Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 26, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, J6, 1970------- Tim Traynor The Helpful Fixer At first glance, Mr. Sharp's foreign policy statement Thursday appeared a drastic change from the traditional Canadian position. At second glance, the change is mostly in words, not ill meaning or purpose. Canada should not be a "helpful fixer" in international affairs, the White Paper said. Her foreign policy should be only an extension of do- mestic policy, or rather it should be only one facet of national policy. And what is national policy? "To foster economic growth, to safeguard sover e i g n t y and independence, to work for peace and security, to pro- mote social justice, to enhance the quality of life, and to ensure a har- monious, natural environment." Who would dare disagree with any of that? And if foreign policy is based on that, liow can it. be wrong? To promote peace and security? Surely that is at the heart of every Canadian's personal foreign policy If trouble anywhere threatens to get out of hand and Canada can be helpful in calming it, surely Canada will not refuse that help. Just don't call Can- ada a "helpful In short, Canada will continue to be a concerned member of the com- munity of nations. In the matter of foreign aid the White Paper is loo conservative. Out of her great wealth Canada now gives at the rate of million a year. It should go up next year to million. As one of the richest nations on earth, as trustee of far more than her fair share of the world's resources, that sum is not nearly enough. However in recommending that more of the aid be channelled through private agencies, the government is on the right track. Brain Drain Turnabout Unemployment has hit hard in American scientific research insti- tutes and allied technological indus- try. Boston's "Golden where there is a complex of plants devoted to such research and production second to none of the world, lias been hard hit. The reason an alarming rale of lay-offs of highly trained person- nel. Two years ago these companies were competing with one another to attract the men who are now looking for jobs. The president of an international executive recruiting firm reports that until this year, he used to receive about 75 to 80 resumes a day from specialists seeking a change. These applicants were all in the to a year income bracket. This year the number of those wanting to find a job, either because they have lost the one they had or because the opportunities for advancement are no longer as attractive as they used to be, has risen to 200 a day. For many years American technol- ogists were not eager to work abroad and European scientists were at- tracted to the U.S. The trend is changing. Even though European companies do not pay the high sal- aries their American counterparts do, many American scientists are growing interested in job opportuni- ties on the other side of the Atlantic. For one thing, European companies provide much more .in "perks" or extras for their emplo5'ees A sum- mer home perhaps, a rent-free apart- ment, paid vacations, a car the gooey icing on the cake, makes up for its reduced size. There is another reason for the change. There is a feeling among many Americans that the quality of life in Europe is better. Disenchant- ment with the Vietnam war, social unrest, a rising crime rate contri- bute to the feeling of disillusion. Now it is the turn of the U.S. to worry about the brain drain. It's reversing itself. Japanese Terrorists Leftist Japanese groups have again taken to the streets to protest the automatic extension of the U.S.- Japan Security treaty. Milling crowds of protesters have been bat- tling with riot police in what appears to be a wild melee of sticks, stones and tear gas. But according to a report carried in the Christian Science Monitor, neither the Japan- ese government nor American diplo- mats are too concerned. They expect- ed it and the police were ready far more prepared than they had been a year and a half ago when the militant Left staged their last big demonstration. The radicals have lost much public sympathy and most of the Japanese are behind the government in its tough treatment of them. In other words the riots look a great deal worse than they really are and the government is confident that it has the situation well in hand. But that does not mean that the Sato regime is complacent in its atti- tudes to terrorists nor has it reason to be. The ugly word now is that if the radicals can't get what they want by public demonstration, by disrupt- ing the peace and causing general havoc in the streets from time to time, they will employ a more subtle tactic. It's called kidnapping. Diplo- matic abduction is a contradiction in terms, but it's nevertheless effective and Japanese intelligence sources do not discount rumors that pressures will be brought on the government