenced him to prison for ten years, that "I do not consider Russia my fatherland." There have been many other trials, many other jail terms in recent years in Lithuania, particularly among the Roman Catholic clergy. All the demonstrations have been ruthlessly suppressed and the ring- leaders punished. Allowing unassi- milated Jews to emigrate is one thing; condoning protests against the quality of life in one of the great republics is quite another. The Lith- uanians have raised the voice of op- position and that voice has been heard around the world. But the iron fist has clamped down, Moscow is in control, and for the time being at least, Lithuanian nationalism is bur- ied. Resuscitation won't be easy. Quebec libre-if or when? Until the recent visit of Quebec separatist leader, Mr. Rene Levesque to France, a lot of Western Canadi- ans had temporarily pushed the is- sue of Quebec nationalism into the background. Mr. Levesque, who has been received with open arms in Prance, has revived the spectre. So has columnist Richard Needham of the Toronto Globe and Mail, who be- lieves that it is not a question of "if" Quebec separates from the rest of Canada, but when and how. Of course Mr. Levesque isn't going to get any v o t e s by his tour of France. What he has done, how- ever, is to revive foreign interest in Quebec separatism, first publicized abroad by General de Gaulle. Mr. Levesque claims that recent opinion polls taken in Quebec show that the Parti Quebecois would get 35 percent of the popular vote as against 24 percent in 1970. Given all the "ifs" connected with accepting poll results as firm indicators of pub- lic opinion, this is still an alarming figure. Speaking in broad generalities, the threat to Canadian unity currently in progress in Quebec, can only be de- feated if Quebecois, particularly young Quebecois, can be shown that their distinctive culture will survive better within confederation than with- out it. That means, for one thing, that French holds equal place with English as an official language, and that there is equal opportunity for French and English speakers in the federal system. English speaking Canadians have the impression that the federal government is going about as far as it is possible to go in this respect. But the language problem is. by no means the beginning and end all of the "Quebec problem." The unem- ployment rate in Quebec is high in comparison with the rest of Canada, and the government has been pour- ing money into federally financed programs in an attempt to stem the rate. This causes resentment in other parts of Canada who feel they are not getting their share of t h a kitty, that they are throwing good money after bad, because in the end, Quebec is determined to run its own show and is simply taking all it can get from the federal coffers while the going is good. The Ottawa Citizen criticizes Sup- ply Minister Richardson's decision "to reduce federal purchasing in Quebec and increase it in other have- not saying that it is a case of robbing Peter to pay Paul. The Citizen does not suggest an al- ternative, nor can The Lethbridge Herald other than to point out that unless some solution is found the fragmentation of Canada will be a fact, probably within the next leu years. A taxing problem TWSSP1TB the strika by inside workers, outside workers, and workers that came out of the walls, the city managed to get my tax notice to me on time. This Is the kind of courageous devotion to duty that I have come to expect of our civic officials. As a kid I saw a movie called "A Mes- sage to Garcia." It was about the terrible hardships, ambushes, ordeals of every kind suffered by a group of Mexicans to get a message to the revolutionary hero. At the time I didn't understand what the message was. Now I know: it was Garcia's city tax notice. Under the circumstances (the strike) 1 would have forgiven our city officials if they had thrown in the sponge. But I guess the sponge was just too big to throw in. Somehow the staff had to find a way to keep the municipal government sponging, and by George they did it. There was never any question of my hav- ing to come down and pick up my lax no- tice in person. I was prepared to do this. I'm not saying that I wouldn't have waited till the queue thinned out a little, hut soon- er or later, if it was God's will, I would have reached the person that delivered tho kick in the head. But no, the tax notice was mailed lo me, dropping through my mail slot wilh un- canny precision. Had I not picked up the stout khaki envelope it would, I believe, have grown legs and come looking for me wherever I was hiding. The South Vietnamese could use 'some of He needs a rest By Dong Walker congregation of MeKillop United Church bade official farewell to ils in- terim minister, the Pev. Florence Wilkin- son, recently. Harold Skolroori', clerk of ses- sion, acted as master of ceremonies. In presenting the congregation's gift, Harold resorted lo what he called poetry. Report advises temporary controls T'HE summary report o( the Prices and Incomes Com- mission is sober and realistic, al- beit somewhat bloodless In the fashion of such economic docu- ments. While the main conclu- sions are clear enough, the analysis -is couched in generali- ties which may have the advan- tage of making the findings more acceptable to otherwise sensitive groups. But the au- thors are greatly concerned with the problem of inflationary expectations and these tend to be whetted not solely by gener- alized experience but also and sometimes sharply by specific acions; that of government, for example, is the Seaway settle- ment (as the Economic Council recognized) or that of the union leaders In flatly refusing to do business with the PIC. Nevertheless, the message Is persuasive and important. We have had a long experience with inflation; indeed the fires of the '60s were being stoked early in the decade long before the dan- ger was generally recognized. The years have exposed a seri- ous dilemma. In our economy, demand pressure strong enough to build up serious cost and price problems lends to develop when the national unemploy- ment rate may be as liigh as four and a half to five per cent of the labor force. When the pressure slackens, inflation