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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 26, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Mday, Jun. 14, 1770 THE ItTHBRIDGE HCRA1D 13 LCTIIBRIDGt RESEARCH STATION Soil Or game Mailer DR. .1. K. UOK.MAAIt Soil Clicniisl Soil organic matter is Ihc part of the soil that originates from plants, ani m a 1 s, and micro organisms. In gross characteristics, organic mat- ter imparts a number of physi- cal and chemical effects bene- ficial to both soil and plants. It increases water holding capacity, promotes aeration, improves structure, and adds plant nutrients to the soil. It apparently stimulates sprout- ing and improves the quality of fruit and vegetables. Even Uiough the amount of organic matter in the soil may be small, the maintenance of this small amount is essential. Why should we study soil or- ganic matter? Chiefly because it is a valuable natural re- source. As our society con- tinues its relentless march 'fofward', soil organic matter, along with water, timber, and minerals, is being exploited and dissipated. Losses by ero- sion are usually small if the soil contains an adequate sup- ply of organic matter. In our forested regions, for example, the organic matter ads as a sponge, holding the water and releasing it slowly. Us pres- ence, therefore, plays an im- portant role in the water-yield- ing budget of a watershed. Strip mining and indiscrimi- nate cutting of trees may lead to soil movement and to in- creased flood flow with its po- tentially disastrous chain of events. As the organic content of streams and lakes increases the growth of undesirable aqua- tic plants may also increase. Knowledge of the chemical properties of soil organic mat- ter is gaining in importance not only in agriculture but also in many other fields, ft is im portant in the holding and re- leasing of plant nutrients. It plays a vital role in the ab- sorption of lead from automo- bile exhausts and of r'adioac- tive fallout. The extent to which these pollutants are fixed in the soil depends on the type and quality of organic matter in the soil. A greater knowl edge of this complex part of the soil is becoming increasing- ly important as soil pollution problems become more acute. At the Lethbridge Research Station we are examining a number of fundamental char- acteristics of soil organic mat- ter. The knowledge gained can be used in studying (he effect of soil organic matter on plant growth, in improving crop quality, and possibly in pre- venting plant diseases. It can also be used in improving our environment within the larger contexts of prevention of ero- sion and pollution of ground- watei'. streams, and lakes. Last but not least, it can be used in studying the breakd o w n of refuse and sewage sludge ap- plied to the land. Farm Management Course MELVIN A. CAMERON Regional Farm Economist Lethbridge Management problems on the farm are of three types: pro- duction, administration and marketing. The Alberta Farm Business Management Programs have been designed to provide the type of services that farmers have requested. These services are carried out by: The development of record that secure adequate physical and financial records for the farm business. Educational programs to teach modern management techniques, principles and stra- tegies. The development of n sys- tematic farm analysis system for decision-making purposes. Research and information services to pfovide current market, production and busi- ness adjustment information. These services are offered to farmers by the District Agricul- turists serving each County or Municipal District. Pfogram A includes instruc- tion on farm record keeping, an Alberfa Farm Account Book and the Farm Business Man- agement Analysis. The pro- gram, begins with instruction on record keeping and assist- ance in setting up an adequate set of farm records. Program B is C a n f a r m This is a computerized account- ing service offered by the Al- berta Department of Agricul- ture, several chartered ac- countants and a number oi other agencies. The farmers registered for this program must submit farm journal each month which lists the business transactions of farm. Progarm C includes the Can- farm system of record keep- ing and the Alberta Farm Busi- ness Analysis. At the end of the accounting year, the fartner may submit the records he has kept by tlie Canfarm pro- gram for the detailed analysis and interpretation of the re- sults as outlined for Program A. There are many other sources of management inform- ation and services offered by the district Many cost of production studies are available, as well as mar- kef and outlook information, publications on partnerships father-son agreements, credit sources, fafrn adjustment and related business management topics. The district agriculturists can assist in budget information and teaching partial budgeting techniques. Honest Mistook In writing his obituaries, one small town rural editor had quite a time of things after he stated that a certain citizen had gone to "rust" instead of rest. The widoiv of the man, complained bitterly. The next issue's correction came out "roost." Again realizing his mistake, the next correction came out "roast." Calendar Of Farm Events June 29 Vulcan Haying Field Day June 30 Coaklale Haying Field Day July 3-4 Brooks 4-H, Beef Show and Sale July 5-9 Ottawa Annual Convention Agric. tnst. of Canada July 7-8 Vauxhall Taber M.D. 4-H Beef Show and Sale July 9-18 Calgary Exhibition and Stampede (Milk is July 10-11 Calgary World Charolais Show and Sale July 10-12 London, Ontario Annual Seed Growers Assoc. July 13-21 Lethbridge Livestock Pesticides Institute (Intel-national) July 16-18 Lethbridge Lethbridge and District 4-H Snow and Sale July Penticton, B.C. Canadian Water Resources Annual 1 Meeting July 19-23 Southern Alberta Ontario Beef Association Tour July 19-2.5 Goldcye Lake Junior F.U.A. Youth Seminar (For southern Alberta districts) July 20-25 Lethbridge Lethbridge Exhibition Irrigation Tlwme "Water Wonderland" July 24-25 Manybcrrics American Society of Range Man- agement Tour July 27-28 Medicine Hal Medicine Hal districts and County of 40-Mile 4-H Kect Slmw and Sals Prairie IT Alternate Given Delivery Choice Among the many changes in The Canadian Wheat