by such means. After all, it worked in Latin Ameri- ca. It could be effective in Japan too. Art Buchwa d WASHINGTON Left wingers, and limousine liberals have been quib- bling about the success of our incursion into Cambodia. While there has been some question as lo how many weapons we captured and how many sanctuaries we wiped out, there is absolutely no question that we captured the largest rice supply dump in Southeast Asia. Pictures of this rice have been shown on television and distributed to the press. According to intelligence reports, the inva- sion of Cambodia was worth it for the rice alone. The administration has claimed to have seized 51 million pounds of rice, which is the equivalent of 102 million cups of rice, which breaks down to billion tablespconfuls, which was enough to make rice pudding for every man, woman and child in the Viet Cong. The problem, now that we have captured the rice, is what to do with it. We can't leave it in Cambodia because we have to pull out on June 30, and the rice might wind up on the black market. Trucking it back to Vietnam has been suggested, but that could get the Mekong Delta Rice Association up in arms, particularly since Cambodia grows1 a better grade of rice than Vietnam. American GIs hate rice, so there is no sense trying lo make it part of their diet. And if we Rive the rice to the Nol government it may he embarrassing, be- cause rumor has it he sold the Viet Cong tha rice in the first place. Showing pictures of captured rice on American television docs have some prop- aganda value, but if you show too many sacks of it, people will start wondering if that's all we got out of our assault oil Cambodia. A solution to the problem has been sug- gested by a Los Angeles lawyer named Arthur L. Martin, who studied the sub- ject at Rice University in Houston, Tex. Martin discovered that rice expands four times its size when it is cooked. He be- lieves that the rice we captured in Cam- bodia should be dropped into Haiphong Harbor, where it would swell in the warm waters and block the harbor. Bombing Haiphong Harbor willi rice would not be considered an act of war, because the U.S. Air Force could claim it had dropped the rice on a mercy mission to Laos and had missed its target. No ships could get in and out of the harbor once it was clogged with Cambod- ian rice. Hanoi would scream and shout in Paris, but international law would be on our side. We could prove that every grain of rice we dropped in the harbor came from a Cambodian Communist sanc- tuary. Martin estimates it would take 13 months to dredge the Haiphong Harbor of rice, and by that time, if the Church amendment isn't passed, we could go back into Cambodia and find more rice to drop in the harbor. While tbo Pentagon refused to comment officially on the Martin Haiphong Satur- ated Rice Bombing Plan, one general with the Joint Chiefs of Staff told me "We're always ready to try anything." (Toronto Telegram News Service) U.S. Uneasv Over Canadian Nationalism Canada lias of laic given American officialdom much to mull over. A protective note has been struck in Prime Minister Tru- deau's Arctic initiatives, in the Uenison Mines affair, and in relation to energy resource generally. Proposed lax re- forms contain overtly national- ist incentives to investment in Canadian industries and a re- view of Ilia whole question of foreign investment goes ward. Amid public outpourings of nationalist sentiment, Energy Minister .1. J. Greene links the various Canadian moves to a grand pattern of revuls i o n from the and assertion of a "new Canadian nationalism" involving strong resistance to American penetration and in- fluence. On a different level, the Ca- nadian dollar is freed from its peg, raising questions as to the effect on the U.S. balance of payments and on the monetary system as a whole. "U.S. officials conversant with Canada have yet to assimilate all of this, but some pre- liminary thoughts about the drift of events are beginning to emerge. (This is, of course, in addition to Ihe formal reac- tions to specific developments such as Mr. Trudeau's Arctic In some official quarters, there is distinct uneasiness about some of the channels in which the nationalistic cur- rents are flowing. Among the U.S. concerns is the possibility that elements of the tax reform package and a general stiffen- ing of attitudes toward foreign investment indicate a trend which will increasingly qualify the virtually free flow of capi- tal between the U.S. and Can- ada. II is said American trade and payments would be affect- ed, and the question of a U.S. adjustment would thus arise. An extreme formulation is as follows: By employing tax ad- vantages to artificially direct the flow of Canadian invest- ment, Canada would divert a substantial amount of invest- ment away from the U.S., to the detriment of both U.3. in- duslrial growth and the bal- ance of payments. If there was