per- sists partly because of infla- tionary expectations based on experience; partly because of lags in the response of cosls and prices. Among the reasons for the latler phenomenon is the lengthening of union contracts. The commission takes no complacent view of the present situation, suggesting that a long experience has probably estab- lished pattenvs of wage and price behavior adapted to a, substantial rale of continu- ing inflation. In effect, an "in- flation factor" has been built into the system. What then should be done if matters again reach the critical point? The PIC rejects the view that we must simply live with inflation, accepting it as a necessary price for holding unemployment io the minimum. For what is gained has to be paid for with progressively heavier .injections of inflation in order to keep ahead of expectations. The price imposed on the community in- eludes not only the bad effects of inflation while it lasts but the losses in oulput and employ- ment and the resultant distor- tions when the process has to be reversed. There are other, ways of re- ducing unemployment which' de- serve to be examined. The com- mission warns, however, against over-expectations aris- ing from the relatively new poli- cies of manpower mobility, re- training and regional develop- .the seek-and-kill determination of my cily tax nolice. I just hope that this dauntless spirit rubs off on me, as the time approaches for ma to pay the city taxes. It appears that thero may be a picket line around everything in the city except the bank where I am supposed to complete the city's assault on my life's savings. Indeed, unless I try-to reach the bank by way of the zoo, or by swimming across a community pool, 1 shall have a clear shot at the tellr- who will de- tach me from my financial :rves. Somehow this fails to match the chal- lenge that was met by the brave hearts that manned the machine that prepared my tax notice. It's all so easy, signing a cheque and walking out with the stub of my future. 1 could do it in my sleep. In fact, that ia how I propose to do sedation. What I need is a machine that is as gutsy as that in the city tax office, an electronic tower of strength to whom I can say: "This is it, ERNIE. The city rnacliine says we have to cough up the bundle by the beginning of next month. Geronimo." ERNIE ti'kes one last drag of his input, then plunges into the impossible, smoke pouring from his circuitry, yet somehow manages to produce by the end of the month the neat stack of brand-new hun- dred-dollar bills needed to avert defeat Fantasies, fantasies. Deep down inside I know, and you know, and the inside-outsida workers know: you can't fight city hall. (Vancouver Province feature) Anything seems to go as poetry these days but the reaction around the assembly seem- ed to be that a new low had been struck. It proved one thing. The university is right in granting him a sabbatical-he needs it. ment. Much of the difficulty arises from the fact that the re- gional distribution of unemploy- ment is uneven; it may, for ex- ample, be high in the Marillmes when it is so low in Ontario as to generate heavy price pres- sure. Indeed, some policies of government strongly supported by unions or regions tend to ag- gravate this problem. Thus na- tional wage scales may hava the effect of decreasing employ- ment opportunities in areas they are supposed to help. In an earlier inquiry the Se- nate Committee on National Fi- nance rejected an incomes pol- icy, partly because of its view (shared by the PIC) that pre- vailing concepts of full employ- ment are unrealistic given our conditions. It may be noted that some of these conditions are the creation of government; among them a system of unemploy- ment insurance reducing the in- centive to work and probably the numbers of persons who are between jobs and thus in the un- employment rolls. The commis- sion thinks that the senators were over-optimistic and failed to recognize, in our difficult sit- uation, how narrow the choices are. This dissent is the more significant because the prices commission has had a longer and more direct involvement with the Inflation battle than any other body. The practical issue now Is whether, in a situation of high inflationary expectations com- bined with sticky prices and cosls, the government should rely, as most politicians would prefer, on demand management (tax, monetary policy and so on) to do the job or whether this should be supplemented by tem- porary controls. In Ihe opinion of Ihe commission, Ihe first course would involve loo much damage over too long a period. Accordingly it backs controls, while insisting on two condi- tions. First the public must ba convinced of their it may well be to judge from a number of of the de- termination of the government to make them work. Secondly, this resolve must extend not merely to the control period but to the aftermath so that infla- tionary anticipations are effec- tively choked off. These ara necessary admonitions because the public has some reason for scepticism after the experience of recent years. Obviously strong leadership is essential. Given the conditions the com missiin is persuaded that tem- porary controls will work in Can- ada. After three years of study and experimentation, this is its final report to the citizens of this country. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Peter Desbarats The past and future bound up in the North The notes for this column are being written in longhand on a hillside -overlooking the harbor of this abandoned whaling sta- tion on the Beaufort Sea, a few miles north of the Yukon main- land. 1 can look on file rest of Canada. It is nine o'clock in the evening but the sun is still at mid-afternoon height. The sun feels warm through the cold wind blowing off the ice that still surrounds the island. There is a moving black dot on the ice that eventually ex- pands and divides into the sil- houettes of two Eskimo hunters using their Skidoos to drag a boat across the drifts and pud- dles of the spring ice. Near the harbor, dogs are yapping and whining behind an abandoned government building where two Eskimo families Letter to the editor have camped. Sealskins are drying on stretchers in the sun. The stripped carcasses of seals are lying here and there on the gravel beach. Close to me on the hillside there are two man-size plots of ground surrounded by white picket fences, the graves of Northwest Mounted Police who died here almost half a century ago. A little above them, un- painted pickets sway and col- lapse across an old Eskimo bur- ial ground. Small brown and while birds fly low over the tundra. There is a hawk hanging on the wind in the endless after- noon. The helicopter has flown away to refuel on the mainland and I am left for this hour to sit on the hillside, a creature from an- other world making hiero- glyphic marks in a notebook. Pool schedule changed 1 am dismayed to see that Henderson Pool is now closing between 5 p.m. and 6 p.m. and that the morning opening time lias been changed to 12 noon from an 11 a.m. opening last year. At the same time the price has risen a family pass now cosls It is dis- turbing to see such a widely used recreational facility fol- lowing the usual City policy of increasing the cost while cut- ting down on the service. Henderson Pool was used by a reasonable number of people between 11 a.m. and noon last year, and children were always lined up outside impatiently waiting for opening time. Those of us who preferred a not too crowded pool made a practise of swimming daily at 11 a.m. In tho new schedule there is no time to swim ex- cept at periods of peak u.se, and a noon opening docs not al- low time for a swim before lunch. During our hot summers .swimming is an eagerly antici- pated pleasure for most chil- dren and many adults. It is very sad that such a healthy aixl ii'ifiocent activity has been curtailed in this way. MRS. SCOTT ANGUS. I.elhbridgc. 'Crazy Capers' That could only'happen lo youl In another hour, there will be no sigh that I have ever been here. In a few days, I will be back at the same hieroglyphic task behind a desk in Ottawa. But at this point in time, movement has suddenly stopped. Time Is still rushing past but I hang like the hawk in the wind, searching. The situation creates poetic images of its own accord. This vast land, this human in- writers have developed a Canadian shorthand for the thoughts that strike everyone up here. But it isn't poetic inspiration that has transported me thou- sands of miles to this hilltop. The forward movement of my own society has thrown me here for an instant to think about the fact that, in my train, I bring thousands of other men, build- ings, ships, pipelines, money and hundreds of desks like the one that waits for me in Ot- tawa. On the southeastern horizon is Ihe Mackenzie Delta. Over the northeastern horizon, the is- lands of the high Arctic. When we start to exploit the oil and gas reserves that lie beneath these, this natural harbor lhat curves undisturbed beneath me could become the busiest suppiy port in the Arctic. And if not here, somewhere else almost exactly like this place. I am not sitting here by acci- dent. I am not a tourist from another world. I am part of it all. It is impossible not to think about the future. The nearness of the tapping of oil and gas reserves that have been here for millions of years- seem to condense the future. I suddenly feel that these notes are communicating wilh my own descendants, and thrt tl-.ey are looking in them for ex- planations. This generation will be judged by Its perfonnanca here. Then It occurs to me that it doesn't really matter what I write now. This land in future will describe the kind of people that we really are. Someone will sit on this hill- side In future and know more about us than we know about ourselves. Beneath me, the beach is lit- tered with oil drums. On the grey gravel are dozens of red flecks, empty plaslic hollies lhat once contained outboard motor oil and that the Eskimos have used as floats for their fishing nets. And on the hillside near me, two of the graves, I have been told, contain Ibe bodies of con- victed Eskimos who were hang- ed fa one of the abandoned buildings that I can see near the empty harbor. Before they died, they had lo dig their own graves. These are all signs but I don't yet know what they mean. I envy the hawk that still hangs on the wind above me. Soon he will see what he is searching for and swoop down lo grasp it. But now the helicopter is swooping down for me. I haven't had time lo really see anything. And I what are we at this point in hawks of our history or its prey? (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Through Tlic Herald 1922 Room at the Y. Nice rooms. Social atmosphere. And oh boy that SHOWER BATH AND SWIMMING POOL! Full privileges go with rooms. Cosls no more than ordinary rooms. Boarding Club fa connection. Incidentally you help a worthy institution to flourish. 1932 An artificial lake horn of necessity, a dream of natural and created beauty in- spired by the proposal of tha provincial government to beau- tify the province by the cre- ation of provincial parks, deter- mination and good-will of the people coupled with voluntary services rendered have had the result of making a beauty spot in Ihe Lethbridge Northern dis- trict which will be a credit to Ihe community and Ihe prov- ince. I3J2 Four students who re- fused to salute the flag or sal- uted it improperly have been expelled from school in accord- ance with a recent resolution of the school board. 195Z Motor boat racing will be the featured attraction at Henderson Lake on July 1962 A belt-lightening pro- gram of widespread tariff in- creases, government economy and higher interest rates has been decreed to overcome Can- ada's financial emergency and save the devalued Canadian dollar. The LetKbridge Herald SW 7th St. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisheri Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN second Class MaEh Registration No. 0012 Wernber of The Canadian Press and Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' AssoclaUon and me Audir Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, F.eiW and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Central Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Edilor Associate Ediror f. DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Cdilorlal Page Edilor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;