Board's quota policies for tile 1970-71 crop year, the provision grant- ing Prairie producers alterna- tive delivery privileges de- serves special attention. With this provision, producers will be able to list two delivery points in Iheir 1970-71 permit books, a primary delivery point and an alternate. Both points musl be located within Hie same province and within the area designated under The Canadian Wheat Board Ad. The change, recommended by a single the Committee report said. At present, n producer's liveries of grain, other than oilseeds, are confined to a singli; point. While producers have al- ways liad the right to deliver grain to the "elcvalor of their choice." this, has lilllc meaning to farmers shipping grain to the increasing proportion of points where only one elevator com- pany is represented. The alter- native delivery privilege, in ef- fect, is an extension of the right-of-clioice principle. It pro- tects a farmer delivering to me Special Quota Committee j single-elevator points against a established by the Honorable Otto E. Lang earlier this year, is designed to improve a grain situation wbere a company, fo its own good reasons, decides not to place cars at his point. producer's delivery opportuni-S In the past il u'as necessary tics. Witli the choice of two j to confine producer deliveries delivery points, a producer will j Io single points for administra- be able to ship his grain to j five reasons. Without the sopliis- either point where space is j licaled. high speeding record- available. I ing equipment now available, it In its report, the Quota Com- would have been extremely dif- tnitfec recommended the adop- ficutt for the Canadian Wheat tion of the "alternative delivery privilege" as a means to pro- tect the producer's delivery lights. Under the Block Ship- Board to maintain control of its quota system and equalize de- livery opportunities. Computerization has changed THE OLD AND THE methods vary greatly nowadays, from the old-lime "throw-em-n-hold- practice used at the Wes Aim Ranch, Clares- holm at the annual Bar 15 Branding Day, Io the easier Southern Alberta Students Win Cash Awards add approximately and Cathy, trict: Linda Ol.sen and Glen of nitrogen and 40 pounds oi Granum of Bow Island each will receive a cash award as winners in the annual Alberta Safety Council's Miss Hartley is a Grade 81 Gordon Simpson student at Gershaw School Island. The two southern students were among the four top winners in the province. Division winners included: Colleen Bardock and Linda Munlon, County of Vulcan; IMMEDIATE DELIVERIES ON-THE-SPOT APPRAISALS HIGHEST TRADE-IN ALLOWANCES and more modern holding crate system at the A. E. Skelding Ranch near Fort Macleod. One thing that hasn't chanaed though is the atHtude of Ihe calves that undergo either method. Photos By Steve Bareham ping System, country elevator all this. With the card idenlifi- companics have the responsi-1 cation system now in use. de- bility to allocate bo.x cars tails of a producer's among individual country ele- j to an elevator, wherever it is. vators within a block. j are fed directly into the central 'With elevator companies I computer in the Wheat Board having freedom to decide on building and automatically add- placemenl of cars at points ed to his delivery record. This within a block it follows that n information can he extracted producer may be penalized if: almost instantly whenever il is his deliveries are restricted io I needed Agricultural Use Of M umcipal Sewage For the past year now the Some sodium is also removed Alberta Water Resources divi-j from the sewage effluent by re- sion. in co-operation with the placing calcium and magnesi- Canada Department of Agricul- ture's research station at Leth- bridge. lias been studying the urn in (he soil. These two chemicals have a hardening ef- fect on the ground effects of municipal sewage ef-[ The fate of nitrogen and fluent and sludge on soil and compounds has not yet been es- grotind water. tablished due fo the complexity Those engaged in the project are trying to classify the ef- fects of sewage effluent on dif- of the problem, but the growth and harvesting of a crop will certainly remove some of the and re- ferent types of soil and to rie- nitrogenous material termine'the effect of various ciucc pollution. tei kinds cf sewage groundwatcr. effluen! on Tne investigators are endeav- oring to classify the suitability They are also assessing the of sewage effluent for in'iga- lent and "on accorchng to the amount of nutritive value of effluc sludge on plant growth and at- tempting to find oul hou- prac- tical irrigating agricultural land with sewage would be in controlling pollution. The sewage effluent research project in southern Alberta is still far from complete, but a number of conclusions have been readied. In a normal year sewage effluent irrigation will 40 pounds hool in Patterson County of Poclman, Willow Creek school j phosphorous per acre to the Mary Vullings and Judy Hart- jdistricUand Donna Murphy and'soil. Phosphorous does not Alberta ]ey, County of 40-Mile: Donna Heather _ Glen, Pincher Creek! move down through more than school sodium, bicarbonate and sol- uble salts it coninin.s. These chemicals are among the ma- terials that could cause soil problems. Since most of the serious wa- ter pollutants, such as organic material and plant nutrients, are beneficial when applied to the soil, the use of sewage for agricultural pmposes appears to have considerable merit. Gibbons, County of Lethbridge; Monica Leavitt and Allan R. Merrill, Cardston school dis- Gentleman Farmer: A man a few inches of soil and will1 not enter the water table. Soil effectively removes most of the trict; Ronald Ohaski and Ger- 1 with more hay in the bank than ammonia, potassium, deter- hard Wall, Taber school dis- in the barn. gents, fluorine and zinc. Soilmcler In Saturday's Paper WORTH OF USED CARS REQUIRED Trade up now to the finest in town the most complete selection of 1970 models and demonstrators UNLIMITED FINANCING HAS ALWAYS BEEN AVAILABLE AT BENY'S ON THE GMAC PLAN BEFORE YOU BUY CHECK AT BENY'S OR YOU MAY PAY TOO MUCH ONE Si OP CAR SHOPPING FIRST M us f HFVROI FT UIEYIWLEI OLDSMOBILE MOTORS INSURANCE CORPORATION SO rd ty OK SUPERMARKET LOT PHONE 327-3148 SHOWROOM PHONE 327-3147 ;