no corresponding reduclion in the flow of U.S. investment to Canada, the U.S. would have to take off setting steps. Tliis could mean ending spe- cial arrangements by which Canada is exempted from re- strictions on borrowing by for- eigners and on invcstm e n t abroad by U.S. firms. (Spec- ifically, Canadian institutions and U.S. subsidiaries in Can- ada benefit from exemptions from the interest equalization tax on borrowing, and from di- rect controls on capital move- ment instituted in 1808 to bol- ster the U.S. balance of pay- The way would bo clear for such an effort to inhibit the flow of money to Canada, be- cause it could no longer be ar- gued that controls would be disruptive of a free interchange of money between the two countries. (This would already have ben undermined by the Canadian tax It could further be said that imposition of controls would be in accord with changes in the basic payments picture changes attested to by the un- pegging and revaluation of the dollar. The strength of the dol- lar reflected movement away from a deficit in trade with the U.S'., that is, away from the disadvantageous situati o n which formed the basis for the exemptions through which Can- ada was provided with con- "And you keep getting this feeling that only 6% of the workers listen to only 6% of what you say only 6% of the time tinned inflows of capital to off- set Ihe trade deficit. Since there was not now the same need for Hie offset, withdrawal of Ilia exemptions would not bo out of order. It must be stressed that this is an extreme o n, though the fact that it even arises is a significant indica- tion of the harsh mood prevail- ing in some quarters. Among calmer, and more influential, officials the harshest talk is discounted. IP particular, there is flat rejection of anything smacking of reprisal against Canadian moves, actual or pro- posed. A more moderate formula- tion is as follows: There is con- cern as to the payments situ- ation which will emerge from Canada's movement away from a trade deficit with the U.S. and the consequent unpegging and revaluation of the dollar. Though there is the prosp71 of gains on the U.'S. side, it is con- sidered likely that the basic pattern will continue to be one of Canadian strength, allowing limited scope for improving the over all U.S. payments balance. (It is recognized that the U.S. cannot automatically look for improvement through restoration of a trade sin-plus with Canada sufficient to off- set deficits This alone makes for turbu- lence in trade matters, notably the Canadian American auto agreement, with its residual elements of protection for the Canadian industry. With autos a large factor in Canada's strong export performance, the U.S. is increasingly intolerant of these special provisions, which, in effect, give the Cana- dian industry an added stimu- lus. Superimposed on tins are the nationalist provisions of the tax-reform package, and Uie possibility of further measures related to foreign investment in Canada. The immediate con- cern is with the proposed direc- tion of Canadian money into Canadian stocks, while Cana- dian borrowers, and provincial governments in partlcu I a r, would continue to rely heavily on New York. This could ex- acerbate the U.S. payments difficulties, and U.S. officials are taking a hard look at the prospects. An important considerati o n is that the U.S. may well dis- mantle its system of restraints on capital movement possi- bly beginning early next year. Canada thus stands to be put on the same footing as the rest of the world, but through a general removal of controls rather than through a with- drawal of exemptions. The movement away from controls must, however, be rec- onciled with Uie need to strengthen the balance of pay- ments, and the Canadian trade situation will be a large consideration in this. However, it is thought to be too early to tell what sort of corrective ac- tion might be needed, let alone whether it would be feasible or desirable. (Herald Washington Burcan) Carl T. Roivan Negro Suspicion Of U.S. Population Control WASHINGTON Several days ago most of the black delegates walked out of the National Congress on Opti- mum Population and Environ- ment in Chicago. They expressed fear's that the meeting would further com- pulsory population contr o 1 s which would result in the "pre- conceived, vicious" extermina- tion of blacks, other non- whites, and poor Americans. It would be easy and fool- ish to dismiss this walkout as a stunt by radicals and nin- compoops. That walkout touched one of the rawest nerves in the whole population environment in America. The fears and sus- picions that motivated it will have to be erased before popu- lation control goes far among the nation's poor minorities, and before anyone can talk re- alistically or hopefully about saving this planet. In the strict context of that Chicago conference, black fears of "genocide'1 seem ab- surd. The Congress brought to- gether" about as liberal a bunch of white adults and young peo- ple as you can f'ir.d in one spot these days. Most of the dele- gates were people long com- mitted to dealing with Ameri- ca's social, racial, and eco- nomic injustices as part of solving the larger problem of environment. Very few, if any, would advocate compulsory sterilization or any other coer- cive techniques to limit births among special groups of Amer- icans. But given a contest broader than that Chicago meeting. these black fears seem a lot less irrational, and they need to be studied. Dr. Paid R. Ehrlich, Stan- ford University biologist and chief guru of Uie suddenly mas- sive population environment lobtv. 