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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 25, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuesday, June 25, 1974 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Research Station report: Bacterial wilt control Soldiers meet cowboys 'From the edge of England's Salisbury Plain to the vast Canadian prairies, members of the 105th Pack, Howitzer Gun Crew, from Bulford in Wiltshire, England, are fascinated to meet real cowboys. On the fence from left to right are Gunners Ian Marchant, Alfred Perrin, Graham Watson and Arthur Dunleary with Lance Bombardier Bob Johnstone, part of one of the 650 man contingents trained spring through fall, at the Cana- dan Forces Base, Suffield. The British'youtns chat with top rodeo contestant, Ben Hern and PFRA pasture manager, Dave Galarneau. In the background, recently-delivered cattle wait to be taken out to graze the acre pasture area. Establishing bloat free pasture By Dr. G. A. NELSON Plant Pathologist Bacterial wilt of alfalfa will decrease plant vigor in susceptible varieties and result in thin stands. The disease first becomes apparent in the second and third year after infection Infected plants are yellowed and stunted, their stems are shorter than normal and bunched together. The leaves are pale and smaller than nor- mal. These symptoms spread progressively through the stand until almost all the plants are affected. Yield reductions from bacterial wilt in the fourth to sixth crop year can be as high as 58 per cent. These losses can be avoided by growing resistant varieties of alfalfa such as Kane, Beaver, or Vernal At the Lethbridge Research Station, we have found that wilt bacteria are inactivated in about 10 days when in direct contact with warm moist soil Under the same conditions, however, infected roots do not decay rapidly and wilt bacteria remain viable for as long as 24 weeks. Even when stands are ploughed under early in the growing season, wilt bacteria may survive until the next year Therefore, such areas should be seed- ed to other crops in the next year In the laboratory, the bacteria in the roots will survive at least a year when the soil is cool, frozen, or very dry In dried alfalfa stems not in contact with soil, the wilt bacteria can remain alive for at least 10 years Old diseased roots and infected hay should, therefore, be kept away from new stands of alfalfa The bacteria enter the plant through wounds and may be transmitted to other plants by a mower. Thus, cutting blades that have been used in infected alfalfa should be thoroughly cleaned and dis- infected before use in an umnfected field of alfalfa. Because wilt bacteria can be moved in water runoff, alfalfa should not be seeded in land that receives drainage from an infected field D.R. LAING SIMMENTAL DISPERSAL SALE WED. JULY 3rd at p.m. Sale to be held at the AGRI-MART, CALGARY, ALBERTA on offer 72 HEAD 72 2 Full Blood Yearling Bulls 20 Heifers, mostly bred Sires: Sieger, Baron, Fern Toni, Achilles, Florian, Extra, Sultan 20 Vs Cows with calves at-foot 10Vz Blood open and Bred Heifers "Some of the best cattle we have had the Privilege of selling" Otto Streberg For further information or catalogues contact: OTTO and DENNIS STREBERG Box 1808, CAMROSE, Alberta Phone (403) 672-2114 CAMROSE AUCTION CO. LTD. By SYLVER SMOLIAK PASTURE SPECIALIST Cicer -milkvetch, a legume suitable for bay or pasture, does not cause bloat in grazing animals If is nutritious and is about as productive as alfalfa. It can survive close mowing or grazing and, because of its creeping roots, can spread completely over the field Cicer milkvetch is es- pecially well adapted to the black soils, but also does well in other areas where annual rainfall is at least 14 inches or areas that are irrigated. It is, frost tolerant and can withstand drought The seeds of cicer milkvetch are about twice as large as alfalfa seeds. They are bright yellow to pale green, flat, and have hard, shiny seed They are slow to germinate unless the seed coat is first scratched, chipped, or cracked This fractures the seed coat and permits air and moisture to penetrate Only scarred seed should be planted Cicer milkvetch can be seeded alone or in mixtures with grasses but should not be sown with cereals When seeded alone, about 10 pounds of cicer milkvetch seed should be used per acre Less seed is; required for mixtures. A bacterial inoculant of the Astragalus type should be applied to the seed jusl- before seeding The: best stands of cicer milkvetch" are produced by seeding in spring but good stands, have been obtained, from August seedings with' irrigation ALBERTA HOME INSULATION CO. 3HUASLS. UOtntm P A fen PktM 327-686 Save Healing Dollar-, JSS Keep your home warm m in Summer Serving Southern and B.C. for 25 Yrara ALLSTEELGARAGE Package Contains: Basic Garage 21'8" x 23'4n Parchment Coloured Walls Galvanized Roof One 40" x 40" Window One 3'0" x ro" Door Two 9'0" x TO" Overhead Doors SPECIAL DELIVER PRICE EASILY ERECTED BY YOU AND A NEIGHBOUR Phone 327-0334 BUILDING Phone 327-5173 attar hours 2O12 SOUTH MAYOR MAGRATH DRIVE. LETHBRIDGE. ALTA ;