5----C- is no rea- son blacks ought to be concern- ed wiin tavji.g a world they don't have a piece of." This idea is dominant as the black community tries to place the item of "population con- trol" on its list of priorities. The black delegates in Chicago issued a statement saying that "the elimination ol dangerous species such as rats, roaches, and other vermin is of more immediate concern to the black people than the preserva- tion of brook trout, buffalo, and bald eagles." Then there is a political angle. Douglas E. Stewart, a black official of Plan n e d Parenthood World Population, notes that blacks watch elec- Crazy Capers' Will you please slop- STARING at tions (such as lire mayoralty race in Newark, N.J.) and note how few whites are eager to vote black men into office. So blacks conclude that the easiest way to achieve black political power is (or the black population to grow faster than the white population. Because many thousands of Negroes may be heard to utter any one, or all, of these reser- vations about the population control movement, it would be easy to conclude that blacks don't care for either birth con- trol or cleaning up the environ- ment. But that would be erron- eous. More and more blacks under- stand the economic, social, and medical problems of bearing too many children. Ehrlich pouits out that as living stand- ards are raised and social and educational opportunities for blacks are equalized, birth rates drop. Well-to-do black families presently have a slightly lower average number of children than their while counterparts. All of which suggests t h a t those rich whites who are push- ing planned parenthood might do woll to give blacks some jobs along witii contraceptives. What we need to remember is that Uie fears and political reservations cited above are not unique to American blacks. They exist in Brazil and wherever people hunger for a piece of the economic action and a fair share of political power. If we cannot satisfy the hung- ers and erase the fears of blacks in America, we will never do it in Latin America, Asia, or Africa or in Amer- ica's predominantly white rural pockets of poverty. So we will lose the ecology battle. However irrational these fears of trickery and woiTies about genocide may seem to some of us, they are real in many minds. We must take care not to intensify them by sending insensitive white bu- reaucrats into black neighbor- hoods to push birth control, or wealthy white "do gooders" into impoverished ghettos to beat the drums family plan- ning. Tlie challenge Is to illustrate every day that rats, roaches, and hunger pangs are viewed by all of society as more of a menace than an accidental pregnancy. If we do that, we can enlist more and more of the black, Uie brown, and the poor who can then walk among their brother's and sisters and preach with a clear conscience about the problems and dan- gers of cluttering up this weary planet with too many people. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH TIIE IIEIUI.n 1920 The provincial trea- surer, C. R. Mitchell told a mass meeting that Premier Stewart has written tho fed- eral government asking to re- open negotiations for financing the construction of the Leth- bridge Northern. ]830 Dr. W. S. Galbraith was re-elected president of the Lelhbridge Liberal Association yesterday. will not follow British Columbia's move ID re- fuse relief cheques to all abltv bodied men up lo the age of 43 years. 1950 President Truman to- day pledged full United States of United Nations ef- forts to end the "unprovoked aggression" against South Ko- rea. A 17-pound-lwo-ounce baby boy was born to Mrs. Benoit Beauchemin of Beloeil, Quebec today. The baby is be- lieved to be the heaviest baby ever born in Canada. Tlie Letltkidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration Number 0012 Member of Tho Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Publishers' Association and Audit Bureau of CLEO tt. MOWERS, Editor mid Publisher THUMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Ediior Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKF.fc AdvertUiof Manager Editorial Paj8 Kditer "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"